The Crosbyton Review. (Crosbyton, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 2, Ed. 1 Friday, January 9, 1920 Page: 1 of 8
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GROSBYTBN,CSbSai tfHMIf, TEXAS, FWOM JANUARY 9,1|20
' nprmal condition^i t is ^ad-
visable to plant a\vetf large^
acreage of spfitjg wheat in Texas,
yet with the present outlook f or
'wheat production and the as-
sured world's demand fbr wheat,
' seems that it will
pay Texas farmers to materially
increase! their, acreage" -next
spring," said D- N. farrow,
agronomist of the -State '.Ifcdjis-
■ trial - Congress.. ■ . * - \
--Wbttle-it is- re'c'ognized that
spring wheat is neither as cer-
tain nor-as large of yield as fall-
sown wheat, the conditions now
facing,the world's bread supply
will fully warrant the taking of
Ih' e m c
MSUT BEEF COSTS
This May Throw Some Lighten
ife Price Yott Pay for
TOD THE "WOULD "WITH
AM S aCAN BED^GROSM
v . .a-iating Prisoner®.
Testifying recently before a body of
senators in Washington, a vice-presi-
dent of one of the lai*ge packkig con-
cerns (F. Ed&on White of Armotir and
Company) made the astoujuli/ig state-
smen! that so-far in their .gscal year,
which w'Suld cover-t.he past eight or
Bine months, his company-had "made
ho money whatever on beef."
, This statement is doubtless well
nigh incredible to th.e. average man.
Yet it was made in ful1. knowledge that
the-senators had access to, the com-
Kecovenng trom tne nrst shock, thfys
of a steady ..and assured world
demand for all the wheat that
can be produced during tfte com-
ing year^we are faced'with the
faefc thiat swing to .bad we^tfiSl his Statement included everything
same average manWfll- say, "Yes, but
the packers are shrewd; what they do
not make on the beef""they more than
make up on. "the hides."
- But even this illusion was destined
. and shortage of labor the winter
wheat acreage of the' Uni^ld
States has been reduced 25™p?n
cent, while the condition of what
was planted is far below the av-
erage. This "alone will insure good
prices for any spring wheat that
:^ay - be produced; Of. the two
factors that entered into this re-
:'x ction ®f acreage, the shortage
of labor-still remains. Certainly,
shortage of labor, we should be-
gin now to plan for those crops
that will require the minimum,
and in this respect., no other crop
that holds oi*t-a prospect of such,
good prices compared with spring
wheat. ' It possesses another ad-.
Land upon which it is
becomes avail abe' for
crop during the same
even-though the crop
might fail there will still remain
a chance-to grow some other
crop upon the same land.
7-Jtf-is'true;.- that much wheat
, Pwas lost in 19©, due to inade-
quate harvesting machinery,
^pMatT^.faci)ities,- but there
that was derived from the steer as
purchased—the hide, fat, even the in-
testines' .-Which are used .largely for.
sausage casings, -. -r- -
—j-: MakevMoney, Nevertheless^ /'
Well the packers make money—fiov':
do they'do it? Mr. White admitted
that they did, quoting figures secfired"
by auditors of the Food Administra-
tion,' to the; effect that packers' profits,
on food commodities . of all kind last
year were 1 G/10 cents on each dol-
lar taken •• in. These would include
such things as sausage, shortening,
-- no reason- to expect a repetitian
of these conditions in anything
like the same degreenext spring.
J Despite all that. can~Tie done,
there is no chance of- makisf up
with spring wheat the shortage
:"::^i«i^illi8it':.the: same time fe-
lieve both the -machinery aud the
labor situation, while having di-
rect bearing upon transportation
facilities, even should there be
no unprovemeat-in this respect.
But the chief loss-last spring a tad
s.amnler was caused by uapre-
^rc^enited we$)rer cdndit^
certainly we are warranted in
anticipating that this condition
will not be repeated the coming
Sc !.i - astpoaed. .
On account of.-bad weather we
— Done "our s'Sfe^Qt-wlTf
lipyo -same at the Caw
January 16 th,
good wea i ng, but, if
WeiithW is 1 ?d will'Mye- it on
. M. Reed from the mi
Ek i Mains^ wa,s In town Tuesday
^BMh is Mum-erous fee ads
and acting so much like, a can-
didate that we questioned some
who were likely -to-know, but no
! ' jusi 1 >d up
cannea meats,' etld, In addltl
meats, hams and bac^a. On all the
products of his company, Mr. White
explained, comprising both £oqds and
inedible commodities; the profits dur-
ing the same period were 1 8/10 cents
on each dollar, sale: '
■ which would lead many, to
say that the packing business is not
.well understood. It isn't. Yet as one
of the leading lndustries^f--the roivn-.
to;., jts woirlHHgs and, -above all, its
iprofits,--shoU'lj(l be familiar matters to
us. It is quite useless to orate against
the. high'cost of., living without digging
into some of. these., fundament ais.
One of the. most enliglUening bits of
Mr. White's testimony was' his ex-
planation of the? way in which, cost
prlte-pf beef is arrived at. If a sfeeer.
is bought at $125.00 jmd hidesj^arq
^bringing f 16.00' in the open- market,
nli,red to the cost of
the Steer. If hides are selling at $28.00
that amount. is'creditedV""The viscentt^
fat, . offal and everything else that
comes from the steer are^'likewise
credited .at their prevailing- market
vaifteS." What remains-is.-talj.en as the
cost price of the meat. The beef car-'
:cass is then shipperl-to" one of the-lo-
" eai^mstnlViiting branrh hnnsos, anrl
the manager there is given the cost
priggjjjith instructions' to'Sell the beef
at a profit if :he can. But in any event,
whetheipffie^local market Jje lively" br
.dull-, he] must sell,,for \vhat he can get,
|pr the •commodity "is a "perishable one
and must be sold. . - ■ ! ■
Manufacturer's Pr&fit ori. By-Products.
However, there is another hitch to
the pac'king business, qurtp as littfe
understood apparently, that goes to
sliOw how a loss On fresh mea.ts may.
be accompanied by a profit on the to-
tal "amount of tfttsinoss done"* Tak-e,
for example, t.lie 'banjo strings afore-
mentioned,. wliich are made from the
intestiBes- Of sheep. The department
that'" makes banjo, strings ^(an^-l&e-
wiso surgica'l ligatures, "tennis strings,
etc.,5 "b^y's" (he iniesanes from tile
b (|i ill in lepar lm i p it o:
actly the same price that these bring
when sold to the outside market. 0*a
tbi-sf-i^sis-11 iP"-Ptrirt^--rlf:p frrt m en t-1namr-"
factures its s( rings . and sells them,
QjUfrrmin-i''- - nrofit-mtn fhp"bu~in"ss.—■-
In liko iflanner the forjiltzor depari-
merii. buys blood."anil tankage; the soap
department buys fats; the glue ■depart-
ment buys hoofs, horns, bones- and
Sinews; and so onjiirough the list of
<fl)jT-products." The fertilizer, "the
soap and tb«-fdtK\ an the mu.su-
slriijgs, bring in a manufacturer's
. )]] cases -Sit -iduete,
whether, tliey be void to" outside nian-
uCnclumr. or to one ot the niariufac-
turing (Jeparlnumts in 1 ho business ;<a(.
u-K.-'i price), ntfe
credited to the meat por-
lion of IIkv,< i is in the'in-
fa;'. 5* v.^ri >tiM
When, hostilities, ceased there were in the hands of tlieir'Tmiton capfors
millions of prisoners of-^ war of all Allied countries,'..the; terrible plight of
' w.pricers, "carrying" relief"
supplies of clothing, medicines and supplementary foodstuffs, "penetrated the
Central Powers asl-soon after the armistice as the military authorities would
permit, and the work of getting the prisoners started back to their owp coun-
tries was soon' begun. In this photograph a group of—these men are'seen
• :l aeked up and restored to apxaletlung like normal health, awaiting the train,
thai ".vill carry tliem but of bondage. ' ' "~
A Light Blizzard Hits Us.-' -
... The worst spell this "country
has had this wifiter set- in Wed-
nesday when'Mi; day dawned
cloudy and windy. In the'after*
frieads .were1 grooming him for
something. > He is a good-eitiKeia
, -and if he should throw hi hat in
the ring county politics will be-
come more 1
'hi^ "^tsrScte hide?4nentfonett above.
hns-'i-ho "ii,: i" ' 'of-'by.-pi'oducis"
a'cold north wind whipping it
back made the waather exceed-
ingly unpleasant^ The snow dHft-
ed-in ^ridges- and- piles and in
places it -is two ur three feet
deep. Yesterday remained cloudy
.most all day and very 'little snow
melted. However, the" day was
much more pleasant. It is^ .clear
and |calm this mornining with
^lae pr08pecf:f©r a beautifal day,
aad i-f it remains this way thru-
out the day much of t'hre snog
-will be-gcm.€',l)y night.
This snow-andr"eold spell should
put"the ground in fin© shape for-
another crop. It is also the ve?1?-
thing for -wheat, " hut ^unfortun-
atelyTher-e4s-'very little wheat;.'i"ii.
this country,, owing to the fact
that-such a large cotton crop was.
made that the farmers did- *iot
.hate time to..fo@l with wheat - ;
I5rof. Bit! :SmaVt -^and" Mart
Lowrey from near Paducah v ere
in - m their"
way home "flrofn Seagraves where
tfeey had purchased laad. Prof.
Smart ia cmite a noted fFontfersr-
man, is a poet of -no'mean abil-
ity; is a college graduate, but of
the old,.school of cowboys who
''passing away; is g®®cl
conversaiionalist.. and an' • 'all-
round iatereStiBg character. He
is new i the latter forties and
in spite of the fact that hfe was
far beyond the-draft age and not
subject to military duty, the
blo.sd of his forefathers, wh©
fought ■ in the Revolution and
,who-,lwe - heen... -a^d loyal
cjtizens all dpwn thedine, ek&tfa:
vices in the late world we
after much difficulty.. was_ ac-
: ■ over thirteen
Moaths : i ihc t^nwicc overseas.
,. .' ;■ - v-. ■ /' > ■ . ■ ■
S. G. McCai from
Lorenzo ynr.U ing taxes,
id the Review a .brief call
and we enjoyed a chat with hftri*
ab®nt his boyhood day if -before
the Civil war,back in the gocid
old Creole state, Louisiana. "He
was n ^ <" 1 d-?pareniT5
who i in Clair..
The Parent-Teacher Associa'tion.-
The teachers ©f Crosby eeunty
at the Institute ia; Lubbock, or-
ganized and appointsd a cOm-
mifct.ee of three to call a ffljfcHMjg
During the fore part of the present
year he carried his inquiry further; He
our county to -further organize a
The object of the organization
is ttTW'Smote general school in-
terest in the co.unty and to do all
that we eah to raise the stasd-
ard of our schools, ..especially the
country schools. We have de-
cided to meet at. the public school
building in Rail#, Saturday, Jan
1.7.tb.at 11 a. m. All teachers
and patron® "of ths county are
cordially In vited to be present.
Come out and help us work out
our gj3mMQn.. .PfobJ.ems alid-' to
.create a live organization.-
' v- • Chairman"
Senator-Currie, Stock Raiser of
' Meat is high; the packera adjjjlt it,
though they, say that other 'foods, are
higher in proportion. TltS'farmer says,
he is not getting too much for his cat-
tle, in fact not enough, • he says. How
about numerous local slaughtering
plants scattered throughout the, com-
munities of our country, or a more di-
ship? . ' -
There is almost a-sentimental attrac-
tiveness about the thought, like dreams
of one's ""boyhood home. It looks so
simple. Indeed, it is simple" aftgr a -
igr the'-i.'witf^^tnOat. Awat
was handled before; the Industry grew
Xp national and International propor-
tions. But would it pay? '
. .Tried to-Build-Up-Local-Market:
Esperiroentation.\ and ' testing
""tTo^TftTess tlie best teacher. And in-
quiring minds have not hesitated to
dig irrti>- the matter. Senator F. M.
Currie of Broken Bow, Neb., himself
a stock raiser, relates a,bit of exix,--.
rience of his own along this lino.
He tried for years, he tells lis, to
establish a-market for fat cattle v?Jth*
local butchei*s, invariably finding -teat
he could not meet the price made to
them by the packers."
"In other- words,''^be says, "the pack-
ers could pay us more for our cattle
on foot, and sell the product to our
local butchers.for less money than
home of -Mrs. Che'siey-Smit;)
first meeting for the year nine-
teen twenty wsis held with a "full
attendance. A business'session ||
was conducted by the president,
date for the election of offices
the following v^ere elected: "Mrs.
W. ' , ., ; ..:i I
1 'u i1 ( ! ' L Oil >
'/ .'. . •
Chesley ;Smith. treasurer:
1 ' ' '
Shaw, who has serve< ;stly i
and faithfully as president 1
past two years declined
tion, but the mem-fcei
Mrs-. Milligan- , ''y ~
rto promote th^ wefl^e~"oF this
organization and with the hearty .
c6-eperation of all members
civic pride be stlmuiafced amnno--
our citizenship. Mrs. R, F. E>iinn
and Mrs. C. F. Riley were/ ad- -
mitted as members of the League, ?,
A "'social-hour was enjoyed./Mrs. !
Smith heing af=sisted-by-Mrs.'R.
J&: Shaw and Mrs. Jalaes T.pack;
Victrola music, was appreciated
and Pauline Buck, gave a /couple
of piano numbers. Reffeshments,'
consisting of chicken sandwiches,
fruit salad, Stuffed date's, olivep
and coffee weTo serye-rjl -to,-th^-
followihg members and/ guesti:
Mesdames J. A. Parksy R. -F.
Dunn, Sep Smith, C. F. Riley, J.
shipped two carloads of cows to.lA* Buck, T« CJ Mathiep, R. T.
Omaha, and they were sold to Armour I Woodson, EdJojjnSon, Tl H. Bftl-
lowe, W.,; S. McClung, Victor R.. . ,
PI i; mm or of El Paso and Pauline
lJuck. Next meeting of "the
League will be held at the home-.*'
of Mrs. W. S, McClung.Tuesday
-Would Cost Consaincr.
-^^--r;tt0ltTor Pupiis '
It was recently suggested by
one of the teachers in the" public
sfehool that the names of the-
pupils making. grade "A" each
•month be published in the Re-
view ;as;; a_' mark of distinction.
We heartily approve r "this idea:
and Misses Kearse and Brown,
teachers of the 5th and 6th
grades^|g,dT;.:in , .the following
names if achieved
this honor in the month of De^
cember: 5th grade, Quinn Buck;
6th grade,-Wipie Johnston, Rub.y
Boyd.. -All: honor to these three
pupils for their excellehtreeord.
Let- us have a large list of honor
pupils for January.
A Town Man ftow
"Six-Shooter0 Wilson' moved
in Wlth'his family from the fafm
W ... fr.
'system of which' wc have hoard much, homo parish, and he can fcH
,hnd b.v Which it is con- some ^ into'okI ing incuk^ts of
-• * , j
cluctc, / ' • '
pharmkceuticals to ghi«, do', in reality,
' p ifip burden of fresh rue«t pric«>K.
"" ' '' J
| 4| sw «• $ Palftft®
last week and the y 4^<' - domiciled
in the Burke house a block West
of'the editorrs homo, which -h'tr
recontly purchased from F.
; .?j.: ..;>
lirally :'' .. .Vilao.-
ing a "bad /umbra'' and atypical
representative -of. the
me in-.prinl, .buf noL so. He is
: i cl $ id got his" so-
briquet honestly. We have known
him for the past IV
found him to be reasonably docile
and a splend; ! are
1 '< -nd to nt
tknfc time sm< 1 iod.
' ^, # .j *
and, Company for .$7.90 per hundred
weight.' 'Among these was one cow
which he wished to have himself for
beef. TJ)'is'r'cow weighed 840 pounds
and there'fote hrou jrht him |66f36. r^Le
animal was thgged and, th^ldentical
carcass, was /shipped' to him 'l>y ex-
press to ThMford, Neb.,__aad .chnrgcd
to j him at / the. prevailing "whole-
sale price of /such meat on that day in
Kansas City.,! Omaha "and Mimnapolik
The cafe'ass'jlnrtb'dKrcarrying charges
of .ahcuiiCmOO, cost him. gfiO.ll, or'
$6.25 less t|an he sold, the animal for
"NoX'C c/ontinues the Senator, "sun-
JBSSg n*' eniisiirVipr in . amiibn-
dered-thia-fnieat direct from rrie, and "Ij
had slaughtered tl^ beef at the ranch
and sent the meat direct to the'"?!bni
sptfier. Tin king as a basis the price
received fpr this cow in Omaha.
leSS the freight of 17% eent^fir.''j^n-
dred, it would make the cow worth on
the rancji $65.00," j. I
~ To thik' ^M^r;TddT~$^0|[) jfo-r
slaughtering at home and $6.00 for ex-
press from Thedford to Omaha, and"
he. deducts $7.00 credit- for the... hide.
According • to ','these.... figures ~ the
dressed carcass of. his cow-would be
worth .$6^-0^ in Omaha, as against the
nacI < [th (A >i 1 > i lii t i
(which !'• derived by deducting the ex-
pr'&$$■ £Mrges"t6 Thedford,^$H^0, ffoiit:
-the price the carcass was'sold"to him',
Cheaper to &tiy Than KHf. r
"Afiei".th-(it:in!^;fi i'nVof't'jgation,' iae
Senator sayS, 'J am convm '1'ihat
it does -not pay for us to slaughter
meat at the ranch,; tlia.l we
etter ship our cattle "to
and - buy our beef from the
I. have been engaged in_\he
cattle producing business all my li^e 5
ll-.ere is no particular reason why' I
Mumhl bQ" fcifndly to the packers, but
'X. i'.m -thorMgbly
cen.Jjv-- > rectrirndT
morel for nlj cattle on foot, than if I
sumorT'and itonseauently the" cort'sdM'er
has bcen^-nbW to buy my- product for
less monej Vhrough the packer than
tmOxfr any- other system' ivhich is
feSown'to bu.^ne en to the present
..... , ..^
IVomarj's missionary SociBly.
month was held Monday after-
Junior k r's Party,
!ovl(i of the Crosby ton
KK-;h Pi hool and .some of their
fttiepds enjoyed-a New .dear's
part^. at the home ef T. U.'
; : i: . . ; :
Games an i ' t
noon by the Woman's Missionary
Society of the Methodist church.
In the absence of Mrs. Dorsey,
c<5!li'duci:e3.' •by^the-&ret -yi'dfe-p^es--
ident, Mrs. R-. F. Dunn. Mrs... R. ~
J. Heard was elected: to the/of-
fice of treasurer aritTMrsT' Ches- ^ \
-ley Smith was appointed to loofc
after" the Missionary-Yofciftliu'b—
scriptions; Mrs. J. A. B.uck land
Mrs, R. X,- Woodson having re
sighed.these officefin the Isociety
Fext-Monday.;Bf ternoon the so
ciety. wi|jL^meet; for "tl e." Bible
study'at the church.
Women Fail to Pay Pol
Amarillo, Jan. -2. —According
to City Secrtary E. A. Mclvinnon
not a single " "woman hps paid
poll tax to'the cityrso far.^'Tnis |
means that unless the tales -iakf _
paid soon no women will vote in - ! !
the coming elections fir ctt;
officials-and other .mattergk>| ira*
portance \^jiich^wiU Be
aimuaemenU 4«d- refreshments
„wer® served. Fellowing are
ef 'elaw present:
Beatrice Engliah, Artie Wkitle}
Gladys Davii,* Li'^Bic
ir Jphnola Staley;"
Henyy^lHpoin who ieft 'hereHtts
■.before the' holidays to vTsif
jThe letter 'was wr
pie-all well and/3-'
stopped in ii)e
an<J visited t"
■State ,whil^ t
si0hw| r ri
■ " |
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Buck, James T. The Crosbyton Review. (Crosbyton, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 2, Ed. 1 Friday, January 9, 1920, newspaper, January 9, 1920; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth242519/m1/1/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Crosby County Public Library.