The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade. Page: 35 of 64
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JOHN QUINCY ADAMS' SPEECH IN CONGRESS.
eated and taken,* though I cannot participate in ration of her independence, if she were disposed to
that exquisite joy with which we have been told that declare it, than the People of Texas have for breaking
every one having Anglo-Saxon blood in his veins off their union with the Republic of Mexico. 'I'exas
must have been delighted on hearing that this ruffian is an extreme boundary portion of the Republic of
has been shot, in cold blood, when a prisoner of war, Mexico; a wilderness only inhabited by the Indians
by the Anglo-Saxon leader of the victorious Texian until after the Revolution which separated Mexico
army Sir, I hope there is no member of this House, from Spain; not sufficiently populous at the organizaof
other than Anolo-Saxon origin, who will deem it tion of the Mexican Confederacy to form a State
nrcourteous that f, being myself in part Anglo-Saxon, by itself, and therefore united with Coahuila, where
must, of course, hold that far the best blood that the greatest part of the indigenous part of the populaever
circulated in human veins. Oh ! yes sir ! far be tion reside. Sir, the history of all the emancipated
it from me to depreciate the glories of the Anglo- Spanish American colonies has been, ever .since
Saxon lace; although there have been times when their separation from Spain, a history of convulsionthey
bowed their necks and submitted to the law of ary wars; of revolutions, accomplished by single and
conquest, beneath the ascendency of the Norman often very insignificant battles; of chieftains, whose
race. But, sir, it has struck me as no inconsiderable title to power has been the murder of their immediate
evidence of the spirit which is spurring us into this predecessors. '1 hey have all partaken ofthe character
war of aggression, ot conquest, anJ of slave.making, of the first conquest of Mexico by Cortez, and of
that all the fires of ancient, hereditary national hatred Peru by l'izar,.; and this, sir, makes me shudder at
are to be kindled, to familiarize us with the ferocious the thought of connecting our destinies indissolubly
spirit of rejoicing at the massacre of prisoners in with theirs It may be that a new revolution in
celd blood. Sir, is there not yet hatred enough be- Mexico will follow upon this cap;ivity or death of
tween the races which compose your Southern pop- their President and commanding general; we have
ulation and the population of Mexico, their next rumours. indeed, that such a revolution had happened
neighbour, but you must go back eight hundred or a even before his defeat; but I cannot yet see my way
thousand years, and to another hemisphere, for the clear to the conclusion that either the independence
fountains of bitterness between you and them ? What of Texas, or the capture and military execution of
is the temper of feeling between the component parts Santa Anna, will save you from war with Mlexico.
of your own Southern population, between your Santa Anna was but one of a breed of which Spanish
Anglo-Saxon, Norman French. and Moorish Spanish America for the last twenty-five years has been a
inhabitants of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, and teeming mother-soldiers of fortune, who, by the
Missouri? between them all and the Indian savage, sword or the musket ball have risen to supreme
the original possessor of the land from which you are power, and by the sword or the musket ball have
scourging him already back to the foot of the Rocky fallen from it. I hat breed is not extinct; the very
Mountains ? What between them all and the Ameri- last intelligence from Peru tells of one who has fallen
can negro, of African origin, whom they are holding there as Yturbide, and Mina, and Guerrero, and Santa
in cruel bondage ? Are these elements of harmony, Anna have fallen in Mexico. The same soil which
concord, and patriotism between the component re-produced them is yet fertile to produce others. They
Parts of a nation starting upon a crusade of conquest? produce themselves, with nothing but a change of
And what are the feelings of all this motly com- the name and of the man Your war, sir, is to be a
pound equally heterogeneous of the Mexican popu- war of races-the Anglo-Saxon American pitted
lation? Uo not you, an Anglo-Saxon, slave-holding against the Moorish.Spanish-Mexican American; a
exterminator of Indians, from the bottom of your war between the Northern and Southern halves of
soul, hate the Mexican-Spaniard-Indian emancipator North America, from Passamaquoddy to Panama.
of slaves and abolisher of slavery? And do you Are you prepared for such a war?
think your hatred is not with equal cordiality return- And again I ask, what will be your cause in such a
ed ? Go to the city of Mexico, ask any one of your war ? Aggression, conqtlest, and the re-establishfellow
citizens who have been there for the last three ment of slavery where it has been abolished. In that
-or four years, whether they scarcely dare show their war, sir, the banners of freedom will be the banners of
faces, as Anglo-Americans, in the streets. Be as- Mexico; and your banners, I blush to speak the word,
sured, sir, that, however heartily you detest the will be the banners of slavery.
Mexican, his bosom burns with an equally deep- Sir, in considering these United States and the
seated detestation of 'you. Mexican States as mere masses of power coming to
And this is the nation with which, at the instiga- collision against each other, I cannot doubt that
tion of your Executive Government, you are now Mexico will be the greatest sufferer by the shock.
rushing into war-into a war of conquest; comrmenc. The-conquest of all Mexico would seem to be no
ed by aggression on your part, and for the re-estab- improbable result of the conflict, especially if the war
lishment of slavery, where it has been abolished, should extend Ino farther than to the two mighty
throughout the Mexican Republic. For your war combatants. But will it be so confined? Mexico is
will be with Mexico-with a Republic of twenty- clea:rly the weakest of the two Powers, but she is
four States, and a population of eight or nine millions not the least prepared for action. She has the more
of souls. It seems to be considered that this victory recent experience of war. She has the greatest numover
twelve hundred men, with the capture of their ber of veteran warriors; and althouglh her highest
commander, the President of the Mexican Republic, chief has just suffered a fatal and ignominious defeat,
has already achieved the conquest of the whole yet that has happened often before to leaders of
Republic. That it may have achieved the indepen- armies too confident of success and contemptuous of
dence of Texas, is not impossible. But Texas is to theit enemy.-Even now, Mexico is better prepared
the Mexican Republic not more nor so much as the for a war of invasion upon you than you are for a
State of Michigan is to yours ;-that State of Michi- war of invasion upon her. There may be found a
gan, the People of which are in vain claiming of you successor to Santa Anna, ioflamed with the desire,
the performance of that sacred promise you made not only of avenging her disaster, but what he and
them, of admitting her as a State into the Union; his nation will consider your perfidious hostility.
that State of Michigan, which has greater grievances The national spirit may go with him. He may not
and heavier wrongs to allege against you for a decla- only turii the tables upon the 'Texian conquerors, but
-w______________________llee___yo_for_ deldrive them for refuge within your borders, and pur*
Mr. Adams, and many others, have been mislod by sue them into the heart of your own territories. Are
false representations respectiug Santa Anna's character. you i a condition to resist him? T the success of
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Lundy, Benjamin. The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade., book, 1837; Philadelphia. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2414/m1/35/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .