A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 79 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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ERA OF COLONIZATION.
more land. Merchants and mechanics were given town
lots on which they might erect their stores or shops.
All immigrants were to be free from taxation for six
years; Austin, as empresario, or leader of the colony, was,
on the fulfilment of his contract to settle three hundred
families, to receive immense grants of land. All colonists
were required to become Roman Catholics, to swear to
uphold the government of the Spanish king, and to fur-
nish evidence of good moral character.* With the prom-
ise of so much good fortune, many immigrants were
willing to follow Austin.
The First Colonists.--Austin, being poor, was not
able to fit out a vessel for carrying to Texas the needed
tools and provisions. J. L. Hawkins, of New Orleans,
his warm personal friend, came to his assistance by fit-
ting out the schooner "Lively" with all necessary stores
and placing her at his disposal. The schooner, loaded
with supplies, made a safe trip to the mouth of the
Brazos, where the tools and provisions were concealed to
*The following is an extract from the oath colonists were compelled to take:
"In the town of Nacogdoches before me, Don Jose NMaria Guadiana, came Don
Samuel Davenport and Don William Barr, residing in this place, and took a
solemn oath of fidelity to our sovereign, and to reside permanently in his royal
dominions; and more fully to manifest it, put their right hands upon the Cross
of our Lord Jesus Christ, swore each of them, before God and the holy cross of
Jesus Christ, to be faithful vassals of his most catholic majesty, to act in obedi-
ence to all laws of Spain and the Indies, henceforth abjuring all other allegiance
to any other prince or potentate whatever, and to hold no correspondence with
any foreign power without permission from a lawful magistrate and to inform
against such as may do so, or use seditious language unbecoming a good subject
"Signed: JoSE fAMRIA GUADIANA.
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/79/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .