Cattle Ranges of the Southwest Page: 23 of 32
grass is gradually being run out, because of overstocking and overpasturing.
It is valuable especially as a winter forage, because the
stems remain green long after the leaves have become entirely brown
and dead. In this characteristic it resembles black grama (Bouteloua
eriopoda) of New Mexico. It seeds abundantly whenever there is rain
in the early part of the year. It is one of the most important grasses
to use in the renovation of worn-out native pastures.
Buffalo grass (Bulbilis dactyloides) (fig. 3).-This is a perennial grass,
that never grows high enough to cut, but which forms a beautiful, closely
i 7 u
FIG. 2.-Black grama (Hilaria mutica).
interwoven turf, with lateral, creeping root stocks bearing an abundance
of leaves. It is one of the most nutritious of the prairie grasses, being
equal in feeding value to the gramas, though not producing so large
a quantity of forage. Buffalo grass and the curly mesquite are the
most common of the Southwestern grasses. They spread rapidly either
from seed or from turf divided and scattered in furrows. In a wet season
this growth is extremely rapid. Buffalo grass will survive almost
any degree of drying, trampling, and ill usage, making it one of the
finest and most desirable kinds. Owing to the manner in which the
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Bentley, Henry Lewis. Cattle Ranges of the Southwest, book, 1898; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2412/m1/23/: accessed January 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .