The Armored Sentinel (Temple, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 9, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 5, 1953 Page: 1 of 12
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"To: All Stouthearted Men of the 1st Armored Division.
1. During my recent visit to Korea I was particularly gratified
to hear of the high regard of all to whom I spoke for men
received from the 1st Armored Division. Men from this Division
of "Stouthearted Men" were sought by all units due to the
excellent manner in which they had learned the basic funda
mentals of soldiering. In Korea as elsewhere it is mastering
of these fundamentals that make for succeess. Among these
considered of most importance in the fighting in Korea are:
a. Individual and crew maintenance of' vehicles weapons
and other equipment.
b. Supply Economy (This is a most important and heavily
stressed subject in Korea).
c. Scouting and patrolling. (Nearly all actions in Korea
on both sides are of this nature).
d. Field fortifications. (Both sides are thoroughly dug
in and the side with the best emplacements has an ad
vantage since artillery and mortar fire is heavy and very
e. Camouflage and concealment. (Since few actions take
place in the daytime and there are few targets everything
that moves or is seen is shot at).
f. Accuracy of fire. (Since few targets are seen and these
are well camouflaged or only briefly visible fire must
be prompt and accurate).
2. It is mastering of these and other basic principles of sol
diering equally applicable to all combat arms that make for
success in Korea. Learn these lessons well while you have the
chance here and then you will be a good and a live soldier in
Korea or wherever you may serve.
Found guilty of going AWOL and
of stealing an automobile and a
radio Pvt. Willie E. Hooker 4005th
ASU was sentenced to receive a
dishonorable discharge to forfeit
all pay and allowances and to three
years and two months at hard
Pvt. Donald R. Brown 4005th
ASU (formerly of Hq. Co Pipeline
Section 3431st ASU Ft. Jackson
S.C.) was found guilt of desertion.
His sentence was a DD forfeiture
of all pay and allowances and a
confinement of six months at hard
GUILTY OF AWOL
Sentenced to a DD forfeiture
of all pay and allowances and six
months at hard labor was Pvt. An
drew S. Porter Hq Btry 68th AFA
Bn. He was found guilty AWOL
with five previous convictions con
Sgt. Billy J. Roberts Btry A
Jth AFA Bn was found guilty of
ting AWOL and of burning his
with intent to de
fraud an insurance company. He
was sentenced to a DD forfeiture
of all pay and allowances and two
years at hard labor.
Pvt. Bruce H. Langford 4005th
ASU was found guilty of deser
tion and sentenced to a DD for
Leave Positions At
Hood High School
(PIO)—Hood High School began
looking for mathematics and shop
teachers after resignation of two
instructors cut deeply into the
Superintendent R. E. L. Jones
said that he had received the resig
nations of Gordon (Cotton) Adams
and O. A. Barnes effective last
Adams well-known in Cenlral
Texas scholastic athletic circles
will go into hardware business in
Killeen. A member of the Hood
faculty since 1948 Adams taught
mathematics in addition to coach
ing football basketball baseball
and track. In 1950 and '51 his foot
ball teams copped championships
in District 27-B competition. Ad-
ms' track teams won district hon-
from 1949 through 1952 and in
captured the regional crown and
laced several boys in the state
Major General U.S.A.
Deserters With DDs
Nine general court martials dur- feiture of all pay and allowances
ing the latter half of February
meted out eight dishonorable dis
charges and one bad conduct dis
charge plus various sentences of
confinement hard labor and for
feiture of pay and allowances.
General Clarke Visits Korea
Observes Hoodmen In Action
and three years at hard labor.
Sentenced to a DD forfeiture of
all pay and all allowances and
three years at hard labor was Pvt.
James M. Mills 4005th ASU (form
erly of the 6217th ASU Enl. Repl.
Center Ft. Lawton Wash.) He was
found guilty of desertion with
three previous convictions con
Sentenced *to a bad conduct dis
charge forfeiture of all pay and
allowances and four months and
six days at hard labor for AWOL
was Pvt. Charles H. McNeal H&S
Co 25th AIB. Five previous con
victions were considered.
Found guilty of AWOL was Pvt.
Freddy C. Thomas 400th ASU who
was sentenced to a DD forfeiture
of all pay and allowances and six
months at hard labor. Five previ
ous convictions were considered.
Convicted of desertion was Pvt.
J. B. Crist 4005th ASU who was
sentenced to a DD foreifture of all
pay and allowances and two years
at hard labor. One previous con
viction was considered.
(CCB-PIO)—Fierce bunker fight
ing among the most bitter of the
Korean conflict is now raging hot
and heavy in realistic form at Fort
On a new training course sol
diers who may someday be Ko
rean replacements are learning the
battle skills needed for assault and
destruction of enemy bunkers.
Designed and constructed by the
Vol. 1 No. 9 FORT HOOD TEXAS THURSDAY MARCH 5 1953 12 Pages
Combat Commanders Praise
1st AD's 'Stouthearted Men'
General Clarke and Lt. Col. M. G. Roseborough former chief
of staff of the 1st Armored Division returned Saturday from a month
long trip to Japan and Korea. Purpose of the trip was to observe
units in action and conditions in Korea with a view to improving the
training of individuals destined for duty in that Theater.
In traveling the front lines from
coast to coast and the rear areas
from Pusan to the front lines they
conferred with commanders at all
levels and talked to men in the
trenches and bunkers on the front
lines and in the training supply
and support installations in the
Included among these were many
officers and men who were former
members of the 1st Armored Di
vision at Fort Hood. These men
and officers are regarded by their
commanders as some of the best
they have and are universally
sought after when they arrive in
All reported that had they the
opportunity to do it over again they
would apply themselves even more
diligently as students and instruc
tors with a view to being better
basic soldiers and leadei's in Ko
rea for in the final analysis it is
the poorly trained soldiers who are
the first to become casualties.
It was apparent that thorough
training" pays big dividends in a
shooting war. General Clarke and
Colonel Roseborough were grati
fied to note that the fundamentals
in training needed to prepare men
for duty in Korea had long been
emphasized in training in the 1st
Div. CG Announces
Awards For Wacs
(PIO)—General Clarke announc
ed Tuesday the awarding of Good
Conduct Medals and clasps to
eight members of the 4005th WAC
Sgt. Eileen Shaw and Cpl. Mary
L. Weaver received the Good Con
duct Medal and Sgt. Lucille I.
Grandmaison was given the Bronze
Clasp with two loops.
Sgts. Mary R. Heitzler and Dena
Hutchins received the Bronze Clasp
with two loops and also the Bronze
Clasp with three loops. M-Sgl.
Hilda E. Mock was presented the
clasp with three loops.
The Bronze Clasp with four loops
was awarded to M-Sgt. Lillie J.
Hooper and SFC Esther J. Horn.
'Battle Of Bunkers9 Rages On New Range
Tactics Committee CC "B" the
Korean bunkers are rigid tests of
basic squad tactics teamwork be
tween squads and effective use of
squad fire power.
Though far from the battlefields
from which they drew their name
the Korean bunkers Texas style
lack only Chinese Reds to make
SOLDIERS OF THE 6S4th AIB attack a fortified position at Fort Hood's Korean Bunker Area. The
training course was recently inaugurated to train men in techniques of squad tactics and fire power.
(CCB-PIO) (Photo bylKuritsky).
•Division Parade Tops Reactivation Day
(PIO) Lt. Col. Henry H. Chur
ch former Post Provost Marshal
of Fort Hood retired from the
Army here Saturday after 28 and
one-half years of active duty.
Provost marshal here since June
1951 Lt. Col. Church's retirement
The answer to all of these ques-jwas announced in a Fort Hood
tions regarding improving of state- general order by Brig. Gen. Alfred
side training added up to an in
creased emphasis on basic funda
mentals such as driving shooting.
maintenance map reading scout
ing and patrolling field fortifica
tions field sanitation and first aid
supply economy camouflage and
concealment and the other funda
mental subjects now included in
Army Training Pi'ograms being
used at Fort Hood.
E. Kastner Acting ..Commander of
the 1st Armored Division and Fort
Hood last week.
General Kastner cited Colonel
Church's many worthwhile achieve
ments and his devoted service to
his county in peace and war.
A retreat parade honoring Colo
nel Church's retirement completed
his military career that began when
he entered the ranks of the Army
as a private in 1924.
"He has set an example worthy
of the highest tradition.of the Unit
ed States Army" the Acting Com
manding General said.
Colonel Church's first promotion
in the Army was to squad leader at
Fort Eustis Va. He was later pla
toon sergeant and chief clerk of
an administration section at Fort
George Meade Md.
Commissioned a first lieutenant
in 1942 he became adjutant of Dist
rict 2 7th Service Command al
Fort Omaha Neb. that same year.
He was later executive officer and
commander of District 2 7th Ser
In 1947 he became director of
personnel and post adjutant of Fort
Omaha. He was later assigned 1o
recruiting duty at Des Moines Io
wa and Chicago.
In 1948 he was assigned over
seas and served 22 months with the
Korean Military Advisory Group.
Upon returning to the United
States he attended the Military
Police School at Camp Gordon Ga.
After completing the eight-month
school he was assigned to Fort
Colonel and Mrs. Church have
two sons both of whom are in the
service. The couple plan to settle
on a ranch in Florida.
RED CROSS AIDS SERVICEMEN
Servicemen were helped in 1132-
000 cases by the Red Cross last
year in camps and hospitals in this
country and overseas.
them identical to those encounter
ed by United Nations forces in Ko
Covering approximately 1200
yards of hilly terrain the course
trains soldiers in blasting an enemy
out of entrenched positions.
Two squads of men begin the
exercise with friendly tanks cover
ing their advance. The tanks un
leash a machinegun. attack that
Red Cross Fund
Three units of the 1st Armored
Division and Fort Hood were 100
percent contributors during the
first week of the 1953 American
Red Cross Fund Campaign Col.
James L. Beynon Post campaign
chairman said Tuesday. Colonel
Baynon said a total of $2643.51 had
been turned in thus far.
Of the organizations boasting 100
percent contributions all assigned
personnel of the 61st Ord. Group
had received their 1953 member
ship cards within an hour after
the drive opened in that unit on
payday. Other 100 percenters were
the 25th AIB and Hqs. & Hqs.
Co. CC "A."
Other units were contributing
heavily but their totals for the
first week had not been turned in
when results were tabulated Tues
Servicemen throughout the world
are being asked to join with their
fellow Americans in the 1953 Red
keeps the enemy "holed-up" with
in the bunkers and pin-points their
positions for the advancing foot
One squad known as the covei'-
ing force moves to a forward po
sition where it may eventually as
sault and overrun the bunkers with
small arms fire.
The second squad called the
maneuvering force advances in a
wide flanking movement. When
these men reach their assault po
sition at a vulnerable point in the
enemy's defensive set up a green
smoke grenade is set off signalling
the covering force to lift its fire.
Soldiers of the maneuvering
force then move out in the final
assault to rout the enemy from its
fortified position. They are rein
forced by two flame throwers which
literally scorch the simulated
enemy from its bunker.
The men armed with the flame
throwers are protected by a cordon
of riflemen who remain ready to
fire on any visible enemy.
After each bunker has been over
run the soldiers secure the posit
ion and prepare to withstand an
In training of this nature where
every weapon fires "live" ammu
nition and every move must be co
ordinated soldiers are learning the
importance of alertness and quick
execution of orders.
WHILE VISITING ROK Army Headquarters Taegu Korea
General Clarke (right) makes Gen. Paik Sun Yup (left) Chief of
Staff Republic of Korea Army and Lt. Gen. Yu Jai Hung Vice
Chief of Staff Republic of Korea Army honorary members of the
1st Armored Division by presenting to them the Division's metalic
insignia. (US Army Photo by Patti).
Three Units Hit
Mark In Drive
Cross Fund Raising Campaign.
This year's goal is $93000000—
the largest it has been since the
end of WWII.
The reason for such a large
amount is not only to process
blood for the Armed Forces in
Korea but to provide Gamma
Globulin—a derivative of blood-
to combat polio.
The Red Cross budget for the
Armed Forces this year is $39-
000000—an increase of a million
over last year. The additional
money will be used to provide re
creation facilities for the troops in
The vital services which the Red
Cross provides for servicemen
their dependents and veterans are
one of its major tasks. Here is a
partial list of what the Red Cross
means to you:
There are 400 experienced staff
workers serving fighting men in
Korea and Japan. In Europe there
are 200 workers providing for the
personal needs of ill and able-
bodied servicemen and their de
pendents. In addition the Red
Cross has -135 other workers sta
tioned throughout the world with
At military stations and hos
pitals last year the Red Cross han
dled 355000 cases a month for
servicemen." In VA hospitals vol
unteers served 115000 patients a
month. Chaper Home Service
workers handled 174000 requests
for aid by servicemen and their
dependents each month.
North Fort Chapel
(NFH-PIO)—The music played
by Pvt. David Izenson of the 16th
Training Co. Reserve Command
adds much to the atmosphere each
Sunday at the North Fort Hood
Private Izenson's chosen instru
ment is the violin though he is al
so profficient on the bass viol and
the bass horn.
In the chapel "The violin keeps
best with the serious themes of re
ligion" says Izenson. His perform
ance of "Silent Night" at Midnight
Mass in the North Fort Hood Main
Chapel left a deep impression on
many North Fort music lovers.
Izenson began to study violin
when he was ten. At first he la
mented the time lost from play and
his companions but as he develop
ed skill he also discovered a deep
affection for music.
(PIO)—Saturday March 7 will
mark the second anniversary of
the reactivation of the 1st Armored
With a Division review on Open
House and various sports events.
Slated to start at 10 a. m. the
parade has been scheduled as part
of Fort Hood's Reactivation and
Good Neighbor Day.
Various types of 1st AD vehicles
and equipment will be displayed
to the public from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
at the CC "B" parade field across
Hq. Avenue from Theater No. 1.
Included in the display will be
tanks guns trucks chemical ex
hibit infantry exhibit a helicop
ter and a liaison plane.
Included in the dismounted re
view will be the presentation of
decorations and a flying salute
from liaison planes of the Divi
sion's air section. On the review
ing stand with General Clarke wil'
be Lt. Gen. William M. Hoge
Fourth Army commander Maj.
Gen. Numa Watson Fourth Army
chief of staff and Fred H. Korth
To Mark Start
Of West Point
(PIO) Fort Hood's annual West
Point Dinner in commemoration of
the founding of the United States
Military Academy will be held
March 14 at Golf Club No. 2.
Slated to start at 7 p.m. the din
ner will mark the 151st anniversary
of the Academy. More than 75
graduates now at Hood and the
surrounding area are expected to
NAVY GRADS WELCOME
Col. Harry J. Lemley Jr. chair
man of the committee in charge
of the dinner pointed out that it
was a traditional courtesy to in
vite graduates of the Naval Acad
emy also aHd he added that all
graduates of either academy now
retired but living in this area are
cordially invited to attend.
"Invitations were sent out three
weeks ago to all graduates and ca
dets of former record here" he
said "but any we may have over
looked will be welcome on the
fourteenth and should get in touch
with us as soon as possible."
Host for the evening will be Gen
eral Clarke. Catering services will
be under the direction of the Food
Principle speaker for the affair
will be Lt. Gen. John W. Leonard
(retired) with Lt. Albert G. W.
Briddle Jr. addressing the guests
on "West Point Today."
Scheduled for the same evening
will be a formal dinner in the east
wing of the Fort Hood Officers'
Mess for the West Point wives.
With Mrs. Clarke as hostess the
dinner is planned for 8 p.m. At the
conclusion of the dinner in the
Golf Club the two parties will com
bine at the Officers' Mess.
Over 8000 View
At Texas Capital
(PIO) An estimated eight to
ten thousand people viewed fi 1st
Armored equipment display in Aus
tin when it was set up at 11th and
Congress Streets as part of the
city's observance of National De
The group from Hood consist
ing of two officers and 33 enlisted
men remained in Austin for four
days to guide visitors through the
exhibit. On display were an M-4
tank a 40-ton tank transport a
155-mm howitzer a four-gun anti
aircraft carrier a small arms dis
play a chemical display and the
latest "snorkel" type trucks.
Headed by Capt. Howard W. Bow-
den 701st AIB and his assistant
Lt. Reginald L. Dean 100th Heavy
Tank Battalion the display team
received high praise from those
viewing the equipment.
As a mark of appreciation for a
job well done Erig. Gen. Alfred E.
Kastner acting commanding gene
ral of Fort Hood and the 1st Ar
mored Division sent letters of ap
preciation to Bowden and Dean.
In a letter to Col. T. T. King
commanding officer of CC "A"
General Kastner praised the "fine
military conduct of the enlisted
men" on the display team.
432 For February
(PIO)—Four hundred thirty-two
enlisted men of the 1st Armored
Division were promoted to higher
rank during the month of Febru
Three of the promotions were
to master sergeant and 11 ser
geants were upped to sergeant
Promotion of corporals to ser
geant topped the list with 126 men
getting that increase in grade.
Other grade increases included 101
privates first class to corporal
and 191 privates to private first
For Open House
of Fort Worth former assistant
secretary of the Army.
At noon General Clarke will
In the afternoon a mess hall a
dayroom and a barracks in six
separate battalions will be open to
visitors for inspection while a
lunch with his guests in the Fort
Hood Officers' Open Mess.
major command motor park will
also open its gates to the public.
At 2 p. m. Division Special Serv
ices will stage a Sports Festival
at Leise Field (next to Red Lind-
sey Field). Battalions will com
pete for top honors in relay races
horseshoe pitching and other
On Saturday night dances will
be held at the Officers' Mess
the Non-Commissioned Officers'
Mess with a special variety show
slated for the Brigade Avenue
All those planning to drive onto
the post for the Open House have
been advised to arrive early in
order to obtain a suitable parking
Originally activated at Fort
Knox Kentucky in 1940 as the
United States' answer to the Ger
man Panzer might the history of
the Division is a proud one.
Fighting in Africa across Tunisia
the armored might of the Division
smashed the best that the German
Panzer outfits could throw against
them. After Africa elements of the
1st Armored hit the beaches in
Italy with the United States Fifth
Army. At the war's end they had
the Germans in head long flight.
After the fighting in Europe
stopped the 1st Armd. Div. re
mained in Germany for occupa
tional duty until their return to
this country in April 1946. From
that time until the Division's re
activation almost five years later
the 1st Armored Division existed
only as a name in the Washington
files of the War Department.
But on March 7th 1951 the name
of one soldier appeared on the Di
vision's morning report for the
first time in half a decade—Briga
dier General Bruce C. Clarke (pro
moted to major general three
months later) commander of the
1st Armored Division.
Then the Division began a rug
ged training period that was to
last a year culminating in the
giant maneuver Excrcise LONG
HORN. Now still training the 1st
Armored Division will observe the
second year since reactivation'
with a Division review.
(PIO) A series of three-day
classes on preventive maintenance
given to almost 300 Fort Hood of
ficers last month has been rated
as "superior" in written course
critiques submitted by the students.
The course designed to teach 1st
Armd. Div. and Post unit com
manders the critical importance of
preventive maintenance in pattern
ed after a similar course conduct-
be held at the Officers' Mess and
Col. Harry J. Lemley Jr. com
manding officer of the Division
Artillery directed the course with
his assistant Lt. Col. Rocco Meco-
ni commander of the 68th AFA.
The course was divided into
seven main parts. Starting with a
brief orientation students were in
structed in preventive maintenance
as it applies to Signal Quarter
master Ordnance and the Engi
neers. This was followed by a prac
tical command inspection at which
time the officer-students inspected
an artillery battery.
Students completed the course
feeling confident that they would
be able to recognize the need for
organize and inaugurate a pre
ventive maintenance program. In
terms of an investment the three-
day course will pay high dr»'lends.
Equipment in top fightingf shape
and the resulting cut in costs will
keep both the Army and the tax
Erect New Step
In Economy Move
PIO) Replacing of wooden
steps with concrete ones of more
than 1000 doorways at South Fort
Hood will save Uncle Sam many
dollars and give soldiers safer liv
ing conditions according to Lt.
Col. John E. Bartlett post engi
The wood steps on many bar
racks mess halls and day rooms
at South Fort Hood are being re
placed with non-skid concrete slabs
that will practically eliminate main
tenance expenses he said.
The permanent concrete steps
consist of reinforced steel slabs
on a cinder block foundatibn. All
parts of the structure are replace
able and are adaptable for perman
ent type buildings such as the new
barracks now being constructed
O. L. Frazer civil engineer with
the building structure section said
"another purpose of installing the
new steps at this tirrie is their
safety value. The concrete -slabs
have a skid-proof finish and support
much more weight."
"These safety features are price
less to personnel" he said.
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The Armored Sentinel (Temple, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 9, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 5, 1953, newspaper, March 5, 1953; Temple, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth254323/m1/1/: accessed December 14, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Casey Memorial Library.