Heritage, 2009, Volume 2 Page: 18
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This page: The partial remnant of a brass butt
plate, pictured at right, was one of the numer-
ous pieces from India Pattern muskets found
by archeologists. Opposite, clockwise, from top:
OTwo views of a brass trigger guard from a Brown
Bess musket, the primary weapon of the Mexican
soldiers, unearthed during the 1996 excava-
tion; Othe hollow bronze howitzer shell
weighed approximately 26 pounds and was packed
with gunpowder and lit with a fuse (the second
image is a close-up of the shell engraving); Othis
brass cane handle was thought to be used by
Mexican officers or sergeants; Olndia Pattern
musket lockplate. Archeologists are continuing to
excavate for Mexican weaponry. The discoveries
that they have made have added much information
to the state's historical record.
Texas' oldest institution
of higher learning
Several major unexpected problems prevented them from being successful in Texas,
but as far as the troops and arms are concerned, the style of training was of utmost
significance. Santa Anna trained his troops in Napoleonic warfare. Their infan-
try, cavalry, and artillery were all trained and equipped for a Napoleonic style of
battle. Unfortunately for the Mexican army, someone forgot to tell the Texans that
they were supposed to play by Santa Anna's rules. The Mexican army never did
adjust to either conditions in Texas or the tactics of General Sam Houston and the
Dr. Gregg Dimmick, of Wharton, is the author of several books, including Sea of Mud:
The Retreat of the Mexican Army after San Jacinto, An Archeological Investigation.
An exhibit of artifacts recovered while Dimmick and others followed the trail of the
Mexican army as they retreated after the Battle of San Jacinto will go on display at the
Cushing Library at Texas A&M on October 9, 2009.
(1) Hubert Howe Bancroft, The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, Volume XIII, His-
tory ofMexico, Vol. V 1824-1861 (San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft and Co., 1885), 4.
(2) Gregg J. Dimmick, Sea of Mud: The Retreat of the Mexican Army After the Battle
of San Jacinto, An Archeological Investigation, (Austin, Texas: Texas State Historical
(3) Dimmick, Sea of Mud, 42
HERI TAGE Volume 2 2009
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, 2009, Volume 2, periodical, 2009; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth254213/m1/18/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.