A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 57 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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ERA OF FILIBUSTERS.
unsuspecting enemy. Toledo being informed of the ap-
proach of Arredondo, advanced from San Antonio toward
Laredo; crossing the Medina he came upon the Royalist
forces.* Toledo led his men to the attack (August 18,
1813). At the first charge, the Spaniards, acting accord-
ing to the orders of their general, pretended to be terror-
stricken and fled toward the vertex of their fortification;
the Americans eagerly followed, whereupon the enemy,
turning, closed in their lines, thus crowding the Amer-
icans between the sides of the angle. Toledo, just then
perceiving the snare into which he had been led, gave
the order to retreat. One wing obeyed. But the other,
shouting, "No; we never retreat," rushed to their death.
One of the leaders of the Mexican troops obeyed no
command of Toledo's, and finally added treachery to his
other crimes by going over with his men to the enemy.
The Americans fought bravely; but what could they do
against such odds ? Ensnared, separated, with ammunition
exhausted, with treason in their midst, with the enemy's
reserve pouring upon them a deadly fire, they were
forced to flee. Then began a scene of terrible butchery,
for the Spaniards spared none. Thirsting for blood, they
drank their fill.t Of the eight hundred and fifty Ameri-
*In justice to Toledo, it must be stated that he was opposed to crossing the
Medina, wishing to await on the left bank the attack of the enemy. The Americans
and Mexicans, made reckless by their recent victories, demanded that they be led
to battle, and, against his better judgment, Toledo yielded.
t Seventy or eighty prisoners were captured near Spanish Bluff. These were
taken, securely tied, and placed in groups of ten upon huge pieces of timber, beneath
which a grave had been dug. The captives were then shot, their bodies falling into
the yawning pit. Delgado was one of the victims.
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/57/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .