A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination Page: 93 of 412
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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ERA OF COLONIZATION.
tried to keep the tribe faithful to their treaty, basely went
over in a body to the Mexicans. Overpowered by the
strength of the enemy, the Fredonians retired (January
31) across the Sabine. Through Austin's influence, the
Mexicans treated the colonists who remained with some
justice.* Edwards's grant was divided between David
G. Burnet and Joseph Vehlein. t The unjust treatment
of Edwards was a mere forerunner of the host of tyran-
nical deeds that finally caused Texas to rise in her youth-
ful vigor, and throw off the Mexican yoke.
TEXAS AS A WHOLEd
Empresario System.-During this era 26 empresa-
rios took out grants of land.t While few of them suc-
ceeded in entirely filling their contracts, yet that much
earnest work was done by the empresarios is shown by
* Edwards was deeply touched by this kindness to his colonists, as the follow-
ing extract from a letter written by him to Ahumada will show: "Your kind,
your friendly, and generous deportment towards my friends and fellow-soldiers
while prisoners of yours, entitles you and the officers under your command to the
expression of my thanks and has insured to you and them a distinction in ourhearts
that will ever separate you from the rest of your countrymen who have oppressed
us. As a foe to your country, I view you still as a national enemy; but as a man
and a philanthropist, you have powerful claims upon my heart."
t Burnet, Vehlein and De Zavala afterward sold their lands to New York
t In addition to those already mentioned in the text the empresarios were
Robert Leftwich, James Powers, McMullen and McGloin, Joseph Vehlein, David
G. Burnet, Sterling G. Robertson, Lorenzo de Zavala, Power and Hewitson, Ben-
jamin R. Milam, John Cameron, Frost Thorn, General Vicente Filisola, Arthur
G. Wavell, Stephen J. Wilson, John L. Woodbury, Exeter and Wilson, Juan Do-
minguez, Padilla and Chambers, Juan Vicente Campos, Grant and Beales. The
first eight were the only ones who accomplished any permanent results.
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Pennybacker, Anna J. Hardwicke. A new history of Texas for schools : also for general reading and for teachers preparing themselves for examination, book, 1895; Palestine, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2388/m1/93/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .