Heritage, 2010, Volume 1 Page: 21
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Once important bases from which newly freed slaves sought to
establish new lives, freedmen communities were part of
the post-Civil War fabric of life in Austin. Although few
signs of their existence remain today, and in some cases the
community is entirely gone, it is still possible to find visible
traces of some of these neighborhoods-it j ust takes effort. *
Michelle M. Mears is author of And Grace Will Me Home, Af-
rican American Freedmen Communities of Austin, published by
Texas Tech University Press.
1Elizabeth B. Custer, Tenting on the Plains, or General Custer in Kansas
and Texas (New York: C. L. Webster, 1887), 218; and Frank Brown,
Annals of Travis County, Chronological File, 1865:3:11, Austin His-
tory Center, Austin, Texas.
2 The Southern Intelligencer (Austin), July 7, 1865, 1.
3 The Southern Intelligencer (Austin), July 7, 1865, 4.
4Michelle M. Mears, And Grace Will Lead Me Home: African Ameri-
can Freedmen Communities of Austin, Texas, 1865-1928. Lubbock:
Texas Tech University Press, 2009, 56.
5 The establishment dates for the freedmen neighborhoods men-
tioned in this article are based on when they first appear by name
in a local newspaper, or when their church or school is first listed in
the Austin City Directory. The current Huston-Tillotson University
was formed when Austin's two historic black colleges, Samuel Hus-
ton College (est. 1900) and Tillotson Normal and Collegiate Institute
(est. 1881) merged into one institution in the 1950s.
6 Delta Sigma Theta, Austin Alumnae Chapter. A Pictorial History of
Austin, Travis County, Texas' Black Community, 1839-1920. Austin:
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, 1976, 9; and Jacob Fontaine, III. Jacob
Fontaine: From Slavery to the Greatness of the Pulpit, Press, and Public
Service (Austin: Eakin Press, 1983), 3,25,45,53.
7Betty Fine, et al., Clarksville. Austin: School of Architecture, Univer-
sity of Texas, 1969.
8 Sue B. McBee, Austin: The Past Still Present. Austin: Austin Heritage
Society, 1975, 104. The Jeremiah Hamilton House, a very unusual
triangular building, is currently part of Symphony Square.
9 Leah Quin, "Dignity for the Deceased," Austin American-Statesman,
March 1, 2001, B1; and Cemeteries-Barton Springs Baptist Church
file, Austin History Center, Austin, Texas.
10 Melissa W. Voellinger, "Letter Report: Archeological Survey, Burdett
Prairie Church, Travis County, "Austin: S. A. Garza Engineers, 1991,
11 James Pinkerton, "Struggle of Blacks Traced in Austin History,"
Austin American-Statesman, October 7, 1984.
12 Travis County Deed Records Book T (1870), 94-95. Austin His-
tory Center, Austin, Texas; and Delta Sigma Theta, Austin Alumnae
Chapter. A Pictorial History ofAustin, Travis County, Texas'Black Com-
munity, 1839-1920. Austin: Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, 1976,.37.
13 Michelle M. Mears, And Grace Will Lead Me Home: African Ameri-
can Freedmen Communities of Austin, Texas, 1865-1928.Lubbock:
Texas Tech University Press, 2009, 81.
The Jacob Fontaine Religious Museum, located at 5602
Northdale Drive, in Austin, honors the man who founded
the First Colored Baptist Church in 1867.
According to museum literature, Fontaine eventually
founded six churches in Central Texas. He also worked as
a janitor, operated a grocery and a laundry, and owned a
book and medicine store. During Reconstruction, Fon-
taine became active in politics, and in 1876, he founded
The Gold Dollar, one of the first black newspapers in the
The museum is open to the public Monday through
Thursday and Saturday. Guided tours are by appointment.
PRESERVING THE PA5T
FOR THE FUTURE
u SPPL ~RESOU
HERITAGE Volume 1 2010
o ;i &
Lxcavalons at Oil rllt 9plllg,
Val Verde County, 1998
Excavating Confederate Veterans,
Texas State Cemetery, Travis County, 1995
PREWITT AND ASSOCIATES, INC.
Cultural Resources Services
2105 Donley Avenue, Suite 400 * Austin, Texas 78758-4513
Tel: (512) 459-3349 Fax: (512) 459-3851
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, 2010, Volume 1, periodical, 2010; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth254216/m1/21/: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.