The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade. Page: 28 of 64
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THE WAR IN TEXAS.
object of this law, shall take, in regard to the foreign- such inestimable welfare, as to secure more and more
ers who come to colonize, the precautions which the public tranquillity, and reinstate an unfortunate
they may judge suitable for the security of the portion of our inhabitants in the sacred rights granted
Federation. them by nature, and may be protected by the nation
9. A preference must be attended to in the dis- under wise and just laws, according to the provision
tribution of lands to the Mexican citizens; and no in Article 30, of the Constitutive Act; availing
distinction must be made betwixt them except what myself of the extraordinary faculties granted me, I
particular merit and services done to the country, hI ave thought proper to Decree:
may give them a righit to. Circumstances being 1. That Slavery be exterminated in the Re.
equal, a preference will be given to those who have public.
lands in the neighborhood of the territory to be dis- 2. Consequently those are free, who, up to this
0. The i litary who, withed. day, h ave been looked upon as slaves.
10. The Military who, with reference to the oer 3. Whenever the circumstances of the Publie
of the 27th March 1821, may hold a right to lands, Treasury will allow it, the owners of slaves shall
shall be attended to in the States, on shewing the be indemnified, in the manner which the Laws shall
certificates which the superior executive power may provide.
have given them for this purpose. JOSE MARIA DR BOCANEGRA.
1 . If by the decrees of capitulation according to Mexico, 15th Sept., 1829, A. D.
the probabilities of life the supreme executive power
should find it convenient to alienate certain portions [Translation of part of the law of April 6th, 1830,
of land in favor of certain Officers of the Federation prohibiting the migration of citizens of the United
whether military or civil, thl e same may be ratified S tates to Texas.]
in the registers of the territory. ARTICLE 9.-On the northern frontier the en12.
It is niot permitted that there should be held trance of foreigners shall be prohibited, under all
in property, by one individual, more than one square pretexts whatever, unless they be furnished with
league of five thousand rods of meadow land, four of passports, signed by the agents of the Republic, at
sectular land, six of pasture. the places whence they proceed.
13. The new settlers are not permitted to leave AaT. 10.-There shall be no variation with regard
their property in entail. to the colonies already established, nor with regard
14. This Law guarantees the contracts which to the slaves that may be in them; but the General
"t Empresarios " may have made with the families Government, or the particular State Government,
whom they bring on at their own expense; it being shall take care, under the strictest responsibility,
always understood that these contracts are not con- that the colonization laws be obeyed, and that no
trary to the laws. more slaves be introduced.
15. No one who, by virtue of this law may acquire ART. 11 .-In use of the power reserved by the
landed property, can preserve it if settled permanently General Congress in the 7th Article of the law of
out of te territories of the republic. August 18th, 1824, it is prohibited to neighboring
16. The government, in conformity with the nations to settle in those States and Territories of the
principles established in this Law, shall proceed to federation which border on their nations. Consethe
colonization of the territories of the Republic. quently, contracts which have not been executed,
(See the order of the 1lth April, 1823, and the and are opposed to that law, shall be superseded.
Decree of the 14th October, 18'23.)
Decree of the 14th October, 182 3.) I have said that the present contest in Texas
[Translated from Vol. 2., page 94. Mexican has assumed a character which must seriously
Laws.] affect both the interests altd the honor of this
NOTE. In an order of the 11th of April, [18231 nation; and that the policy and measures of
notice is given to government that if it find no incona- the government are deeply involved in it. I
venience, it may yield to the solicitation of Stephen do not say that the government has ofioially com F.
Austin, in confirming to him the Grant for set- mitted itself upoI the qtestion.-This has
tling Three Hundred families in Texas, and it can
moreover, decide upon other applications of a similar been most studiously avoided, while it has
nature, and cause to be suspended till further deter- been completely under the influence of the
mination, the law of Colonization enacted by the "Combination" engaged in the outrageous
Junta Instituyente. "crusade," and has given efficient aid by a
[Translated from Vol. 2, page 199, Mexican tacit acquescence therein, as far as it could
Laws.] possibly be done consistently with the preserEitractfrom
the Law of 14th October, 1823. vation of even the shadow of " neutrality."
ART. 21. Foreigners who bring slaves with them, When a Mexican national vessel was taken
shall obey the laws established upon the matter, or into New Orleans, by the piratical expedition
which shall hereafter be established. from that place, a mere mock trial was insti(See
the Decree of 13th July, 1824.) t,ited against those violators of our treaty with
[Translated from Vol. 5., page 149., Mexican Mexico and the law of nations. Armed bands
Laws.] have been permitted to proceed from different
parts of the United States openly and avowedly,
DECREE OF * PRESIDENT GUERRERO. to join in the contest, without the least degree
.3bolition of Slavery. of molestation; and even when complaints
The President of the United Mexican States, to have been officially made by accredited Mexithe
inhabitants of the Republic :- can agents, nothing has been done to arrest
Be it known: That in the year 1829, being them except the formaltransmission of orders
desirous of-signalizing the anniversary of our Inde- to the District Attornies, to which they paid
pendence by an act of national Justice and Beneficence, not the slightest attention.
which may contribute to the strength and support of In addition to this positive neglect or refusal
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Lundy, Benjamin. The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade., book, 1837; Philadelphia. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2414/m1/28/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .