A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 56 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
BATTLE OF THE MEDINA.
alized the situation. Rallying, they fought bravely, but
to no avail. The Americans and 700 Mexicans,--the
latter under the lion-hearted Menchaco,--who, true to
their word, did fight like heroes, swept all before them.
Elisondo escaped with a mere handful of men, leaving
400 dead and wounded on the field, while the Americans
had not more than 20 killed and 24 wounded.
Battle of the Medina (August 18, 1813).-The Ameri-
cans, finding that they could trust Gutierres in nothing,
deposed him, and placed Toledo * (t5-l1'do) in his place.
This step caused much dissatisfaction among the Mexi-
cans. Fortune, that had long smiled upon the Repub-
licans, now turned her face. General Arredondo, a
distinguished officer of the Royal army, hearing of Eli-
sondo's defeat, immediately set to work (July, 1813)
collecting forces with which to crush the Republicans
and win back Texas to the support of the Spanish
King. Elisondo was ordered to gather his scattered
troops and join the command of Arredondo. The com-
bined forces, amounting to about 4000 men, marched
toward San Antonio, but halted six miles south of the
Medina, where they threw up breastworks in the form
of an angle with the opening toward San Antonio;
thus: C; this formed a most successful trap for the
* Don Jos6 Alvarez Toledo, descended from a distinguished Spanish family, was
by birth a Cuban. Coming to Mexico, he showed his Republican sympathies too
plainly, and was banished. During Magee's expedition he busied himself in Loui-
siana collecting and forwarding troops to assist in freeing Texas. In July, 1813,
he went to San Antonio, where he received a hearty welcome from all except the
Mexicans under Menchaco; they hated him because he was a Gaohupin, that is,
a pure-blooded Spaniard.
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/56/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .