A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 81 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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ERA OF COLONIZATION.
necessary for him to go to the City of Mexico and havw
his grant renewed He also wished to have a full un-
derstanding concerning his rights in controlling the col-
onists. No time was to be lost. Leaving the little
settlement under the charge of Josiah Bell, of South
Carolina, who had recently arrived with his young Ken-
tucky bride, he started for Mexico.*
Success of his Mission.-Reaching Mexico, April
1822, he found the government in such a disturbed con-
dition that he was forced to stay there over a year.
Finally he succeeded in renewing his grant, and obtain-
ing a statement as to his powers. In 1823, he returned
Growth of the Colony.-Austin found his colony al-
most deserted.t Discouraged by his long absence, many
of the colonists had moved to other parts of the prov-
throne was to be offered first to King Fernando VII., then to his brother
Charles, next to his brother Francisco: if all these refused, Carlos Luis, a
Spanish prince, was to be invited to rule over the Mexicans. May 19, 1822,
Iturbide was made emperor. In a few months a republic, in which the Presi-
dent had supreme power, was established; in 1824 this was changed to a govern-
ment nearly resembling ours.
* Yoakum says that on his trip Austin was overtaken by Comanches. When,
however, they learned that he was an American, his property was returned and
he was sent on his way unharmed. Bancroft says: "'He had to travel 1200
miles by land on roads infested by banditti and deserters, and he was ill pre-
pared for such a journey. Nevertheless he did not flinch from the undertaking,
but, disguised in ragged clothes and a blanket, passed himself off as a poor trav-
eler going to Mexido to petition for compensation for services in the revolution."
tSoon after Austin started for Mexico, two vessels loaded with settlers ar-
rived; these colonists settled on the Colorado River. The camp, being left in
charge of a few guards, was attacked and robbed by the Carancahua Indians.
Captain Burnham led out a band of men, and attacked and severely defeated the
savages; thus began strife and hatred that were to cost the colony much blood
and treasure. The vessel " Revenge" brought out 80 more colonists, who settled
on Galveston Bay.
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/81/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .