A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 65 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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ERA OF FILIBUSTERS.
our government; * but many Americans denied the right
of Congress to sell or exchange any portion of American
possessions, and sent up to Washington strong protests
against the action of Congress. Some of the wisest states-
men of the day opposed the course of the government.
Long's First Expedition.-The people of Natchez,
Miss., were so displeased at the action of our government
that they not only protested against it, but organized an
expedition to invade Texas. Dr. James Long was made
leader of the expedition.t Entering upon his duties with
the deepest interest and the greatest zeal, Long, accom-
panied by his wife and child, set out (June, 1819) with
75 men for Nacogdoches: before he reached this point
his force had increased to 300 men, among whom was
Gutierres. As soon as they arrived at Nacogdoches the
invaders held a convention and solemnly declared Texas
to be a free and independent republic. Long was chosen
President, a full staff of officers was elected, and public
lands were offered for sale on reasonable terms. In order
to gain a firm foothold in the country, Long established
several trading places throughout the neighboring sec-
* The annals of Congress state that the boundary line between Spanish posses-
sions and the United States territory was fixed as follows: " It was to begin at the
mouth of the river Sabine, continuing north along the western bank of that river
tolatitude 32 ; then by a line due north to the degree of latitude where it strikes
Red River; then following the course of that river westward to longitude 23 west
from Washington; crossing said river, it was to run by a line due north to the Ar-
kansas, following the southern bank of that river to its source in latitude 42 north,
and thence by that parallel to the Pacific.
t Dr. Long had already distinguished himself for skill and courage at the battle
of New Orleans where he became a marked favorite with General Jackson. Upon
marrying Miss Jane Wilkinson, a niece of General Wilkinson, Long settled at
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/65/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .