The Tri-Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 136, Ed. 1 Wednesday, January 28, 1863 Page: 2 of 2

Ot totttety Cebgrapfe.
X. H. CU8HUTG, Sdttor aad Proprietor.
Wo regiotto b« hem various porta of the
ooun try, Uut ootton planters who have plenty or
corn an nfulaf to sell It on box terma, alleg ng
their determination to aove tholr eoni ®>r tb#lr
ova QN. aad with a view of putting tbe bulk ot
their fields In cotton.
It ti the old ttory of a will In* snbjoction on our
put to King ootton. It la also • proof of what we
kiTt Mid,that 10 for aa tattoo la King,ho la a ty-
rant by whom wo ouraelvea aw more oppressed
than any outside people.
If ootton bring* four prices, tbo necessary ro
suit Is aud must be, that oorn will command four
prleesas well. For if left to themeelves, people
will not j-aloe «om toaell, whan thay can maka
nova toy raising oottoa.
If patrlotlam or public policy could ba mado to
ootwalgh selfishness, It would induoe people to
plant oorn,whlla wo aire engaged la • war,to the
•stfloaion of cotton. It wllldo ao with many, and
wa trust, with the majority of the ootton planters.
For the patriotism of those not so Influenced we
would not giro a groat.They are for aolf before their
country now,and axaeUir f&* *amo ruling motivt
would induct tkom to t*k* (4s oath'of allegiance
to Old AH, vtro kit minion* to got po*****ion of
tluir plonUiUn. There Is no getting around thla
fact, and people muat not shut their eyes to it.
We understand some of thoae planters who ex,
poet to make cotton exclusively this year, arc quite
hitter In their maledictions of the Telegraph for
preeumtng to act up standards of patriotism. Well
may they be, for by these standards of patriotism
will thoy be Judged and condemned la the eyas of
their countrymen.
Wo Mao boar of aome King Cotton subjects, who
sell cotton tor specie, change that into Confede-
rate money at three for one, and then preach to
their oredltora the patriotic neceallty of their
taklbft Confederate moutfy for old debts* under
penalty of being declared traitors to—not King
Cotton but—their country I <j
Now we present these matters to the country
without common t. Wo do not desire to blow up
the flames of. discontent and Internal commotion
among the people. Yet we tell those people that
(As grmtt upon the prairie* it dry, J1 fire-brand
hat but to fall in tko m idtt of it to trtati« conjla-
la by no means > settled fact that if
nooueputalt there, It will not fkll froin heaven,
l#et them beware I V; •" *v,
People muet haro.corn. It muat be grown <M>
the plantations. Nagroe* must plant and oultlvate
and gather It. ir King Cotton attempta to starve
the people he is in danger of something worse
Given} ao many soldiara their wives and fami-
lies to fead; alio so many urticans and others In.
eluding the balance ojf the population, who by thf
conscript law are not in the atony, but serving
their country better'than if they were; and there
la required ao much oorn to feed them. Mow, glv*
on the present condition Of Ihlnga and the pres-
ant discontent with high pricea and a good orop,
what may bo expected In a abort crop}
ThC may beset too low
(lor self preservation. It may la tho end prova
better o have planted all corn in 1803 and realiie
no profit from h.than to have planted all ootton
<?* ■' ■ ■■ r
To CoaMai * ai Te^-We mast beg aorreapon
deutanot to write tor the Telegraph upleee they
have got something to say, aad than to coy Uln
the fewaat worda. Write on but cue tide of tho
ah eat, and generally on but one page of it, and
not more than half of that if you can help it. If
you expeot ua to copy and poaotuate for you, yea
are miataken. Wo are not going to do It, unless
you aend ua news of in tercet, In which caae wo
will do anything In tho world to oblige yon.—
▲▼old complimentary latrodaotton*. Wo dont
need to be told that our paper la " widely circa
latod," or V interacting," or *'■ valuable," ahd all
that. Avoid repeating Ideaa to enforce them. 01 vo
tha reader credit for ba ving as much eenae aa you
have. Don't think that Jingling ;rhymea are poe
try. If |n writing yon think yon have made-a
particularly fine aentence, draw yonr pen through
it; tha chances are It will not be appreciated. As
a general thing when you take a notion to write
tor the paper, think bettor of it. Don't steal what
other people have written. Don't quote Latin or
French, or any other language. Finally, If what
yon write tan't printed, don't get mad and atop
your paper. A drop, more or leee, in the editor's
bucket la no{ noticeable; while your own reputa-
tion for intelligence nay depend on your regularly
reading the paper. A wo*;d to tho wise ought to
be aufltolent.
Ify The following la an extract from a letter
from New Bedford, dated Sept 17th, found on tha
Morning Light. It was written J net after the cap-
ture of Harper's Ferry:
"The colore all over the olty were at half-mast
tor the Union in dlatreaa, astd they want 80,000
negroes to go and fight. It waa hard
last fall, but it ie harder no*
times here
1aatfall,butitie harder now# Tbe streets art el -
moat deserted and business closed. It Is growing
very cold here, and Ltssle and Battle and 1 Want
' Wa appeal to the patrlottam of
plant Corel Cere 11 Corn 111. Let;
to toed tho soldiers, to feed tho people. Lat cottoi
ba let alone While our soldiers are hungry. Citi
tea*,Bar country it binding at *p*ry port. She
mpltrot you to taw ktr. Sh* point t yea to the
;i* i|e ffatfat aad turnery tMetiin ntow who tund
Hike point* to th'ir
fomilit* a«e about yea. Cmufou be indifftrtnt 1
Can you atillpurtut four ttljith purpose*! Thtn
Qe* *aee aimy ««fe«r *oula J
^ i■■ —n „ ..... —
JET The parly oh FWduy night lawt waa a deel
ded aqcceae, and «ll Whin were present agree that
it woe one of tha Moat elegant ufTairs ever gotten
Up Id Houston. The weather was very unpropi-
tloua, but the Rail waa filled with the brave and
the fhlr, and everything pissed off most pleasantly.
'There were « variety of v'ory pretty costumes,
majority of the ladles did not appoar In
•foe. The table was spread with a great
deal of taste, and abundance waa the order of the
■fight, for there waa more than enough for all who
ware present, and thoae at the Iloapliai received a
ahare. Too muoh credit cannot be given to the
two ladies who got up thla entertainment in auc'h a
abort apace of time, and the kind assistance they
race I ved from all the ladies to whom they applied
la an evidence of liberally, which though often
taxed, eueme to be anbounded. We do not remem.
her to have heard more general aatlafootion ex-
preeaed In regard to any of tho entertalnmenia we
have lately had. About |1106 will be realised for
the object for which the party waa given, after all
axpenaea aball have been paid.
vary —
aome new clothea. I want ycri to aend me twenty-
five dollara. You wont miaa It when your three
years are up. • • Dont forgot what
I aaked you for. Xf you do, id by the Lord forget
Tax Puisoxaxa.—Captain J. L. Heriotbrought
over an Sunday night the prison ere taken on the
Morning Light aud the Telocity. There were $9
negroes,nearly all of which are contrabands, hav*
Ing been enlisted at Ship Island, C9 seamen and
the following officers: John Dillingham, acting
master; N. W. Bammon, do.; W. W. Fowler, do.;
H.W. Washburn, do ; Geo. H. Rice, acting maa-
ter'a mate,- John L. Cbambera, do.; H. L. Yan
wyk,paymaster's (toward: Goo. B.Abbott,yeo-
— are*
Oknbra.l Hoar IT At.—Dr. Blddell requeeta ua to
atato that Mr. Joseph flnittur,of Brenhan, and Mr
W«, Meoca. of Alley ton, areauthoriied to pur
chase for the hospital, ohlokena,butter, egge, <fco.
Citizens having auch articlea ^o dlapose of will
benefit the alck and wounded by bearing thla In
mind. Purphaaca arc also made at the hospital by
the stewaod, Mr. Kemper.
Two good aervanta are wanted, at 918 50 per
month* Also,obe'or two experienced matrona.
-7v -v' „y
in Mnl. Bush's, Chief of Ordnance, may be
found by thoae having business with htm, at Capt.
Goorf'e Office,Ordnance building, Market Square.
'< - ' ' «eWet
We have received for the varloua soldiers' funds
*e fellows:
'•a Regiment—From Mrs R H Archer
an I, Huntafilie, #50.
7ounded—From James 0 Bo-
Hospital, since last report—From
llklnson, 910; Joaephna Cavltt, 100;
15; sale of aocka, otc., 100 50; Col
Iters,200 ; Lagrange Concert, 473 ; J Cav-
company K, 3d Texas, 50 ; Jesae Jonea and
jfea, 50 } Mrs W S Owena, 35; D t Brown,
v dwell county, 30: Jackson county, 1300; Sioux,
j B 0, 100 ; J C Kcclex, 35; Misa Annie M Kc-
oles, 35 ; Miss Abble Bccles, 35. Total, $2,478 50.
Texas Orlrade,ln Virginia—From J Echols, f3t>;
Miss Anne Wilkinson, 10; Concert, 1006 30; Col
J 1) Waters, 300 ; Mrs Ella Holland,40 ; Miss Bet-
ty Holland, 10; A bering de Bro., 35; 8 J Well-
born. 20; P B Curry, Brenham, 50; Mrs A C
MobPley, 10; Miss Lizzie Moseiey,10; Miss Lucy
Goodrich, 10. Total, gl,4«l 30.
For tho Hangers—From Mrs Col J 1) Waters,
$100; OP Bowles,50; Gen. Kyle, 350 ; Mrs Ter-
ry, 250; Mra Judge Maxoy, 50 ; AM Box, 25. To
tal, t750.
For Paraona'a Regiment—From A M.. §20; J
Kcbolu, 30 ; sundry contributors at Wheelock, be-
fore nCknowledged, 400 ; Mrs Dr Moaeley, 100. To-
tal, $540.
For Sibley'a Brigade—From W f Preston, f 100.
PuacrtoaL Coicxiitaut—On the 5th, Boseorans
telegraphed to Balleck, claiming to be victorious
la one of the greatoat battles of the war.
On tho 6th, Gold wont up in New York from 1M
to MS, on the Tth It waa 198, on the 8th 137, on the
9th 198, and on the 10th 138}, Ixchange touching
Xt Is hard toaakoa man believe ho la warm
whan he la frecalng,eTon though you tell him ever
•o earneetly, and if ho poiata you to the theraom
•tor at aero with a shrug, It le a polite way of aay
log you are a liar. Thla la Just what tha Northern
people Bald to Roeaorana.
JET Bnalgn Brenard.ef the latTexae Regiment
will leave for Virginia on Monday next. Any lot-
ion fbt the let, 4th and 5ih Regiments to go by htm
' may ba toft at thla office, and thay will be for
. ; - ■ ^
'• WTThe eiiiH of the Moralag Light aver that
ttty know It waa the ***90" that engaged aad eunk
the Hottcraa. It ta the third veeeel aha haa aunk in
AoMT. Itoeald not have bean tho Ovicto, ta
OhedHoeI get oitilthelUfc1 #T 4ayeuftatttMi
ANDBRaon,Grlmea County, Jan. 23d, 1863.
Editor Tki.koravh :—This la a day of mourning
In thla town. A young man, who waa the only aon
of Col. Fanthop, waa buried to-dny. Ha belonged
to the mllltla, and exposure during hla late trip to
Galveaton hastened the disease—rheumatism—
which terminated his life, llo waa born and
reared hare, and being an unuaual favorite, his
loss is aerluualy felt. -He was married about one
year since.
The Telegraph and News failed again to reach
here last night. I tay again, for theso failures are
becoming common of late; much to the disap-
pointment of the cltlsena. Where does the blame
lie f The Telegraph, I knew, a regularly mailed
in Houaton, and tho fault of its non-arrival bere
rests with <soine one on tho route. The people
here think It lles>t Navasota. When they fall to
At the residence of Dr, Angel], Nov. 15th, Miaa
Booxxia WiLLt&Maox Harris, in the 10th year of
hor ago. Khe bore a protracted illneaa with great
patlonueand resignation.
Too lovely, by for, for earth, her pnre spirit haa
winged its way to a brighter and more oongenial
A bereaved mother and brother moarn her early
DIED—In Clinton, DeWitt county, on the 13th
lnatM-'eaee, aon of Gen. Win. R. and Jen-
nette Scurry, aged one year and seven months.
Weeping family, perchanee you deemed this
treasure yonra aa It neatled—a thing of loVellneaa
In yoararma—the while It waa pluming ita wings
for that pare and peaceful heaven to wbtch a lov-
ing Savior celled it. A Jewel In His diadem, it may
still be your Iroaeure, if you will bat look where
your augel boy haa flown.
DIED—Of Chronic diarrhoea, December, 1083,
at tho Ridge Charoh Hoapital, Richmond, Va.,
Leo.uaI Black* of Haya county, Texaa.a member
of Company B, 4th Regiment Texaa Volantoera,
Hood'a Brigade, aged 41 years 8 months.
a happy home In Texaa to give bia life a aaa
Hia wife aad six children mourn
for hla ooontry
He left
ble loaa.
Jan Ml twlt*
I 0«T—At the Complimentary Soiree to MaJ
La Gen. Magruder,a ladies' Nubia, rose aad
white color, with cord add balla attached. The
Under will confer « fovor by I coring It at tha Tel ■
>RIMB COURT.—Notice la hereby gwon
at the Japuary Secaiop, 1883, of ihe Supreme
letter from Bebet
Special CorreapoodeoM of the Houaton Telegraph.
Mwarr Homb, January 18th. 1H63.
Editor TtUgroph:—Aayou arc youraelr aware,
I am paaalonately food of aome peculiar thlnga.
In foot,our whole fomlly were similarly influenced.
Every mou, if net every woman, fovea to believe
that he or cue will be found to be vry peculiar or
very curtooa. Nine men eat of ten will tell you,
In atmoat theao worda. "Perhapa you didn't know
that I waa a very peculiar follow." [Oood f—Ed
Ttl-I Sometimea'the aentence la a little embel-
liahrd bv the uae of certain ad
not found in Kirkbam, such as "Devilish peculiar,"
or, etill more highly refined, "D d peculiar
fellow.'* Whilstthla la tho case with men, woman
generally are more peeitive in their manner of
apeaklng: "Youl flnd me a very curious woman."
B ow, since It is customary for both m«*n and women
to claim peculiarity generally, aa I have proven by
quoting their very worda, you will, I'm sure, per-
mit see to claim peculiarity, which, for aught 1
know to the contrary, came to me bv gradual d.'s
cent; that to, descended. The peculiarity to which
1 lay claim, or tho thing of which I am so passion-
ately fond to no more nor leaathan this: When I
hear the name of a place, I am never content until
I aaeortaln the origin of that name; and the drat
thing I do upon visiting a place for the flrat Umo,
la to inatitote inquiry aa to the origin of the name.
In moat inaUuncea I am compelled to visit the " old;
< at inhabitant" before having my paaslonate appe-
tite for thla peculiar thing aatiafled. Som^timea I
have to go away highly tnsatisfied.
Sweet Home la the name of this place. When it
woe first settled one man lived here. Tho Mexi-
cans, in traveling through tho country In
to weet, alwaye stopped in the neighbor!)
10 Me.
bought of tbia first settler auch things aa f hey could
notateai; ond.lnaamuoh ae he always kept a par-
cel of molaeaee on band, of which the Mexicans
> ftqireiae Ooart.
were very fond, they came to call hla place Ranoho
Dulct. In thla . molaaaea trade, the first settlor
learned that Rancbo Dulce meant sweet home, and
he, tor a long time, suppoaed that Eaneho waa
•weet and Dulct was home. Ho assures me, how-
ever, that this Is not the case, as Mexicans, he has
learned, always speak backwards. The origin o'
the name Sweet Home may, therefore, be regarded
us purely Spanish ; a foot which I take great pride
lo being the first to reoord. Many persons here
(not many either, fr.r the size of the place don't ad-
mit of it,) suppose the origin to be quite different.
For instance, it has been suggested to me that the
aweetness of the ladles who have homes in this
neighborhood (a few snuff-dippers, when the
blockade isn't on. excepted) have had something
to do with it. Others suppose that It was so called
in happy remembrance of a sweet, homemade little
poem written in other times aud called ''Sweet
Home." The place, I am happy to say, is losing
not u Jot or tittle of its original olatia to the sweet
name whether the origin be, as I have claimed, the
molaaaea traffic, the aweetness of theludiea,or in
remembrance of the awoet poem. Ithaabeeh but
a short time alnce I heard the Jewelled veraea aung
In thla place by n aoldler'a wife, and It affiaeted me
well nigh to tears, beoauae, as you knew, I am a
homeless rebel, wandering up and down the earth
In search of what Heaven bae taken from me and
what Heaven alone can restore.
lo this letter 1 cannot forego the pleasure of
giving'the poblic an Idea of what constitutes u
trip to Houston exclusively for pleasure, having
Just token it and now ao for back on mv way to the
Braaoo. One week ago I left my horse and took
stage at this point. Away we flew, sixteen doep,
for the centre of all attraction; where moro crino-
line la spread tban on any other spot of ground,
of aimilar alr.e, this aide the Potomac. AtHalletts-
*Ule WO breakfasted, and it was the breaking of
foStwith means highly agreeable to a hungry man.
Thla was done at the Latin House, though every-
thing that 1 saw, tasted or heard was purely Amer-
ican. Away we flew again, with fresh ^eam, fresh
driver and fresh feelings, only eleven deep. At
3 o'clock we dined at a way-side stand under cir-
cumstances that would in other times huve been
considered anything bnt aristocratic. I-Sut these
war times have made atrunge characters to pre-
side over the destlnios of a good dinner, and put
Strange customers into the same bed. The head
of the table, on this occasion, was dignltled and
?[raced by a nymph du pace, whilst the confront
ng party was none other than the trusty and he-
roic Knight of the Garters, or, rather, the straps,
usually known aa the stage driver. Beforo night
we worked our passage through the Colorado bot-
tom and brought up standing in front of the mag-
nificent hotel at Alleyton. We entered the house
in tho midst of a rain storm, and from all appear-
anoea the whole neighborhood hud gone into it
from aome atormy cause. Directly in front of the
houae is a deep mud hole, aaid to have been cre
ed expreaaly to keep loafers from collecting and
congregating to the hindrance and annoyance of
goera and comers. The said mutt hole marches
with onlntlmiUated front to the very sill of the
houae, but the reason assigned for its existence is
not satisfactory to an enquiring mind. My private
opinion, publicly expressed. Is that it is either lo
set off the interior of the house by contrast,-
which it fails by several inches of mud to accom
plish—else the landlord acts upon tho supposition
that, Inasmuch as it was there before he was, he
haa no right to disturb it. I said • landlord;" in
thla I spoke hnslilv, fur I found no such unneces-
sary appendage to the Alleyton Hotel. But I have
dwelt too long on this subject already. Next
morning we took the cars with wet feet, wet
clothes, wet everything, In the midst of a cold
ruin, nothaving so much ns seen a lire or a place
to ait down from our entrance lo departure from
tho'' Grand Railroad Terminus."
Without oba'ruction we reached Richmond,
where the railroad rushes Itself into a whirlpool
or maelstrom. A widow lady keeps the hotel
here ; I pass it, In consequence, without comment,
further than to remark that in going from the earn
lo the dinner table we got wet again,and I believe
that was all we got in the place. Walking on the
trestle-work of the Brxzos bridge gives one u most
peculiar feeling, from which I judge that a ride
through the maelstrom must engender a feeling of
breathless delight. To aay tho least, itixacuri
oally wortMraveling many miles to witness. Upon
arriving a^Bp Junction, we found the shadows ol
night comilHfown swift, and being sure that the
Tap Road howrun off the track with the curs, we
experlmenlltron croas-tle walking foi the distance
of seven miles. The experiment resulted in suc-
aesa, even to crossing a railroad bridge after dark.
In thla the Sam Patcbism, •' that some things can
be done as well aa others," was feeliogly demon-
In Houaton I How glad we were—how COm.
pletCly overfoyed I The eight once again of fair
woman aweeplngthe muddy pavements with their
ailken akirta, or croaaang the muddieratreets with
their arms full Of * dry gocda," ahowing that the
washer had been patronised, was, by heaven I a
goodly eight to see. Grim-vlsngod war, with his
wrinkled front disappeared for .the nonco. We
heard, aaw nor thougnt of aught olae but tashion
and finery ; gay forma and gayer uniforma. A
city lire waa before ua, for Houston hud come to be
a city In all eaaenttal reapecta. But our reverie
Waa broken' before it was insugurated, A boy,
hard by, califdalocd: "Telegraph,Extra. Fight-
ing at vlcksbarg I Late war news 1" I had heard
enough. The same old ttain of thought came
back. In my mind, I saw tho tyranl'a band
atretehlng for to the South, aud beard him aay—
" death and devastation be your portton." Once
again 1 heard the clash of arms, and the wall of
the wounded and dying. Once, again, r heard the
widow and orphan ery for bread, but the only re
aponae wee," corn la alxteen dollara a buahel."
I hear the Governor and General called for all
the able-bodied men to leave their homea. wivea
and children, on an expeaed posiiton—where they
had Stood eeatry for many years together—leave
the A to tbe tender, mercies of roving bands of
thieves,robbers and mnrderera. I heard the uni*
venal shout that the Invader muat be met and
repaleed, let the eScrtflce be over ao great, be
aides much more not worth whlla to mention In
thla connection ; but, aufflce It to say, I heard ao
macb, thai from that moment l have prayed Uiat I
may not ace another alIk dreaa worn until Inde-
pendence and peace are together declared. I was
iled with a Ucket to the oonoert, and though
eel and motive sought to be
could Uot help tat think it
wusU^' toUcbllke1 Nero's Addling while Rome
w " even one evaning
and having give a way to the silks, lacee, furbelos
and flouocea,homeward bound from Ibe concert,
I a food for two whole boura together, in a beau-
tifully arching column of my own height w th
either end agalnat the upper and neither eat* in
which I waa bound. At naif past ten a forward
movement waa made. Without accident we reach-
ed the Junction, where I atraighlened up and
manfully breaated the pelting, rainy norther,un-
til half past one P. M.. at which time tbe Harria-
burg train arrived. Hut the cara being foil al
ready, my atandlng company waa increaaed to
reapectablllty. My only meana of holding on,
waa by the atove pipe hole la the roof of the car,
but thla waa vory cold and allppery, owing to the
rainy norther which we had chipped that morning.
During our courae westward, in which direction
theatarof empire It supposed to take ita way, I
saw one vacant ae-t,and slid Into it with a rap-
idity that destroyed all grace in tbe movement,
but I bad not remained there over forty aeeonda
before I waAinformed thit suld seat was for the
guard. Ho near aa I could understand, the
thoughtful military had sent to the rear oar a
guard with gun and fixed bayonet to keep the la-
dies from rising. It wan u novel proceeding, and
highly unnecessary, for the ladies showed no
aigna of rising from first taking their seats. The
guard took hi. aeathowever, and I took my stand
at the atove pipe hole. At Richmond, we arrived
inloonjunbtion with aable night. A most remarka-
ble coincidence that weahould have both reached
the tame place at the same time, that, too, in a
rainy norther. Here I got rest by silting for
hall an hoar onacrosstie; after which I took my
stand at my hole, but, several passengers having
got off to rest themselves, and not having the re-
quisite locomotion, were unable to get aboard
again. About forty were left, by which moans 1
obtained a seat.
I waded into the hotel at Alleyton aboat 9, p.m.,
and forthwith took the hack for this place. In the
Colorado button we came to abog-dowu. Another
pae*enger and myself lifted the haek out, by lifting
ourselves in, knee deep. From this out we
marched through all the bog holea,up and down all
-the ateep ascents and decents; helped fallen
horaea up—and ourselves down. Through the aw-
ful night, mid raiu, hail, sleet, snow and total
darkneas, we wandered, half frozen, half atarved,
half the time on foot hunting for roads. Last, as
day dawned, we roached Prairie Point.and found,
to our dismay, no fire and no wood. A neighbor-
ing pile, however, suffered to the extent of a couple
of arma full. Having warmed up \ little, the fire
having got well under way, I wrapped my blanket
round me,fell upon the lounge, and fell asleep.
I had not been there to exceed ten minutes, how-
ever. before the ahrlll voice of the landlady,
through the half opened door, aroused me. "Who
is that upon n y lounge 1" said tbe amiable crea-
ture. • She was informed by one ofihe passengers,
who was bent ou fun,that it was Mr. Kara Aviv.
"Well," said ahe,raising her voice an octavo high-
er, 'Hell Mr. Ravis that he can get a bed at the
usual price of a dollar!" Against all such trip.s,
and tuch things, I shall continue to
Letter from Alexandria.
preaeated with a Uok<
approving of tbe obi
attained through it, 1
waa too feottehllko N
waa burning, for me to apend <
ta thetip*of belay eoterUtied
OawmiKa) merging I u
took the Tap aare,
Special Correspondence of the Houston Telegraph
Alexandria, January 13th, 1863.
Editor Telegraph—In the present days of v/ars
and rumors of war, n. correspondent has scarcely
thn hope left that a communication contaiuing
aught else than the reports of battles, or the move-
ments of armies, will find favor with the reading
public. Yet, nevertheless, in the absence of all
novelties of ibis kind, 1 seize the pen to drop you
a line by the wayside, and inform you that in spite
of every possible effort our onward movement to
Richmond has been of the slowest and in^st te-
dious character. No conveyance from Niblett's
Bluff to this place direct being to be had, we had
no alternative butto take stage te Vermlllionville,
thence by private conveyance to Washington,
from which point we again intended to hire to the
niouih of Red River, but in coneequence of the
heavy rains that had just fallen, the roads became
so bad that we were advised to not attempt it, and
so were compelled again to take stage to this
placo, we expect to leave to-day by steam-
boat Era, No. 7, for Vicksburg. In connection
with this part of our journey, let me call your ac-
tion to the outrageous and shameful imposition
practised by the stage proprietors on theso lines
upon the travelinn public. With teams half starved
and roads almost, itnpaSJaMe, they so overload
their stages, that more than double the time neces-
sary is consumed on the journey, and a degree of
discomfortand suffering entailed upon the traveler
which is almost intolerable. Is there no remedy
for such abuse of power on the part ot these mon-
opolists, and must we continue to submit to loss of
time and excrutlati- g bodily sufferings in order to
cater to the inordinate thirst for the lust dollar on
the part of these heartless extortioners V Much
has been said of late in your columns and else-
where, on the subject of extortion in general, but
this special branch ol it seems lo have escaped no-
tice, while its effects in many inslaricts have been
much moro serious upon public and privato inter-
ests, than the simple ovor. harge on a given article
of consumption by an individual seller. To prove
the correctness of my statement, I would here
mention that the agent of Mr. Pricw'a stage line,
atWashington,took fourteen passengers on a coacli
fit to hold only six persona comfortably, and when
you take into consideration the cond ition of the
roads the heavy weight of baggage, a nd the fact
that the lour little mules which started from there
with us were not to be changed for 28 miles, it is
no wonder that we remained on thp m ay double
tho time really required, butastonislii ng that we
ever reached the end of our jourin-y under the
circumstances. As these stages carry the mails
the Postmaster General, and the publi c at large,
may herein flnd the true secret of the frequent
failure of the mails.
The navigation of the Mississippi riv er, between
Vicksburg and Port Hudson, has, tli'aa far, not
been interrupted. There are boats loading and ar.
riving here constantly from these poi nts, and the
l<test news is that the enemy's fleet hnvo gone up
the river again. Thty are probably awaiting a
further u ivance of their land forces er*' the grand
blow Is to be struck at heroic little Vick sburg.
The glorlons news of tho re-capture of our beau-
tirul Island City, from the hands of tht> Invader,
forms the topic of conversation wherever we go.
The ingenuity of the plun, the dash and daring of
its execution,and (he succcss which crowned the
whole, are justly considered tho feut of the war,
anl by it our beloved chief has added immortal
lustre to his previous reputation, and enabled the
brave people of our Stuto to teaeh our enemies
that not an inch of Texas soil can be invuded with
Impunity. Under such a leader, we need enter-
tain no fear as to the result of any expedition, at
tempting to despoil the Lone Star State,
Extracts from Northern papers, referring to the
New Year's frolic on the Island, have already
reached us. aud, as usual, in such a garbled iorm
as to best cover their own ignominious cowardice,
and detract from our well earned sharo of praise
in tho exploit. The outer world is chiefly depend-
ent upon Northern accounts for all that Iranspiros
during this war, as Southern papers reach there but
very rarely and Irregularly ; but the victory of
Galveston is loo novel and Important an event to
be allowed to be distorted or shorn of its glories
It shall not be my fault If the correspondents ol
foreign papers are not furnished with all the de
tails of the event, and both officers and men who
did their duty ao nobly, receive their due share of
Gen. Taylor and Gen. Sibley, and their reopec
tlve staffs, have gone on an exploring expedition
near the coast- The people here are anxioualy
looking for the arrival of the Sibley Brigade, or-
dered here by the President.
Now, with the kindlleat and most friendly foot-
ings for our Louisiana neighbors, I cannot refrain
from the thought that Texaa ought not thua to be
drained of the few regiments ahe has left to guard
and defend her own territory, after furnishing the
Government, in proportion to her population, a
much larger number of troops than any other
Stale of the Confederacy. No oue ia more folly
aware than I am of the aaorlflces Louisiana haa
made In this war, how much ahe haa Buffered, how
gallaully her noblo aona have behaved on nearly
every battle field; but at the same time it doeanot
•scape my obaervatlon that while her beat blood
hot down freely, and waa offered readily, there
are thouaanda of young able bodied men loft wher-
ever your ope terns? every little town haslto bun-
of the coffee-house and billiard table, to the dia-
charge of duty to their country, la her hour of
need. Let tho enrolling officer mako a cloan
sweep firvt.anri If our neighbor then requires fur-
ther aid. I would be the last to grumble or refuse ;
but until then, I must confess that it seems like In-
justice to our brave General and ourown lntorosts
that Ihe veterans of New Mexico und Ariiona
ahould be withdrawn from their own soil, threat-
ened by Yankeo invaders, and a lurge Indian fron-
tier, to fight the battles of a neighboring Stnte,
uot half aa much drained of its able bodied popu-
lation as we are, and with 50,001) men under
Gen. Holmes near by, the objeota, purposes and
usefulness of which grand army in their present
position no one can understand, and of which cer-
tainly enough could be spared to assist Louisiana,
If really needed, without Injuring Texas, as the
withdrawal of the Sibley Brigade undouotedly
would do at this time.
Wheuever I hear or see anything of interest, I
shall keep you posted.
, Very respectfully, youra. G. n.
Letter from Austin.
Special Correspondence of Houston Telegraph.
AvaTM, Jan. 23, 1803.
Without drawing an invidious diatim lion be-
tween this and other parts of our country, it is
eimply auggested that His Satanic Majeaty,the
" Auld snick drawing dog." has been buislly en-
gaged the past few months In disposing (atcost
prices, to his crowdiug customers) of hia stock of
moral iniquity.
Whether it be the "native go-aheadatlvoness'*
of our people, tho paramoun' desire to make mon-
ey, or a reck iess spirit of speculation cannot well
be determined ; yet the fact exists that at this
time, one year ago, one dollar would purohaso as
much as sixdot'lara will now. Tho common neces-
saries of life are no scarcer now thau then. There
is a large surplus of breadstuff's, as well us meat,
In the oouutry. Then, why is it that corn cannot
be bought now foi less than four dollars per
bushel, flour lesa than thirty-flve dollars per hun-
dred pounds, pork twenty-five dollars, beef fifteen
and twenty centa per pound, and so on in propor-
tion ? The solution is easy enough, and is sitnp'y
this: a paper currency. The representative, only,
of value, a redundancy In circulation, aud the
dietnasiug policy 'resorted to by the last Legisla-
ture, agonized as thoy were over the Governor's
veto if the speole per diem bill, maybe consid-
ered the true causea of " the state of the market''
now uponu8^
Let us not croak over past events ; a remedy
must be sought. In view, therefore, of the collec-
tive wisdom of tbe Stafoi soon to assemble, may
not a suggestion ior two be made 1 We will ven-
ture, by caption :
1. A bill to regulate tho prices of the necessaries
of life, should put tho price of corn at $1 50 p;r
bushel; of com meal nt $£; of wheut at $3 per
bushel, of flour, at ©13 per hundred pounds; of
beef, at 10 cents. If more is demanded, tho of-
fence should be punished upon conviction, as
penal. Confederate money and Stale Treasury
warrants should be made a legal tender. What?
Aye—unconstitutional is it? Whore was the con-
stitution when Treasury warrants were author-
ized to be issued to be "received as money," by
the revenue officersof the State!
2d. A bill to regulate the price of the comforts
of life. In this should be embraced calico, domes-
tic, shoes, <&u. Same provisions and penalties us
3d. A bill to encourage domestic manufactures.
This would need but onesection, viz: "That any
person engaged in the manufacture of cotton or
woolen goods, of lecher, shoes, hats, caps, or
any other article necessary for the comfort of the
people Hnd having the sum of at least three hun-
dred dollars invested in such manufacture,
shall be exempt from all military duty under
the laws of this Stale, provided he shall not sell
or dispose of any article manufactured by him al
a price exceeding fifty per cent upo-i cost." A
law of this kind would raise up, as if by magic,
all over our State, a superabundance of articles of
domestic manufacture to satisfy our every want.
Legislators, when you come to Ausiin, look at
the applications for exemption from military duty
under the Governor's call for troops, and be con-
vinced of the feasibility of supplying every want
of constituents by some simple legislation of this
Certainly, Mr. Tolegraph, this indication is not
pretended as perfect in detuil. The country
needs simple legislation, not gaseous effusions.
Again in a few days. Yours, * * * *
WHEREAS, tho ports of Lavaca and Velaaco,
on tho coast of Texas, have ceased to bo ac-
tually blockaded, by the forced withdrawal of the
enemy's fleet from the same, I h-reby issue this
proclamation, inviting Trier.dly neutral nations to
resume commercial intercourse with these ports
until an actual blockade has been re-established
with the usual notice demanded by the laws of na-
tions. J. B. M AGRUDER, Maj. Gen.,
Com'ng Dist. of Texns, NewAlexico and Arizona.
Official: Geo. n. iM\orudkk, Jr., 1st Lieut, and
WHEREAS, the port of Sabine Pass, on tho
coast of ||Texas, has ceased to bo actually
blockaded,by tho capture of the enem>'s fleet near
the same, I hereby issue this proclamation, invit-
ing friendly neutral nations to" resume commer-
cial intercourse with this port until an actual block-
ade has been re-established with the usual notice
demanded by the law of nations.
Major General Commanding District of Texas-
New Mexico und Arizona.
Official: Gko. N. maoruner, Jr., 1st Lieut, and
Aid de-Camp.
THE call for Slaves to work upon fortifications
und other defensive works is hereby reduced
to one-fourth of the male force in the counties spe-
cified in my proclamation of the 4th Inst.
A reduction to this basis will be immediately
made by discharging a portion of those already re-
Slaveholders who have not responded, are re-
quire) to forward at ouce their pro rata ; other-
wise they will be dealt with strictly, according lo
military law.
Corn's: Dis. Texas. Now Moxico and Arizona,
jan 28-Ct
-On the night of the 21st. a large
Bay Horse—saddle and bridle.
The owqer is requested to prove property, pay
charges and take him away. I. 0. LORD,
jan28twlt* City Matshal.
-I- American
RANAwAY (or waa abducted) from the under-
signed at his residence on East Prairie, In
the county of Houston, fifteen miles south-east of
Crockett, on the niirhtofthe 12th Inst., my boy
Peer. Peer is about 21 years or age, black, about
5 feet 10 or 11 Inches high. I will pay $25 to tho
person who may arrest him in this county and de-
liver him to meat my residence,and $50 if taken
out of this county and lodged In jail so that I can
get him. I feel assured in my mind that the boy
was decoyed off, and will give $100 for the arrest
and detention of the thief.
Jan28-twlt ] Pennington, Houston Co., Texas.
Look out for him who reglatera hia name
Col. R. W. Hwenny, St. Louie, Mo. Said
Swenny ia about 25 years old, 5 feet 6 or 8inohes
high, with only one band, tbe other (left hand) he
aays, waa lost in Missouri, under Price. The pub-
lic ahould look out for him, aa he left Houston
without paying hia hotel bill.
M. p. thompson,
twlt Manager of the Rusk Homo.
LOST.—On Monday, the SCth Inst., between the
Old Capitol Hotel and tho H. dc T. C. R R.
machine shop, one new ROOT. The finder will be
liberally rewarded by leaving the eame at K.
Oharry'a shoe ahop, near the Old Capllol hotel.

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Cushing, E. H. The Tri-Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 136, Ed. 1 Wednesday, January 28, 1863, newspaper, January 28, 1863; Houston, Texas. ( accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.