The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade. Page: 25 of 64
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TERRITORY CLAIMED BY THE INSURGENTS.
ART. 38.-The Decree of 24th March, 1825,
No. 26, is abrogated.
The Governor of the State will understand that
this law be complied with:-and he will print,
publish, and circulate it.
Given in the city of Leona Vicario, 28th April,
JOSE JESUS GRANDE,
For MANUEL Muso. Qz, Secretary.
CESARIO FIGUERO, Sec. pro. tern.
NVhereupon, I command that it be printed,
published, and circulated; and that it be complied
JOSE MARIA DE LETONA.
SANTIGO DEL VALLE, Secretary.
Leona Vicario, .May 2d, 1832.
The land-speculations, aforesaid, have extended
to most of the cities and villages of the
United States, the British colonies in America,
and the settlements of foreigners in all the
eastern parts of Mexico. All concerned in
them are aware that a change in the government
of the country must take place, if their
claims shall ever be legalized.
The advocates of slavery, in our southern
states and elsewhere, want more land on this
continent suitable for the culture of sugar and
cotton ; and if Texas, with, the adjoining
portions of Tamaulipas, Coahuila, Chihuahua,
and Santa Fe, east of the Rio Bravo del Norte,
can be wrested from the Mexican government,
room will be afforded for the redundant slave
population in the United States, even to a
remote period of time. The following may
be taken as a fair estimate of this extensive
region, in square miles, and in English acres.
It is calculated from the boundaries of the
different departments, as marked in Tanner's
Map of Mexico, revised in 1834:Sq.
.7liles. Eno. dicres.
Texas, (proper,) 165,000 104,560,000
Tamaulipas east of Rio 13,000 896,000
Coahuila, do. 7,000 4$480 000
Chihuahua, do. 9,000 5,760,000
Santa Fe, do. 107.000 68,480.000
established at New Orleans and Nashville, and
minor agencies in other places. The second
exercise their influence individually, without
any particular organization: while the third
co-operate with all, as opportunities present
themselves. They have subsidized presses at
command, ready to give extensive circulation
to whatever the)y may wish to publish in furtherance
of their views. And orators, legislators,
and persons holding official stations
under our Federal government, are deeply
interested in their operations, and frequently
willing instruments to promote their cause.
Such are the motives for action-such the
combination of interests-such the organization,
sources of influence, and foundation of
authority, upon which the present Texas Insurrection
rests. The resident cononists compose
but a small fraction of the party concerned
in it. The standard of revolt was
raised as soon as it was clearly ascertained that
slavery could not be perpetuated, nor trie
illegal speculations in land continued, under
the government of the Mexican Republic.
The Mexican authorities were charged with
acts of oppression, while the true causes of
the revolt-the motives and designs of the
insurgents-were studiously concealed from
the public view. Influential slaveholders are
contributing money, equipping troops, and
marching to the scene of conflict. The land
speculators are fitting out expeditions from
New York and New Orleans, with men,
munitions of war, provisions, while they have themselves,
by theirpiratical acts, txeited the vengeance of a
people with whom their own government if professedly
at peace. Some iinstances of severe retributioin have been
visited upon them; but most, if not all, 9f the charges
preferred against the Mexicans, as respects their faithlesness
and cruelty, are sheer falsehoods. Much has been
said about the executionl of Fasnin and his band of Georgia
vo!unteers. By the laws of Mexico (which had been
published in this country before they left home) they were
considered precisely in the light of pirates. The laws of
nations also present them in the same light, and they
were treated accordingly. In a moral view, this was their
true character-for their chief object was oppression and
the plunder of a people who had never offended them.
We have been tol( that terms of capitulation weregranttd
them, by which their lives were to be spared. Tbis tbe
Mexican Generals have promptly and positively denit d;
and we have more reason to credit their assertionS, than
those engaged in piratical enterprises.
The breeders of slaves, in those parts of the
United States where slave labor has become
unprofitable,-and also the traffickers in
human flesh, whether American or foreign,
desire an extended market, which Texas
would afford if revolutionized, and governed
as well as itltiabited by those who are in favor
of re-establishing the system of slavery in that
section of country. The northern land-speculators
most cheerfully co operate with the
southern slaveholders in the grand scheme of
aggression, with the hope of immenise gain;
and the slave-merchants play into the hands of
both, with the same heartless, avaricious
feelings and views. The principal seat of
operations, for the first, is- New York,though
some active and regular agencies are
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Lundy, Benjamin. The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade., book, 1837; Philadelphia. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2414/m1/25/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .