The Tri-Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 29, No. 82, Ed. 1 Monday, September 28, 1863 Page: 1 of 2
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VOL. XXIX—NO. 82
HOUSTON MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1868.
WHOLE NO. 8737
Letter from Louisiana.
Editor Telegraph.—Yow Issue of the 31st nit., reached oar camp
near Verni'iifinvite, on the 6th ln t. The proposed v meeting
of the stay-st-home • In lulled with aatutactlon, whllit we are
palut-d at the thought teat kuch a movement 1* needed. The sol-
diers waking forced marches uu beef and com bread,and Imper-
rl ilng their llvws for the cause are full of confidence aud at dor.
"That freedom's batt le onoe began
Bequeathed iroui bleeding sire to son,
1W Uiffieiiaft.lsalway* won."
The men at home who have suffered none of the hardships ot
the war, It would seem grow weak la the knees. What a contrast I
The news from the other bide of the Mississippi, Is quite different
from this, There the war splilt, both In and out of the army, never
burued more bilghtiy. Even lu dowii"trouu6Q Orleans, the
fires of patriotism have not burned out.
An lntelUcent surgeon ol our army, who wa« left with our
wounded within their lines, and remained In New Orleans som*
weeks, reports the p ople there as true beyond example to our
cause. Though crushed, they are not conquered.
We have lurit learned Gen. Green had a brisk and successful
little battle with the Yanks, yesterday near Morgan's Perry on the
Atchafalaya. The force of the enemy Is not staled, but It Is
enough to kn <w Oreen turned them down with considerable loss,
whilst his lows w 8 almost nothing. _ , _ _
It. Is tepo.-ted tn camp that the conduct of one Icxas regiment
(brought about by pecu lar circumstances,) has> produced the lm>
predion at Lome, that great, dissatisfaction, an I even demorallaa
tlon prevailed among tue Texas troops here. Such Is not the tact.
A be'terfetll g could not rxlst lu any army. The high handed
swindling canted on. after the capture of Brashear City, by cer-
tain qua- termasters and others In authority, w«s sufficient to de-
stroy the mot a«mjf any army .and that It did not. la a proof of the
unswerving devotion of the Texas troops. I think I may say,
with trurb. that tb utmost confidence prevails among the men.
In their officers, ( xceptln the quaiteruiaster and commissary
departments) uud that the Texas Brigade *111 give a good■ ccouni
of Itself, If it has the fortune to meet the enemy, on anythii g ll*<
equal terms. ZAtJi.
MORGAN'S Kjsbby OK THE ATOHAFALATA,")
Sept. lltti, 1863. /
We reached this point yesterday. It was nearly opposite onr
camp, that Uen. Green surprised the Yankees a few days ago.
Major Boon fought them a running flubt for several miles, thus
drawing them under the fire of the Valverde and Simms' Batte-
ries. When the batteries epened on them, they broke In confusion
leaving a part of th"lr trains, and never halting uutll they were
under the protection of tbe guns of Port Hudson. They were se-
verely punlsied, and It Is reported they are advancing with a
large force to drive us away. A citizen on the otner slde the Ba-
you, siiys they asked him. "how long the Fort at Morgan's Ferry
had been built I" HereulUd "there was no fort there." They
sali he lied, for nothing le s than siege guns could have dismounts
ed one of their guns, ai d dacua .ed th< m so badly.
A courier bus la-t arrived with information that they are drlv
lngour pickets before tljem and only a lew miles off. W e are or-
dered to hold ourselves in readiness for a tgbt at any moment,
and we know Tom Green Is bound to HgMtheui whenever they
give him a chance, it is curious to observe how many of the men
reported "present sick," this morning, are now np with their
guns lu their bands. ZACK.
Law of the Maximum*
Thiers In his history of the French revolution, savs that as a
means of rah lug the valne of ssslgnatH. no hope existing of re«
storing them to a level with the price of commodities, the forced
reiluct Ion of the latter became a means ot necessity. Accordingly
alawof the maximum was adopted. A decree was Issued also
which placed forestalling upon iho list of capital crimes. He was
couriered a lorestaller who should withhold from, circulation
commodities of first necessity.
Tbe parallel between the state of things existing in France and
■tbo Confr deracy Is striking. Both coumrles were In the threes of
tovoIutlon—both defended on paper n.oney—In both, from the
excessive quantity of the last the necessaries of life attained an
extraordinary price. The remedy In France was a law fixlug a
maximum price with auxiliary laws agalcBt forestalled and en-
grossers . thould not a similar law obtain here, and wuuld It not
♦fleet great good f This question I will attempt to answer.
One, uud tbe Immediate result, will be to equalize the cost of
'necessaries and to place the citizen and Government on one ai.d
the same looting—already we have In the Impressment law a law
of the maximum, and what I suggest Is that the State Legislature
practically,and In conforn lty who It, enact aslmllm law. To be
effective penalties must be ptovlded, and to discriminate Its effects
the County Courts should constitute the body to fix the maxl
An olivlori' result from the operation of tbe impressment law,
will hp to Hi'gnient to ti e citizen coummertbacoat of necessaries.
As ihe producer Is ri quested to abate in price whete government
)h the tuj er, to a hke extent will the cost of an article be Increas-
ed t<> tbe citizen. To Illustrate, suppose that in the hat-ds of tbe
producer 100 t'bls. offii ur ate worth ten thousand dollars, tbe
jfoveinni«ni, however, lakes one half of 1* and will only allow the
imprest mem prfce ot ;even hundred and fitly dollars. The fact 1
piitemthat the citizen must make up the loss aud he cannot avoid
It as he Js without auj power to coerce.
I would not coi flue the law to eatables only. The principle
pbculu he appllid to articles of vear and in fact to every article
rreducible in Ttxaa and capable of being need as t.ubstuutes. A
law of the maximum wru'u stilk* a death blow to tho speiu atcr
ns it would destroy the Klo Grande trade, now so 'rultlul of e\11
to the coUi trv. It wcu'd alsi l-nmote don estlc industry ly
forcing the production of fabrics now Imported. It would fur
ther make the p'amer an importer to the extent o) his own
- wants nnd those of his ptlgbbr rs.
Those objects acccmi lhhid 1 ihlnk it clear that a rapid improve
ment in the vulue of ConKcerate cm re i cy would tnsue. That
ti e um atural trade to tl e Rio Graode la the tn rou edlate cause t
the excealve dexr. elation of our money, I think all tonctde. No
ieB>rali t now existing, pi leisure regulated as the Importer may
plea e, and It la but natural thi.t.he should dec: y cnrteccy to avoid
loss in converting currency into specie. On fruitlulcause ol high
■prices is the prevalent habit of eling hy whol<s le at auction,
nnd by ergrotelng an article. Both should be foibldden under
some penalties. No ergroster shculd be snffeted to add to cost of
ilmpoitattoo, aud lejoi d the advance allowed upon the article In
flrst hands. « INDEX.
By Bonham Express.
f pcclal Correspondence of the Telegraph.
Boaur DrroT, C. N.. Sept. 20,1863.
There is no late or stlrrlrg news hue to communicate. There
Is, however, or e Item, wi.ich thrtgh small, Is chenlng A few
days since a detacbm* ntot Gen. B t khead's cornmat d had a fight
nine ml es this side of Fort Hmltb, with a detachment of Federals,
which tor a time was very lnteiettlrg. Lieut. Co). Battle, of
•<iurl*y's regiment acted with admlratle gaMartry, as also Capt.
Phil ips A. A. Gtn. aLd others. Julius R. Brown, a sen of Jobn
Henry Brown, and quite a south, killed the Yankee captain who
commanded tho Feuerals. The result was tlx Yanks killed, five
captuied, buttle r<>trsn too fast to > e caught. ,
clever i ffal for troops who, in the Jialn.hnd t.ever
tinder Are. Yi ung Biownis attacl ea to Gen. Baukhead's head
The troops in that ^Tlg«de are rpportfd to ho tn flue spl. its.
By Sfcreveport Express.
Fhrkvipobt, September 28, 1863.
DfAit But—I send you tbe Scoth-Western, from which yeu
mi) gle n seme thing. As to news, there ia vert great de-
mind, at feast tor lometbing that is reliable. Madame ru-
mor ia tocapricicua, nowadays, that it is really provoking,
not to esy disgusting, to litlen to her stories. Another pas-
tenser trom the other side, one day later than Captain
Ashly, knows nothing of the emmy* having batteries Wag-
ner and Gregg, but rays that Charleston is all right; that an
attacking naval parly on Fort Sumter were utterly demol-
ished, and the Yanks leaving, confirms the report about mat-
ters in Tennessee,and that Gen. Lee has gone there to take
command. No news from Arkanras. I have telegraphed to
Arkadelphia this morning lor news,but have no reply as
yet. Will forward aa soon as it comes. Weareanxions
about Texas, hut when we' think of Sabine Fast, we take
THK TAX. LAW.
JCliter Telegraph:—As to th« Confederate tax apon speeie,
or gold and ai er, ther* appears to be a general error prevail
ing, which Is this—that currency of thia Kind, or the value of
credits on hand laat July, estimated aa each, are taxed 5,10
or80 per cant., aa the case maybe, and according to the
valne of the same tn each partioalar locality, In Confederate
money: and aa yet I have not seen the true coloring given
to the matter, either in yoar editorials, or '4 the papersso
that the publio can perceive tn • strict Justice of the law.
The Confederate Tax Law is throughout a tax " in kind;"
and if, on the 1st of July last, a taxpayer had on hand Oon
federate, 6tate or county warrants, gold or silver, he Is Used
one per oentum ia kind or ita equivalent; und I presume
If the tax-payer wonld choose to pay the Collector one dollar
on every 9100 ha had in hand at the time in speeie, in aotnal
gold or silver, the Oolleotor is anthorlzed to reoeive It, or. at
any rate, be would be safe in so doing—as he conld realise
from it the tax due. and poasibly more, by selling tbe specie
1 think If you will present the matter in this light to tho
publio, it will satisfy many. If they had on hand Confederate
money, they can pay 1 per cent, in Confederate money ; so,
if they had specie, they oan pay 1 per oent. in speoie, «to.,
etc.; and let those that aredoelarlng "the Confederate'States
Government are depreciating their ourreney "—pay In this
way—and stop their olamor. There are seveial questions I
wonld like to propound to the wlte In oounsel, or yourself as
one of them, it not taking up too muoh spaoe in your valuable
er, as to wit:
/hat is meant by the "holier" of a n9te or money, &c. 1
Is the word used strictly in the legal sense, or in the broad
and common acceptation f If the same, say a note of band
that I am not authorised to collect Is placed In my aafe or
eharge, for sale keeping merely, must I be compelled to pay
the tax thereon T Sueb a necessity might ruin one. Are
County Treasurers or county officers appointed for that pur-
pose, liable to pay the 9500 speciflotax,as" bankers," tor
ssuing county warrants, &o. t or
Are they so liable where the issue was so made before the
31st of December, 1862, and none stuoe t or
Is any individual liable who only Issued in tbe early part
or 1862, and has since been reoalllng the Issue as much as
Does the term "calendar year'' in the tax on Incomes,
mean the wholeoalander year f >r the present year, or is the
inoome collectable only irom the 24th of April last 1 nnd,
either way. suppose on the 1st of July last I bad collected a
part of my Inoome for the year, as fees of offioe, profits on
some portion of my business, the same not being a registered
business, must I pay the 10 per oent. and af .erwaras (next
January) pay also the 10 per oenton tbe same as income ?
Why were not the profits on cotton, taxed in 1862, as well
as the profits on other things not so important, die.- &c ?
The questions are of general Interest, and not plainly
solved by the law itself, or the present instructions or de-
cisions, &o., Yours truly, H.D.8.
The questions of "H.D. S." are far more easily asked than
answered. Without undertaking to give reasons, we shonl^
say that the owner of the note pays taxes on it, and not the
attorney or agent, unless bis attorneyship covers the payment
of taxes. County officers will, we presume, not pay bank-
er's license, or if they do, will pay it out of county funds.'
The individual issue of shlnplasters will hardly come under
the term banker. The language of the law as to tbe tax on
incomes, embraces all the inoomes for the calendar year pre-
ceding the first of January next. (See section 8, Tax Aot
No income or profit pays taxes but onoe.
a number of these raiders were leaving Eanesvllle, several
of thatu re iohed out and caught the bats from the heads or 4
number of bystanders, and as the train sped away, the tot.
lowers of John waved the ehspeaua of the luckless Zinestrli-
lt* ns high in the air, until lost to view I
Items or Interest.
Prom the Charleston Courier, August 30th
Messrs. Bditors—1 see that I am represented In an eitraet
from :i Northern paper, published in yoors, as having advaao*
ed and shaken hands with the cfleer from tbe enemy bearing
a flag of truco to Brattery Wagner on the — Instant. This
statemeut is absolutely false. 1 have ever held that In such a
war as this no civility should be exchanged, even during a flag
of truce, exreptsuch as is necessary for the transaction ot bus-
iness. Accordingly in the Interview alluded to, and to which
hbadqc&rtias Disraii t or Tax as, i
New MIIIGO *MP AatsoaA, (
Confederate States Steamer Ollf ou, i
Sabine Pass, Sept. *0,1883. )
General Orders. Mo. —.
I. Quartermasters of Reelmsnt and Battal-
lons, and Commanders of detaohed companies,
including State Troops, will immediately make
requisitions on Major Jobn ■. Garey. Post Quar-
termaster, Houston, lor Iefentry Tactics. These
Taetioe will be taken up on tbe Quartermaster's
jltXlex ftom Brenham.j
BRInham, Sept. 23d, 1663.
Mr. EntTOR There seems to be ic me difficulty and dif-
fercrce ol rpinirn between tsx-(ajera and Confederate As*
feasors in tbe value of our currency. It is certainly Improp-
er to value our money at what brokers of other countries
Where ltdoea not circulate at all, may choose to give for it.
have teen specie paying lank bills, stray c.ff so far from
heme tbft tbey would sell for ha! the price when at par
wlih gold and sliver at home. It seems to me, there is a
rnle of finding Its tino value at borne.
A great quantity or coti on has been bought with our cur-
rency, at from 10 to 00 ets ^ lb. At this time, cotton is
worth M cents. SSMe cotton has been sold for gold at 1C@
1SJ. now thA BimsaiWe of cotton which Is almost tbe only
product we raise for ntport can be bonght for 10 eents in
gold or 50 Confederate paper. It follows tben that It is really
worth 5 for one In buying cotton.
Corn In this county. Is selling t 9 per bushel, never has
sold for leis than 50 cents in.coin. Tben for bu>ing corn, it is
Worth 4 to one.
Regro men.youngabd likely, heve sold for 4000 dollars,
paper when they were wortb from IS to l.W bcfoie the war,
and would now bring over II)00 |D gold.
Horses and mules are sewing for about foui litres the for-
mer prices. Bone see that onr money at nome, Is really
worth, for buying cotton, 5 to one or less. Corn or nsgtroes
about 4 for one,and this appears like a correct rule,by whloh
to value it. ' J. S.
The Philadelphia Inquirer baa the following paragraph about the
rumor in the Washington Republic au of a war with Kngland :
Tbe extraordinary article from «he Washington Republican,an-
ticipating a war with Frglcnd, to which we made brief reference
veaterday, appears to have been bared upon a private letter from
London, dated tbe list of July. The letter In question states that
Kved neon the Government oi
oers of tho American Govern-
Rutland permits the two Iron clad
rama now building there lor the rebels to be turned over to our
enemies to depredate on American commerce. the Government
of tbe United State win accept tbe act aa a declaration cf war.
This ts oertaln'y very Important and startling. If true, and of the
it nth of the allegation tbe editor of the Kcputllcao not only ex-
presses no doubt, but enfore.es It by stating that the "preliminary
notice" baa been Showed t y a peremptory notice) and further as-
serts tLat the latter fact will le officially promulgated at a very
early day. If the Republican Is accepted as authority ourrel*-
tt ons with England are certainly threatening.
"a preliminary notice bad beeu ae< v
Great Britain, hythe proper offic
incnt." to tbe •'fleet thatlfKnalai
Editor Telegraph—It you think tho following remarks
worthy a place in your journal, you are at liberty to publish
Diptberia is regarded by the best observers as a strictly
blood disease ; and has for Its distinguishing characteristic
a membranous exudation, which usually occurs in the throat.
The disease may justly be divided into two grades, which are
the some In fact, only differing in degree.
In tbe first grade there is but little fever or inflammation.
Tbe fever Is not of long duration, and the inflammation ia
usually looked on as a slight soreness of tbe throat, and ia not
nnfrequently passed by for days as being unimportant. There
U buttliti!e lnflamatlon or swetllngof the submaxillary glands;
and aside from the foot thatitne child refuses food and 1>ok«
sick and dejected, it might almost sink into tho arms of dea lt
without exoitiug feelings of alarm In the friends. On opan
Ing the mouth and depresaing the tonguo with a spoon han-
dle, white spots of false membrane will be found in the
throat. This membrane is very adherent, and hard to re-
move, and is disposed to "xtend more or less rapidly, more
especially down the air passages, and at night Is almost sun-
to cause obstruction in respiration to such an extant as to In-
duce mothers to suppose tbe sufferers are laboring under
oroup. Durlrg the day, as a rule, respiration is eaeier.
The second grade of this disease, as remarked above, dif-
fers fi om the first only in degree. Hence, being the same in
essence,the degree Is only alluded toaa a grade, from the
feet that during the primary stage, a line of treatm nt is
clearly Indioated whloh is wholly luadmlaslbie in the first.
In the first grade 1 would advise, if there ia not much ob-
struction to respiration or deglutition, that the partaooveri d
with false mercbr ne,and all tbe parts which seem to be at all
Inflamed, should be freely sponged with the strong tinciur
ot Iodine—the compound tincture. If tbe bowels are not
free, some simple purgative should be givon, such as rhuburd
or the compound extract ot oolooycth.or both combined
and the sick should at once be plaoed on the use of tbe ni-
tro-muriatio add. A ohild one year old may take half a drop
in four tablespoonsfull of water, sweatened every hour or
two. The tinoture of iodine should be used freely every
three or four hours until the membranous exudation is not
only loosened but detached Then, and not till then, should
any other local means be resorted to. Alter the membrane
has been removed, a saturated eolation of tannin, or a very
strong decoction of oak bark may be used frequently, tbe
tincture o. Iodine being used only occasionally. Blisters
or any strong liniments to the throat do more harm than
good. The neck should be rubbed often with some mild cam
phprated liniment,and tbe parts rubbed thould be protected
from cold with raw cotton. This is much better than fianne'
or poultices. Thereomof tbe sick should be kept clear—not
orowded bv many persons—should be kept warm in cold
weather and well ventilated. The sick should be kept warm
and comfortable, and not be exposod to the vloissitudes of
One of the main difficulties in tbe msnagement of this dis-
ease consists in inducing the friends of tbe sick to feed and
stimulate in such a manner asto sustain the drooping—yes,
sinking—powers of nature. In notcne Instance la fifty will
the friends carry out this part of the treatment in sffchamsn
ner as to give the sick the best chance for lire, unless the
physician gives it bis special attention. They cannot see the
propriety of forcing the little patient to take beef tea, milk
punch, eggs and brandy, and such like food, but will insist
on giving sago, tea, and orackers, or some slop or other in
The seoond grade, as remsrked above, differs from the first
only In point of Intensity. The inflammation of the throat
Is great, and the exudation of false membrane is, as a rule,
proportionally great. Hence, means must at once be adopt-
ed, not only to modify, with tlnoture of iodine, with a mop,
the parts Invaded with false membrane, but the inflammation
must be brought nnder control.
With this view. I wonld advise the use of calomel. Small
doses often repeated, act better than large doses. A child
one y ear old may take one-fourth of a grain every honr until
tbe infl immstion has, In a good degree, been brought under
control. Where the obstruction to respiration Is such as to
cause the child to have an anxious, suffering expression, J
would advise a prompt emetic—one that will not run off the
bowels, and thereby unnecessarily debilitate tbe patient; and
for tbe puipose, I know of nothing better than tbe sulphate
of copper or blue stone. One-fou. tb of a grain may be glveu
in two table spoonsful of warm water every quarter of an
honr until the patient ia vomited freely.
8o soon astheurrent symptoms have been controlled, I
would advise that the plan of treatment advised for tbe mild
grade be resorted to.
Tbe above remarks have been hastily thrown together .—
Should they effeot anj good, my object and desire will be
attained. T. J. HHARD, M. D.
Houston, Sept. S2pd, 1803.
I was accompanied by an officer of the tine and an Orderly, I
declined the hand or the enemy's officer, as I have declined
the hand, In various interviews, or every one or hts officers,
company, field, staff and general, who baa offered no his;
deeming that the formal salutation of a bow and the announce-
ment of my name and position were all that was necessary for
the transaction of business. Any more eordtal greeting ofthe
eoemy in suoh a war as this, Is contrary,in my judgment, to all
that Is beoomlug, and abhorrent to every feeling or my na-
taro. CARLOS TRACY.
The fallowing extract is from the Mobil# Tribune, of Rept,
30th. If the reader will strike out " Mobile" and insert
•• Houston," tbe remarks will he quite as appropriate :
Mobile has had abal reputation all through the oouutry, and
or course what was bad In It has been exaggerated enormous-
ly. After reading some ol the letters tn the Interior papers
one would suppose that Podom had been revived and rejuven*
ated here. There was a little leaven of truth tn the oenaare,
but moat of it nad no higher authority than the Imagination or
mendacity of the writer*. But, perhaps It was natural. Peo-
ple coming from quiet little towns, where the faoe of a stranger
on Its oue street 1s a topic of conversation for a month, oould
hardly be expected to visit Mobile, and pay eight or ten dollars
a day for bearding and one dollar a drink for " Coguiao" or
'• Bourbon," without finding an inexhaustible soureeofvery
disagreeable recollections; end so they took their revenge in
such mode as was moat convenient and least dangerous. These
gentle critics were not aware that this city Is a great thorough
tare, and that food has dear hereas inother similar placcs—
that what was bad might be foreign to it, and that there was no
law to restrain the bad—foi' ourlaws were made for a time of.
peace, and have not been amended, beoause, we presume, Peace
was soon expected again to fold her wlugs and brood uver us.—
In short, tbe city is as good as any other olt/. It possesses as
much benevoleuce, as much charity, as much sympathy with
the oauso of the country as any other city. How are we to help
it, il strangers come among us, let loose from home aud all Its
ties.ard disposed io have "a good time," with noone to look
on. aaid remember, and report to the family circle which ro-
b; rat us aud correots?
There was, August 28th, a serious alarm of a Yankee raid
up tbe Peninsula on the olty. The following from the Sx.
amlner shows how the people prepared to meet tbe enemy.—
Are the people of Houston equally resdy T
The startling news which we published yesterday from the
Penlnsulx, soon threw the city into a state of feverish exolte
munt. The people had retired quietly to rest, and Iu their
usual feeling of security, rot having reoeived the least Inti-
mation ofthe news, but their slumbers were broken at the
dead hour or night, by the loud ringing of the alarm bell. The
hour at which the alarm was sounded—at half past three in
the morning—caused a great many to suppose It was merely
the alarm of fire, but the long anl continuous ringing of the
bell, which eontluued to be sounded up to six o.olock, oaused
a great many to rush down to Inquire as io the cau*oof the
alarm. In a short while the streets were alive with person* i
rushingtoami fro, and it was soon announced that the Yan-
kees were coming, and that the alarm was acallfor
thk mal11ia to torn oo j .
The call for the tnniltia to turn out was well responded to.
Aa soon as it became known that the city was threatened,
there was a general outpouring of the oitiaens, armed and
equipped and ready for work. Long before the bell bad ceased
to ring hundreds had collected, butdlspersed on the announce
ment of the order tliat they would meet at their respective
places of rendezvous at eight o'clock. At that hour there
was a full attendance, and lu a short while they were on the
mxrch for ,'it la not prudent for us to say. Tho mllU
ttry companies of the clerks and employees in the depart-
ments si.d public cfficua of the Government, also turned out,
and tbe whole city was astir from an early hour In the morning
wl'h the marching and movement of troops.
Speculation to bs Stopped.—A gentleman writing from
one of the chief towns of Mississippi, in spoaklog of a late
One good thing naa already grown out of tbe meeting ; one
noble convert has b ci made, and wi'h tne zeal of an apostle
be has set about rnaklhg other converts The principal iner
chant here t ays he Is soundly converted, .and has resolved he
will not make another dollar of profit durlug the war, but will
make his large business contribute only to the success of tbe
great cause. As the result of this, a mooting of merchants
and planters will be called In a few days to see who will put
their hands to the pledge not to attempt to make any further
profit on anything they have to sell or dispose of, but just es-
tablish ouch prices as will save them from positive loss.
From the Norton correspondent of the Appeal, we take
What oaused the sad change? Whence arose this mon-
strous depreciation which has well nigh swamped our whole
national treajury? What enemy hath done this thing? Spec
ulation and blockade running I These are the demons who
while they add a tew thousands to the country In the way of
Yankee notions that our people would have been muoh bet
tor without, sank the Confederacy In millions, and made It
disreputable even lu the eyes of lis own people, Let the
people pluck up these two great evils by the roots, literally
eradicate them, and tho way to do It is by placing Confed-
erate money on a par with gold and silver. The people can
do it,and 1 believe tney will d < it. It is now no outside
question, no extrinsic intercut; every man in the South is
personally concerned in placing our ourreuoy on a proper
basis, and every man will say amen to any action of the peo
pie which will lift our currency from the slough of despair
in which it is now sunk. God speed tho good work* say I.
God speed it say every man, wjman and child In the Confed-
eraoy. If the miserable, sham conoern at Washington, that
shoddy Capital of a Hump Republic, with a national debt
greater than that of Bngland's alter sixteen successive years
of war; broken down in reputation, whipped on a hundred
battle fields, bankrupt in seeming and in foot, with its own
people thundering at its doors for the restitution of violatod
rights, and its chief cities in revolt to resist the execution ol
its laws of Congress; Its existence threatened by three hun-
dred thousand men In ar s, who have sworn never to lay
them down until they aooompllsb their object; If that skele-
ton of a once great government can elevate and redesm from
worthlesaness its currency, Its tut.s of greenbacks, cannot
the young Confederate giant do as much for his, if ho will
only have faith in hie power, a little faith in his solvency?
Down with the depredators of our currency, with specula-
tors and blockade runners, and let the people have a curren-
cy that will truly represent the amonnt marked upon its face.
Let everybody aid In this good work. Tbe man who aasis's
in restoring our Confederate money to its proper standard of
vslue,doesas muoh as he who Kills an enemy In battle.
Push on the column. Let the example being set at Enter-
prise And emulation all over the land, and when Congress
meets next winter the way will be pointed out to them, and
they will follow it; they will make Confederate money a le-
gal tender, and otherwise enhance its value.
the rate o
fmtry Tactics at
papers, the same as other property.
II. Major Garey will lieue Infin
I three copies for each Company, aud
one oopy tor each field Officer.
By command of
> „ M J. General J. B. MAQRUDBR.
wm. T. Carrimotor, A. A. General.
Notice to Absentees o! Ipaight s Battalion.
By order of Lieut. C<ri. A. W. Spatght eon
maudlng Battalion, a - ' ~
maudlng Battalion, approved by Brig. Gen A.
Monton commanding forses south of Red River,
all the men of said Battalion left behind on the
march to Louisiana, slek in Hospital, on sick fur-
lough, absent without leave, and on detaohed ser-
vloe who have been relieved from mob service,
will report forthwith to me at Liberty, or to Lt.
Wilson A. Junker, at Beaumont, Texas. The
men absent without leave, and those who have
?Ke,no"r,;Wd " will bear in mind, that
the 30th day of September, is the last day r-r
giaee AUthoitvho fail to comply with (hit
otder will bo puhhohod as dtterltrg, and tubioct-
ei to tho penalties of military lam.
W*. B. DUNCAN,
™ Capt. Co. F. Spatght'* Battalion.
Liberty,Texas,Sept. 15th, 1863. 8ept98tw3u
ATEAOHKR WANTED.—The Executive Com
mitteo of Austin College, are desirou* of
procuring immediately the servioes of a gentle-
man competent to teaoh Latin, Greek and Pri-
mary Mathematics. Address, with references,
*0. _ SAMOBL MoKINNBY,
Sept 28tw4t v Huntsvllle, Texas
STRAYS.—Notice Is hereby given that a liberal
reward will be paid for the delivery at th*s
post, of all stray mules and oxen belonging to
iho Government. Stook raisers and other per-
sons living lu the country, are requested to in-
terest themselves in this matter, and report \11
animals having the 0. S. brsnd.
Capt & A. Q. M.C. 8. A.
Quartermaster's offioe, Colnmuns, Sept. 83,
18(13. Hep 28tw0t.
HitXDiRTtM, Bvrbo op Stat* Tkmn. t
District or Texas, Raw Maxtoo and Awso«a,>
Mouetoa, Texas, September SO. >
General Orders, No—
I. The following Is published for tbe Informa-
tion or those onncernel:
HaanqnaaTBRP, Dist. Trars MiisiSStrrl.
Special Grders, No. 70.
• • ♦ 0
III. All details of consorlpts as teamsters tor
tbe eervloe with contractors in the district of
Texas, with the exception of those oo duty with
B. uldio, Riggs dtCe., Jobnsbu A Rogers, L. 8.
Barnes, Ball, Huiohiflga 4k Oo, MoMerty X At*
kiBSon, aud John R. Purvis, and those a in b< seed
in paragraph II, Major General Magreeer's Or-
der. No. 79, are hereby revoked, aad ibey will
be Immediately turned over to Major 8, Hart, pur-
chasing agent for tbe District of Texas. On tbe
31st er August, proximo, the privilege'granted
te the above parties will terminate, whtn tbe
eonssrlpts will he retureed te the several camps
These restrictions do not apply to those partlea
exempted by Ma). Gen. Mag'tti dor In paragraph
Till aad IX of the General Order referred to.
By eommand of
Litut. Gen. B. KIKBY SMITH.
B. 8. AMDRRBUN, A. A. Q.
The following are tbe paragraphs of General
Order,Bo.6S, Issued by Major Gen. Msgruder al-
luded to in the above Order :
11. All authority to take Conscripts aa teamsters,
heretofore granted to parties cot engaged in car-
rying out eoutra'ota with Ohlefa or Disbursing De-
partments of the Distnot and Bob Districts, ap-
proved by the MaJ. Gen. commanding, Brig. Oea.
W. R. Scurry, Brig. Gen. H P. Bee, or Ool.B P.
Battkhead, la hereby revoked, and suah teamers
with their teams, will be turned over, with their
teams, te Major 8. Ilart, agent of the Govern*
ment, for the exportation of cotton and introduc-
tion ol suppliea, or to his agents, with a view or
supplying the troope-a Jast compensation being
allowed such teamsters.
VIII. flueh conscript teamsters us arsemployed
In tho sorvica of tbe state will be allowed to re«
main In tbelr present service, as long as they are
required by the Bute. • „
IX Such conscripts as are employed by Major
A. vr. McKac, or his his agents, (not contractors,)
will remain in their presout employment until fur-
LOffiolal.3 8TBPHBN D. YANCBY.
A. A. A General.
II. All men detailed from tbo State Troops tor
the benefit of either of the contractor* n rued tn
paragraph III. <t Spue al Order No. 70, from
Headquarters, Dept. Trans Mississippi, will lnime-
dtatel) bo returned to ihoir companl«§, woolhw
Hsadquartbrs Brown's Battalion: i
BsHuaiont, Sept. 20, l#«3. j
Special Orders, No. 127.
Iu obedience to special orders, No. 264 from the M^J.
General commanding Ac , the tollowng maned offi-
cers aud privates of Brown's Bsttallou of C tvalry
are hereby ordered to report for dnty, with the Bat-
ta'lon at Sabine Pass, or wherever It may be. Tbey
will bring their arms, accoutrements, Ac., but leave
their horses at the battalion camp near Columbus.
Lieut. B. F. Ackcrman and the detail under his
command; Privates, K Wilson, Co. A. in the employ
of tho enrolling offlre of Braziris; UFA len, C «. B,
lu employ of Capt. Winter, Uempalead; No«h Cox,
Oo. B, In customhouse, Brownsville; A Rslley. Oo. B,
In qiiwrt- rmagtorsd' parttuent, Ilottuton; G M K iese,
Oo. B, driving breeves for G W White, commissary
department; J II Holtcclaw, Co. B driving beeves for
G W White, commissary department; J W L trupkin.
Oo. B, diivlng beeves lor G W White.commissary de-
partment; J J & II F Grlffln, Oo. B,dtlvlng beeves for
U W White, commlnsary department; Jobn W Brown,
Oo. O.lo qu irlepn.itters department, Columbus lt
Green, Oo. 0. A A surgeon of hospital, Uolumbti..
No excu-e, nor the certificate of uny practicing
physlcitn will be entertained tor scorning wliful de-
lay. By ord ir of
R. R. BROWN,
^ , i! Lieut. ColOotp'g Bit.
Asa. W. Thompson, A. A. sentiM twst
Drar Sir :—The abovs article, which has been oalled
pays no less comp'llment to you than to tbe
hnmble contributor. I have overlooked the paper
suggestions to make. I
local condition may be met by the means I have
and that the genersl condition may be met by feed and stim-
ulants. I am bound to realize, and I think every body will
felly endorse my opinion that dyptherla Is associated with a
bad stats of the general condition of the patient, and that
tbe best correction is found in food toon, pure air, and
healthy exercise or all tbe powers of life. I think the above
as full as I can make them. Jtvery physician is bound V> act
on, or condemn the abovs. 1 feel I have done my duty in
suggesting the best my ability will permit me.
T* J. HEARD, M• D.
««■« " -
Tn Coolbst ,4JUinM en Recoup.—One of the Northern
papers rseords u decidedly cool performance on tbe part of
eome of Jobn Morgan's mm, Just previous to their incarce-
ration la the Columbus Psultsntiary. As ths ear* eoataiaiag
Letter from Columbus.
Colukbus, September SO, 1S63.
En. TaLioRApn—I see many artloles and resolutions In
yonr paper questioning the wUdom and patriotism of all
such sb venture to examine and analyze ths orders or sets
of general offloers, however absurd or inapplloabls to our-
rcut events they may he. It has been said that Providence
shapes our ends, rough hew them as we will. Por one. I do
not believe the aphorism. Rather our aots.eur angels are
for good or 111, and from worse desds worse suffer log must
inevitiibly ensue, nnd the order or act of a public obaraoter
emanating from the highest, lowest or intermediate souroe
that will not bear scrutiny, deserves to be questioned and
even opposed by those whose interest and happlaess lt is In-
tended to affect. For the truth or these remarks, I beg to re-
fer to history,tbe looking glass or men and nations.
The Bphori, the best men of renowned Laeedemon, who
supervised and oeneured the Kings of Sparta whenever tbelr
private or publio condnotwas amiss, Imposed a fine upon
AgeeMaus, alleging aa a reason that the oltlsens ought to be.
In oonimun, and not monopolized by any ons or two men,
• hereasbo, by bis popular condaot, had appropriated them
to himself. As writers opon physics Bay, lr war and discord
were banished, the universe, the heavenly bodies would stop
their course, and all generation and motion cease bjr reason
of that perfect harmony. 8o tbo great lawgiver, Lyourgus.
Infused Into the Spartan Constitution a spirit or ambition and
cod ten tl oo, and wished always to see some difference and
dispute among the people. Hence, I say, let every order,
decree or act be examined, tested and even contested, for
that yielding dlspoeitlon of general oomplalsance which leads
men to aooept of the next proposal or order without exploring
Intentions and deliberating consequences, Is wrong la prin-
ciple and nowise In preotlce. Thus thought Homer when he
made Ulysses and Aobll's contend In such bitter aud oppro-
brious terms of Invective, knowing that great beaeflt would
accrue therefrom to their genera,) affairs. Yerblcatam
"I^OTICM TO 00N3CRIPT3.--1 will attend for the
11 purpose of exainln'ug conscript <>t And rson,
(trlmes county, on Hutu-day, O t. 3d; nt MWlea".
Brasos coui ty. M uday, Oot, 5th; it Ow<-ii vliK It b«
eit*on county, Weduesd iy. Oji. 7tb; iin l at Mar in,
Falls county, on Saturday, Oot. 10 U. Knroliug • Ul-
cers of lht above counties wi.l have all clainilug cer-
tificates of exemption present as above required.
J. II. KUKR.
sop28tw4t Burgeon 3d Congressional District.
IN*'- HMVTION WANiKD.—Anv InCn'matlO''that
A will leud to tbe whereabouts ot Mr. PKTE t GWIKR,
who left Carroll ParNh, La., ««r|y in July last, li
charge f si'vet a! t e«'0 s. de t'neil for Wsco, will i «>
thankfully received by letter or otherwise, ad'tre-iised
to ^ H C. ELLIS. Waco Texas.
sep!28 tw2 •
tyf i L1TARY
AND POSrOFFICK CLAIMS —
no lersign«d, late Chief Clerk or the
P stoffice Department. wM attend to the prepar
atlon, settlement and paymentof claims against
tbe G vernwent for Mall'service prior to June,
1801, and subs, quently ; and also to laims for
deceased soldiers' pay and for horses 1 >st In bat-
tie. His charges will be reasonable. His address
is Austin, Texas. W. D. MILLER.
Sep. 88 wdttw2L*
t>rs,or by Brigadier Geaeral |i'f Militia under la*
atructlons Irom thesellea'tquarers.
III. All men detailed from tbe State Troops for
the benefit o f nay other parties, except those
named In paragraphs II, VllI and IX of the ex-
tract from above Orders of Headquarters, District
of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, except those
detailed for the service of Col qoo. W. White,
sgent Rubelsjenoe Department, or for officers ofthe
various Departments, aad such men as have been
detailed under Bpeolal Orders flro>o these Head-
quarters, will be immediately .returned to their
commands. In all cases of detail made by Brig-
adlar Generals of Militia, exoept those made
for tho service of Muiors Hart and A. V.
MoK.ee, Col Goo. White, or tor offloers of
the various Departments, the men detailed will al*
so be ordered to report Immediately to their oota-
IV. No detail made from State Troops slnoe
their transfer to Oonfedorate servloe. by «ny other
authority than these Ueadqnarters. or Headquar-
ters M.iJ. Gen. Magruder, will be respeeted.
By command of
M j.(*en J. BANKIIEAD MAGRUDBR,
Septan-i. :u j. d.Mo'doo, a. a.g n t.
AHL'BSTITUTB POR THB MILITIA-Can
be had by application tjtheundersigned, at
this office. sept V8tw9t. O. DALTON.
Hbaoqdibtbrs borkau Statb Troof*,
Disthictof Texas, Naw Mjexioo
Houston, Sept. 87,1803.
SPECIAL ORDER, No. 54.
I. All Mluute Men and Bute Troops ordered to
this point or Liberty, are notified that It Is the or-
d"r«of tbe MaJ. Gen. Commanding tbat they lis-
ten forward without delay, the en*my already
being on the advance from Borwiok's Bay with
the declared purposu of Invading Texts.
By command of
MaJ. Gen. J. B. MAGRUDBR.
J. D. Mi ADOO, A A G.
CIR^ULAR—The bnerd of officer* appointed
for the examination of autho ized candidates
'or the appointment of Artillery Offloers on Ord-
nance duty, now in session at Houston, hereby
notify all applicants tbat they must present them-
selvos for examination on or before Thursday,
the 1st day of October. 1803.
J. H. MANLY, Lt. Col. Art'y, Prssid't.
0. M. MASON. Major Artillery.
CHA8. R. BENTON, Captain Artillery.
Hiadqdartbhs, 10th BRie. T. 8. T
Houston,Sept. 95,1803. (
One oompany of Minute Men will bo formed from
the drafted men of this Brigade District, provided
a number sufficient to form a company will pee
sent themselves at these Headquarters, prcperly
mounted, armed and equipped by the first Monday,
the 5th day of October. Individuals presenting
themselves before that time, will bo sworn In aud
furloaghed until the day of organization.
By command of Brigadier General
W. J, KYLE.
BicHARnsoH, A. & I.Gen, s« p28-tw3l
hraoqdahtrrs, dlst. Of trxas, new
Mexico and Abizora
Sablno Pass, Sept. 25th, 1863.
Special Ordrbs No. 200.
III. The orders Issned from these Headquarters,
directing detailed men to return to their respective
commands, were not Intended to Include those who
are In the Signal C^rps, under Lieut. A.L. Ltn isay.
Oblef Signal Officer of this District. These-um are
to be regarded as perm <uently detailed In tbat ser-
vice, and will continue In that duty until specially
directed to rejoin their commsnds. Bv order of
8. D. Yanoit, A. A. Gen. sep2nw3t
FIR sale on Wednesday, 30th September, by A. C.
McKeen, a Co , 40 very likely negroes, comprising
all kinds and quallhcatlons, two excellent warcou*
with six mules <>acb and harness complete, a fine car-
riage and pair of horses, SO cases boots, whisky, rum
and tobacco. *2HV,
headqcarteits, district op faxas,)
New Mexico and Arizona. >
Sarins Pa«i, September 82d, 1803.)
General Orders No 164.
All extra-duty men, except sueb ars specified
in Goneral Orders No. 152, dated Houston. Texas,
Sept. 8th, 1803, will be Immediately returned to
tbelr companies, and their places supplied by nr n
from the State Troops, or by men who aresxempt
from military daty.
The above order doee not apply to ths Ordnance
Department, In charge of Capt. Good, or at Ban
Antonio, bnt the Ordnance Officers at tbosetwo
plaees will return to their commands all men or
tuelr Departments, whose places can be supplied
by men from the Militia. By command of
MaJ. Gen. J. BANKHBAD MAGRUDBR,
sepl28-twM B. P. Ttrrbr, A. A. Q.
WANTBD.—Ink bottl s of *11 sizes. Deliver
at this offioe.
sept. 98, tw3t.
WANTBD—A situation by a young woman, as
house girl or seamstress. Address
llBADQIIABTSHS, BO EAlf or MATS T. OOPS, )
District ur Texas, Aew Msxioo a\D ahizoma, >
n Uou.toii, Sept. 27, itftS. )
General Orders No. —.
I. Tho entire Infantry of the ilth, 10th, 86th
and 517th Battalions, will Immediately take up
the line or tnaroh tor Mlllioan.
II. Tho entire Infantry or the 3d, 4th, 5lh,
Oth, 10th and 12lb Battalions will Immediately
take up the line of m%roh for Naeogdoohes.
III. The entire Infantry of the 7th, 8th, Sib,
13 h, 14th and loth Bittall n< will immediately
take up the line of march for Bonham.
IV. A* Q M.'s are Instructed to procure trans-
portation and suppliea bv purchase or impress-
ment, as stated In SpeoKI Order No. 10,
from these Headquarters.
V. Every man Is enjoined to procure a gun. If
the same be possible.
VI. Commanders of Battalions are urged to use
every means in their power to secure the execu-
tion of these orders. They will Immedletely re-
port to these Headquarters, the time when troops
will move tor the post to whloh tbey are ordered.
By oommand of
...... . MaJ. Gen. J. B.MAGRUDRIt.
J. D. McADOo, A. A. G. State Troops. .<.ep28.it
Headquarters District or Tkxas, )
Naw Mexico and Arizona, >
Sabine Pass, Sept. 21, 1803. I
General Orders, No. 103.
All leaves of absence and furlouttbs granted to offi-
cers an t men belonttlng to commands e* t of the
Ml.'sl'slppl, who are uow wlthlu the Hants of this
District, are hereby revoked.
AH officers and cnllst-d men of such commands
win report at Houston, Toxos, for duty without the
By oommand of 'Mai. Gen. MAGRUDBR.
Edmund P. Turner, A. A. Geo. s24-0t
TVTOTIOB.—All County Money nncurrent pur-
1" chased at fifty and seventy-live cents on the
dollar. I will also pay from ton to fifteen per
cent, premium for all State treasury notes. For
particulars, apply to my ageat, Mr. W. H. Duke,
Finnin Uouse. 0. A.BULKLKY.
Houston, Hept. 12—sl4-twlm
/-1UNPEDKHATE SHOE PAOTORY.-Wanted lm«
vy mediately to work in the Government 8*oe Vac-
tory. Persons exempt from m'lltary duty, th>ne not
un'!er tau']lng tho business c#n easily to tuuKiitlt.
The iemat:d for shoes for ourarmy now lu ti e fleM
ti gre.tt, and It Is not desired tj fill the shops wltu sol-
diers who are needed to fight.
Those wlsnlng employment will call at the cloth-
ing ilepsrtuient, Captain M'.Ils, A. Q M., opporlte
1'obtofllco. PlrtDter* or other* having tick roe* ^ pa-*
bleof making shoes will send tnetn forward imme-
diately to us«ibt in tilling our orders to shoe the sol-
diers now In the field.
c. L. McCASTY, Lieut. 0.8. P. A.
Superintending shoo Department.
Approved^ w. J. Mills. Cantiin, a. y M . 0.8. a.
e . AlAAMIfl, V1PIH
Houston, T.'xus, Sept. 23, 1863.
tei 21 twSt
SOLDIBHV PAMILIK8.—Soldiers and their fami-
lies can obtain soap and cau'llt.a al rtducod prices
by applying to me at the factory.
kept 25-3t FRANK VABJ.
WANTBD.—A copy (old or new) of **Mahan'a
Pleld Fortifications'' for which the highest
P loe will be paid et this,office.
dfel KKWAKD— Kauawsy from the uoderslgn-
upXUU ed living at Chsppell Hill, Texsl. on the
IS'.b Inst., a negro follow named Lewis, about 33 years
ol i.blark.aboutO feet 6 Inches high, weighs anout
125 or 130 pound-; has a srar. I think, on his right
i hsek or teinp e In the form of a cross t. 1 bonght
him on Black
back. I will [i ...
me at Chsppell Hill.
river, Le t think be may aim to go
I will pay the above reword for hla delivery to
8. W. SlMd.
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Cushing, E. H. The Tri-Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 29, No. 82, Ed. 1 Monday, September 28, 1863, newspaper, September 28, 1863; Houston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth236577/m1/1/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.