Weekly Democratic Statesman. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 21, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 18, 1873 Page: 1 of 4
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DAILY DEMOCRATIC CTATZClaAN.
t- in copy cr.a year ......11 J
Six'.Tni T til aua'hl ? tla
"Hii.:s cipj oa nsoiita
weekly cz::ocHatic statesman.
s . n corr. n T-r
hin.' ' rvt ! ia"n'.-S u
t -r"T h above rate " r"ei-
Br th Cortrnor of th f Ut cf Texaa.
T- at! to whom thee preaenta ahat.1 eMne: Vhrrea
ft h been Blade known to rrm that one VAN
MWA'N and on a JAPrH AkMS ritONij tn.
ci .r"t-4 ly Indictment l;h the tnnrdrr of one JACK
Ji A.-'i'.I.se eornroitlcd nr Co'ltnmri'.li. In rmyoTi
n.iiniv. In :d hiate and that eald BKOWJi aud
Aifa-JlHOMi are atiai at larzo and fuurea from
Nor.- therefore I. X.1ninnd 3. Pari Governor of
T(-xa by vlrtaof the authority vented in m bv the
.;t.!ita!ion and lawa of tiiU btjwc.do hereby offer a
reward of Co hncdred do'1r ech for the arret and
!. Ury.f tbe aaid VAN BiiUW.VandiAal'ill AK-
h riiO.VO to lh iterf2 cf Gravaon county inaide tho
J.nl aaid reward to be paid on th-ir conviction.
In testimony whereof 1 Lara hereunto timed
my citm and have canned tb great aal of
HrAt. the Mate to be anixed at the city of
Aunln. tbia tenth day of December. A. I).
HDMCXD J. DAVIS.
Cy the Governor.
JaJiEa I' "Stewe-oaa Secretary of State.
VAX BROWN i r-f nr -r u i h-'tit: narrow eJie.tfd;
walk erect; ams'l foot and hnud; hlh forehead; blue
r; dark f"y M'r: erv:y nniirht; abarp fea-liin-a:
Utah andV-i'" d1" and t.K'.ly wurreyed; baa
a iiaik-t wound m the left urcaet that la running at
' j APER AKMSTHCnvO la rather h.ary built: about
S fnt 10 in-he hib; dark or twariay complexion;
Cray cyeg; biack hair iiniincd to carl; dark inoaa-
tarhe; erect carriage; bisb f nil forehead; very white
even teeth; very free total; and langbi a jrreat deal.
dtx lt ltd 8tw
II f the Governor of the State of Texaa.
To alt to whom tbc preaentt ihall come: .Vherea.
It baa been made known lo me that on or about tte
twentv-neeood day of October A. P. 1873 ona JOK
WALKJKH who had been aentenced to four yeart' con-
fluement In the penitentiary did make hia escape from
the coonty Jill of Milam county la aaid bute and i
ailll at larjo and S fngitlre from Junticc
Now tbcrcfure I Edrannd J. Davia. Gorernor of
Texaa by virtue of the authority Tef ted In me by the
Constitution and lawa of aaid flat. do hereby oiler a
reward of one hundred and fifty dollara for the arrest
and delivery of aaid JOE WALKER to the officera of
the penitentiary at liunteriUe Inside tbe penitentiary
In tentlmony whereof I have hereunto tljrned
my name and have cauaed the great aeal of
lKat. the Ktato to be afflxed at the city of Aus-
tin tbla ninth day of December. A. D. 1473.
tDML'ND J. 1)AVI3.
By tha Governor.
Jix4i r. N'Kwcoas Secretary of State.
JOK WALKER I abont M or 17 year of ase; about
S feet 8 or 7 lnchea bU'ti weliha about 10 or 135
pounds; dark complexion; black hair and beard; haicl
ujk alow apoken; has a aowucaat expreaalon o'
runutrnance aad la rather roust) In bia general p-
rwarance. decli ltd Utw
1)7 tha Corernar f tha State or Texaa.
To all to whom thaae pretenta ahall eo:ne: Wnereaa
by my proclamation of the seventeenth of Jnly A. D.
l.i'. 2 a reward of twenty-five dollars wae offered for
the arrett and conviction of each and .vrery person
puilty of ualawfully betrinj anr.a In any county In tbe
Whereox The i'propriatlon out of which sneli re-
warda are paid la nearly exhausted and It being de-
sirable In order to save farther rxpexse that tha
aatd proclamation should be revoked.
Now therefore I Edmund 1. Davis Governor of
Texas by virtue of the authority vested In mo by tha
Constitution and lawa of thia Bute do hereby rerokq
tny sid proclamation of the seventeenth of July A.
1). l?:i said revocation to Uko effect from and after
In testimony whereof I hare hereunto signed
mv name and have caused the irreat aeal of
!-EiU the htate to be affixed at tho city of Ana-
tin thia the sixth day of December. A.
EDMUND J. DAVIS
Ity the Governor:
Jamr l Newcom Secretary of State.
Oy tho Gorernor or the State of Texaa.
tiOO II 15 WARD.
To all to whom these presents shall come: Whereas;
It has been made known to me that on or abont the
Iwrnty-elL'htb. day of November A. D. 1873 at the
town of ameron In 54 ilam countv In said State one
JAMF.S BOYLES did mnrderoneV M. WILLIAM 3.
end that the said JAMES DOTLE3 Is atlll at large and
fn;ttlve from justice
Now therefore I Edmund J. Davis Governor of
Texaa by virtue of the authority vested In me bv the
Constitution and lawa of said State do hereby offer a
reward of five hnndred dallars for the arrest and deliv-
ery of the said JAMES BuYLES to the sheriff of
Milam connty. Inside the jail door aaid reward to be
paid upon his conviction.
. In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed
my name and have canscd the great seal of
Ha At..- the tHnto to be affixed at the city of Aus-
tin thia niruh day of November A. D.
EDMCSD J. DAVIS
Tiy the Governor.
Jxr V. NEWcon Pcerui.trT of State.
JAMK1 BOTLES Is about S3 or SS years of a?ej
about 3 feet 8 inches h!?h: stiilow complexion; chin
rnther recoodle?; lib h-r; robe.rd; weighs about
l-ii pounds' talks very little when solver.
tiecn nd atw
Strayed from tho undersigned two HOUSES one
sorrel abont 8 years old H'i hands h!;jh star Id fore-
lioad two Urge siddlo marks and branded 3 on left
shoulder. The other a brown mare ft years old 13
hands 1 laches h!;h star tn forehead left eye alljhtly
affected no brand
I r ill j :iy f 23 tot the return of tho above hotres at
I"t ttfa fjvery PtaMe.
""traved or stolen from the iinder!irned. one bav
IMNV 4 i vears old. ahc ut 14 hands htjh branded
on the loft J.-.W with a mine sho
1 will t o v f-.r :h return of tho above described
potiyst M:;-Bury a 11 very stable.
0. W. ESW1X
tne A. 8. DO NX aX hartn: absconded from this city
w ith ll'.e iim ef l'i5 ftv Siaie warrant. r'loni;ti?ir t
tl:e underoiitned 1 do lierby oiTor a reward of oue-half
t Ue money orn"hevs found on st'd purt v for hit appro-
hi'Uin :d delivery to the sherttl of Travl eonutr.
l-clj lwd ttw Audn Texas i
ARM 0l SALE.
Toa or'h of Aii'n. on the sure n.l. StO
cr- vi Und lit la a field. SO 1j piMnre. f. nc ail
-.! sr iAi sprin.'S flrewo-.d on thn pine houes
trir lot ett ; near ehurrh ami .'uml. Terms $17
p-r aer. ou Ut do an-1 Oiie-hi I ou twelve months'
ttun'. for 1 jriiior par liiAts e i and ee or write lo
Ti.os. H. r.KCoN.
di'".' At Meri!;: ii a 1ri t County.
rcriox or jiaciiixery.
1 !t machlnerv r-!!n'"'p; of th rotten factory t
1 to t'.s C'T.vil !iuafjk'turinj Comp-iny ex-
iniv t to eo'!ifUt tea loom two ka;vl three
4 aruer. w..l sold foe ch to the h!-het bid.l-e. la
t hi rii 4 f I ' ' Ci-'tttcps tn tot cii on SAl't'K
I K li e thir i ef .fan'iary 1: 4 at U o'ci.H k A. M.
o i -:) i n t !. rojntr. i'ece:uN r '.. A. I. I'-'TtJ.
N Till: DISTRICT COURT OF THE
I": .'vl WeU-ra Di.'trlet ef Texaa.
Irt lie 2. U'. I'.. narrel! Eatikrnpt la
T ?! it f.-fveo'-.rem:
1 t.i '. ! - ! fv - v 1 1 r. f f i '-t -S;-r
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A. !'. ; A-:;-it etc.
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We- : f-:-:r:--t c-f TeS St:
I h' r v v ti : A ; ; "t T n i itii' S?irT-
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ACSTI"-rilESE-T AND FITIUL.
Tbe aitUAtion of Austin tbe Capital of
tie great Elate of Texas i confte-tc-JIj na-
riraled la tha United Stales erhans oa
tha coctinent. Corcring a miru.KT of gen-
tle hille of easj aceaf; which ewtll out
from a high bluff on the Colorado river
just beIor Its outlet from the higher lulls
oa the west if command the moot beauti-
ful riewa on every side ami lias the ruoit
complete drainage that could be imagined.
The consequence of theso advantages is an
exemption from mud and dust and unusual
general health and comfort throughout the
year. The heat of 6unimer is tempered by
the fresh tea breezes of the Gulf and the
cold of wintcj ia only sufficient to brace
up the eystem and fit it for every in-
nocent enjoyment. The numerous live
oalca scattered here and there over
the hills in and around the city give
it a cheerful appearance throughout the
dreariest December and January 'and the
rides in every direction are delightful at
any season. At its feet flows the Colorado
which notwithstanding its name rclls on
for nearly the year round it crystal cur-
rent to the Gulf whilo on the cast you look
down the rich valley stretching along its
sandy banks and on the wct behold the
towering elevation of Mount Ronneil with
all its romantic associations. Such is Aus-
tin by nature and as yet but little aided by
Jhe labors of man.
At the close of the war. Austin had
scarcely over thrco thousand people within
its limits now it numbers over ten thou-
sand. Then with the exception of the
public buildings it could .show little in the
way of architecture its houses being mostly
small and built of wood. Now it-contains
on tho principal business streets
Congress Avenue and Pecan long lines of
stately and substantial edifices of stono.and
brick and in its extensive suburbs may be
seen beautiful villas with every modern im-
provement. Since we first visited Austin
during the civil war the' change has been
marvellous for a Southern city. Its growth
and improvement have been great and unri-
valed cept by Dallas in the northern
portion of the State. Though during a
portion of the time the city has been under
the control of officials appointed by the
military authorities the citizens thereof
having n voice in ita government and
though much was doho by them of very
doubtful utility and much of actual injury
yet has her march been at all times on ward ;
and she now presents a very favorable pros-
pect with still brighter hopes in the future
What has mainly done all this? Why has
Austin so grown and prospered? It
must be confessed however fashionable it
is becoming of late to abusq railroads
that the growth and prosperity of our city
is mostly to be attributed to the completion
of the Control Railroad to its eastern boun-
dary and the expectation of other roads
soon to be built and to centre herc.v With-
out these helps1 Austin ' would have in-
creased and improved no doubt like most
other Southern towns and cities slowly but
with theso completions and expectations
her progress has-been rapid and she is now
what she is the beauty and pride of Texas.
Much has been done but much more re-
mains to do. Austin requires imperatively
the completion of two more railroads the
International to connect her'more immedi-
ately with New York and the East and the
road south to Indianola to give her n shorter
communication with the Gulf. She must
have & substantial and enduring bridge
across the Colorado at tho foot of Congress
Avenue the very centre of the city. She is
about to get gas and she must" have an
abuadant supply of water also for both use-
ful and ornamental purposes. She will soon
havo completed tho finest sidewalks on the
Avenue to be found anywhere perhap?' in
the South; but her streets must be still fur-
ther improved and covered drainage (sew-
ers built of rock of ample size) should be
constructed on both sides of Congress Ave-
nue. The present plan of the city authori-
ties will not do as we have said over and
over and shall continuo to say until the
plan bo abandoned. .We do not want every
hard rain a river 'tunning down the main
beautiful street of our city and wo must
get rid of the unsightly and inconvenient
little bridges which now disfigure it. When
this great improvement and many others
are made when wo have done all within our
power to do and which our duty requires us
to do then will Austin become still more
the beauty tho pride-and )t ho glory of
ALEXANDER THE . IJIIE IT.
Our readers must not be misled by the
heading of this article. Wc arc not about
to write concerning him of Macedon who
conquered Persia and divers other king-
doms ia the olden times and thinking he
had overrun the world cried like a child
because there wero no more worlds to con-
quiT but of William Alexander - of. the
Shot Tower who signs his name ''Alex-
ander Attorney . General" as Louis IV.
of France would havo signed Louis' Rex.
This modern Alexander who from his ad-
vent into Texas has been noted not dis-
tinguished forh's curious and often absurd
legal fnaions in every subject since his ap-
pointment to tho office of Attorney General
of Texas has surpassed all liis previous
notoriety by tho cumber and absurdity of
the opinions which often without being
asked ho has obtruded on the pub-
lic. Ia short he hat simply v.sed
his official position to bolster up and defend
evety Radical attempt t- violate the Consti-
tution and laws cf the Stste to the injury
cf its people and for the advantage solely
cf the Radical party. The amount cf thia
sophistry asdlcg quibbling which he has
lalxricusly expended ia this service vould
cake a book larger and mere comical th.ta
his noted early prodsciba known as the
Texas ricadisgs. The hit uTort cf this
6Ur grtaus cf legal absurdities is a
colutna and a fcslf opinio.! which he Las
volunteered t3 tho :.t J-.-:ri! to prove
that tha presT.t Radical Governor cf Texas
ar.d ether S'.i'.c c'-lciils l ave the rkht to
h.M th.'rrv; c;:lve c lloci for a tern lor rtr
0...;ntl-ii rre.cril ed ly the Constitution
t:-v.l: four jcarf. Ho atteror-ts to do this
o:. It ijVr.r;; tho cl tl :i ilccla-
r .""- C t-'.-.t
. V. 3
sua &r..i to;u
Ity c f th-: c:r.VvUt'.:u 1 v
: : 1 1 to ii t"... C .: .- -
a b.-.-. C:u
illilJJilJiJ 1 Ui.iiJJll (bH ll Hi;
nanco has ever been held as binding as any
portion of the Constitution. The Congress
of the L'nited States in accepting the pres-
ent Constitution accepted everything in
proper relation thereto and the election
declaration under which the first election
of State officers was held says explicitly
when the term of these officers shall com-
mence. The Constitution fixes the term
to four years and there is nothing in
the election declaration at all inconsistent
with it. The officers elected were to
hold for the constitutional term of four
yearn beginning from the time of their
election and no longer except until their
successors were elected and qualiScd. Now
what are the facts in connection with the
Constitution and tho law? The present
State officials were elected on the third day
of December 1SC3 tho end of the four
days' election and their terms of office com-
menced on the day after and expired on the
third day of December 1873 that being
their .full constitutional term of four years.
Could anything be plainer? What right
have they to hold for a longer term? Have
they not held office for four years? This
must be admitted but then tho great Alex-
ander says they were holding provisionally
until the Constitution was accepted by tlio
Congress. We denr this. ' The facts 6how
the contrary. They did not go into their
respective offices and commence the duties
thereof by authority from the United States
or it3 military commander Gen. Reynolds
and they can show no commissions to that
effect. They went into their respective offi-
ces by virtue of their election fraudulent
a9 it was and if they were not acting under
that authority they were usurpers and their
acts null and void a3 Alexander would say
with hisu3ual parade of Latin ah initio.
Admitting that the sanction of Congress was
necessary to-the validity of the Constitu-
tion the moment it was accepted it gave
full force and effect to it from the last day
of tho election by the people of Texas w ho
adopted it and full legality to the acts of
tho State officials holding under it. Any
other view of the subject would throw
everything into confusion for tho State
officials had no authority for the performance
of their duties save what the Constitution
and their election under it gave them. The
point mado by the Attorney General that
the Governor must hold under the Constitu-
tion for four years from his inatallution and
that he was not installed until the twenty-
eighth of April 1870 is not defensible be-
cause u-.terly inconsistent with the plain
words of the election declaration and be-
cause all parts of any legal instrument must
be construed so as to give full effect to the
plain intention of its framers; and because
further the present Governor was actually
installed from the moment of his induction
into office and the commencement of his
performing its duties. That was the instal-
lation contemplated by the v Constitution
and the Radical Legislature by putting off
the mere ceremony could not prolong his
term of office fixed by the Constitution. If
so. they could have put it eff for two years
instead of five months and thus secured his
services for six years instead of four. The
matter is too clear for discussion and none
but an Alexander and the author of the
Texas Pleadings would undertake it. Of
the latter work our friend Erewster used to
say it was tho finest comic production ex-
tant. LEVEES OF THE MISSISSIPPI.
Wc notice that Senator Alcorn of Mis-
sissippi has introduced a bill for the con-
struction by the general government of the
necessary levees on the Mississippi river. It
is known to the most of our reatlers that a
largo portion of tho rich bottom lands of
this river arc subject to overflow in high
stages of water and arc thus rendered un-
certain for cultivation. These lands arc of
great extent and among the richest in soil
and production the world over. If all were
reclaimed nnd protected the amount of
cotton which they could produce would be
immense. It will bo seen then that the
subject is one of national importance. Pre-
vious to the war extensive and costly levees
had been constructed by individual exer-
tions or by the combined efforts of
a few -planters adjoining and having a
mutual interest. But during the long con
test these works were necessarily neglected
and they became greatly impaired or en-
tirely demolished by the ravages of war.
The planters deprived of their shwes and
other property and many of them deeply in
debt both before and since the war arc now
too poor to repair tho old levees or to build
such new ones as arc absolutely needed for
their security. Hence their application for
government aid. Wc have always been
averse to the exercise of doubtful powers
on the part of the central government even
for the apparent good of the people but
we confess that in this instance much may
bo said for its exercise in this particular.
We have not forgotten that Mr. Calhoun
the strongest advocate of State Rights in
his famous speech at the first Commercial
Convention at Memphis spoke of the Mis-
sissippi river as "a goeat inland Eca"
along which the Congress might rightfully
stretch its authority to a certain extent ur.d
do things for .the general good of tho pco-.
pie of the whole Missisppi valley That
the redemption and security of all the bot-
tom lands of the Mississippi arc matters of
much national importance must be admit-
ted and the fact that to accomplish this
completely would require tho united action
of at least three States which might never
be obtained is another strong argument in
its favor. For instance the leveciag of the
banks of the Mississippi by the State of
Louii.tna would do little go.-d unless the
States cf Mississippi and Arkansas leveed
also. The water would come in from above
and Cow behind the lower levees an1 thus
render theiu in a preat degree useless.
The ' action of the general govern-
ment would avoid this difficulty
and furnish the strongest guarantee of
full aud complete protection. Dut then
coco.es the very serious ubjectlon to the ex-
ercise of th'a power by the general govcra-
rucut 3 llng extremely doubtful as h re-
gards constitutional authority. Trom the
tlusc the gen end g-.vcrnmer.t wtut ir.o cpe-ratlo-n
the tcudenry h.o Uca towards en-
trulloatioa tad a stretching cf its power?
rr-r---;r"y for tho public g.o.l. Thus tho
Nt:;r.-1 Road ws built acrc-ss the Alle-
e.e::v :uut :.:r; a c.ful thirg ia i:s d -.r
hut the r-"-wer to build it was rdwav -u-;.
AUSTLX. TEXAS THURSDAY DECEaMDER IS
poes as has been done time an I agaia
during and since the great civil war.
Instead of enlarging the powers of
the general government it should be the
duty of the Democratic party to en-
deavor to curtail those already exercised to
the injury of the country. However much
then we may feel interested in the improve-
ment of the great M'ssissippi valley by the
construction of the needed levees we must
express our opposition to the proposed
measure and the hope that these important
works may yet be carried through to com-
pletion by the combined efforts of the
States principally interested therein and the
good people thereof. This may delay their
construction but m the end it will be wc
think much better for the people of these
States as well a3 for the people at large.
THE CLABKSVILLE ST A X D A R D.
Our friend of the Clarksville Lu)J'.rd
defends at some length his fore timo ex-
pressed approbation of the course of Gov-
ernor Davis with regard to the Indian ques-
tion. Vhy the Statesman which con-
tained our expression of Eurprise nt this
did not reach his hands we are at a loss to
determine. - It is regularly mailed to the
Standard but then we do not receive very
regularly the Standard itself and attribute
it to the fault of the mails. We will here
however assure the editor that wo said
nothing more offensive than the paragraph
quoted. Wo could net understand how
the editor of thut old and reliable paper
could approve Governor Davis's course m
relation to the Indians nor do we now see
the force of his comments in explanation.
Wo do not think that ilcrenj act of a polit-
ical opponent whether wiso or unwise
should be denounced" as intimated by tho
Standard but wc do think that the delivery
of Satanta and Big Tree by Governor Davis
to the Unitctl States Comniissionor was
extremely vn trine and further with-
out the shadow of legal authority.
The Standard thinks that these chiefs.
when condemned should have been
hanged" but as their punishment was com-
muted by the Governor to imprisonment for
life in the penitentiary that it was right for
Governor Davis to set them free at tho re-
quest of the government and make the best
conditions he could under tho circum-
stances. While we agree with the first pro-
position the hanging we cannot yield our
assent to the last. Governor Davis has
yielded in every instance to the solicita-
tions or demands of the central government
as his friends say against his better judg-
ment thus shewing a weakness and mean-
ness of spirit altogether unworthy the chief
magistrate of a great and sovereign State.
The government at Washington first de-
manded tho commutation of punishment.
Governor Davis granted it." It then made
promises to the Indians without consul-
tation with Governor Davis and then
demanded of him a compliance to
enable them to carry them out. He
held out a little while and then
complied. Ho -did not parelon Satanta
and Big Tree us the law gave him
the power to do but he set them free with-
out a pardon wjiich he had no right to do
and for w hich bold breach of the law he
deserves impeachment. The example is
full of danger. If in this matte: it is clear
that the Governor went beyond his authori-
ty in the release of these chiefs the results
show that the act was exceedingly impolitic
and unwise as well as illegal. Of this we
should imagine our friend of the Standard
was well convinced by this time if he has
read his frontier exchanges. But wc have
no wish to prolong a controversy with the
veteran editor of the Standard whose
Democracy wc have never impeached and
whom we hold in high respect He is wil-
ling that the vote of our respective counties
shall settle the question of Democratic ser-
vices in favor of the Standard or the
Statesman. Be it so. We can stand
the ordeal. The county of Red Riv-
er always a Democratic county gave
according to the report of the Stand-
ard a Democratic majority of C80 while
Travis county until last year Radical gave
the increased vote of nearly 800 more than
double that of Red River. Wc arc con-
tent to let the matter rest here. Wc have
no wish to detract from the deserved merits
of the Standard nor arc we willing that our
own poor services should be depreciated
and underrated. Wc have labored as faith'
fully as wc could for the Democratic cause
and now when victory has crowned all our
united endeavors we have no idea that an
honest difference of opinion even about
Governor Davis' Indian policy should sep-
arate us from our friends of tho Democratic
While human thought remains free there
will be differences of religious opinion as
wcH as political. Unanimity caa only be
produced by force and then it is only in
outward conformity and not really ia fact.
Before the rise of Protestanism ia Europe
whea the Catholic church held omnipotent
sway from the earliest times as wo learn
from history there was always more or less
difference of religious opinion on matters of
minor importance in belief or ceremonies.
There never wa3 anything like universal
accordance in the religious world and
there is never likely to be. Yet in essen-
tials Christians have always believed alike.
During the long ascendency of the Catholic
church there wero constant disturbances
corutant differences of opinion either
as to matters of doctrine or ct-ro-r.touy
even among the f.iiher3 and
highc.-t church dtgnitari-.-s which nei-
ther the cm '.i r. r the civil laws could
wholly tuppro-?. The controversy about
the Trinity convulsed for years the great
Catholic Church the Unitarian for some
time having the uwndeacy. Th:n came
the divi-Iou of the church Tt.een the
Greek and the Roman and while! the former
ht! I the whole nearly cf Asiaa.n l a portion
of Europe ( wc mean where Chris:ianiy cx-
n' - latter held sway through the most
e . t r. I a portioa of Northern Africa.
The power of the R rja Catholic Church
was great but even ia the z:nith of its
glory it was rever able whh all its watch-
fuTbess ia ...hin-ry an 1 rush-hnicats
us in -rs an J ?.'. .. re tot
j m-ke re :os tu-.-a tdl think alike.
An 1 y-t all l.c tv.r Ul'.oved ia the
run! a ?ul c- cr.tlal doctrines c-f Christianity
jnn l tor o rcls r.-. 1 jr;--irat!"-n? h-.rs :dl
I 1 - a t.' u; ra ri ef wHeh a 1 ..ll.f ::!.. r
Ther? is now a difference of opinion about
the infallibility of the Pope the proper
worship due the Virgin Mother the mar-
riage or celibacy of the priesthood etc.
etc. Ia the Church of England there ex-
ists the difference of High Church and Low
Church and 'this has extended to the
rnodiScation of the same church in
this country. Here lately we read
of an actual split and separation in
the American Episcopal Church. Bishop
Cumming? Dr. Cheeny and others
forming what they call a Reformd
Episcopal Church. Thea wc have the
North and South Presbyterians and the
Cumberland Presbyterians and the North
and South Methodists and tho Reformed
Uethodists and the Missionary and Anti-
Missionary Baptists or the Hard Shedls and
the Soft with any number of smaller de-
nominations Congregationalists Unitari-
ans Christians Quakers Spiritualists and
unnumbered what-nots.- There is now
making aa effort towards Christian Union
seemingly a worthy object but one bound
wc think to fail. Differences of opinion
have existed always and will continue to
exist about minor matters and it is well
perhaps that they do. Truo Christianity is
freedom of tho mind to worship God ac-
cording to the dictates of conscience en-
lightened and purified and an attempted
unity results in persecution and slavery.
A SAINTLY JDEFACLER.
Perhaps Sunday is an appropriate day to
notice a distinguished Radical defaulter
who once filled the 6acred desk and it mav
be now occasionally officiates. Of that
however wo arc not advised. . We allude
to tho Rev. General O. O. Howard long at
the head of tho negro bureau at Washing-
ton. We once had the honor of seeing this
gentleman in Austia and hearing him hold
forth m the African Church. He was pro-
fessedly the great friend of tho colored peo-
ple and has shown his devotion by pocket-
ing the 6mall sum of $278573 which was
appropriated for their benefit. Our author-
ity fcr saying this is the Radical Secretary of
War who reports the fact to Congross and
asks somo legislation on tho matter as it
seems the time has expired in which he
could have been trieel by military court
martial. Why this was so we are not told.
Perhaps because he was professedly a godly
personage and a' noble . friend ol ' the
'man and brother." How could it bo sup-
posed that ho would do wrong? And yet
for 6ome years back suspicions have been
whispered and complaints made about hi3
conduct in relation to the building of the
colored college at Washington. But the
War Department allowed him to go on no
charges were preferred and now it is said
that he cannot bo reached in the regular
military way and the matter i3 referred to
the wisdom of Congress. Here there are
distinguished friends found to uphold his
innocence or prevent his punishment. When
a Democrat Mr. Wood of New York
moved to instruct the committee to report
a bill authorizing his trial by court martial
it was opposed by Mr. Dawes of Massachu-
setts and the Radical majority of the House
sustained him. The matter was referred
without instructions and the committee
may be manipulated to save him. If the
Rev. General Howard the head of the
negro bureau managed to secure for him-
self the snug sum of nearly three hundred
thousand dollars how much of the vast
amount appropriated for the use of the poor
negroes went into the pockets of his army
of under-agents and assistants? Weknov in
Texas how many of them managed to profit
largely by their positions and it was no
doubt the same everywhere else in the
South. It seems they had a fitting head
and that corruption extended from the
crown down to the very soles of the feet.
The amount of rascality perpetrated in this
Christian land since tho war under color of
regard for the poor negroes is incalculable.
And what makes it still worse much of this
was done under the cloak of religion by tho
pretending followers of the blessed Re-
deemer and the ministers at his holy altars.
We say not this to bring reproach on clergy-
men as a class. No one respects them more
highly than oursclf when they aro worthy
of their sacred callings. But when other-
wise they should share the'fate and receive
the punishment of hypocrites and knaves.
At the Tecent election they were only al-
lowed ten- hours. As a consequence the re-
sult will show that from fifty thousand to
seventy-live thousand registered voters did
not vote at all who might have voted but
for the curtailment of the constitutional
time of four days State Journal.
The Journal knows that the latter portion
of the above paragraph is untrue as well as
other statements in the same article from
which it is taken.. There was ample time
given every where for the people to vote
and so 'many were the precincts created by
the county courts that twice and five times
the number could have voted it they had
pleased. The above statement is a willful
and deliberate misrepresentation to use a
mild term avhich the Journal scarcely de-
serves. The Radicals of Texas have been
driven to desperation and they have be-
come careless of what they say or do. They
have lost all sdf respect.
' Wk publish the communication headed
Nc'.v Bureaus because it comes from a gen-
tleman of high character aad standing and
not because it mcct3with our approval. We
are willing the subject should be brought
before the public and the next Legislature
for consideration but cur own opinion is
that there li no present necessity for the
creation cf these new offices and that until
the State of Texas has paid off all her float-
ing debt and made her warrants equal to
specie her Legislature should study econ-
omy and get along with as little expense as
possible. The Comptroller of the State
with a suitable and effective force can per-
form and" should perform for the presenf
all the duties which would be incum'. r.t on
the new bureaus if created.
We rcpuMlsh from the Waco Ks-tmLur
of the ninth instant tho truly excellent aad
cleuent speech of Governor C.kea l.h
arrival home after IU laborious faithful
and nolle canvassed the t'-.ate ti.l been
cmph ted. I: Li u:--it cm; hat; rally tbe
: h of a siitc-min so: 1 a patriot. Lit
j every boor re-l it an 1 t 2 .1. - lingg-al
I over the gr ml rc.-u'.t -wbi-.'i l.a given ca
I f. -r t;.: r four y: rs :ch a Cov-n-r ( f
i r n i
-kJ 1L ill li
i! 1 )
We have often complirneated the Ameri-
can ATiculturi.t as being one of tbe very
best of its class. The December number
now before us is as praiseworthy as any of
its predecessors. The wood cuts are admi-
rable and maclTof the reading matter inter-
esting. The front page has pictures cf two
splendid cows of the short horn breed
raised by the Hon. Samuel Campbell of
New York Mill? and purchased by Lord
Sktlmcrsdalc the one with her c:Uf for
the sum of -$30000. At the same sale Mr.
Alexander-of Kentucky purchased one of
her calves now fifteen months old fcir the
sum of -$19000. The cow sold to Lord
Skelmersdale is called the Duchess of
Oneida and her calf purchased by Mr.
Alexander the Seventh Duchess. Theso
sums for any kind of cows seem enormous
but so it is. The Agriculturitt can bo had
for $1 50 a year in advance. Ornnge Judd
Co. 2 Broadway N. Y.
Tub telegraphic dispatches announce the
offer of services by Gen. Forrest to Gen.
Sherman in caw of a war with Spain aad
a high and merited compliment by Gca.
Sherman to Gen. Forres. Forrest was un-
doubtedly in point of military genius
next to-Stonewall Jp.ekon the greatest
military hero of the civil war. Unlike
Jackjon he had no advantages of early cd-
ucJtion or military training but he pos-
sessed by nature all the leading qualities
which are necessary to make a successful
commander. '. Quickness of conception
boldness and rapidity of execution personal
bravery and an iron will characterize the
man and tho warrior. With a proper mili-
tary education he would have made one of
the greatest generals of the present ago.
As it is wo trust there will be no occasion
for his services in tho military line. Wc be-
lieve the Cuban question will ' be settled
without war and Forrest can pursue his
present railroad avocations and develop all
his many natural talents in civil life.
Reports and rumors havo been spread
about what Governor Davis will "do in re-
gard to the tenure ol .his office. He will
hold until his term expires and until his
successor is properly installed. State
Journal. ' '
This is very indefinite. Is tho Journal au-
thorized to 6peak . for Governor Davis? If
so we ask does Governor Davis sanction
tho article in the San "Antonio Erpre$$ of
December 0 headed "Was the Late Elec-
tion Legal?" Does he hold the late'clection
void and does he intend to hold on a year
or 60 more to his office and order another
election next November to be held at the
court houses? Wc call for answers to these
questions for they are of importance Jo the
people of Texas and may turn out to be of
eome importance to Davis and others.
When the Legislature meets it is likely
they will inaugurate the new Governor of
Texas and put him in the mansion belong-
ing to the State whatever may be Gover-
nor Davis's opinions about the matter.
That the election law under which the
recent election was held is clearly unconsti-
tutional there is not a respectable lawyer in
the State will dare to controvert. State
Why then did Davis approve it? Will
you answer that? Is. Davis "a respectable
lawyer?" Whilo we leave that for the
Journal to 6cttle we will 'say that there is
not a respectable lawyer or sensible man In
the State who doubts the validity of the
election law in .accordance with the true
meaning and intent of tho Constitution.
But the Radicals everywhere have shown
no regard to the Constitutions or "laws
where they had the" power to ride over
them.' But' they have Jiaroly tho power in
Texas and the day has gone by when Grant
or the Congress would interfere to protect
the Texas Radicals in their proposed ras-
TrrrxE 13 an organized society of Ger-
mans in Cincinnati for the purpose of im-
porting and acclimatizing European birds.
Three thousand dollars worth of singing
birds are now on their way to this country.
Wc know not whether tl old world con-
tains a greater number of feathered song-
sters than the new but wedo know that the
peerless. American .mocking bird can beat
them all put together. However we are
glad to sce-this effort of the Germans to in-
crease the tinging power of this beautiful
land. Let tho air be full of melody and
let every boy be soundly thrashed who
wantonly kills a singing bird.
The Houston Ana has made its appear-
ance aa a morning paper with a change of
editors. Dan McGary retires to his country
residence in Washington county and the
Hon. Gustavo Cook late member of the
Thirteenth Legislature takes the helm.
We arc informed however that the indefat-
igable Dan will from "the shades of happy
Stockdale" watch over his growing off-
spring and "occasionally "write an amusing
letter to keep up its spirits. Our best w ashes
attend both the new and the old editor. Wc
notice that the Age has been enlarged and
Wf. have received cumber three of the
Mcsilhi Xevs a new paper published at
Mesilla New Mexico. From it we learn
that a new and more favorable pa?3 through
the Guadalupe Mountains has been found
by the surveyor of the Texas and Pacific
road about half way between El Paso and
Mesilla by which there caa be a good
wagon road oa to Sherman and Dallas and
the JVe:' thinks the trade of Southern' New
Mexico should be directed from Colorado
to that direction. As the Xcr'i s.iy why
The Jnsrnal lias no use for a "two faced
politician." Neither have we. A man who
as Governor of a utc sworn to obey the
Coastltatioa and laws thereof could :gn
and srprove ta f lection law issue his proc-
lamation for an election make the caava-s
under it and th a when beaten by thirty-
five cr forty thousand votes turn roun 1
and prono-mce the election unron'titutlona'
illegal and Void is unworthy the assocL-
tioa of decent hone: men. Whit f-vs tbe
We must est r-. vor torpri-e at an trlclc
which we have f t-a in a Lie rom." - r cf tl.-j
Di' o-;;.- ".? :..:-4i-i tl: c;-y d a-s-
tia." It d-y: g-e-t i.-ij -:.." - l r-or :
as a vvl.d? an 1 5. to ?: s j hare hec-a tn-
i-i'-o:. ir.rs- h o cf v'i-f. v;:v
- t .
1 V -
Fkom the returns already received it is
now probable that the majority of Governor
Coke will reach 40.C00. This is a grand re-
sult. And yet ia the face cf this over-
whelming verdict of the people- the Radi-
cals are already loudly talking of sitting it
aside and continuing their reign indefi-
nitely. If Governor Davis does not sanc-
tion this revolutionary scheme it is hi duty
to put atep to hi organ" who arc boldly
avowicg it or at least to separate himself
from them by a public ftatcracnt to the con-
trary. The illegal and revolutionary ravings
of the Radical papers supposed to bo inh':
confidence aro v eil calculated to get up
excitement which wc arc inclined to think
is their intention. Let our friend all keep
cool. When the Legislature meet wc havo
no doubt that it will act with firmness as
well as wisdom. The people are not to be
cheated out of their rights by any bold end
bra7.en faced usurpation.
We havo no desire of controversy nnd
indeed wish if ro?sil!c to avoid it but
we must be nllowtil to say that the Galves-
ton JYttrj adds nothing to its respectability
by republishing ia its columns tho charge f
tho Victoria Ad corn (e that the Statesman
is in the pay of the International Railroad
Company. We have several times pro-
nounced thi charge false and calumnious
and not a particle of proof has been given
to sustaia it. '
We arc told that President Grant refuses
to accept Sickles's resignation. lie holds
on to a bad appointment like a brutal bull
dog. Sickles was never lit for tho position
of Minister to Spain or Minister anywhere-
else. It was an insult to Spain to send him
there implying that they would care but
littlo for one's private character or feel ia
sympathy with it however disgraceful.
Tho sooner Sickles comes back tho better
for both countries nnd better still had ho
never been sent there.
The San Antonio Kxirc ! -which is but a
dull weak echo of the Statu Journal has
near a column of nonsense and bravado
.about the lato election being null -and void
and comes to the jackassical conclusion that
an election must bo held next November un-
der the old law at the court houses only
and that in the meantime the present offi-
cers will hold oa auother year. Take care
scalawag's there is a tin c "when torbear-
ance ceases to be a virtue" . '
The Journal takes' exception to our say-
ing that wc did not believe Governor Davis
such an ass or a knave ns the Journal would
make him. Wc take it all back. 1 Wc be-
gin to believe he is. Unless lie stops the
mouths of his organs from uttering their
unlawful threats and bold defiances of tho
will of the people of Texas he will show
himself both the one and the other.
We are glad to notice that Sei ator Ham-
ilton has introduced a bill for tho building
of an United States court houso and post-
office in this city. Both are needed and it
i3 time the general government expended
some of its money hero for the purposes in
dicated. One sufficiently large building
would suffice for botli the posloffico below
aud the court rooms above. We hope the
bill will pass for its object is ju.-t nnd
We would call the attention of the Rad
ical Attorney General to the fact that the
election declaration which ho tries to ig
norc was appended to the Constitution is
published with it aud signed by E. J.
I Davis President of the Convention and
other members thereof showing the opinion
alien entertained by these gentlemen of the
kbinding character of the declaration.
Tin: only improper conduct at the late
election which we have noted in our ex-
changes was on the part of the blacks. In
two instances recorded negroes for voting
the Democratic ticket were assaulted and
beaten by their own brethren. This t-hows
the sort of freedom the negroes arc willing
Fr.'j.u the Burnet county Lxpo)ut wo
learn tho vote of Lampasas county but not
the vote cf Burnet except the town precinct
which gave Wcstfall 130 and Hamilton 20.
Coke received 133 and Davis 21. The vote
of Lampasas county was Coke 3G3 Davis 0;
Wcstfall 257 Hamilton 132. Well done
We republish with sorrow the obituary
of our old friend Col. Oscar P. Bowles of
Bryan. We have linown him for thirty-
four years and can bear witness to the truth-
fulness of its representations. Peace to the
ashes of our old friend w ho was but a little
older than oursclf.
The Galveston X r Ims inJormation from
Fort Sill that the Comanche will not give
up their murderer and that the military
will be used to arrtst tln-m. It op-piehends
trouble to the people cn the frontier and to
the government surveyors.
The State Jkm d li t mailt red up
courage enough to publish two eh.-.tion re-
turns from Webb t.nd Nuccrs the one jiv-
ing Davis 401 i.utjority and the other 10.
Nueces ia the home of Governor Davis nr. 1
that makes the majority more Rurprising.
The Fort Worth I)a"-rat of tho birth
instant com-s to u without a single return
cf the election ia that county. It has g--.ne
Democratic of cour.-.e but by Low mm h?
How did this ha;ijH-!i?
Ti.'C I la Ileal new-; ..per of Tcv. i are be-
ginning to t-a-e do vn a'-out breaking vp
the State govt rro.u' r.t of Ttvi-. Tt.ty have
probably hoard that lhcy cannot bs ba' h-.d
ia their revolutionary b. b-r-s by the p vAtr
at .).' rn.
I t t-j ! f.: (;
A ." '. i. i r 1 r a I t -:
IOm t:'ei i .. ;.! .je f..:i
A a ue; .-!-:.. ;i. t
I V ! to '- . I;.'
V. ii "a 1 .. . ' - .. i
r '. a .-r- ... ". -.. ;1
'i u j..o.i.; i .- is v-ti 1
I re-' ft ': ; '.r !
A:.0 1 ; -'V-
I v to !- -."
I ' " I
l an s.
' - -
I rafcUatW every men.':: er.c- ;t Y .
AAJL I i i
A 1 fe v-:!!'". corr-'-m .r . ; (-- e
. . 1 -- - ..
should t ai.ire--J iu
TUa Latcl i;:cetSou ."Sen.
Go:. nit DVf-a'..-r4 Ul
r.dll -n ; D. ir.ix-r.H'.i -. .. .. v ...
with send you tho najorbi rrc .;u..j
county for the person reamed b- V v ' V'
tion last Tv lav:
Coke CS. Hublard C7. D.trdei c: C-
40 DornC7 Friend forS- a-;. 4 !''
for House SJ; Roger- for the Ii'.-.ttC.-.;
Linn for tho House C7. V.V ele-. rol i
county ticket rxccvt for di.-tri-1 c'.-Vk
The Radical Kf.-.-othe ih-rd vV l '
that they would carrv ih'. !- - .1 .
have bcr.trnthem by ult-u: the s.i-.ne v.ti'. .
ty wo did last ye:.. Your tc.'v::.n::a v
Craft did not set '.'.- wvds or pr.. '.. . ;
lire wiuia in uo sou. on. i t!.mk that l.
annt'.anncft I-'i I tho ri" t.t nm-ui .
ph) to renewed exertion -i I tn: t our tick
14 elected by such an ovirwhe-h'.i;-t-rr m.-.b :
ly as woi oury j; 1.1.0;:; : i so. . iUv tl
other fh.-ht or s:e!l ol toe -.. a ? v.;
'r agala disturb our romle. Tho
return you can relv 0:1 1 ! in n-ailv e--.
i v . s. . " . . -:
nun mi nu w;.t Ci r; rsoov.4 v 1 4...
so difference. Wish:-- ......
good cause. .
N.eooiHcur-4 Deo. I 1
ftlitor JVi:iiv-!.'Ar .S.'.j.-jv.-.-.-v: N.i..-.--oches
count V rave tb ..- o.
ticket COO nrtaoi.tv. Al.no r. t
not vote although- n fall ci.lure 1 vete
nearly so was polled.
J?aaAUUttuc County is rope rt . IbuV. 1
San Ei.tZAUto December !;; bb
2."i.'V;' );. vr.'iV St. "v. ; ibi
is right in El Paso county we h tt b.veo.
clear majority of 400 for 'the IV-am.;.
ticket. Our vote has b'ca rather sm M :
ia consequence of the failure of 0:1 r t o
crop many voters arc absent la '..Me. re be
"-"J (- - va aa tt-ie 44 iJ 4-1)
against us. Davis ha tmt m -re ih.rt '
votc9. Very respectfully
r cAas JkllowAU
G. W. Wan:..
Imvincf -v v 1 rl .s - .a . t' .
LFor tha IVmocr.-itle Mate-imta
Bnr.NiiAM December U lol-h
The election being over i- it ma well 1
begin to inquire about what logb.h.tion i.. -
bn tirrvtinr n:il mci4iuirv nn tiw u?! r.f i'
approaching Logislaiurt ?
Believing that the discus-'... -a of uay to
all proposed changes n our lr . i by
through tho pres. will have a favombh- i
suit-1 nronoso brieilv tnnc-'i'si to tin" l.c
islature and people the iieeessity: of ln b-
... 1 1 a .1.. V." .
partment oi our Mato governm-.nt. um:
. t.ut 4. v.. .. -'fj ... . . .. i :
uu gitivu iikj iliswi.tiitv; 111. e.i.i. vo.
wm Havo vuurgo in tut iio-ur.i.it t; tiit.i
nrpsa cnrananiM in ihn Statei. mi. I v .
;i ii -
all such companies hhall report. Tho oib-
to be st vied the "Bureau of Iniei iod b
provements" The imdiipHelty -T
charters to which is added -tho v.ui ...
charters for canal and other im; ;- 'e..i m
would seem to rcquir? one compi u-r.!. be:.
to collect collate mid ico .it ta t :; m -
through the Legislature f.t.-.mr.lly the 40 . I
tion of thr.-c corporation.
I deem it unnecessary to i.d r any tn
ment In support "oriho" e-.talili-l.mi at
.1 t . .
iiicse uureae.f as 1 lie nores-ny or prop.
of the course will readily sio-ov- i it b.f
those who will examine the mattt r.
If it shall appear to be j-.f-t -r.ry she- .'
this matter btf discu-s-i .1 I ma :'.';
uirougn jour couiinu borne n'ajoi j.i ;.'.
port of them. What say the pre---?
Ib lb J.
' Died. In Bryan Texas on tho two.
1VE-.1 t K I . 1 .1 nt .
limn i! iiuvrniuiT 1910 v.eo. t' ar 1
Bowles in the sixty-third vcr of 1.!
Col O. P. Bowles was a native of Vir: In-
He removed thence to (be S-.U: of Ibi--1
...u . 1 ... '1.1 . .... .
ttippi w iieru lie ioug resiue i w.riie'- to .
Marcos ia Western Texas r.al " -.-.;i;e:-ly
to the town of Bryan. It na ti e
-1UILUUU I'l ll.U niKll LIT . .1. U Ll V '
Bowles ia all the relations of r.'o :
husband father friend aod (iiiren e.-.i.l t
man ever fulfilled the do.ties of the- pt.
tions with a larger measure of je-tb
fidelity. As a hutl-aml and f.ttht-r 1.
affectionate and devoted ij the c!ii
human tendcrnc-s; a a I'rii-nd I bibb.! :.
unswerving under cvtry clrcuru -t..a. e; :
na a citizen liberal to the 1 ng-1 :;. :.;
advancing the inter -st of the ;.
people among whom hi I.t was .1.-;.
The evidences t)f hi z. al i-.ioi li!. rabty
thi respect marked a new era in the f-
of Bryan nnd will stand forever a mo:
merits of his public fpirit.
The private charities and -. lie-.'.: net
Col. Bowie were larger and morv fr'.:.
than the public were aware of A n
never asked a favor that w;.) n .!. ';:m.i!
and a deaf car was never tmr.o I to t' 0 -
citations of charity.
He tlecp by tlie t-.ide at hi li'f.-1 hb b
who have.prees 'led him to 1!
and the briohi (bovcr-t of cr
upon the t'rnve of r.o I.eiH r or ion..' - h
man than the menu who-.' ..
and whose memory v ill evi r i.
our heart h. Peart: to hi s o a!
comfort nnd istit:dti hi I r -littlo
ones. Goh it'on .. m.
.) v'e n
CoitltECTloN. On- by our- the f . . .:--in'
of great men v.m h b.-.v.: .. . j
history and beroiar: trvl-tlofid pom-- -
being abnoluttly c ept .:ii r.f i--;l-
the historical mono ! i- Tl.n . 1 - .
cuffcr this crurl fate i tb" f . ..
lion. fordfe!:-' but i:-t a t.t .; '.'.'
When nf":!j tight. v v ;?.; . ; - ;
nrythcn .Minister to lb-. v ;
by tho jircdect o-s. r of lim I) ..;
nnd v.:.i i:.f .r---. 1 !' -0 t'. - .-
cert-bu fum inlgi.t t" tt tb ! ! :
pate btrtwei n the tn . r .o. . ;
Htt that (h n. Pinkn-v io ! . 0
"Millions for d-f-.mv' b 1 -. ; -'
tribute" An 1 e..r ;:.. u :
i-itien of Cb. rl :.--.-n. rO tt. - .1
.in-..--u;.'.o;C .1 . ..':oy t.. . : r ; .
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Weekly Democratic Statesman. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 21, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 18, 1873, newspaper, December 18, 1873; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth277469/m1/1/: accessed January 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .