Cattle Ranges of the Southwest Page: 25 of 32
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its full development, and grows better on low, rich bottom lands and
river valleys than oI tle uplanlds. Furthermore, it has not the weedy
character of some other hay grasses, being easily destroyed in a single
season if this is desired. Yields of 2 tons of hay per acre are not
unusual, in addition to the crop of corn taken from the same field earlier
in the season. It is an excellent substitute for Johnson grass, and
deserves to be cultivated on a much larger scale.
FIG. 4.-Colorado grass (Panicutn texanum).
Curly mesquite (Hilaria cenchroides) (fig. 5).-This is a turf-forming
grass, which has the peculiar habit of creeping over the ground and
rooting at the joints of the stems, from which spring leafy branches
that in their turn reach out in every direction to take root. It cominences
to grow earlier in the spring than buffalo grass, makes a thick
mat of rich feed during summer, matures on its roots, and in the fall
and winter, when not rotted by late rains, affords excellent pasture for
all classes of stock. It stands drought equally well with the gramas
and buffalo grass, and is perhaps better adapted to the intense summer
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Bentley, Henry Lewis. Cattle Ranges of the Southwest, book, 1898; Washington. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2412/m1/25/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .