Thoughts on the proposed annexation of Texas to the United States Page: 52 of 55
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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52 ON THE PROPOSED
mediate conflict with Mexico. Not the slightest-not one solitary
effort has been made to obtain the consent of that power.
The President distinctly admits that Texas and Mexico are still
at war-says "the war has been waged for eight years,"-into
this war, without a word of explanation to the Spanish confederacy,
this country is now thrust; and the only apology contained
in Mr. Calhoun's letter of the 19th April, 1844, to B. S.
Green, Esq. our Charg6 at Mexico, announcing the consummation
of the project, is the information which he directs Mr. Green to
convey to the Mexican Government " that this step has been taken
in full view of all possible consequences," in other words, in full
view of war. Menacing Texas and defying Mexico, our wise
negotiators proceed on their Judicious and honorable course.
And as to Mexico, it was certainly discreet to consider the
chances of war. They have made it unavoidable. While saying
nothing about the boundary of Texas, they have actually annexed
to the United States territory now peaceably occupied by the
Mexican Government. This is quite clear. Texas cedes herself
to the Union. The Union accepts the cession. What can be
meant by Texas, but what she has solemnly declared herself by
her legislative acts-i. e. all'the country east of the Rio Grande 1
Now. Santa Fe lies east of the Rio Grande, and Santa Fe is at
this moment a great Mexican dep6t; and yet the negotiators of
the Treaty have actually annexed Santa Fe to the United States.
The other provisions are quite harmonious. The United States
" assume the debt and liabilities of Texas, however created, for
which the faith or credit of her government may be bound at the
time of the exchange of the ratification of the treaty," a period of
not more than six months hence. TEN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS-although
the plenipotentiaries of Texas, in their letter of the 15th
April, 1844, expressly state that their debt is but five millions of
dollars, so that the treaty pledges the United States to assume a
Texan debt of five millions of dollars, and gives her six months
to create a debt of five millions more. No wonder annexation finds
Again-all the land claims to the amount of SIXTY-SEVEN MILLIONS
OF ACRES, are declared valid. Calculating land worth, after
annexation,, one dollar per acre, less than our minimum price,
(it is now worth nothing for sale,) add the debt, and we have
SEVENTY-SEVEN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS handed over by this treaty to
private speculators. This is jobbing on the epic scale. No wonder
annexation finds friends.
The public lands are estimated at two hundred and three millions
of acres. Of this, sixty-seven millions are already granted.
One-third is gone. Is that likely to be the best or the worst part 1
How much of the remaining two-thirds will come into market
within our life time 1 Answers to these questions will show what
security the public lands of Texas affords for the payment of the
ten millions of the debt which we have assumed.
So much for the reaty-in every aspect t is most offensive.
Here’s what’s next.
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Sedgwick, Theodore. Thoughts on the proposed annexation of Texas to the United States, book, January 1, 1844; New-York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2387/m1/52/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .