A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 40 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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CON DITION OF TEXAS.
Louisiana Ceded to Spain.- France, having her hands
full at home, had neither soldiers nor money to send her
colonies in Louisiana. She feared that they would fall
into the hands of the English, who were already pressing
dangerously near. Rather than see Louisiana belong to
her enemies, she ceded it, in 1762, to Spain. The effects
of this change upon Texas will be shown in next epoch.
The Last Mission.-In 1790, the Spanish founded
the Mission of our Lady of Refuge, at Refugio. This
being the last mission ever established by them marks
the end of the Mission Period. As in 1794, the Franciscan
friars, worn out and discouraged, gave up the missions
in Texas, and returned, some to Mexico, others to Spain,
taking with them all records and historical papers, much
of the history of this interesting period still remains a.
Condition of Texas.-At the close of this epoch, it
still seemed that Texas would never be a populous, culti-
vated region. In spite of all the money that had been
spent in founding missions, and importing colonists, in
1744 Texas contained only fifteen hundred people. In
1765, there were only seven hundred and fifty Europeans
in all this grand State, that now boasts of three million
inhabitants. The causes of this condition of affairs were
numerous.' The Indians were troublesome; the quarrels
between the Spaniards and French were constant; the
massacre of San Saba gave a mortal blow to the mis-
sions; but more than all these, Spain governed her col-
onies most tyrannically. The colonists saw'around them
rich fields, but they could not plant what they wished.
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/40/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .