The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade. Page: 10 of 64
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THE WAR IN TEXAS.
In pointing out some of the gross errors, used by the colonists before they took the reor
the unwarrantable assumptions, in the solution to set up a government for themselves.
Declaration of Independence lately promul- That they should be disposed to coirplain of
gated by the colonists, I will endeavor to use the transaction of legislative business in the
as much brevity as the case will permit. Spanish tongue, is marvellous indeed! Had
Passing over their preamble, our attention is any one the folly to suppose that the natives
directed to an enumeration of sundry griev- would have adopted a foreign language, for the
ances, the first of which is stated as follows:- purpose, merely, to accommodate a handful of
"The Mexican government, by its colonization olbeign settlers? As to the "humble terms"
laws, invited and induced the Anglo-American po- in which they preferred their application for
pulation to colonize its wilderness, under the pledged the privilege of establishing a State governfaith
of a written constitution, that they should ment, and the cause of rejection, I must also
continue to enjoy that constitutional liberty and refer the reader to my former statements.
republican government to which they had been ha- Alluding to Austin's imprisonment, they
bituated in the land of their birth, the United States gravely assert :of
America. In this expectation they had been
cruelly disappointed-as the Mexican nation has "It incarcerated in a dungeon, for a long time, one
acquiesced in the late changes made in the govern- of our citizens, for no other cause but a zealous enment
by Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna;-who deavor to procure the acceptance of our Constituhaving
overturned the constitution of this country, tion and the establishment of a State government."
now ffers us the cruel alternative, either to abandon I will leave it to the decision of every candid
our homes, acquired by so many privations, or submit w ete the emto orgcad
to the most intolerable of all tyranny, the combined reader, whether .the attempt to organize a
despotism of the sword and the priesthood." State government, without the consent of the
national Congress, and after that body had reHere
the idea is inculcated, that the Mexi- fused its sanction to the measure, can be fairly
can' nation solemnly pledged itself to guarantee construed into a "zealous endeavor to procure
to the colonists the same form of government the acceptance"ofthe instrument! Ihavebefore
that they had been accustomed to in the United stated, particularly, the course he pursued in
States. It is true, that in organizing their go. this case, and need not repeat it.
vernment, the Mexicans adopted a plan very Proceeding with the enumeration of their
similar to our own. But the terms upon which "grievances," the colonists charge the govern.
they invited and permnitted the settlement of ment, in their Declaration of Independence, as
foreigners were, that they must be subject to follows:
the regulations which the constituted authori- "It has failed and refused to secure on a firm
ties should from time to time see fit to make. b asis, th e right o f t rial by jury, that palladium ol
Thebusinessofcolonizingcommenced Hnder civil liberty, and only safe guarantee for the life, l
the authority of the Spanish Monarchy; it was berty and property of the citizens."
continued under the Imperial form of government,
previous to the establishment of the Fe. We do not learn that the general governderal
system; and every change was sanction- ment ever officially declared, either by the
ed by the colonists, and the declaration of Constitution or otherwise, that the "trial b3
their allegiance renewed, until they conceived jury" would be introduced in their code" o
the plan and purpose of asserting their "Inde- laws. Yet the Mexican statesmen have evincec
pendenice." Their charge againist the Presi- a disposition to establish their institutions upor
dent, of usurping authority and establishing a the most liberal basis that the intelligence o
military despotism, is not borne out by facts. the people and the state of things generall.
The change in the form of government was would permit. One of the articles of the Fe
made by the representatives of the people, not deral Constitution is in these words:by
the Executive. The Constitutional Repub. 160. The judicial power of each state shall b
lic still exists; and we have no evidence, that, exercised bv the tribunals that the Constitution ma
in this respect, the President exercises any establish or'designate, and all cases, civil or crimina
authority save that with which he is invested which appertain to the cognizance of those tribunal
by the laws. shall be terminated in them to final judgment an
ITney proceed to say:- execution."
"It has sacrificed our welfare to the State of Coa- The Spanish colonists had never been famihuila,
by which our interests have been continually liar with that excellent provision in the Engdepressed
through a jealous and partial course of le- lish code, the trial by jury: and as a substitute
gislation, carried on at a far distant seat of govern- for it, the Mexican Federal Government
ment by a hostile majority in an unknown tongue; adopted a system of Jrbitration, which it was
and this too, notwithstanding we have petitioned in supposed would better comport with the habits
the humblest terms for the establishment of a sePa- and understandings of its citizens, at the period
rate State government, and have in accordance with and understandings of its czens at theperod
the proviions of the national constitution, presented of the organization of the Republic. Regular
to the general Congress a republican constitution, Courts were established for the prompt transwhich
was without just cause contemptuously re- actiob of all business connected with the judijected."
ciary; and the following articles of the ConstiThis
language is verZy different from that tution guarantee the privilege of arbitration as
This language is very different from that aforesaid.
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Lundy, Benjamin. The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade., book, 1837; Philadelphia. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2414/m1/10/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .