Speech of Hon. Wm. Lowndes Yancey, of Alabama, on the annexation of Texas to the United States, delivered in the House of Representatives, Jan. 7, 1845. Page: 11 of 14
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test official returns, the sugar exported amounted humanity, beckoning on that giant nation to reto
9,060,053 arobas of 25 lbs. each: Whereas, in dress her long unavenged wrongs! England,
1829, the earliest period for whith I could find a the champion of humanity ! The first to legalize
corresponding return, the exports of sugar did the slave trade, she clung to it with a tenacity
not exceed 6,588,428 arobas. In the same way, which belied her boasted philanthropy. Her
the exports of coffee which, in 1837, were monarchs granted charters to her eminent citi2,133,567
arobas, in 1829 did not exceed 1,736,- zens to monopolize the traffic in human flesh!
257 arobas; so that the increase of these two Her Parliament sustained them by subsidies ot
principal staples exported in the course of eight money. And the Government of England, in
years has been nearly 30 per cent." Continues 1713, by treaty of Utrecht, bargained for the exthe
writer: "Independent of the dry details of clusive privilege of supplying the Spanish domistatistical
tables, the advance of the island towards nions with slaves for thirty years. And in this
a high degree of agricultural and commercial century's trade in slaves, it is estimated that she
prosperity is obvious at a glance." has made $600,000,000!
Now turn your attention to this Union. The England govern her policy by dictates of hufollowing
table speaks eloquently of our agricul- manity ! Where slept her humanity, while the
tural and commercial prosperity. arms of her East India Company swept in desoUNITED
STATES. lation and unheard ofrapacitv over'the fertile and
Exports increased from in 1790,- - $20,205,156 populous Ind ? Sir, the gorgeous eloquence of
to, in 1838, - - 108,486,61'6 one of her own gifted statesmen will preserve,as
Of this, in 1790, of cotton exported, but 42.2865000 long as humanity has a votary, those atrocities
1838, " " 61,556,811 and crimes, for the indignation of mankind.
1790, of tobakco " 4,349,567 To what quarter are the eyes of her philan1838,
" " 7,392 029 thropists now turned, that they see not and ex1840,
' " i 9,883,957 pose not the present system of slavery, which ex1790,
of rice " 1,753,796 ists in parts of her dominions, ahd of tyrannical
1838, " " 1,721,819 oppression of the ryotts, which exists all over her
Average, however, of rice, of twelve years vast East India domain ?
previous. about 2,225,000 Or is that what is meant by humanity,
Of manufactures exported- which induced her to line the coast of China
in 1803, when first reported - $1.355,000 with her navy-to dismantle her fortresses-to
1838, exported - - 8,397,078 sack her towns-to slaughter her children, in
1790, offlour . - 4,591,293 order to force them to buy her poisonous drugs,
1838, ' lu i 3,603,290, and thus increase her pecuniary gains ?
1790, of lumr " - - 1,63,534 Look at her parliamentary reports, and tell me if
1838, ' " 3,116,196 that is her view of the obligations imposed by huIt
shows, too, the immense disparity of the manity, in which she desires and contemplates
exports between the North and South; that the even now to import extensively African laborers?*
South-the slaveholding region--he slave labor And for what? To force the miserable wretches,
of the country, is the mainspring of that almost victims of her mistaken policy, to longer labor
unparalleled advance in wealth and commercial and at cheaper rates.
importance which has distinguished the UJnited It is such humanity as keen-sighted interest
States and excited the envy and astonishment of and vaulting ambition generates, that she may
Europe. outstrip the world in commercial enterprise. No
Now, I ask a calm and dispassionate review of nation has ever been guided by a more sagacious
the picture thus drawn of the situation of the and effective policy in the main than she; and her
two rival industries of the world-the free and designs upon Texas, and through Texas upon the
the slave labor. One, though aided by the pow- Union, are parts of that grand system for which er,
the grandeur, and the known sagacity of one she is now struggling.
of the greatest powers on earth, is gradually fall- And how are these designs met here? Sir, the
ing behind in the great race of commnercial corl- champions of her robber policy towards China
petition. The other, seeming to derive renewed find no conscientious scruples which forbid their
vigor from the decaying fortunes of its rival, is co-operation in a similar system against this naspringing
forward with an elasticity and speed tion. The code of morals which furnishes an
that will soon defy rivalry. And think you Eng- excuse for the one is slfficiently loose to justify
land is blinded to this? And cannot gentlemen an abjuration of all constitutional obligations to
see in all this sufficient causes to account for defend tlie'institutions of one's native land. Engthe
sternly pursued policy of Great Britain to lish interests find abettors now, as formerly, on
abolish that slavery "every where," which is American soil, under cover of reverence fir the
snatching from her the trident of the ocean, and opinions of our ancestors. The gentleman from
dooming her to become a second rate, when she Massachusetts, (Mr. WINTHROP,) who has ad)has
ever haughtily claimed to be the first power ? dressed the House on this subject, tells us graveOr
must they, to give a reasonable ground for
her course. conjure up the phantom of outraged 'See note A. in appendix.
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Yancey, William Lowndes. Speech of Hon. Wm. Lowndes Yancey, of Alabama, on the annexation of Texas to the United States, delivered in the House of Representatives, Jan. 7, 1845., book, 1845; Washington. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2415/m1/11/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .