Cattle Ranges of the Southwest Page: 29 of 32
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One of the best points about this grass is that it produces seed abundantly,
and, if allowed to scatter its seed, will very quickly cover the
range. It is one of the most promising species for increasing the carrying
capacity of the southwestern ranges.
Stolley vetch (Vicia leavenwiorthii) (fig. 8).-This is an annual vetch,
vhich grows in the granite region of central Texas and farther to the
westward. It is especially valuable as an early spring forage plant,
appearing before even the needle grass starts, thus supplying green
food at a time when it is badly needed. It grows in great abundance
FIo. 8.-Stolley vetch (Vicia leavenworthii). a, seed; b, pod.
in Parker County, Tex., and has been experimented with under cultivation
in Callahan and Btrnet counties with miost satisfactory results.
It promises to be one of the best winter and early spring forage plants,
alld is valuable also as a soil mulch and green manure.
Tallow weed (Actinella linearifolia) (fig. 9).-Every sheep raiser in
all the stock counties of Texas and New Mlexico knows all about the
vallte of this remarkable forage plant. It has somewhat tlhe habit,
when it first appears, of dandelion, and later puts out yellow blossoms
on an upright stem from 9 to 15 inches high; still later it forms a seed
head which somewhat resembles that of the yellow clover. The tallow
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Bentley, Henry Lewis. Cattle Ranges of the Southwest, book, 1898; Washington. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2412/m1/29/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .