A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 59 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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ERA OF FILIBUSTERS.
The Republicans on Galveston Island.-While the
outlook for the Republicans in Mexico and Texas was
gloomy, yet there still remained some patriots who never
gave up hope.* The scene of action now shifted to Gal-
veston Island.t While Morelos, the patriot priest, was in
power, he had appointed, as commissioner from the Re-
public of Mexico to the United States, Herrera. In 1816,
Herrera was still living in New Orleans, waiting for a
favorable opportunity to renew the struggle for Mexican
liberty. He conceived the plan of sending out privateers
into the Gulf of Alexico to ruin the Spanish trade with all
American countries. Galveston Harbor was selected as
the most favorable place for the headquarters. In Sep-
tember, 1816, Herrera sailed for Galveston Island, accom-
panied by Louis de Aury, whom he made commander
of the fleet of the Republic of Mexico and governor of
Texas.t They organized a miniature Republic of Mexico
and claimed the rights of a regular government. Here,
too, came Mina, a brave Spanish warrior who had been
exiled on account of his liberty-loving spirit, and Colonel
* Napoleon had fallen at Waterloo, and the ancient race of kings had been re-
stored to the Spanish throne, but thoughtful men saw that these kings were no
longer considered even by the lmass of the common people as the " Chosen. of God."
New thoughts, new hopes, new longings had come to the people; never again
could monarchs expect blind devotion and ignorant idolatry from their subjects.
The student of the world felt clearly that for Mexico to become a republic was
only a question of time.
t The island was so called from Count de Galvez, viceroy of Mexico and gov-
ernor of Texas and Louisiana.
$ Aury was specially famous for his exploits in South and Central America.
With only twelve vessels, he, during the siege of New Granada, made his way
through a fleet of 35 royal war-ships, and bore to places of safety hundreds of
patriots who would otherwise have been mlurdered.
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/59/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .