Cattle Ranges of the Southwest Page: 30 of 32
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weed is a winter and early spring forage, which entirely disappears as
soon as the seeds have ripened and fallen. The young plants commence
to appear in autumn or midwinter, and grow during periods of
bright weather all through the winter months. In January or February
it commences to make more rapid growth and throws up its yellow
blossoms. It is at this period that the plant is of great value. Sheep
and cattle eat it with evident relish, and there is no forage which will
fatten animals so quickly at the time just named as the tallow weed.
'iG. 9.-Tallow weed (Actinella linearifolia). a, ray:flower; b, seed; c, cross section of seed.
In fact, if it were not for the tallow weed there would often be no available
grazing to carry stock through the critical period of early spring.
So far as known, the tallow weed has never been cultivated, nor has
any effort been made to extend its range by gathering the seeds and
scattering them over new ground. Some suclh experiments ought to be
made with it, as it is certainly a most excellent and nutritious forage
Western wheatgrass (Agropyron spicatum).-This is a rather harshleafed
grass, 20 to 30 inches tall. It grows abundantly from central
New Mexico and Texas to the northern boundary of the prairie region.
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Bentley, Henry Lewis. Cattle Ranges of the Southwest, book, 1898; Washington. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2412/m1/30/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .