The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade. Page: 45 of 64
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INVASION OF TEXAS BY GENERAL GAINES.
citizens in Texas, are slanderous falsehoods, fabri. between the United States andMexico is uncertain?
cated to create and nurture the worst prejudices and For a long time after tile acquisition of Louisiana, the
jealousies The Americans in Texas have had their United States exercised( jurisdiction on,ly to the Rio
own way in every case, and on every occasion; and Hon(lo but six miles wvest of Nachitoches, the interwhenever
there happined a legislative act that was, mediate territory between this point and the Sabine
from any cause, repugnant to the teelings of the peo- river, aboutt 40 miles, being considered neutral terple
in Texas, it was silenced at onice In short, if ritorv. At last Genieral WVilkinson, for the United
there has existed a goxod cause of complaint in Texas, States, and General Ferrara, for Mexico, arranged
it was that men were too much their own masters, the Sabine as the fiontier; a survey made by Mr.
and too little under the restraint of any law. Any Melish also establishes the Sabine, at this point, as
allegation to the effect that the Mexican government thle frontier. A subsequent regular andformal treaty
had deceived citizens of the United States in relation between the two governments confirms this frontier,
to promises of lands first made to them, is false, and and has especial and particular reference to Melish's
I defy any one to show a forfeiture of titles to lands, map and survey; and more recently still, the present
when the conditions of the grants had beet fu~li(led executive declares by proclamation, that the two goby
the settler. vernments shall continue to exercise jurisdiction
Now, sic, as to the war: here I will ask Ameri- within the territory now occupied by either. This
cans, (except the speculators,) how many military was the result of a conference with the Mexican miincursions.
insurrections. and rebellions, avowedly nister, who justly represented that Arkansas had
for the purpose of snatching Texas from its proper overleaped the boundary between the two governowners,
wil!, in their mind, justify Mexico in driving ments, and was in the exercise of jurisdiction within
from its territories the pirates that would thus pos- a part of tile Mexical dominions.
sess themselves of the country? Be it remembered . There is certainly a part of the boundary not yet
that those revolutions have never been attempted by traced; but it is a line passing over land only, and
the resident citizens of Texas, but in every case by running from 32d degree of latitude on the Sabine,
men organized in the United States for the purpose, due North to Red River. Thus it will be perceived,
and coming firom atar; why a single provocation of that all the Sabine, from the sea to the 3'2d degree,
this nature were ample justification; but Texas has, is the boundary; and that the Sabine above the 32d
fiom the time of the adjustment of the boundary by degree, belongs exclusively to Mexico;-hence the
Wiikinson and Farrara, experienced seven or eight. impossibility of there being uncertainty about it. I
Now what is Mexico to do? Can it be expected will ask again, if there is doubt as to the Sabine
that she will maintain a large army in Texas merelyv frontier, how it happens that when the Texans were
for the purpose of guarding against the attempts of a petitioning congress for a recognition of their indefew?
Certainly not. Were the population of the pendence, ino information was imparted to the
United States one of savages, from one of which we national legislature of the circumstances.-Again, if
should not expect good policy, and that international there is a doubt as to the Sabine frontier, how
equity which has heretofore been the boast of Ame- happens it that war in that territory, by regularly
ricans, it might perhaps be expected; but Mexico organized armies of citizens of the United States, is
has rested under the belief that when a few marau- tolerated against a friendly power ? No, sir, there
ders should interfere with her possessions, the Ame- is no doubt or uncertainty as to the Sabine frontier.
rican people would not object to see them properly Mr. Secretary Cass cannot be au fait, or he is
chastised. But, gentlemen, what at present seems willing to lend himself for a most unworthy purpose.
to be the situation of affairs ? Not only has Houston General Gaines having, however, persuaded the
avowed that his acts were prompted by the highest Executive and Secretary that the line was "imaginaauthority
within the United States, but a general ry," and that he "might cross it," orders troops
officer of the army of the United States presents from forts Towson and Gibson. to occupy Naeogdohimself,
with forces, upon the Mexican frontier. ches, as I have said before, seventy-five miles beyond
His first orders are to preserve perfect neutrality; tlhe limits of Mexico; and, what is worse, directs
and his particular attention is called to one of the ar- those troops to cross the Red river above, and march
ticles of the treaty between the United States and through the country to the place oPdestination'; so that
Mexico, by which the contracting parties bind them- the troops came into the Mexican dominions at least
selves to restrain their respective Indians, within their two hundred miles beyond Nacogdoches, and, having
own limits. General Gaines having arrived, is at arrived there, are ordered to fortify and erect other
once in correspondence with the Texan officers, and buildings. How is this, gentlemen? Call you all this
despatches to Washington "information derived from neutrality ?
the highest authority in Texas"-this, too, against But, for a farther description of our affairs here, I
the mst positive information given to General Gaines, will add the following facts. The Americans (I
by respectable and intelligent people, that misrepre- mean the regulars) and Texans appear to under.
sentations of all kinds were fabricating, and would be stand each other perfectly. The neutrality is preinvented
to induce him to cross. Upon the informa- served on the part of General Gaines, by allowing all
tion thus given at WVashington, by General Gaines, volunteers, and other organized corps, destined for
Mr. Secretary Cass writes that he has laid before Texas, to pass in hundreds and thousands undisturbthe
execultive his letter, and that his construction, in ed, but keeps in check any attempt on the part of
the uncertainty of the boundary between the United the native Mexicans, and Indians, to act against the
States and Mexico, being acquiesced in, he, General Texans. The Texans are allowed to wage war
Gaines, is authorized to cross the Sabine river, and against a friendly power, in a district of country
proceed as far as Nacogdoches, 75 miles within the claimed by the United States. The prisoners of war
Mexican territory. This permission is given, how- taken by the Texans are ignorant to which party
ever, only under certain contingencies; (and 1 am they are subject The American general claims the
certain that these have not been present.) Here 1 country only firom Mexico, but has no objections to
must be permitted to ask, (and I address myself to the carrying on of war against-Mexico in the district
every American who loves his country, and is proud he claims! Pray, sir, let Americans speak honestly,
of it,) how it can be maitnained, under any pretext and let them say whether any government has, withthat
honor would sggest, or justify, that the frontier in the last century, placed itself in so ridiculous a
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Lundy, Benjamin. The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade., book, 1837; Philadelphia. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2414/m1/45/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .