Thoughts on the proposed annexation of Texas to the United States Page: 48 of 55
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48 ON THE PROPOSED
With what Teelings of respect or regard will they look upon the
government thus false to its own principles and to the destiny of
the race l What other tie will bind the nation together but the
mere sordid bond of material interest I And how long is this
likely to resist the angry passions and fierce collisions which we
are inevitably destined to meet 1 On the other hand, what is the
temper at the South, and what is it likely to be when Texas shall
be annexed 1 The wiser men among them are daily deploring the
violence and infatuation which rule their councils. Menace, lawless
language, and personal violence have made Congress a scene
of disgraceful brawls. Their conduct, in particular instances,
seems ingeniously devised for the purpose of exasperating the
North. In the nomination of Mr. Everett, who had expressed a
desire to abolish slavery in the District, many southern senators
openly avowed their determination of rejecting him on this
ground alone; and the nomination of Mr. Chancellor Walworth
was recently placed in jeopa;dy for no other reason than that, ten
years ago, he had, in a judicial opinion, declared " slavery to be a
national as well as local evil."
It is thus that whig and democrat, alternately brow-beaten and
insulted, put to the ban for want of fidelity to slavery alone, are
compelled to make common cause against the oppression of this
What is likely to be the state of things if Texas is annexed 1
,How is it possible to endure that which we shall be compelled to
receive at the hands of slave-holding legislators 1 The statecdf
things will be peculiarly propitious to discord and disunion; in
the Senate, the two powers will be balanced at least so long as
Texas constitutes but one State; in the House, the free States
will have a great and increasing majority, while the topics of
excitement and irritation will be of daily occurrence. With
every census the slave representation increases, with every
census the representation of property increases, and in another
half century we shall have six or seven millions of slaves actually
voted upon in the House of Representatives. In this state
of things, that the existence of the Union must become extremely
precarious, seems scarcely to admit of doubt. SQme
external danger, war perhaps, might be sufficient to keep us together;
but it seems in the last degree impropable that an empire
so divided by its education, its associations, and its prejudiees,
where the government is so weak, and party spirit so
strong, can long remain united. The statesmen of the North
must either silence their convictions, stifle their opinions, and
dwindle to the mere puppets of a slave-holding policy, or they
wilt be forbidden to share in the honors of the central government.
None but slave holders, or their satellites, need aspire
to federal honors. All the spirits of the North, who would not
submit to so degrading a vassalage, would either concentrate their
energies to effect the annihilation of slavery, or seek a melan-,
choly alternative in disunion. A House of Representatives con- j
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Sedgwick, Theodore. Thoughts on the proposed annexation of Texas to the United States, book, January 1, 1844; New-York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2387/m1/48/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .