Cattle Ranges of the Southwest Page: 28 of 32
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fastened in the wool and often penetrate the skin. This leads to much
annoyance, and often causes loss, especially of lambs. However, the
grass is not eaten by cattle when the seeds are ripe if there is enough
other food. Needle grass is valuable, because it is almost the first to
start growth in the spring, coming long before the curly mesquite or
grama grasses have commenced to green out. Again, after the needles
have fallen the wiry stems and leaves are eaten by all kinds of stock,
so that it is one of the most valuable of the winter grasses. It is con
7.-Side-oats grama (Bouteloua curtipend la).
sidered as nutritious as the best, and there is no other grass that would
entirely take its place at these two seasons of short feed-in early spring
and in winter.
Side-oats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula) (fig. 7).-This is an excellent
range pasture grass. It occurs widely distributed from Arizona to
Montana and eastward throughout the Mississippi Valley, but it is in
the southwestern portion of this territory that it reaches its fullest
development and is of the highest iimportance. The stems grow from
18 inches to 3 feet tall and make an excellent hay when well cured.
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Bentley, Henry Lewis. Cattle Ranges of the Southwest, book, 1898; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2412/m1/28/: accessed March 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .