The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade. Page: 51 of 64
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BOUNDARY BETWEEN MEXICO AND THE UNITED STATES. 51
had,been impudently falsified, in order to place the he called supposed or imaginary,t together with the
frontier on that very Neches. casual and involuntary publication of the answer of
On the other hand, he saw, in the seat of govern- the Secretary of War, in which he authorized him to
ment, and where, excepting some senators and go as far as the old fort of Nacogdoches, which was
representatives, there is scarcely an inhabitant who within the limits of the United States as claimed
does not depend directly or indirectly on the govern, by then :'-what he was given to understand at the
ment, that there were, notwithstanding. very few who same time by Gaines' own letter to the governors of
were not lively and materially interested in favor of the four states, as it was said therein that the principal
the Texans; one, because he possessed lands pur- object of the projected movement was to shelter from
chased at a very low price, or presented to him,- aggression " he settlements of the whites situated on
another, because he speculated in slaves or warlike both sides of the Sabine :'-what was afterwards exstores,-another,
because he had some relative or plained to him by the despatch of General Macomb,
friend in the ranks or administration of the Texans,- in which he referred to the opinion which the goveranother,
because he thought he would make his court nor of Louisiana had of the influences which directed
better, or because he did not wish to compromit the the said Gaines:t-what he was afterwards to fear
*ffice which he had already obtained,-another, in from the posterior conduct of Gaines himself, when he
short, because he was a nullifier. None of these, saw him, credulous and hasty,run towards the Sabine,
therefore, dissembled his sympathies; and if any ho- only because some of the friends of Texas presented
nest man in Congress, or by means of the press, dared him some forged letters which spoke of an irruption
to raise his voice in defence of the most obvious of MVexicans and Indians upon Nacogdoches:~--what
principles of equity and law, they all fell upon him
immediately, and at least called him a bad citizen, t In the course ofhe Sabine as far as the321l degree there
and said that he had sold himself to Mexico, or spoke is certainly nothing at all supposed or imaginary; therefore
in that manner because he belonged to the tion it iSonly from the 32d degree, as far as Rio Rono, where till
Wnow any douA bts could exist, as is proved by tie notorious
What eo Id the Meian Envoy ier from al fact, ttwo whole counties of Arkansas are now situsted
this ? What ought he not to fear ? far within what will be, on that side, Mexican teritory
Notwithstanding, he still suspended his judgment, when the line is marked out. But Gaines neither spoke of
and could not persuade himself, though he heard, this part of the liie, nor the Secr?tary of War thought of
saw, and read ever so much, that the United States' t, certainly, when he toldf him to go to Nacogdoches, since
ho were at that moment treatng with h Naeogdoehes is.situated 30 miles at least before arrivingat
who were at that moment treating with him, precises to eafrotie.
np e the piace where the Sabine ceasa to be a frontier.
ly about the exchange of the ratification of the 2d ad- **He (the governor of Louisiana) is persuaded besides
ditional article of the Treaty of Boundaries, without that it has all been a plan contrived by those interested ii
having insinuated to him a single word indicating Texan speculations, to make Gen. Gaines believe, as
discontent with its stipulations. should yet harbor al- they have made him believe, that the Mexican authorities
were tampering with the Indians of our frontiers; and aso
ready in their breast the sinister intention of violating to excite sm New Orleans, by inerested and slanderos ad
them all.-As much happened to him respectively vices, the sympathy of the people in behalf of the Texanu.
with regard to the too great apparent protection with the object of inducing the authorities of the United
affordedito the Texans When the sounds still re- States, to lend their aid to raise troops of interested permai,,ed
in his ears, of the assurances of good affec- sons to go to te frontiers, and be under the order of
tion towards Mexico and of strict neutrality in th Gen Gaines, and afterwards under flse pretenees to enter
Texas and take part m the war between the Mmexiesm
contest-with Texas, assurances which he had heard and Texans, all at the expense of the United States, and
from the very lips of the President of the United consequently with the supposed sanction of their governStates,
on presenting him his respects, and which had ment; thus nspiring the people of Texas with the hone
been afterwards repeated to him by all his ministers; of beingited able to e on the protection and aid of the
how could he help giving them faith, so long as the Unitee thet 'tim
least doubt remained ? waging hostilities against it, with forgetfulnew and in cooBut
the 20th of April at last arrived, the day ap- tempt of existing treaties."
pointed for the exchange of the said ratifications; and cec the entire depatch Qf Gen. Maconu s the Galob
hardly were the respective instruments signed, when f 16th May. wit
f SOne of the letters written witIf suck an o hjeet,wma the
the Secretary of State called the Mexican Envoy to folong fe ogdoehes,h
a conference, and made him the communication ex- lent his aid to authorize with his signature so notorious a
pressed in the Memorandum bearing the date of the falsehood.-"To General Mason-Naeogdobhes, April 1,
same day; a communication which began to tear the 1335.-My dear sir; We hasten to inform you thatthe newe
veil which had concealed till that time, all its ugliness e pews t yt adepranerre is anm
of the prospect already delineated. Add to this, what in the cinity of ?aogdoc/s.) They encamped on the
the Envoy could infet from the subsequent discus- Sabine night before last. They were piloted by the Cad.
sions of Congress, upon the defence of the Western does. Their combined force is formidable, we being un.
frontier, and other questions connected with that of able to affirm wbat it is. You know what our positonm
Texas; questions in whieh the friends of the admin- entirely without means of defene. Many women ani
children will undoubtedly 'prove the vietims of these an-.
istration not only maintained in a thousand different guinary enemies. To-day we shall all leave this plaeo in
ways, that a contested territory really existed west of order to take reCuge in Antognac or St. Augustin.-(s8in,the
Sabine, but also boasted of their partiality to Tex- ed) B. h. Irvin, Acting Corn. of this municipality."--Then
as, and enmity to Mexico:--the de_ree to which his follow the signatures of six witnesses who actually vouc
attention was called by the despatch of General nanotherleterdated April 14 Fort Jeu addre
Ganes of the 29th March, is which he now proposed to the Editor of the Commercial Bulletin of New Orleans.
to the President to pass with his troops the line which which gives many details of this event, is seen the follow
- ing paragraph.
* In one of them, there was a representative who, in ] General Mason arrived here only lst evenmin, Lant
speaking of the E,ivoy himself, openly called'him a skil- General anes with just promptitue ordered eight or
ftd intSiguer, and an enen of the North Americans; be- ten companes of this garrison to march immediately tothe
cause seven years bef re, being Mexican minister in Lon- bank ofthe Sabine where they will arrive to-night as soon ma
don, he alarmed the British Cabinet respecting the inten- they ean. General Gaines will assume the command of
tios which he already disqovered in WaslHisgton, of these tr.ops, thus adding another laurel to the crownsof
wanting totake possession, in some way or other, of that glory whieh he has aiready acquired in the East. The
veryfterroswy of Texas whichwas now so muchthrea'ened. trumpet of war beingonded and the snarcisng eg_
And does this rove an thing except that the Envoy, be- menced is, th t united *' e "troop beis= mos
sides great zeafor the interests of his coonutry, pued n motion) the march wiI nos c , at leat t e
likewie some small share of foresight?ill Menico yields, and Te,e is ftee. 'T n^A, hi or
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Lundy, Benjamin. The war in Texas; a review of facts and circumstances, showing that this contest is a crusade against Mexico, set on foot by slaveholders, land speculators, & c. in order to re-establish, extend, and perpetuate the system of slavery and the slave trade., book, 1837; Philadelphia. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2414/m1/51/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .