The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 22, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 15, 1919 Page: 1 of 16
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Founded by W. EL Kings -
YOL. 2. NO. 22.
PROVOST MARSHAL GBIERAL'S
TELLS AUTHORITATIVELY OF THE PATRIOTISM VALOR AND
CHEERFUL SERVICE OF COLORED AMERICANS. THE
LABORS OF SPECIAL ASSISTANT SCOTT COMMENDED.
Washington D. C. March 13 1919.
The following extract from the
official report of the Provost Marshall
General of the United States' Army
to the Sccreatry of War gives a high-
ly interesting and informing story
of the part played by the Colored
soldiers who were called to the de-
fense of the flag of this nation
through the operation of the Selective
. "The part that has been played by
the Negro in the great world drama
upon which the curtain is now about
to fall is but another proof of the
complete unity of the various ele-
- xnents that go to make up this great
Nation. Passing through the sad and
rigorous experience of slavery; ush
ered into a sphere of civil and po-
litical activity where he was to match
his endeavors with those of his for-
mer masters still embittered by de-
feat; gradually working his way tc-
ward the achievement of success that
would enable both him and the world
to Justify his new life of freedom:
surrounded for over half a century
of his new life by the spector of that
slavedom through which he bad for
centuries past laborously toiled; met
continuously by tne prejudice born
of tradition; still the slave to a
large extent of superstition fed by
i Ignorance in the light of his history
some doubt was felt and expressd
by the best friends of the Negro
when the call came for a draft upon
the man-power of the Nation whether
. he would possess sufficient Btamnia
- to measure up to the full duty of
citizenship ' and would give to the
' Stars and Stripes that had guaran-
teea ror mm the same liberty now
sougnt lor an nations and all raoee
the response that was its due. And
on the part of the leaders of the Ne-
gro race there was apprehension
the sense of fair play and dealing
' which Is so essentially an American
characteristic would not nay could
not in a country for such diversifi-
ed views with sectional feeling still
slumbering but not dead be meted
out to the members of the Colored
"How groundless such fears how
111 considered such doubts may be
seen from the statistical record of
the draft with relation to the Negro.
His race furnished its Quota and
uncomplainingly yes cheerfully.
History indeed will be unable to
record the fullness of hip spirit in
the war for the reason tLat oppor-
tunities for enlistment were not open-
ed to him to the same extent aa to
the whites. But enough can be gath-
ered from the records to show that
he was filled with the a'me feeling
of . patriotism . the same martial
citizen in the cause for world freedom.
citizen in the cause for world fredom.
"As a general rule he was fair in
his dealing with draft officials; and
in t.'e majority of cases having the
assistance of white employers he was
Poro:CoPege Entertains 369th
Inf. Replacement Soldiers
Special to the Dallas Express.
St Louis Mo. March 12. The
'"PORO" College Co ft whirh Mr.
- and Mrs. Aaron Malone ara proprie-
tors opened their Cc liege to the Re-
placement Soldiers of the 369th In-
. fantry last Saturday and made them
n elcome. Eleven soldiers who were
f-n route to Camp Funston to be mus-
tered out 'of service passed through
the city and having a day to re-
niiln were brought to the "PORO"
College by the Rer. Shelton Parr of
the Y. M. C. A. The "boys" who
were mostly from the state of Hansas
wore the Croix de Guerre. In the
party were Corporals Bert Watts
Augustus A. Davis Eugene Wauhlng-
' ton Privates Samuel Mayhew Walter
Hunter William Glover Grover Gil-
lespie Fred W. Cooper J. W. Es-
sex Len RicWe and Flummer Wal-
. For an hour they played pool in
the private pool room of Mr. Ma-
lone's and ' at noon were escorted
to the main auditorium where a
splendid program ' was rendered by
the "PORO" College . girls. Miss
May B. Thomas sang "The Rose of
No Man's Land" sweetly and charm-
ingly and the soldiers were highly
' elated over the rendition. Misses
Keith and Moore sang "Somebody
.Here Bears a Weary Load".-in .a
pleaning and delightful manner. The
' whole College sang as . the Soldiers
marched in "The Old Flag Never
Touched the Ground Boys." It was
an interesting occasion. Cary B.
. Lewis of the Chicago Defender who
was here on. a visit presided at the
meeting and introduced an old sol-
. dier. Comrad G. W. Edward who
told the boys of his experience dur-
. lng the sixties.
Fred W. Cooper Kansas City and
lien Richie Atchinson Kans. Tho
' wore citation badites awarded by the
French Government delivered addree-j
seas. They related In detail the bra-J
very heroism daring and courage!
able to present fairly such claims
for deferment or discharge as be may
have had for the consideration of
the various draft boards. In conse
quence there appears to have been
no racial discrimination made in the
determination of his claims. Indeed
the proportion to claims granted to
claims filled by members of the Negro
race compare favorably with the pro-
portion of the claims granted to
members of the white race.
"That the men of the Colored race
were as ready to serve as their white
neighbors is amply proved by the
reports from the local boards. A
Pennslyvania board remarking upon
the eagerness of its Colored regis-
trants to be inducted illustrated this
by the action of one registrant who
upon learning that his employer had
bad him placed upon the Emergency
Fleet list quite his Job. Another
registrant who was believed by the
board to be above draft age insisted
that he was not and In stating that
he was not married explained that be
"wanted only one war at a time."
"The following description from
Oklahoma and Arkansas boards are
typical the first serving to perpetuate
one of the best epigrams' of the war.
"We tried to treat the Negroes with
exactly the same consideration as was
shown the whites. We had the same
speakers to address them. The Ro-
tary Club presented them with small
silk f lagsas did the whites. The
band turned out to escort them to the
train. And the Negroes went to camp
with as cheerful a spirit as did the
white men. One of them when asked
if he ' were going to Trance' said
"No sir I'se not gwlne to France
I'se gwine through France." '
"In dealing with the Negroes the
southern boards gained a richness of
experience that is without parallel.
No othes 'class of citizens was more
loyal to the Government or more
ready to answer the country's call.
The only blot upon their military
record was the great number of de-
linquents among the more ignorant;
but in the majority of cases this was
traced to an Ignorance of the regula-
tions or he withholding of mail by
the landlord (ouen himself an aris-
tocratic slacker) in order to retain
the man's labor."
"On October 1 1917 in order that
there might be no question of full
protection of the rights of the Negro.
and that thorough examination might
be made into all matters affecting
their relation to the war and its
many agencies there was announced
the appointment of Emmett J. Scott
as Special Assistant to the Secretary
of War. Having been for 18 years
confidential Secretary to the late
Booker T. Washington and being at
the time of his appointment Secretary
of the Tuskegee Normal and Indus-
trial Institute for Negroes he was
(Continued on page 4).
of the 369' "i Infantry of how the
"boys" of their raiment went "over
the top" and incidently how some of
the Southern white soldiers treated
them. Tears came to the eyes of the
young women who heard how their
brothers In blood were treated but
the soldi ."n said "The Old Flag nev-
er touched the ground."
Following the addresses Mr. and
Mrs. Malone extended them-a warm
welcome threw the building open
to them for the afternoon. The sol
diers were surprised when they were
escorted to the dining room where
a feast a real old fashioned dinaer
was prepared for them.
Mr. and Mrs. Malone received a
letter yesterday from Prof. W. S.
Scarborough of Wilbrfoce Univer-
sity thanking them for the f 1000
they had given Wllberforce on Foun-
ders Day at the school.- The Maiones
are planning to establish a branch
at Chicago 111. and Atlanta Ga.
and in June will make a drive in
the East for a larger business.
AMONG THE POEMS WRITTEN IX
' The following was recently re-
ceived from an over sea friend who
is most done traveling.
To Mr. T. B. Wallace.
A Is for America '
Our country so noble and grand
M Is for the millions
We put in our allies' hands.
E Stands for the enemy.
Who tried the world to beet
R Is for readiness.
Where things were not complete.
I Is for Illinois.
f Which produced are regiment
Is tor Chateau-Thiery
Where our army raised the sand.
A Is for the airjistlce.
The enemy were glad to sign.
After forty years of preparation
they are still one hundred behind.
SGT. A. V. PAYNE
Co. C 801st Inf.
- "The Republican Parly
. 1 ' ' . ; : J '. LJ ' ' ' ' ' . ' ' . . . . .
l : i T-" : : - .
NEGRO MIGRATION TO
NORTH TOTALS 350000
IN 1916 AND 1917
Lack of Labor in the North and
General Dissatisfaction with Con
ditions in South were Principal
Washington D. C. March 13 1918.
Investigation of Negro 'migration
to the north during the war Just
Issued by the Department of Labor
Indicate that the total migration may
have been as great as 350000 ex
tending over a period of about 18
months during 1916 and 1917. That
figures is fixed as the maximum limit
and 15000 as the minimum limit and
the estimate of James H. Dillard
who had charge of the inquiry is
The movement had been under way
for a long time before any effort was
made to determine the number of
Negroes movifig north. Moreover
so many left separately and unob-
served that complete statistics would
have been impracticable. The inves-
tigator in Georgia estimates that
between 35000 and 45000 Negroes
left that state in 1916-17 and the
number to leave Alabama during the
Bame time is estimated at 75000.
State officials however made higher
estimates placing the ' number to
leave Georgia at 50000 Alabama
90000 and Mississippi 1000000. '.
Lack of labor In the north due
to the cessation of lmigration was
the principal cause the Investigators
agree. Among the causes operative
in the South to induce migration
were general dissatisfaction with con-
ditions the ravages of the boll wee-
vil floods change of crop system
low wages poor housing poor
schools unsatisfactory crop settle-
ments rough treatment cruelty of
the law officers .unfairness In court
procedure lynchings desire to travel.
labor agents' aid from Negroes in
the north and the Influence of the
Negro press. - -
The : movement of . large numbers
at the same time was due largely to
labor agents but after these Initial
group movements Negroes kept going
north in smaller numbers attracted
by the letters of their friends who
had already gone. Better wages were
Important. "Every Negro who made
good in the North started a new
group on the way" one of the inves-
About half the' migrants according
to one investigator went from . the
towns. Another Investigator found
that the counties in Black Belt of Al-
abama which had suffered most were
those In which there was most pov-
erty among the Negroes and that
the shortage of labor was most acute
among the landowners who made no
attempt to keep their Negro tenants
by providing for their subsistence.
One of the promising movements to
improve relations between white and
Colored persons in the South and
thus remove causes of the migration
appears to be the "Community Con-
gress" plan put under way in Bolivar
Co. Mississippi. The feature of this
plan is a committee organization .in-
cluding prominent - white business
men ..nd agriculturist aud prominent
Colored men in each county.- Com-
mittees are chosen from the mala
bodyto consider special subjects for
example there k a committee on
labor supply. This type of organiza-
tion is interesting in emphasizing
the common interest of the races in
community development and in pro-
viding contact betwen racial leaders
in ways designed to promote harmony
prosperity and Rood will.
Bureaus on Negro affairs as ad-
juncts to Chambers of Commerce ere
also highly recommended as means
of bringing togother desirable Negro
tenant! and white landlords and
planters. Frequent and confidential
conference upon community problems
and active cooperation between the
local leader? of the races are urged aa
impoitant measures toward better
Better housing Is recommended
both for North and South. The ne-
cessity of higher wages better homes
and bettor surroundings in the South
has come to be generally recognized
"Fair treatment opportunity to labor
and enjoy the legitimate fruits of
labor assurance of even handed Jus-
tice in the courts good educational
facilities sanitary 'living conditions
tolerance and sympathy" are urged
by the Southern University Commis-
sion on Race Relations as a means
of keeping Negro labor In the South.
A summary of the Investigation
has been published in a bulletin en-
titled "Negro Migration in 1916-17"
which the Department of Labor now
has available for distribution.
NEGIiOES OF TEXAS ASSURED OF
BETTER RAILROAD ACCOMMO-
DATIONS. President M. W. Dogen Wiley Uni-
versity Marshall Texas and Dr. J.
R. Sheppard a leading physician of
Marshall Texas went to Washington
recently as represenatlves of the
Equal Rights Association of Texas
vo place in the hanJd of the Direct-
or General of Railroads a petition
taking that better accommodations
be furnished Colon. J people on rail-
roads operating in Texas. The gentle-
tlemen were given a respectlul hear-
in? and were assured that the re-
lief sought would be granted. The
sympathetic attitude of the Railroad
Administration on all mstters touched
in 'the petltition was highly gratifying.
J$ The Ship All Else Is The Sea." Fred Douglas.
DALLAS TEXAS ' SATUEDAY MAKCH 16 Wlfc
Primary Teachers Who Make
Record: ; Mrs. Chase Har-
ris Mil. M. T. Grove Mrs.
F. Chister Rutherford Mrs.
' I. Mm and Mrs. Lula
N. W. Harllee.
When truth shall get a hearine:
when Justice shall be enthroned in
the hearts and minds of the Nation:
when the light of the seven golden
candle sticks shall Illumine the up-
per sky of fairness and reason then
and not uhtil then will the true
worth of the American black woman
be seen and appreciated. It was she
who has stood side by side with
her Ctusband In every class of work
whether at home In the field of cot-
ton or in the rice swamp or amidst
the waving grain she has never de-
serted her post.
As a home maker or a ehnrrti
builder her mind has ever been afire
m her breast that burns with that
ferver and unabated zeal till the
home stood forth the church with
its steeple pointing heavenward
chimed with the sweetest music in
praise and songs to our Father. It
is she who ever gives inspiration and
cheer to. the men who keep their
races 10 me rising mm or hope look-
ing for that better time and for that
light of Joy ind fruitIon that is .about
to bum to. -'''--
She has ever been anxious that her
children should be the prldo of the
great American people the true pride
that animates and encourages to the
manhood and to those higher quali-
ties so essential in the make up of
a people whose alms are to reach
the goal of final success. '
Again her efforts have not- been
idle in the . work along other lines.
She has been frugal as well as in
dustrious she has been alert along
educational lines often through self
denial bearing her burden for the
education of her children. No class
of work has been too menial for
her when she has thought of the
acquirements of her sons and her
daughters whom she wish to be ac
complished and refined honest and
up-right. She has been trust-worthy
in ihe school room as elsewhere. Her
genial influence has been like the
rays of the morning sun dispersing
the darkness of the night and at the
same time bringing good cheer to
all. All classes of our women have
been straight-forward as a general
thing whatever their calling or pro-
ression. wnetner as a house maid
or as seamstress a nurse or a
governess the same fidelity of pur-
pose hns written itself in the result
that writs the well done anDrovnl.
When the history of the Dallas city
schools is written the names of the
fli-t grade teachers will occupy a
page entwined with an emblem of
ever-green around It as a token of
the true devotion of these faithful
teachers who have served for mure
than a score of years giving in-
structions to the children coming
fresh from the arfs of their mothers
to be taught the first fundaments of
Mrs. Chaise-Harris Is the oldest
primary teacher by service. It was
Bhe who aided In the formation of the
first class that marked the day of
Lthe beginning of the Colored high
dvuuui. oud jo vruai wa limy call
a charter member f he saw the be-
ginning and was instrumental in
giving encourabement to the girls a id
boys who wished to reach higher in
the search for better things and for
a. broader manhood and usefulness
It was her voice that bade them
God speed In their laudlble ambi-
tion. Mrs. Harris before coming to
Texas taught In the high school in
her home town and as she had done
high school work there she was in
pnsl'Ion to advise the young people
of Dallas in those early days when
advise and encouragement were so
necessary to those who contemplated
making a higher step toward higher
achievement 8. Did her vision take
in the present time and the present
Dallas modern high school course for
the members of her people. Neither
Is this. all. She has not neglected
the education of her daughter the
accomplished Fredle Chaise who holds
a diploma from the college course
of Howard University and a teacher's
certificate good throughout the United
States. Her daughter Is now teacher
in the high school department which
her mother helped to establish over
a score of years ago. We never can
tell what great things "a little be-
ginning may produce. . .
But there are otters whom we
need to mention. The fallowing flrst
grade teachers have each served over
a score of years: .. '
Mrs. Chaise-Harris Mis. M. T.
Grove Mrs. Lula Mason Mrs. F.
Cliestqr Riitherford and Mrs. M. E.
HaJIuin. 'VfTiat a maivelous result
have these teachers Tvheae combined
services make one hundred years inj
our city une Hundred years or un
stinted and unrelenting service to
the young service that must be pro-
ductive of much' good. -.
Mrs. Grove in a graduate of Tus-
kegee and as such seems to have
imbibed the spirit of the sage of Tus-
kegee for she has taken the pains
and the expense to educate her
daughter along the lines of both the
academic and Industrial including
domestic art and domestic science.
Her daughter Miss Lucile Williams
is now the directress of the domes-
tic science in the Dallas Colored
high school. Mrs. Grove has done
good and efficient work that marks
the pupils in all grades and classes
even in the high school We wish
to congratulate a mother who takes
the time to educate her children and
then give them a fair start in life.
We know the nation .by the virtue
and disposition of its women. The
family is measured by the action to-
ward their children in the home life
in the training and in this age we
no longer take the grown-up per
son as we find him but back of his
growth we seek his history and his
early habits and if these have formu-
lated themselves Into what Is called
good characteristics we call him a
man. The oak is bound up In the
little acorn the mighty age is wrap-
ped up in the tiny - moments the
huge mountain Is no greater than
the grains of sand of which it is
composed and the mighty ocean Is
only the little drops of water that
lie back of its restless and ever
heaving surface. So it is with the
habits that form what we are pleased
to call character." .
Mrs. Lula Mason has done a com
mendable work in the Dallas city
school as a first grade teacher. Many
of the persons she taught in - the
first grades are persons having col
lege education and persons of dis
tinction.. Her family Is another that
deserve special mention. She has at
typical family two sons and a daugh
ter. These children have been sent
to college and trained. The two
sons are still in the process of train-
ing while the daughter Miss Ruth
Mason has completed her course of
college education graduating with
distinction and has been accorded
the position of principal's assistant
in the Colored high school. Did Mr.
and Mrs. Mason have a sweep of
vision . that urged them to prepare
their children? Can any one tell
what-the tiext-tgenratiou will -bring
forth if the mothers continue ' to
educate their sons and daughters.
Are we to solve what is called the
(Continued from page 4).
Special From Houston Says
Wrecked Trains to Get
"Spilled" Money. Boys Go!
Idea From Picture Shows.
Houston Texas March 10. De-
tails of how a Sunset limited train
was derailed in order to obtain mon-
ey which might be lost by the pas-
sengers in the wreck of the derail
ing of stnst cars on two different
occasions the stripping of passenger
coaches left on Bide tracks of brass
trimmings and the theft of brass
locomotive and ca" parts from the
yards and shops In Houston were
disclosed today by the confessions
of four Negro bys 9 'to 11 years
old who reside In the Fifth Ward
The Hen of wrecking the train
the bova said tvar siie-s-Mntitd hv
rmovlng pictures they bad seen of
how trains were wrecked and they
thought that la the wreck "so Jie money
might spill out uv folkses pockets'
and they would pick it up. They
said they did not think about whether
the passengers would be killed or
not. One of the boys 11 years old.
admitted baring placed a bolt on the
track which derailed the engine and
threw it on Its side on the rlsht of
war! another toy of the same age
was a partner to the transaction and
remained in hiding with the one
placing the bolt to await results.
while another boy also 11 and his
brother 10 years of age. became
frightened as the train approached
and ran away.
A bolt 7-8x11 inches with a nut
on one end the head missing from
tbo other and badly rusted was Iden-
tified by the two boys as being the
one they placed on the track which
caused the wreck. They told of Just
how they placed the bolt with the
square nnt on the rail and when
the engine wheels struck it on the
outside of the curve the locomotive
jumped the trade the coaches re-
The train was Sunset Limited No.
J 02 leaving Houston tt 6: It p. m.
Feb. 14 for New Orleans and i one
ci the two fastest trains running In
Texas. A bad -yreck win heavy loss
of Ufa and wreckage equipment
would have been tho result oaly for
the fact tbRt the train was not yet
out of the Fifth Ward section of the
city and was running only about
ten or twelve miles an hour officials
1 1'HIIIE HI'S
GATES OF TIIE CITY CLOSED
TO "BII1TII OF A IIATIflU"
LOCAL N. A. A. C P. MAKING DALLAS A DECENT PLACE TO
LIVE IN. PROTEST THE EXHIBITION OF DIXON'S HELL
. BENT PLAY AND MAYOR HAS THE ENGAGEMENT CANCELLED.
Local Branch of the National As-
sociation for the Advancement of
Colored People went on record re
cently at Shiloh Baptist church' in
Oak Cliff by the adoption of a reso-
lution authorizing the President of
the Association to enter ' protest
against the exhibition of the "Birth
of a Nation" billed to appear in Dal-
. President A. S. Wells In conference
with Mayor Lawther showed causes
why the protest entered by the As-
sociation should bo sustained as the
construction of 4he play was based
upon racial antagonism or an exhi-
bition of same would serve the pur-
pose of the author la inciting race
prejudice against the race .
The mayor answering in the affir-
mative. On last Saturday morning
through his Influence with Board of
URN FOR LEAGUE
TO SPLIT REPURLICM
Nation-Wide Speechmaking For and
Against Scheme Planned.'
Washington March 13. With the
abandonment by the Republican sena
tors of their filibuster against the
victory loan bill which passed the
S.enate at . the. .end of .- session .latn
mg until aayugnt uus morning. Free-
ident Wilson has won a victory over
1 the opponents of the League of Na
tions who were trying to create a
situation that would make an extra
The contest over the league will
now be taken before the people.
Opponents of the league and Ameri
can supporters of It are perfecting
arrangements for the nation-wide
speech-making campaign which will
be opened in New York next Tues
day night when Wilson and Wil
nam h. ran win jointly address a
big meeting In favor of the league.
Later In the week Senator Borah
Republican of Idaho and Senator
Reed Democrat of Missouri will
start the ball rolling for the oppo-
sition by speaking in New York.
Taft's advocacy of the league and
his willingness to join President Wil-
son on the same public plaUorm In
the campaign for its ratification have
made such an appeal to the Republi-
cans not only possible but the logi-
cal thing for the Democrats to do.
Uope to Disrupt G. 0. P.
They hope to disrupt' the Repub-
lican party of campaign not only
for the purpose of advancing the
prospects of the league but also with
a view to the presidential campaign
of 3: 20.
Should the League of Nations be
finally accepted by the country with
the help of Republican votes as it
will have to be if it Is ratified at all
by the i'enate the Democratic lead-
ers believe the Republican party will
have been so "shot to pieces" in the
process that it will be in no po-
sition to conduct a successful presi-
During the two or Uree months
of Wilson's absence In Europe the
best campaign orators of both sides
will tour the country and dl.icusa be
fore the people the Issue that has
now become paramount in Atuiricnu
The speeches made by friends and
opponents of the league in the Sen-
ate In the last two weeks and Presi-
dent Wilson's Boston and New York
addresses as well as the speeches
of Taft will be circulated broad-
cast in the mails and will serve as
as the text-books for each side of the
controversy. The great efforts of
the president as disclosed 1n his ad
dress on Friday to members of the
Democratic National Committee will
be to divide the Republican party
on the Issue.
Democrats elated today over the
division in the Republican ranks in
the Senate last night when the vote
was 15 to 12 in their conference
against defeating the victory loan
bill the only thing which might have
made Jt absolutely necessary for Wil
son to call an extra session. They
proffers to see in this action a hope-
ful circumstance and they are pre-
dicting tonight that by the time the
president is back from his second
trip to Europe the Republican senti
ment back home "will have brought
many lukewarm opponents of the
league into line for it so that rati
fication will he assured."
The Fopublicans say that it will
only necessary . to present the
question il Its time light to the
people to 'naure an overwhelming
demand for the defeat of the li-ague.
They assert that the people have
been carried off their feet by the
gllitertn generalities" of Wilson
and his promise of world peace as
a mult of the operations of the
$1.60 Per Annum
' PRICE FIVE CE5TS.
Censors. The board in Its official
capacity notified the management of
the Hippodrome totcannel the engage-
ment of the Birth of a Nation.
President of the Association was
reliably informed that the play was
indefinitely postponed with probabili-
ty of it never appearing any more
in Dallas. .
The Dallas branch of the Associ-
ation is now rejoicing over the re-
cent decision as this play has ex-
hibited in this city on two former
The Association will meet next
Thursday night at Mt. Hebron Bap-
tist church on Main corner of Wal-
ton street at which time members
and friends are urged to be present..
Plans will be perfected in launching
the great membership drive to be-
gin next month. .
NEGRO SOLDIER'S HAVE
TOO MUCH KERVE
New York. Col ' William Hayward
who commanded the 369th infantray
(Negro) in France told these two
stories of his men after their great
parade In this city:
"I cannot say too much of the
fight the Old Fifteenth put up dur-
ing these four days. And I would
not attempt to tell the scores of in-
stances of individual heroism which
r they displayed then' nd had di
played previously. '
. "Everyone has heard of course
of the exploit of Henry Johnson who
really first put the regiment on the
map that time he did up half a com-
pany of boches with his comrade
Needham Roberts who was vounded
early In the game. Henry was one
of our star performers as New York
realized when it saw him last week
riding alone in an automobile with
his medals and flowers. New York
decided that Henry wasn't one of .
those modest heroes. And he isn't.
"Not long after Henry had got
the Croix for his killing of four and
wounding of a score or more of Ger-
mans he was walking; about ono
night with his medal pinned to his
cap so everyone could see It A
new white lieutenant approached
blm and said:
"What o-' you mean by that vio-
lation of the regulations? Take that
medal off your cap at once.'
"Henry saluted politely and said:
'I guess you don't know sir who I
"'No I don't! Who thi hell are
you? Take that thing off.'
" 'Why. I I'se Hen-ner-y Johnson!'
said the medalwearer. And (with- -out
removing the Croix) he saluted
again and did en about face leav-
ing the lieutenant speechler.
"Theu there wns the time a Ger-
man raiding party captured one of
our lieutenants and four privates
back In August in tt Champagne
ana was carrying them off when a
lone Colored man Sargt. William
Butler one of those 'indoor chauf- '
"eurs' or elevator men covered them
from a shell hole. He calmly spoke
to the lieutenant ant the other lieu-
tenant spoke back to him.. Then the
Untenant signalled to the foui oth-
er prisoners to make a run awry
from the Germans. As they started
to flee Butler oiled. 1
"'Look out you Bush Germans!
Here we come!" ad he let go with
Ms pistol. He killed one boche offi-
cer and four privates and our me?
escaped back 10 our position. Later
we captured the German officer who
bt 1 been in charge of this raiding
party and also got his written report.
In this he had said the lying soun-
drel that ho bad been obliged to
let his prisoners go because he was
attacked by an overwhelming numbe
n t hliitliijtHfrA rtiwn.rt7mfl.nniiar!'
This overwhelming number consisted
of Elevator Operator Bill Butler
alone. . .
Negro Shipbuilders Prove Black
Man's Worth In Industry.
By Homer L. Ferguson.
President Newport Iv'ows Ship-
building and Dry Dock Company.
Hampton Va. March 12. There
are 4500 Colored men working in
the Newport News Shipbuilding and
Dry Dock Company. This is the
the largest forco of skilled Colored
men and the highest paid group of
Colored men working anywhere la .
industry. The shipbuilding plant to
a memorial to Collls P. Huntington
who showed Lumself a friend to
Hampton Institute and -the Colared
Tho Bhlprard It Newport cws
Is a testimonial to Mr. Huntington'
be'.ief In the Colored man aa an
Industrial worker- a msn wluv '
would be successful Mr. Hunting-
(Continued from page 4).
1 ' i
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The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 22, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 15, 1919, newspaper, March 15, 1919; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth278252/m1/1/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .