The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 21, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 8, 1919 Page: 1 of 12
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Founded by w. &. Ktog. '"The itepubi unm fan ne iihipf All EUe la The Sea." Fred Douglas. ti&o Per Annum
TOL. 26 NO. 21. ' . DALLAS TEXAS SATURDAY MARCH 8 1919. . ' FBICB KIVK CUM-s
- i fl I .ii i ' " - 11 ' -
H 19 Llli h IrA
' Now that the war is over and labor
Is adjusting itself to peace conditions
the question arises as to whether
Negroes are going to continue to have
i the same opportunities which they
had while the war was on to And
employment in all sorts of occupants.
The war gave the Negroes the great-
est economic opportunities they have
.had since their emancipation. The
nation in general and capital in par-
ticular came to have a greater ap-
preciation of their value as an eco-
nomic asset. ' The question now con-
fronting them is will these exceptlon-
- al opportunities continue?'
An Important after war industri-
2 Family 2 Room
al opportunity which Is being afford-
ed Negroes is through the Chicka-
saw Ship building Plant at Mobile
Alabama. This plant i-operated by
the same officers as the Tennessee
Coal Iron and Railroad Company
both companies being subsidiaries of
the United States Steel Corporation
and hovrbircls 'of- "thorn - all- ot the
resources and capital which this cor-
poration 'controls. In the establish-
ing of the Chickasaw plant many mil-
lion dollars are being expended. It
is the purpose t of this company to
use a very large proportion of Ne-
groes probably som five thousand
or more in the permanent work of
building ships. The Chickasaw plant
Is not a "War Baby" that will close
when exigences of the war situation
have 'passed but the Cramps Shop
Yard and the Newport News Ship-
building Company it is to permanent-
ly build ships to go upon the seas.
The Chickasaw Shipbuilding Com-
pany affords a great After War Op-
portunity for Negroes. It is a great
opportunity not only because of the
number of Negroes to be employed.
rV $1$ tinfoil : . : WW&k
ESCAPE WITH MORE THAN $4000. TIMELY WITHDRAWAL
OF $20000 FOR PAY ROLL BY ROCK ISLAND PREVENTS
ROBBERS FROM MAKING BIG HAUL
By the Associated Press.
Chicago 111. March 6. The timely
withdrawal of $20.0f0 by Rock l3land
railroad officials fvom the Merchant's
bank 4649 South State street pre
vented three Negro pay roll robbers'
from making a big haul on the bank
shortly before noon.
'The three Nsgroes entired the
bank revolvers In hand md forced
Miss Grace Pb'llips . the caihier and
William Nichols a salesman llvirg
at the'windsor-Cllfton hotel Into the
private office of President J P.' Casey
of the bank and escaped with be-
twer x 4000 and $5000. '
A deposit of 125000 had been made
at the bank to meet' the Rock Island
pay roll today but $20000 had been
withdrawn an hour before the rob-
bery. Miss Phillips was In the cashier's
cage when the three robbers drove
up to the bank In a big green auto-
mobile without a license number.
While one of the robbers forced Nich-
ols Into the private office the other
two pointed their revolvers at Miss
Phillips and ordered her to "open the
safe. She replied that there was no
money left in the vault and that
she did not know the combination.
As the robbers turned away Miss
Phillips attempted to reach under
the counter for a revolver but her
action was seen by the third rol.ber
who snatched the gun from her band
before she could use It She then
' was locked In the office with Nichols.
The robbers put all the money In
sight into a sack ran to the autc-
tiioblle and disappeared north on
State street-to 46tb street and th;nce
to Federal street where trace of them
Tn the meantime Miss Phillips Lad
but also as to' the lines of work
that are to be open to them. They
are not to be confined to unskilled
labor but are to be given opportuni-
ty to enter every H"e of work that
the plant affords. This company is
to build the new kind of ships thone
constructed out of fabricated steel.
(The plates for these ships are to be
manufactured in the plate shops at
Fairfield a surburb of Birmingham
If the Negroes make good the two
plants- Fairfield and Chickasaw will
employ a total of some five thousand
or more of them. It is assumed that
Negro labor is going to make good.
House Type 10-S
telephoned the pollca who appeared
and took up the trail of the robbers.
The Merchants bank is a private
Institution owned by a real esUte
dealer. It was robbed" about two
years ago of about $lC0O.
The police have identhied the auto-
mobile as the machine used by three
Negroes who late last night entered
the office of the Standard Oil Com-
pany 3302 Prairie avenue and rob-
hed Her.;y Frecke the agent of "100.
The same car waa seen by Detectives
Hofran and Kennedy at i800 .fouth
LaSalle street at 9:30 a. m. today be-
fore the bank 'robbery.
In telling of the . hold up Nichols
prized Miss Phillips for her coolness
and at'empt to frustrate the robbers
In the face of danger.
The automobile used by the three
Negro bandits who robbed the Mer-
chants band today was recovered
by the police shortly after noon at
38th Street nnd Cottage Grove ave-
nue . where It has been abandoned.
The automobile was stolen last night
at 6 o'clock from Robert Read. 2807
Prairie avenue and the license tags
removed. The car had a bullet hole
through the rear seat supposedly as
tne result of a revolver battle be-
tween the Netrroes and policemen fol-
lowing a holdup at 3302 Prairie ave-
nue last night.
"JIM TROW LFOIST.ATTOff AT-
TEMPTED Iff KANSAS.
By the Associated Negro Press.
Topeka Ks March 6. Preceeded
with an address by W. C. Heuenton
a Colored Lawyer the Colored People
of Toneka held a mass meeting and
extended thankf to Governor Allen
the Republican party and the news-1
papers for the interest t maniresttfO
in behalf of the recent attempt to
establish "jfm crow" legislation In
This assumption is' being based on
the experience that the Tennessee
Coal Iron and Railroad Company
under which the Chickasaw Ship-
building Company is operated' has
had as being tlio largest employer of
Negro labor In the United States.
This company which operates in the I
Birmingham (Alabama) Dlstrict.-em-1
ploys altogether In its coal mines
iron mines blast .furnaces coke '
plant rolling mills and steel works
some fifteen thousand Negroes. This
group of laborers on the whole has
been found to be dependable and to
a greater or lesser degree efficient.
There is also the example of the suc-
cess which the Newport News Ship-
building Company has had in employ-
ing several thousand Negroes In the
construction of ships.'
Assuming therefore that Negro la-
borers are going to make good there
has been erected in "advance for
them both at the Fairfield plant and
at the Chickasaw plant nearly two
thousand modern bungalow cottages
of from two to six rooms which arc
attractive in appearance completely
soreaned including the porches well
drained and have proper ventilating
facilities. Running water electric
lights and all sanitary provisions of
a moedrn up-to-date village are pro-
vided. Exceptional educational . fa-
cilities are furnished for the chil-
dren of the Negro workmen who are
to be employed 'at these plants. At
each place . several thousand dol-
lars have been expended in erecting
modern up-to-date school buildings
where the children of the employees
will have nine months schools every
year under the direction of the best
instructors that can be secured. The
class rooms are well equipped with I
First Barge Launching at Chickasaw
DEMOCRATS OF THE SOUTH WANT
ONE LAST tiRAB AT PUBLIC
WANT U. S. TO BUY COTTON
Threaten filibuster i Against Wheat
Bill Unless They Are Taken
Care of. '
Washington. One of the features
of the last days of this session Is a
belated attempt of the Southern De-
mocrats to ' conduct a raid on the
public Treasury of wholesale propor-
tions Northern members of Congress
Evidence of the intention of the
Democrats to get their share while
the getting is good is seen in three
legislative proposals now before the
Congress. These are:
1. The $1000000000 wheat bill
which the Southern members insist
should be amended to- have the Gov-
ernment buy the cotton crop at the
war price of SO cents a pound.
2. The public buildings bill short-
ly to be reported by Chairman Frank
Clark of Florida containing an ap-
propriation for almost every Con-
gressional district In the South.
3. The rivers and harbors bill as
reported to the Senate by Chair-
man Fletcher of Florida containing
among other appropriations for some
Forlda works never heard of before
by many of the members.
Cotton Again Demands Favoritism.
The Southern Democrats it is
charged are threatening a filibuster
against the bill to enable the Govern-
ment to carry out its guarantee of
a $2.26 wheat price unless it be
amended to carry the provision for
the purchase of lie cotton.
"If the Government is to hand the
farmers of tho Went this money why
fm ; m w m
kD U IT vU Uu
ft id in
maps black boards' globes ani ad-
justable desks. ; . ' ' . '
In the construction of the plant
at Chickashaw. The Negro was given
opportunity to do skilled work. Onoof
the division Superintendents in car-
penter work was a Colored man N.
W. Goodson he had under him
twenty-two foremen and some two
hundred and fifty carpenters who In
the construction of houses office
buildings and baima showed their
ability. It was1 reported that these
men both In !the quality of work
done and In out-put ' equalled the
work done by ; the white carpenter
gangs which were used at Chicka
4 ' ;
ijf-.y' 1 V.. ".v...- 1
d - c t-T - r" fr v.
I'm: .T .' iJf. - ... ..-a. . ' Mr- riv;'t"'J'V M- -"V '"T
not hand out something to cotton
growers of the South?" Js the in-
quiry they are making tn justifica-
tion of their move. Jest how far the
Southerners will go with this project
and whether they actually will as
threatened filibuster against the
wheat' bill is not known but they
have succeeded so far In prevenflng
any sort of regulation of cotton.'
The Soutl rn members when cot-
ton was doubling and trebling Itself
In value during the war Btrnously in-
! siated that there ought not to be any
limit whatever on the price of cot-
ton and that the grower should get
whafever he could for It.
A proposal of Bernard M. Baruch
chairman of the War Industries
Board to set a price on cotton was
the s'trnal for a storm of protest
from the Southerners only last fall
and the project had to be abandoned.
Now that the war Is over and cotton
becoming less valuable the Southerh--.
rs are insisting that cotton ought
to receive the same treatment as
Southern Districts Get . "Taken
The public buddings bill about to
be offered to the House Chairman
Clark says is a measure' to relieve
unemployment In the country. Its
size is not yet settled but it will
appropriate mar.y millions of dollars.
It will appropriate money for more
than 200 Congressional districts in
the United States and. only a few
Congressional districts in the South
do not receive a slice of the appro-
priation. A determined effort was made r.ome
time ago by the Northerners on the
committee including two or three
Democrats to prevent the bill from
being reported and it was successful
for a time. But Chairman Clark res-
urrected the bill untfer the guise of
a measure to relieve unemployment
and mustered enough strength to get
a majority to vote to report a bill.
"COLOR LINE" AND THE LEAGUE
By the Associated Negro Prens.
Washington D. C. March 6. Har-
per Leecu a special correspondent
of The Memphis (Tenn) Press in an
extensive -article in 'that paper de-cla-es
that the matter of the "Color
Line" may imperial the League of
Nations. He declares that Austra-
lia Pacific Oast South Africa and
the Southern United . States are r-
tally affected by the proposed abdi-
cation of racial distinctions.
The Chickasaw plant was estab-
lished in the early part of 1918.
Among the first work started was a
riveting school where Colored men
could be trained in ship construction.
This was necessary bocause in the
lower South steel ship construction
had not been going on. There were
in this section practically no work-
men skilled in building ships. Ex-
cepting the instructors all in the
school are Negroes. In Bpite of the
difficulties of the labor situation and
the scarcity of laborers several bun-
ched and a fourth one la on the
etinj work and are engaged in the
-rr s M-
ii: j-m .r
construction of steel barges. Three
of these barges 140 feet long and
25 feet beam have already been laun
ched and a fourth one Is on the
way and will soon be . ready to go
In to the water. These barges are
the handiwork of these recently train-
ed Negro ship -constructors. An im-
portant advantage of this riveting
school is that the men are being
paid while being taught receiving
around thirty-six cents. - per hour
When they become efficient as rivet
ers they will be able to earn from
5.00 to 8.00 per day and in ex-
ceptional cases even more.
The following are some of the par
ticular lines of work that will be
open to Negroes at the Fairfield late
shops and the Chickasaw Shipbuild-
ing plant when the work at these
plants gets fully under way there
will be anglcsmlths and anglesmith's
strikers and helpers. They will bend
and weld angle frames and staple
work for the bulkheads and ' water-
(Continued on page 4).
By the Associated Negro Press.
Birmingham Ala. March 6. Every
section of the south is becoming
deeply "concerned about the attltnde
of tho returned Nero soldiers from
France. "ReWned Negro Soldiers;
some words ot Sober Ooursel"' pro-
ceeds to dclare; "It is to be feared
that a new cause of friction is li-
able to arise In the south . betw een
the two races. There Is an opinion
prevalent among many white people
to a greater.' or less" degree that
these Colored soldiers . have come
back with their heads turned'; that
they believe themselvps to be worthy
ot the greatest consideration in all
respects and that they are inclined
to Insist upon such a consideration
and upon recognition in ways they
did not urge before their service In
the army." -
It Is argued by Negro leaders in
this section that If the white people
have- that impression at leat they
have the correct Idea on something
connected with tho Negro. However
The News proceeds to point out that
this 1b an erroneous impression and
that it is probably true that these
black boys who went to France are
willing to plod along In the old ways.
However is It all too true that Ne-
groes of the Southland arenotpre-
ared to accept the former positions
in life those of cowardice cringing
and servitude. There is a growing
determination to have a. clean cut
show down ot facts and figures In
an effort to get" equal Justice."
There is a newer and bolder element
of whites who are Joining with the
Intelligent' Negroes of the South in
the plan to make right the law of
CONVICTS AND SENTENCES 16 WHITE MEM FOR ATTEMPT
TO TAKE NEGRO FROM JAIL WHILE ALABAMA ACQUITS
; 18 FOR ACTUAL LYNCHING
Tne National Association Tor the
Advancement of Colored People
through Its Secretary John R. Shll-
lady of New York makes public a
letter of commendation sent to Gov-
ernor Thomas W. Bickett of North
Carolina for the action taken by
officials of that state in Winston-
Salem Surry County in- securing
the conviction and sentence of fifteen
of sixteen men Indicted for attempt-
ing to take Russel High a .Negro
from the jail at WinstonnSalem on
November 17 last and lynch him
the terms ranging from fourteen
months to six years. The Associa-
tion congratulates the officials upon
their action in the case and declares
thtt "the State of North Carolina
has set an example which may well
be emulated by Other states In this
country In which mob' violence and
The Association contrasts tne com-
meu.lable action of the North Caro-
lina authorities with that of the
recent trials of eighteen men at Tub-
curabla Ala. in which all of the men
were acquitted although clearly
guilty of lynching a Negro in Novem
ber of. last year and calls attention
to the fact that North Carolina pun-
ished men for attempting to . lynch
while the Alabama authorities could
not secure a conviction for an actual
lynching. The association's letter fol
SNOWDEN CASE ATTRACTS
I NATION-WIDE INTEREST?
Oil This decision Kests Negroes
Chance to Sit on Petit Juries.
By the Associated Negro Press.
Baltimore Md. March 6. The city
and the whole state are aroused
over the refusal of Governor Har-
rington to commute the sentence of
John Snowden to life Imprisonment.
Snowden was convicted of the
murder of Lottie Brandon white
a year ago. Tho case was appealed
and the decision of the lower court
sustained. Final appeal waa made to
the United States Supreme Court
this week on the ground that Snow-
den was tried by a "jury of his
peers" that is that there were no
Colored men on the Grand Jury or
on the trial jury.
It is also alleged in the appeal
to the highest c ;urt of the land
that excitement and race prejudice
were .so rampant at the trial that
the reer form of indictment and pas-
sing of sentrsco were not gone thru
by the Court.
Should this case be passed favor-
ably by th Supreme Court Colored
people will no longer be barred from
service on coroners and petit juries
In this state.
Late Monday the Gorernor was
visited by reresentatlves from the
Jury which passed sentence on
Snowlen and resent.! a petition sirred
by 11 of them praying commuta-
tion of the sentence to life imrlson-
inent. Petition was miso resented by
60 white 'business men of Annapolis
where the crime was committed.
Four hundred persons mostly white
filled every available space in the
Governor's private office and urged
that Snowdeis life be spared.
No such demonstration In behalf
of a Colored man convicted of crime
has been witnessed before in the
history of the state.
The Governor remained obdurate
In his refusal to commute the sen-
tence and it is said tha. he is In-
fluenced in his decision by his south-
ern wife. ' ' i '
White and Colored peorle so far
havj raised more than $3000 In
flghtlnt his case through to the
Supreme Court The conviction Is
state wide that the woman's husband
committed the crime.
St. Louis Negro Claims to be
Father ot Forty . Children.
By the Associated Negro Press.
St. Louis. March 6. B. B. Banks
a Negro who lives in Benton St
Louis county says he is the ratner
of 40 children.
Banks asserts that all his "babies'
are alive. He says he has six sons
In France. "
Banks was discovered In Division
No. 5 of the circuit court where he
was a plaintiff in an action against
the Clover Leaf Casualty Company
seeking judgment of $500 f r alleged
persona) Injuries suffered while em-
ployed at a steel plant
"I've been married three times"
Banks said. "By my first wife 1 had
28 children. She's dead. My seiond
.vife no children. I dlwed her. I
had 22 children by my third wife."
Feb. 24. VJ19.
Hon. Thomas W. Bickett Gov.
Raleigh N. C.
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People wish-
es to commend In the highest terras '
the action taken by your state and
the authorities of Surry County in
convicting and sentencing to terms .
ranging from fourteen months to six
years on the county roads fifteen
of the sixteen men who attempted
to lynch Russell High a Colored '
man at Winston-Salem on Nov. 17. '
The precedent which North Caro-
lina has set is one which all law-'
abiding and justice loving people will
commend. The method which you
have inaugurated of causing lynch-
ing to be as dangerous for the lyn-
chers as for the victims is one of.
If not. the most potent means by
which the practice of lynching and
mob violence will be stamped out.
The action which you and the
authorities of your state have taken
is especially gratifying when it is
noted that the men punished were
not guilty of lynching but rather of
an attempt to lynch. The result
of the trials of these men is In oharp
contrast to that of the trials of
eighteen men indicted and tried for
lynching recently In Tuscumbla Ala.'
in which case the men Indicted al-
though clearly guilty of participa-
tion In the mob that lynched a Ne-
gro In November of last year were
freed after a trial which was little "
more than a farce.
The state of North Carolina has
set an example which may well be
emulated by other states In this
country in which violence prevails.
Very truly yours.
Signed: JOHN R. SHILLADY.
By the Associated Negro Press.
Chicago 111. March 6. The pri-
mary election in Chicago resulting
In the nomination of Mayor William
Hale Thompson on the Republican
ticket and Robert M. Sweitzer on
the Democratic ticket; romlses Chic--agoans
and the nation the most
interesting political contest ever
held in an American municipality.
It Is a well known fact that the
Republicans of Chicago are placed In
a rather embarraslng position par-
ticularly that group who have fought
the present mayor and his ad alnistra-
tion. All througb the campaign it
was publicly stated that the National
Republican Committee through Chair-
man Will Hays of Indiana desired
to have Judge Olson nominated as
the harmony candidate particularly
because it was stated that Mayor
Thompson had been lukewarm In
his demonstration of patriotism du-
gring the War. All the great dally
newspapers opposed Thoc pson and
particularly The Tribune and the
Daily News which are Chicago's chief V
dailies.- Notwithstanding Thompson
won out by more than B9.000 votes.
Even now there is no generrl dispo-
sition to "bury the hatchet" and
support him and there Is expected to
be "big doings" politically within
the next week.
In it all the Negro vote i of Chi-
cago are "regardless of -low dls-;
tasteful it may seem to sorue" quot-
ing The Tribune the "ace in the
hole" speaking in one fi;-ure; and
'he "stallar attraction a.mlts lhat
the nationally famous Second Ward
In Chicago controls absolutely city
elections. There Is more politics to
the snuarr inch played In th; t ward
than in any other section of the city.
Every candidate gives most respectful
consideration to the voters therein
and the next mayor will have to
thank the voters of that ward for
But there is going to be something
doing in Negro politics in Chicago
henceforward. The nomination of
Alderman Louis B. Anderson present
official for the second term defeat-
ing former Alderman Oscar DePrlest
who waa ousted from council on
bribery charges afterward cleared in
one trial but still under ending In-
dictments has only served to stir -
up Interest among the younger
oration of voters returned soldiers
and women. The returned soldiers
who seem to have selected as the
spokesman Capt Lewis E. Johnson a
hero of the French battlefields de-
clare thHt the time has come tor the
men who "Bared their breasts to the
enemy fire should have somu say
in political matters ami that those
who have been living at the public
trough for years and yaars ami en-
riching thcaujelves must ster down
The boys have all been demobi-
lized and they have had several
conferences regarding tbe'x plwns
for the future and it Is certain that
their decision will have wonderful
effect on results. ' 1
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The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 21, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 8, 1919, newspaper, March 8, 1919; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth278251/m1/1/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .