A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 27 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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ERA OF DISCOVERIES AND MISSIONS.
Indians Introduced into Missions.-When the Span-
iards came to found the missions, they did not at first
erect the stone buildings described in a previous topic.
Until the Indians were trained to do the labor, this was
impossible. The priests, assisted by the soldiers, put up
simple structures of wood, with roofs of twigs, leaves, and
grass. Led by curiosity, and the gentle demeanor of the
holy fathers, the Indians came in crowds to watch the
strange work. Soon they offered their assistance. A
bright picture, a bit of red cloth, or a string of beads, was
to them sufficient reward for a day's labor. The lighted
candles, the incense, the altar with its handsome fixtures
- all the ritual of the Church - charmed and thrilled
these simple children of the forest. As the priests taught
them day by day, some of them began to comprehend
what it all meant, and a few became true Christians.
These were anxious to stay near their sacred teachers,
whom they learned to love, and were -delighted to obey.
Many, however, understood only enough of what the
priests said to be frightened at what would happen to
them in the next world. Moved by fear, they too re-
mained near the fathers, having a vague idea that this
might save them. In this way quite a number came
completely under the control of the priests.
Life in the Missions.-Early each morning, all Indians
fastened only by strings, to wear a knotted rope suspended from the waist, to fast
often, to deny themselves all social intercourse, and to claim for their own no
earthly possessions." Among the most famous of these men was Father Antonio
Margil (mar-jel) de Jesu (ya-su), who is said to have preached with such wonderful
eloquence as to move every listener to lead a purer, nobler life.
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/27/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .