The National Co-Operator (Mineola, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 29, Ed. 1 Wednesday, July 25, 1906 Page: 1 of 8
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MINBOLA, TEXAS. WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1900
•« ; .
Chairman Millar Writes.
Lake Creek, Tex., July 20.
Dear Sir and Bro. - You know
I am not much of a fellow to go
to the press with our business,
but it is very necessary some-
times. I had rather read the
' communications from the good
brothers, but I feel like, at this
time, I might say something that
might be of interest to the farm-
The time for action is now.
Will we act? I believe we will.
After meeting with the spinners
and learning of them what they
wanted us farmers to do that we
might sell our cotton direct to
them, I believe we will act.
They said that we, as farmers,
raise our cotton to sell, and, if
we wanted to sell direct to them,
we must put our cotton in good
condition, keep it dry and ar-
range our finances so that we
could furnish them the quantity
and quality of cotton that they
would want and at the time they
would want it; we might fix the
price and stand to it and not
come under it, but if were offer-
ed more, to take it. I thought
that was good enough, and that
we farmers ought to accept it.
The spinnsrs said we had a mo-
nopoly, on cotton and that we
could get our price if we would
try, and that if they had the
chance we farmers had, they
would fix the price on their goods
and would get it, They further
stated that Lacanshire, England,
had added 6 V* million spindles to
their mills this year, showing
that the demand for manufactur-
ed articles was so great that with
their present capacity they could
not supply the demand.
H. W. McCollister, chairman
of the English delegation told me
that the world would need, this
year, 15 million bales of Ameri-
can cotton, and for us to raise it;
that the world's demand for cot-
ton goods was greater than ever
before. They ask that we han-
dle our cotton nicely; compress it
at our gins and never let a knife
go into the bales. You all know
how easy that can be done.
Again, we. are always resolu-
ting and asking our legislatures,
both State and Nation, to prohib-
it gambling in cotton futures.
We farmers are the ones to con-
trol that, and it is one of the ea-
siest things done you ever saw.
Have our cotton compressed at
our gins, build our own ware-
houses, ship our cotton, billed at
our depot, direct to the spinner,
let him be American or from any
other country, at our prices, and
if we have more Cotton one year
than will be needed that year just
hold it in our own warehouses.
We can get all the money that
we need. Don't get scared. Let
the other fellow howl, "They
won't stick." That is the last
ditch they have for defence.
Boys, let us be men. We have
the matter in our hands. Will
we use it? Yea, I believe we
will I want each State to take
this matter before their conven-
tions and urge their members to
As to the grain states, build
your own elevators; you should
^isver take less than one dollar
jgf bushel for your wheat We
of the South are willing to buy
flour and pay for it made of dol-
lar wheat. Let us work togeth-
er and stand pat and the victory
I See there are some compress-
es made both round and square,
that can be used by our gins; and
can be bought and owned by our
ginners. There will be a round
bale press on exhibition at Dal-
las, Texas, one day during the
State meeting. AH desiring to
see the work of compressing a
round bale, can come and see the
work done. I have suggested to
Brother E. A. Calvin to have it
put on exhibition the second day
of the meeting, at 2 o'clock, the
8th day of August. I would ad-
vise all ginners, whether they are
Union men or not, that can, be
present and see the work done.
I believe by another year there
will be many compresses put in
at the gins, and I think it will be
much cheaper to the farmers.
Just think what a saving it will
be in the wrapping; four yards
of cotton canvass is sufficient to
wrap a bale.' Just think of the
freight alone, this, will save.
My ginner told me yesterday eve-
ning that he would use one car-
load of bagging and ties. We
wiH have to pay the freight on
this to the spinner, let him be
where he will, then it will be of
1 want each one who sees this
to read it carefully and study it
for himself, and if the advice is
worth anything, join in and help
us, for we are in the fight and
will be there when the victory is
For fear this will worry the
readers of the Co-Operator, I
will hasten to close this letter. I
would advise all our members to
try and keep posted in the Un-
ion work, and a great way to do
this is to take the Co-Operator,
the best paper published for the
education of the farmer.
W. S. Miller,
Chairman Nat. Ex. Com.
Endorses the Initiative and Refer-
Jack Fork County Union met
July 12th, Mid passed the follow-
Resolved, That we, the mem-
bers of Jack County Union, real-
izing that we, as a people, are on
the eve of being numbered as
one of the States of the United
States, and a committee is soon
to be elected to frame a consti-
tution that said State is tobe gov-
erned by, and we recommend
that a plank be placed in the con-
stitution known as the "Initia-
tive and Referendum, and a copy
of these resolutions be sent to all
Union papers for publication. All
papers please copy.
Recommended by the commit*
tee. B. T. Williams, Pres.
R. H. Roberson, Sec.
Larwin, I. T.
Plrat Bala ot Cotton.
New York, July 9.—The first
baleofthiB year's cotton crop
was sold at auction here today
and brought 24 cents per pound.
It was shipped from Falfurrias,
Star County, Texas. The bale
was knocked down to the highest
bidder in front of the New York
cotton exchange. Itwillbeship-
yed to Liverpool, England.
CALL FOR NATIONAL flEBTINQ.
i"o the Members of the Farmer'* Education-
al and Co-Operatlre Union of America;
The National Executive Com-
mittee has requested that a call bf
issued for a delegated meeting ok
the Farmers Educational and Co-
operative Union of America, to
beheld in Texarkana, Tex., Sept
5, 6, 7 and 8th, 1906. You are
hereby called to meet at the above
time and place as selected by the
committee, for the purpose of
electing officers and attend to any
other business that may be
brought before the meeting.
The basis of representation will
be one delegate at large from each
State having one or more Local
Unions, also one delegate for
each twenty-five hundred mem-
bers or majority fraction thereox.
ganization, having played into
the hands of the railway man-
agement when the other orders
were on a strike.
The discussion of partisan poli-
tics is properly prohibited by the
constitution, for, as Mr. Watson
says, The main purpose of our
Union is co-operation in buying
and selling," but it does not fol-
low that the Union will not be
forced into politics by antagonis-
tic interests. All economic ideas
We are getting so many letters
in regard to the question of mer-
chandising that I give below a
letter written to a brother June
12, 1906. The brother writing
the letter to which the following
is a reply ask us what the word
"Co-Operate in our name" meant
"if we was not allowed to build
Dear Brother: — When you
think that co-operation can only
seek political expression, because ke had by building a Union store
we can not divorce economics y0ur mind has certainly wander-
from politics. The time may e(j a long ways from that of
soon come when it will be neces-; Newt Cresham, the founder of
sary to elect governors and leg- OUr organization.
islatures in order to carry out
our warehouse plan. Co-Opera-
tive cotton mills will be needed,
and some legal method of secur-
oers or majority iraction tnereoi.t
In determining the number ol j "H? the capital to build and equip — D
delegates each State is to elect ;^\em wiN have to be devised, and|poor and they have co-operation
Men co-operate in the building
of stores, railroads, telegraph
lines and they co-operate in form-
ing great trusts and combines for
the purpose of oppressing the
none but members in good stand-
ing, should be counted.
We ask the State officials oj
each State to take up the.matter
of rates with the Chairman of the
Passenger Association in their re-
spective States; the State Organ-
izers of other States to look after
rates for their delegates. I have
been corresponding with the rail*
roads but have nothing definite at
yet. If we get nothing better
than the certificate plan, the cer-
tificates willbe signed at Texar-'
kana by R. H. McCullough.
R. F. Duckworth,
President National Union.
Reply to B. F. Watson.
Under the head, "A Warning,"
Brother B. F. Watson gives us a
column of advice about keeping
out of politics. After depreca-
ting the fact that a brother was
circulating Socialist literature,
he declares that the Farmers'
Alliance was led away by this
Jack-o'lantern step into politics.
He then cites a number of or-
ganizations which have accom-
plished their purpose without
going into politics. But do the
facts bear out the brother's state-
ments? The coal trust practical-
ly owns the States of Pennsylva-
nia and West Virginia, politically
speaking, and has representa-
tives in Congress and other leg-
islative bodies. The wholesale
and retail merchants, together
with the express companies, have
successfully opposed a parcels
post The beef trust is the most
powerful institution, politically
in Chicago. It dominates both
party machines, and only recent-
ly secured immunity in the Fed-
eral court for violating the anti-
trust law. The medical societies
have their lobbyists at the dif-
ferent State capitals to secure
the restriction of the practice of
medicine to the fraternity. The
legal fraternity is largely apolit-
ical beurocracy that has degen-
erated into parasitism.
In stating that "the railroads
have eliminated competitonwith-
out going into politics," he dis-
plays a lack of information that
disqualifies him from giving ad-
vice on this subject. The roads
have, in addition to giving near-
ly all public officials passes, spent
millions in lobbying. The broth-
erhood of engineers has been de-
nounced by members of other
railway orders aaa "scab" or-
with vested interests playing pol-
itics for keeps, we will not be
able to control the historical de-
velopment of the contest.
The Alliance was stranded be-
fore it went into politics. It
served its purpose and passed
away like all other transitoxy in-
stitutions. It was not without
its educational value. We should
honor the past because it made
the present possible; likewise the
present is only the prelude to the
Lei us all study all classes of
economic literature; Socialism,
Populism, Hearstism, Bryanism
and Parasitism, and we will get
a broader view of life. The agi-
tation of these questions will give
the traitor his opportunity, and
the demagogue his excuse; but
the institution that will not take
these chances, will never make
D. E. Boland.
boiled down to its very escence,
and yet all this is not farmers
Farmers co-operate in selling
cotton, corn, wheat, oats, cattle,
hogs and horses. They co-oper-
ate in building warehouses, gins,
grain elevators and such things
as will assist them in the mar-
keting of their products.
The National Farmers Union
while in convention at Texar-
kana refused to limit the word
mercandising at all, but said
that a man who bought and sold
merchandise would be consider-
ed merchandising and would not
be elligible to membership in the
Farmers Educational and Co-Op-
erative Union of America, and
as National President, there is
nothing for me to do, but be
govern by their decision.
R. F. Duckworth,
President National Union.
to hear me cheep, just commence
talking about cheap things.
A great many of our unions
seem to think the man who ob-
jects to the union is to put the
price of cotton up, and the price
of everything else down, That
won't work brother, and the
quicker you find it out the better.
Now we are on the North
boundary of the cotton belt then
comes the corn and wheat far-
mer. Now when we undertake
to organize the wheat farmer, he
comes at us like this, he says you
cotton farmers put up the price
of cotton, which makes my cloth-
es cost me more, you put down
the price of flour, which makes
my wheat worth less. So he
wants to know what he is going
to get out of it. So we can't af-
ford to be a cheap set anyhow,
and it makes me* tired to hear
this everlasting cheet, cheet,
J. M. Nixon.
Throckmorton County Union.
Throckmorton County Union
met the 14th inst. Among other
busihess, the following was
transacted: J. W. Sutherlen of
Throckmorton, was elected pres-
ident, and W. H. Cowan of El-
bert was elected secretary-treas-
urer; C. A. Wilkinson of Elbert
business agent; county executive
committee, C. A. Wilkinson, J.
C. Ward, W. E. Parmenter, C.
P. Kalbert, W. F. Callahan.
The following resolutions were
Resolved that the F. E. and C.
U. of Throckmorton connty is in
favor of placing a tax of 1 cent
on each member of the Farmers'
Union membership of Texas as
an insurance to be paid to the
family of each deceased member
in good standing, and recommend
that the burial expenses of the
deceased be paid first and the
balance be paid the family.
Resolved, That we condemn in
strong language, the use of the
-Farmers' Union label by any pol-
itician or political party.
Resolved, That we condemn
extravagance in building costly
monuments to the dead. Rather
let us build monuments to the
living. There is more eloquence
in aiding the widows than placing
cold marble at the head of the
dead. J. G. Spurlock, Sec.
Building Co-Operatlve Gins.
We are in the swim. The un-
ion is not as old here as it is far-
ther South, but we are getting
there just the same. We are
not building warehouses now,
because we had to first build gins.
The oil mills had gobbled up all
the gins in our country and we
could not get our cotton ginned,
we had to sell it it the seed, so
we concluded to to turn the gin-
ners and show them a trick.
Our county Union met on the
3rd and 4th of July and reported
four large gins under construc-
tion in this county, and it is only
one-third organized. We will be
ready for the warehouse question
by another year.
I have just laid down the Co-
Operator and I want to endorse
to articles in the editoral column.
One is headed "It Is Wrong."
Here is my hand on that brother;
let us keep the union out of poli-
tics. The other article is "No
Whiskey Ads." Here is both
hands on that.
I also want endorse the article
of Bro. Watson of Buda Texas,
we don't want cheap labor. We
pay $20 to $25 per month board
and washing and Saturday even-
ing off, and sometimes pudding
for dinner.. In fact, brother I
don't think we want anything
very cheap. We had a trial of
that a few years ago, when cot-
ton was worth 4 cents, corn 20
cent and so on, and if you want
• g> t •*
'-r ' L,;. • ■■
A Grand Meeting.
Calcasieu Parish Union, which
convened at Harmony, July 12th
and 13th, was the grandest, of
its kind, ever held in the parish.
The morning session was de-
voted to public spedking, with
the following program: Wm.
Morrow, D. I. Stracner,
J. Harbert, Dr. W. J. Si
Edward Spears, who e:
to the people why we wflTe so
financially embarassed, yet the
wealth producers of y.ie^ world.
They affirmed that tfie only sal-
vation (financially speaking) was
through organization and co-op-
eration. After giving the minda
of the public all they could di-
gest, one of the best dinners waa
spread by the good sisters of
Harmony, the writer ever slaw,
and of course everyone enjoyed
it to the utmost.
The afternoon session was de-
voted strictly to business. 12 lo-
cals were represented; and it
would have made that little ma-
chine in your body jump for joy
to have seen the workings of this
body. It was a record breaker.
We worked like bees and agreed
on every thing. We enjoyed
privileges that the tillers of the
soil never enjoyed before. The
following officers were elected to
serve^the ensuing year: Presi-
dent, Sim Kerry; vice-president
W. J. Santifer; chaplain. Wm.
Morrow; conductor, W. C. Young;
doorkeeper, Geo. Nixon; lectu-
rer andorganizer, Edward Spears;
business agent, W. C. Young;
delegates to the State Union at
Alexander, July 31, 1906, Dr. W.
J. Strawther, Sim Kemp, Wm.
W. Morrow, W. C. Young.
There being no further bufi-
ness the meeting closed accord-
ing to ritual, and will meet again
at Rocky Hill, the second Thar*
day in October. Peace and bar*
I want twenty-five organisers
to go with me to Illinois. No
drunkards need apply. A good
hustler can make mousy. Ad-
dress, T. P. Okawtoro.
State Organiser for m.
•*** * 4 ■ -fc
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Pyle, O. P. The National Co-Operator (Mineola, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 29, Ed. 1 Wednesday, July 25, 1906, newspaper, July 25, 1906; Mineola, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth254308/m1/1/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Mineola Memorial Library.