Texas: the rise, progress, and prospects of the Republic of Texas, Vol.1 Page: 420 of 432
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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through its Indian and mixed population, an abundant
supply of cheaper labour, than could be obtained
from imported negroes. It must indeed
have been a stipulation to gratify Mexican nationality,
as it bore against the slave-holding interest
of Spain in the island of Cuba, while it inflicted..no
injury upon Mexico where the want of hands is
seldom or ever known.*
In 1824 insurrections headed by Echavarri and
Hernandez were quelled by the government;
another, of which Lobato was the leader, having
for its object the dismissal of European Spaniards
from office, was likewise suppressed and the cause
removed. In 1826 considerable excitement prevailed
on the subject of suppressing the Mexican
Masonic Lodges, in obedience to a Bull directed
against them by the Pope. A bill to this effect was
introduced into Congress and rejected. Two factions
arose (said to have been guided by the rival Scotch
and New York lodges, in the capital, and hence
called Escoses and Yorkinos), which divided the
most influential men of the country. The Escoses
were large proprietors, aristocratic in opinion, favourable
to Mexican independence, but also favourable
to a constitutional monarchy. The Yorkinos, whose
lodge was founded by the New York masons, through
the agency of Mr. Poinsett, the Envoy of the United
States, supported democracy, and opposed a royal,
or central government, the Bourbons and the Spaniards.
Mr. Poinsett's interference in the local
politics of Mexico augmented the jealousy with
which the authorities had begun to regard the
Anglo-Texans. To counteract the growing influ*
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Kennedy, William. Texas: the rise, progress, and prospects of the Republic of Texas, Vol.1, book, January 1, 1841; London. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2389/m1/420/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .