The Mineola Monitor (Mineola, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 1, Ed. 1 Saturday, September 29, 1888 Page: 1 of 8
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One Copy, Ona Year fl.50
One Copy, Six Months 75
One Copy, Four Months 50
Liberal Dlncouiita to Clubs.
t x: \
MINEOLA. TEXAS. SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 29. 1888.
We favor au American continental policy based upon more intimate
! commercial and political relations with the fifteen sister Republics of
North, Central, and South America, but entangling alliances with none.
We believe in honest money, the gold and silver coinage of the Con-
stitution, and a circulating medium convertible into such money with-
Asserting the equality of all men before the law, we hold that it is
tho duty of the Government, in its dealings with the people, to mete
out equal and exact justice to all citizens, of whatever nativity, race,
color, or persuasion—religious or political.
We believe in a free ballot and a fair count; and we recall to the
memory of the people the noblo struggle of the Democrats in the Forty -
fifth and Forty-sixth Congresses, by Which a reluctant Republican op-
position was compelled to assent to legislation mjiking everywhere ille-
gal the presence of troops at the polla, as the conclusive proof that a
Democratic administration will preserve liberty with order.
The selection of Federal officers for tho Territories should be re-
stricted to citizens previously resident therein.
We oppose sumptuary laws which rex the citizen and interfere with
„tt D j —x , . - ... individual liberty ; we favor hortest civil service reform ; and the com-
istration is as necessary as constant recurrence to the popular will, pensation of all United States officer^ by fixed salaries; the separation
Otherwise abuses grow, and the Government, instead of being carried ()f Church and State; and the diffusion of free education by common
Democratic Platform of 1884.
The Democratic party of tho Union, through its representatives in
National Convention assembled, recognizes that, as the nation grows
older new issues are born of time and progress, and old issues perish.
But the fundamental principles of the Democracy, approved by the
united voice of the people, remain, and will ever remain, as the best
and only security for the continuance of free government, lho pre-
servation of personal rights ; the equality of all citizcns before the law ;
the reserved rights of the States ; and the supremacy of the Federal
Government within the limits of the Constitution, will ever form the
true basis of our liberties, and can never be surrendered without de-
stroying that balance of rights and powers which enables a continent
to be developed in peace, and social order to be maintained by means
of local self-government. '
But it is indispensable for the practical application and tMiforccmcnt
of these fundamental principles, that the Government should not al-
ways be controlled by one political party. Frequent change of adnnn-
on for the general welfare, becomes an instrumentality for imposing
heavy burdens on the many who are governed, for the benefit of the
fow who govern. Public servants thus become arbitrary rulers. _
This is now the condition of the country. Hcnce a change is de-
LUllll I I'D ilHlvllHlvl J • v v ||i •
brou"lit to light in every department of the Government, are summer
to have called for reform within the Republican party ; yot^ those 1
authority, made reckless by the long possession ot power,
cumbed to its corrupting influence, and have placed in no
schools, so that every child in the land may be taught the rights
duties of citizenship.
While we favor all legislation which will tend to the equitable distri-
bution of property, to the prevention of monopoly, and to the strict
enforcement of individual rights against corporate abuses, we hold that
the welfare of society depends upon a scrupulous regard for the rights
of property as defined by law.
We believe that labor is best rewarded where it is freest and most
It should therefore be fostered and cherished. We favor the repeal
r—-o 7. . of all laws restricting the free action of labor, and the enactment of
ticket against which the independent portion ot the party are in open j jaws by which labor organizations may be incorporated, and of all such
legislation as will tend to enlighten the people as to the true relations
The leader in Quality of Groceries
and low ^rices. Highest prices
paid for country produce.
Such a change was alike necessary
Therefore a change is demanded .
in 1876, but the will of the people was then defeated by a fraud which
can never be forgotten, nor condoned. Again, in 1SS0, the change do-
marnled by the people was defeated by the lavish use of money con-
tributed by unscrupulous contractors and shameless jobbers who had
"bargained for unlawful profits or for high office.
The Republican party during its legal, its stolen, and its bought ten-
ures of power, has steadily decaycd in moral character and political
Its platform promises are now a list of its past iailures.
It demands the restoration of our Navy. It has squandered hundreds
>of millions to create a navy that does not exist.
It calls upon Congress to remove the burdens under which American
shipping has been depressed. It imposed and lias continued those
It professes the policy of reserving the public lands for small holdings
. actual settlers. It has given away the people's heritage till now a
of capital and labor
We believe that the public land's ought, as far as possible, to be kept
as homesteads for actual settlers; that all unearned lands heretofore
iniprovidently granted to railroad corporations by the action of the Re-
publican party should be restored to the public domain ; and that no
more grants of land shall be made to corporations, or be allowed to fall
into the ownership of alien absentees.
We are opposed to all propositions which upon any pretext would
convert the General Government into a machine for collecting taxes to
bo distributed among the States, or the citizens thereof.
In reaffirming the declaration of the Democratic platform of 1856,
that "the liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration
of Independence, and sanctioned in the Constitution which make ours
the land of liberty and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation,
have ever been cardinal principles in the Democratic faith," we never-
theless do not sanction the importation of foreign labor, or the admis-
sion of servile races, unfitted by habits, training, religion, or kindred,
for absorption into the great body of our people, or for the citizonship
which our laws confer. American civilization demands that against
the immigration or importation of Mongolians to these shores our gates
be closed. * .... , -1' •
n The Democratic party insists that it is the duty of this Government
r* | to protect, with equal fidelity and vigilance, the rights of its citizens,
'by .. ...
few railroads, and non-resident aliens, individual and corporate, possess
a larger area than that of all our farms between the two seas.
It professes a preference for free institutions. It organized and tried
to legalize a control of State elections by federal troops.
It professes a desire to elevate labor. It has subjected American
workin'gmen to the competition of convict and imported contract labor
It professes gratitude to all who were disabled, or died in the war,; native and naturalized, at home and"abroad, and to the end that this
leaving widows and orphans. It left to a Democratic House of Repre-, protection may be assured, United States papers of naturalization is-
sentatives the first effort to equalize both bounties and pensions. sue,! by courts of competent jurisdiction, must be respected by the Ex-
It proffers a pledge to correct the irregularities ot our tariff. It ere-; CCutive and Legislative departments of our own Government and by
•atcd and has continued them. Its own Tariff Commission confessed : ajj foreign powers. '
the need of more than twenty per cent, reduction. Its Congress gave j it is an imperative duty of this Government to efficiently protect all
•a reduction of less than four per cent. the rights of persons and property of every American citizen in foreign
It professes the protection of American manufactures. It lias sub- ianJri) aU(] demand and enforce full reparation for any invasion thereof,
jected them to an increasing flood of manufactured goods, and a hope- An American citizen is only responsible to his own Government for
less competition with manufacturing nations, not one of winch taxes anv done in his own country, or under her Hag, and can only be
raw materials. .... T . , tried therefor on her own soil and according to her laws; and no power
It professes to protect all American industries. It lias impoverished exists this Government to expatriate an American citizen to be tried
many to subsidize a few. in any foreign land for any such act.
It professes the protection of American labor, It has depleted the ThiH eountry has never had a well-defined and executed foreign policy
Tcturns of American agriculture—an industry followed by half our people. -- > ^ *' ' • • ... *>. i .■>
It professes the equality of all men before the law. Attempting to
fix the status of colored citizens, the acts of its Congress were overset
"by the decisions of its Courts
It J'accepts anew the duty of leading in the wor
save under Democratic administration; that policy has ever been in
regard to foreign nations, so long as they do no act detrimental to the
interests of the country or hurtful to our citizens, to let them alone ;
of progress and re- j,
form." Its caught criminals arc permitted to escape through contrived j ttlone; and contrast these grand acquisitions of Democratic statcsman-
that as the result of this policy we recall the acquisition of Louisiana,
Florida, California, and of the adjacent Mexican territory by purchase
delays or actual connivance in the prosecution. Honeycombed with ; wjtll thc pUrchase of Alaska, tlic sole fruit of a Republican admin-' TV."
corruption, outbreaking exposures no longer shock its moral sense. Its Oration of nearly a quarter of a century 1 0111 (
honest members, its independent journals, no longer maintain a success- Tll0 Federal Government should care for and improve the Mississ-
fill contest for authority in its counsels or a veto upon bad nominations, jppj river Jin(j other great waterways of the republic so as to secure for
That change.is necessary is proved by an existing surplus olmore ^ tlie interior States easy and cheap transportation to tidewater
than $100,000,000, which has yearly been collected from a suffering. Under a long period of Democrats rule and policy our merchant
people Unnecessary taxation is unjust taxation. \\ e denounce the ll)a;.ilK1 wa3 fast overtaking, and on the point of outstripping, that of
Republican party for having failed to relieve tho people Irom crushing at Britain.
war taxes which have paralyzed business, crippled industry, and de- Under twenty years of Republican rule and policy
prived labor of employment and ol just reward. Iias heen left to British Bottoms, and *
The Democracy pledges itself to purify the administration from cor- from off' the high seas.
ruption, to restore economy, to revive respect for law, and to reduce instead of the Republican party's
taxation to the lowest limit consistent with due regard to the preserva- ll(.()|,i,. ,,f n,0 United States an American pofiey. "'
tion ol the faith of the Nation to its creditors and pensioners. Under Democratic rule and policy, our merchants and sailors llvinu
Knowing full well, however, that legislation affecting the occupations th(i stars an(1 Htripe,s in every port, successfully searched out a market
of the people should be cautious and conscrvati ve in method, not m ad- foJ. i!h, vari(;(] pr(KlUets of American industry. *
vancc of public opinion, but responsive 1o its demands. 1he Deniooratn
i i i / • ii. J..n : :..u ... t.. ..il < .
Since his Royal Nibbs "Col."
Bill Farmer has quit pulling grass
and plowing cotton for a living and
travels around over the country
making speeches at a salary of one
hundred per month, and expenses
paid by the deluded Knight of La-
bor from his limited earnings,
makes very light of the tariff reduc-
tion made by tho Mills Bill. An
item of sixty millions of dollars re-
duction is a considerable sum to
anyone but a bloated bondholder
or Billie Farmer. It amounts, as
we have before stated, to an aver-
age of five dollars to every family
in the United States. But when
we ccmo to examine that bill we
find that the actual reduction is
largely upon tho daily necessities
of life and to the agriculturalist of
this section tho average reduction
amounts to about fifteen dollars per
annum to every family. This
amount saved every year would
soon yield a circulating medium of
sound money to every man, woman
and child in this section that would
knock Farmer's argument on that
question into a cocked hat and then
Farmer would bo out of soap and
next out of a job and would have
to return to "pulling grass" for a
For Mr. Farmer's information,
we append a table of tho actual re-
ductions made by tho Mills Bill up-
on articles that our farmers use
most, and the table and comment
on same are taken from a high tariff
paper too—one of his own sort:
On iiooUh anil imperii
On vnrtlivn mid kIiikhxviii'o
On worn! mill woodunwnru
On cotton mill notion kooiIn
On lit!in|i| jute, mul (lax uiioiIh
On wool mul woolen gondii
"Making on them all a reduction of
nearly 24 per cent, instead of 7 iJ-4
per cent, as falsely represented by
the authors of thc Mills bill to be
the actual reduction under the
The following are the actual
average duties levied in the Mills
m thc above articles:—
Article* venule iltit;
to reduce taxation on the every-
day necessaries of life from a plun-
dering war standard. The pro-
tected barons, who have fattenod
and grown rich frojn spoils taken
from tho farmer under color of
class legislation, denominates Mr.
Mills a Benedict Arnold, and Bill
Farmer und J. H. Jackson, anoth-
er horny tounged laborer denounce
Mills all over Texas, and say in
thc same breath this tariff reduc-
tion is all a fraud gotten up by the
Democratic politicians. If it i8 a
fraud, a mere bagatelle, why are
tho protected barons howling so?
Ask Farmer to answer this.
2ft per rent
Kurlheu mid KliiH.swuro
Wooil uml wooiIcnIIuru
v enure iiutv
umler MI1Ih bill
« H7 por ecnt
almost has the American Ihi^hecn
British policy, we demand for tin
Cotton mul l otion kooiIh .*1-9!)
Ill-nip, Jute ami llux kooiIh 12-10
! Wool mul woolen kooiIh 2H-H1
r ti-r r
A Probable Way Out of the
Chahucston, S. C., Sopt. 22
An important trial, which prom-
ises untold benefits to tho entire
South, was made hero to-day.
Two bales of cotton were covered
with pine straw bagging, at present
mado near Wilmington, N. C.
They were put through tho com-
press, where they wore subjected
to a pressure of l,U0U tons, and
then wore given to a gang of long-
shoaemen, who used their hooks
freely, tossing the bales about for
fifteen or twenty minutes. The
hagging stood thc test. Water
was next poured over the bales
and was shed as freely as by the
jute bagging. Fire was applied to
both juto and pine straw; there
was no difference in the result. It
was the unanimous opinion that
the substitute had been found tor
jute. Tho two hales were sent to
New York to-night and will be ex-
hibited at the New York Cotton
Lxehange. J he new fiber is made
from the leves of "pine, which is
the prevailing forest wood all over
A Cuius for Diahuhoka. Mr.
J. A. Burnison, ofColburg, Mont-
gonicry ( o., Ia,, has found out how
lie can ctire any ease of Diarrhoea.
1 wo ni his children had Diarrhoea;
for about six weeks ho tried four
dillcrent kinds of Patent Medicines
with out benefit, but he finally
got hold ol a. bottle of Chamber-
lain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea
Remedy, which he says completely
cured them, and is confident that
it will cure any case when the
plainly printed directions arc fol-
lowed.—Sol^1 by It, M. Armstrong.
party is pledged to revise the tarifl in a spirit o
But in making reduction in taxes, it is nut |.i'
unless to all intei'i
oposed to injure anj
mcstie industries, but rather to
the foundation of this Governi
have been the chief source of
promote their healthy growth. From
lent, taxes collected at the Custom House
federal revenue. Such iliey must cou-
to 1"elV oil
tinue to he. Moreover, many industrie - In
tion for a successful continuance, so that an,
every step regardful of the labor and capital thus i ::vd! v< • i. Tho pr iee-s
of reform must be subject in the execution to this plain dh-mtv of jusiie--.
All taxation shall be limited to the requirements m i:ewiioniieal gov-
ernment. The necessary reduction in taxation c.-;n aiidniu ' he < '1' --t -fl
without depriving American labor of the ability :•> cunipt.-te sucei- fully
with foreign labor, and without imposing lower rate* of duty than will
be ample to cover any increased cost of production which may exist in
conscqucncc of the higher rate of wages prevailing in this country.
Sliflicient revenue to pay all the expenses of the !•'< der.il (lin'i i-nnien;,
economically administered, ineluiiing pensions
of the public debt, can be got, under our piv.-
from custom-house taxes on fewer imported ai
on articles of luxury, and bearing lightest on artu
We therefore denounce the abuses of the i-.vi.-uii,-
to the preceding limitations, we demand that fedi ra
exclusively for public jiurposes, and hall u n i
■lit economically admiiu.-ti red.
nterc.-t, and i>:iin i
nt svsti in of taxation.
t<t ri 11 j n
L'nder a ipiarter century of Republican rule and policy, despite our
manifest advantage over all other nations in high-paid labor, favorable
climates, and teeming soils; despite freedom of trade among all these
I nited States; despite their population by the foremost races of men,
and an annual immigration of the young, thrifty and adventurous of
all nations ; despite our freedom here from the inherited burdens of life
and industry in old-world monarchies—their costly war navies their
t tax-consuming, non-producing standing armies; despite twenty
year• of pence—that Republican rule and policy have managed to sur-
render to Great Biitain, along with our commerce, the control of the
markets of the world.
Instead of the Republican party's British policy, we demand in be-
half of the American Democracy an American policy.
Instead of the Republican party's discredited scheme and false* pre-
t' n- of friendship for American labor, expressed by imposing taxes,
we demand in behalf of the Democracy, freedom for American labor by
reducing taxes, to the end that these United States may compete with
unhindered powers for the primacy among nations in all the arts of propose to make is only
peace and fruits of liberty. " per cent, when tho actual re-
Witli profound regret we have been apprised by the venerable states- duetion made by them is '1\ per .
man through whose person was struck that blow at the vital principle I"'1' Never since the days of 11 IH 'arK(
of republics (acqiiiesonco in the will of the majority;, that he can not Benedict Arnold has there been a each and
permit us again to place in his hands the leadership of the Democratic gn ater or more deliberate troaeli-1 nc-ttl
ho ts, for the reason that the achievement of reform in the adininistra- f,,y against the American nation by
its trusted officials."
Now the figures just quoted and
mged untdthe general judgment | the ,loly how] of terror that follows
I'hh Dr. Taylor's fHnre Chill Cure for
bad lirciit.h, liilKnisaeHs, coiintijuition,
ete. I Vice, 'J-t c 'ri) ; and 50 t.vuUj iier
liol,He. SiiliI hy .Smith & Co.
10-52-1 in I \
Governnient economically aUiiiin.-ieii ii. tion of tin; Federal (rovcrnment is an undertaking now too heavy
The system of direct taxation known as tin; "Infernal Revenue i.- f,,„. .mfl failing strength
a war tax, and so long as the law continues, the money derived then- tlmt j)is ]ife lia^ buoll
from should be sacredly devoted to the relief of the people from the ijf fu]|(nv.Countrymcn is united in the wish that that , .4 , .
maining burdens of the war and lie ma la fund t- , , ay the e.-j , rij,ht,td in his person, for the Democracy of the United States wo offer'14 comcH from I'«nnHylvama pro-
of the care and comfort of the worthy soldiers disabled in line ot duly ((i hi||1 jn his with(Jrawal from public caroH not on, our roHpeotful Hyair \ tectioncsts. The figures show
in the wars of the Republic, ami lor■ t m >pa\m« m m -u.-n p. ■ii-ioi,.-a-. ,lt) und esteem, butalso that best homage of freemen, the pledge of our what the gallant Mills is doing,
Congress may from time to time grant to such soldiers, a like fund for , ...
the sailors having been already provided ; and any ,m-plus should be devotion to the principles and the cause now inseparable in thc history
paid into the treasury. " .(,t' this RePublic from thc la1,orH and the name of Samuel J. Tilden..
AVorilKU MIIIh Tariff 11-21) 1'rcn.uvKe. 110-11
- Of the foregoing we imported last
j year in round l umbers three hun-
dred and twenty-three millions, and
the duties we collected thereon
amounted to one hundred and
twenty-two millions. The authors
of the Mills bill estimate thc total
' receipts from above sources under
! their Tariff at a little more than
forty millions only, thus showing
that of the three hundred and
twenty-three millions on which du-
ties were collected last year two
hundred and fifteen millions have
been placed by the authors of the
Mills bill on the free-list.
But while thus aiming a mortal
blow at our national prosperity they , ,,
have endeavored to cloak the crime 1 • 1 ll" ninthly expense of
under a show of concern for tho | ptiblishing flu? Monitor exceeds
national welfare by making it, «p-! one hundred and seventy dollars,
pear that the average Tariff roduc- Now don't make us last in paying
out your money. The amount is
small to you, but in the aggregate
to us. We ask vou,
all, to come forward and
Up, and show your appre-
ciation of a sound Democratic
To Our Subscribers,
We have been furnishing
Monitor to the great bulk ol
subscribers to lie paid for Ibis
I lie expense ol publishing
paper during the long hot
months of the summer has
quite heavy and has run us
CATK & TKAUARDKN,
aided by every Southern Congress-
man und Senator. In their efforts
We warrant Taylor^ Sure Chill Cure
to Hive entire Hati r#<:tiim in all cattes
that it is recuuiuiotit/ed for, provided the
contents of a bottta are used according
to direction*. Sold t>y R. T. Smith &
Co. r v 10-52-lm
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The Mineola Monitor (Mineola, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 1, Ed. 1 Saturday, September 29, 1888, newspaper, September 29, 1888; Mineola, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth254252/m1/1/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Mineola Memorial Library.