The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 22, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 15, 1919 Page: 4 of 16
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THE DALLAS EXPRESS DALLAS TEXAS SATURDAY MARCH 15 1919.
NATIONAL NEGRO PRESS
P.ibllahrd avirjr Saturday morning
ta LUa year t.l 2600 bwia Avenua.
VUli DAa LAS KSPHESJ nULISDINO
COM PA MY.
Wm Yrk Office
13 N. It) til Street.
t'lii.-tiKo own Frost & Froat Boy-
AilnntH ontce Froat & Froat Can
JVuKhilile Ofllre Frn.tt Froat In
dependent Ufa Uulldlnir.
W. K. KI-(J
J. It. JOHUAV Maaaarer.
t Pnat rifflct at Dallaa
Texan aa aeMind-claaa matter under
Act of Congreaa wiarcn
N i uharrfntlnna mailed ior lesa
period than threa montha. Payment
tor name muat ba 60 centa. '
scbsciuptiosis m advances.
Ona Year H-JO
i Montha Jj
Three Muntha.. ..
BIOK'e t-'oPX 08
KOT1CIS TO TUB PUBLIC
Any erroneoua reflection upon the
character standing- or reputation of
any pmon tlrra or corporation whieb
may appear in the columna of The
Ialiaa Kxprexa will be gladly cor-
rected upon Ha being brought to the
attention or the puuilanera.
SATURDAY MARCH 15 lfll.
Ll'KCIIlsa ML' ST CO.
The great American pastime lyn-
chine: like that other great American
Institution human slavery has got'
to go. it Is Impossible in this con
necMon and at this writing to lis
mlns from the mind the poetic lines
dedicated to Justice. The run:
Truth crushed to earth
Shall rise again
The eternal years of God- are hers
But Error wounded writhes with
And dies amidst her worshipers."
And so it is destined that right
in the South Where lynching has
In former time enjoyed the approval
of both pulpit and press more or
loss; right down here where the
champions of the system have been
worshiped today can be counted
some of its bitterest opponents. In
nirre u.u one state legislature of
the South Mils have been introduces
having for their purpose the dog
tructlon of the barbaric practice.
Right here in Texas the San Antonio
Express a white daily newspaper
has set aside V 100000 to be used in
praiocuting the men who stain their
hands with blood in lynching or-fles;
right here in Dallas the great Morn-
ing Dallas Ne ws is thundering against
this awful crime against man and
government in tones that ring like
Under the caption Combating The
Lynch-linMt JllennwV it says in its
issue of March 11 191!):
The proposal to amend the Constl
tution so that any one who had par-
ticipated in a lynching would be
disqualified for voting or holding of-
fice and also the proposal to amend
the oath of office so that-cr.e elected
to oflleo would be required t- swear
that ho had not parll' ipat-.td in a
lynching seem to novo originated
with the San Antonio Express. The
Express has taken an Indisputable
liilprshlp In the effort to rid Texas
of the disgrace and moral injury
wuicn la done to it by the lynch
ha. t. Indeed no institution in the
country has shown so much energy
and determination in combating this
growing evil and menace. Among
oler things it has set aside 1100
Oit0 as a fund out of which to pay
tha arrest and conviction of men who
encage In lynching. That action tes
tines to a high but not to an undue
sense of tho gravity of the lynch-
habit and the Express has earned
the gratitude of e-"ry law-abiding
and ordor-lovlng clt. a. Even though
what M has done should immediate-
ly have perceptible effect It must
make for the generation of a law
and more robust reeling of popular
hostility. It is fcutu'ailonal work
ami upon it 4 su'ruitiul accomplish
mnnt can t '7 built.
. Let us hope that the language of
the Dallas News can bo understood
and the conscience if the state be
awakened. This done and lynching
will disappear like mist before the
3ore Roosevelt is a very moderate
fortune by Now nk sUi.Jers but
for a 1 rettfest one of unusual size.
It rnn'is ItoosevaU iudocd as proba-
bly the country's rtohett -.hief exe-
cutive sluco Waih.'nB'toT and the
fiict has a suggestive interest. Many
a ruler of a petty republic has be-
come a mukl-nill ionalre but no
mMfmatre has rvt: been President
of he world's greatest and richest
Republic aud this notwithBtandinfe
tho altered vcale of personal wealth
under which the comparative magni-
tudft of au accumulation of l000-
000 has decreased. Tha Roosevelt
fortune was different moreover In
bcuig mainly an inherited fortune
lis rosspssor may have added to it
it his lifetime but as in the case
of other Presidents most of his per-
scmal earnings lc a. period of forty
yearn of public life were absorbed
in the support of ul family. No
other President has ever enjoyed
! "u h advantapes of remunerative pub-
1! Ity as Roosevelt and besides his
r.u'ary from ofllciai po itions his in-
ftiv.e from his books and from edl-
work must have ; een large. Yet
it in a fair Inference that If those
1 s:iil been the sole sources of his sup-
port he would ; h.ive died a poor
ii'in a Olevelacr? died and also most
of Qeir predooessor In the White
Si.iii"'?. Tin's has been the common
fii-.iinrvial fate of Prcslicnts and the
vx.iii'r'ie of IloueurVlt probably mere-
h proves the rule that the productive
vi uny logical propnrtion to its ex-tV'-:l
ri.-.ie ani oaerons tm1' Ideal
!!iai:ficji.thms. New York Wotlu.
i'l'T such ni m fc bfllere th't mon-
;)1 ytii..i!"y fecitins avo tha true
'i hu.Dai; and who
iro i.mcj'h ijncs by the dol-i
v t lie c!" cai) his own we
tiif- cli'ori.iJ fro?r
' Vojfc 'ivorttS. Solomon tald:
'i H tl... niximjy get anaes-tfuud.
. h-itu fco'oroo'j iris a vise loan)..
THE 3HSSI0X OF THE PEACE
The pcae-makers who are bent
upon disarming Germany and making
her impotent as a war-making fac-
tor in the world are displaying com-
mendable zeal in that laudable en-
terprise. They must however not
forget while humbling the German
Empire to destroy the cause of wara
for an long as there is cause there
muBt be. effect. Crying peace peace
has never secured it nor will it
ever. Unless the "Powers" can enter
Into an agreement for peace which
justice as us iounaauon stone mere.
can be no peace. The peace-make's
must remember in the settlement of
the vexed questions with which they
have to do "that no question was
ever settled -till It was settled right."
Tho world may be ready to talk
peace. It may be ready to hear
peace talk but It is not ready to have
peace. It will not be ready until
the weak every where are accorded
their Just dues by the strong until
everywhere the mighty men will
come to know that their strength
Is in the masses and that all power
is resident in the people. True we
coming to this way of thinking and
whatever distance we may have to
travel to roam this standard is the
exact distance the world must travel
to secure world peace.
THE STATE BU8IXESS LEAGUE.
The editor of the Dallas Express
with the full endorsement of the
Dallas Express Publishing Co.- is
spending tho greater amount of his
time traveling about the state or
ganizing buslneas leagues. A busi-
ness league is a combination of men
and women living In any communl
ty town or city who are engaged
either in honest labor business or
professional life having for its pur-
purpose the reaching of a working
understanding 'whereby the best in-
terests of the people in general and
the Colored people In particular may
be best promoted. The League should
have a president one or more vice-
presidents secretary treasuer and an
It is plain from the above defi-
nition that every community In the
state should have such an organiza-
tion. It is unnecessary to say that the
people of the other race are organ-
ized and the result Is seen In the
wonderful progress tbey are mak-
ing In the Industrial and financial
The several local organizations
meet this year through their chosen
representatives at Cuney Texas on
July 1 and 2 and a great meeting
awafts those who attend. Every
community should bestir Itself to
the end that each is represented.
TUBIT THE RACE LOOSE
Just as soon as one end of the
Colored race ceases to hold the other
end back the whole race will go
ahead. As much fault as we find
of the white people at their backs
the chief opposer of Colored man
numbor 1 is Colored man number
2. If there is any one to blame for
the failure- of the thousands of gro-
cery stores restaurants woodyards.
millineries and other Colored enter-
prises it is another Colored man
To be personal; If nobody had op
posed tho Dallas Express except
whft.e people today it would be is-
sued dully and would invoice for
a million dollar. .Colored man turn
tho race loose and let it rise.
What is meant by "doughboys' In
reference to United States soldiers?
J. M. R. Bertram Texas.
Before this war the term was
strictly applied to privates In the In
fantry. Recently however the Stars
and Stripes the overseas newspaper
of the American Expeditionary For-
ces explained that tho term is now
used as a nickname for any American
soldier high or low regardless of
the branch of the service. There is
some dispute as to the origin of the
term but it Is thought to have had
its beginning In a reference to but-
ton which infantrymen used to wear
which resemble a kind of dumpling
known as "doughboys" Exchange
WIUSCiS liACK TO EUROPE.
President Wilson sailed on a sec
ond voyage to France Marh 6.
He is scheduled to arrive Mari) 14.
He said when he left: I will u.11
them that America is for the League
of Nations." We one good thing.
The cables are not cut.
Drs. Monciius M U Ac-
sepUpnPf Fcr World
Wonder Oil and Sas
Mr. J. J. Allen president of ihe
World Won?!- Oil & Gas Company
after spesdln t 30 days in Texas sell
ing stock and appointing agents in
order to rahe enough noney to drill
a well on vieir very valuable lease
In the heart of Burk Buriett Tfcxas.
L.e has Just returned to their main
ctace in Kansas City Ma Ho has
t!roady completed the arrar-geinents
with their driller who is now on the
ground in Burk Burnett and the
drilling Is expected to begin m a
very few days ss soon as enon;h
money 1b raised. Mr. Allen expected
to tour the whole state of Teiaa.
but vary important business has cc.ll-
htm back to their main office in
Kansas City. Just before leaving for
Kansas City he spent two days In
Waxauachio Texas where he sold
stock to some of the leadln men
and vomen of that city among whom
was jjr. u. s. Diggs who ha also
accented a tlace on the advisorY
board f.Z the Company. He a" to ap
pointed as their agents there Drs.
Hungers and Richie who a'so
bought atock In the Company and
win uso their influence together to
buy sfck In this the greatest exclu-
sive Negro Oil Company In the world.
Every race loving Negro should buy
some of this stock and help share
ihe honors of building r.j such a
gigantic business concern and also
help to reap the great merits that
are to be dorlvwi therefrom. Mr. Al-
ien wouid like to employ the ser-
vice of o'htr hustling young icen
and women tit Texas and would ap-
rrMate it if they would 'vfts the
j main o.Tlty for full pardcnU'rt. Be
pure yoi rena tne wwia wonders
one haif pftprt ad .n 8 of this
pspcr twi Ilea do yiT duty to
FINDS BAPTIST AGAINST BAP- Whitton J. B. Roberts J. H Hender-
T1ST ANI READS A LECTLRE I son J. W. Ribbons S E Griggs
TO 1R. E. C. MORRIS DECLINED Robert Smith W. L Craft. E. A
TO HiiHT FOR REASONS CITY
KliECTlOX CITEO-JIJI CROW
HFADOUARTKRS OPEN TWO
MI.'KVirK H.A;.H ON K OX FRONT
)0R FOR WHITES ONE UN
KITCHEN DOOR FOR COLORED
HELL LNCAPPED NEW WAY.
TO REASON NEITHER ANAR.
CHIST NOR INFIDEL CHlfltH
HEAL THl'SELF PONT
Dallas Texas March 11 1919.
I have been here over a week lu
the vain attempt to rest and laying
upon myself the Important task of
mapping out a new trail. At the
first I have made a dismal failure
for I have been either calling or
called upon every day aud night
since I hit the town. The church
has claimed my first attention and
right well it has done so. I have
bad the sacrament offered me and
also the gospel. I need the latter
but did not take the former for rea-
sons. Baptist Against Baptist.
Then there was another phase of
church life which claimed a bit of
my attention. It was this:
Baptlstist Against Baptist.
Some time ago the Rev. Dr. E. C.
Morris the head of the National Ne-
gro Baptist Convention which diff-
ered from and parted company with
Rev. R H. Boyd appointed me to
go forth and agitate Baptist ques-
tions. The National ' Baptist .Voice
the organ of the Morris faction . In
a recent editorial sets forth the doc-
trines of the agitation. It says:
AS INCUMBENT DUTY.
An incumbent duty rests Its entire
weight upon every thoroughly Inter-
ested and virile leader affiliating with
the National Baptist Convention of
the denomination to come out pub-
licly and stengthen the. cause of the
denomination by letting all men know
that he stands for the rights and
supremacy of the denomination.
Silence lukewarmmness or "vacilla
tlon inspires greater opposition on
the part of the attempting despoil
ers of the peace and unity of the
denomination. Regnant men through
all times have spoken out for the
cause they espoused; and why does
not every Baptist leader do that now.
follow out that age-old exhibition of
conviction and manly courage? In-
dlvldualism's fanatics and worship
pers on the "unincorporated" side of
the "Incorporated board" are yelp-
ing out in their madness of homage
like thunderous Stentors of sin for
a on man domination of the de
' Well this one thing we put down
here as a matter of everlasting re
cords' many leaders have been ask
ed and appealed to for illuminating
articles or editorial contributions
And those who have not received
such a letter requesting an article
or articles you as a leader min-
ister or layman are here respectfully
requested to furnish The Voice with
your wisdom for the benefit of the
denomination. Critics there are and
will be but this plugs the mouth of
the leader who holds his speech now
in order to break' his silence after
awhile with criticism.
The denomination wants Its sons
and daughters to speak out In its
defense when speaking means some
thing and not after terrible- In
roads have tjeen made by vicious in-
vaders of its time-honored and ad-
mitted rights and sovereignty. The
Voice is not going to fail for it. be
longs to the denomination and the
denomination is not going to fail.
Whatever my chance the denomina-
tion Is going to fall. Whatever may
chance the denomination is going
to demand a fighting Voice until tJ"
have been driven frm the sacred
terrestrial realm of denominational
- Following this instruction the
Voice then gives the names below
as tho list of the men to engage In
THE PEOPLE MUST RULE.
Information Campaign Committed as
Announced by .President of
Uonal Baptist Convention.
At the meeting of the Peace Com-
mission representing the National
Baptist Convention held at Nashville
Tenn. December 13 1919 it was de-
cided that a -".ampalgn committee be
appelated with the undersigned as
chairman. It will be remembered
also that the chairman was author-
ized to name his aide and ar" ounce
ihera through the National Baptist
Tha following will constitute the
Campaign Committee: R. B. Hud-
ton It. T. Pollard Wm. Madison
C. First Johnson A. J. Stokes J. W.
Ooodgtjme R. W. Green S. M. Hail
1 f Thointo'. J. A. Booker J. T. Hill
A J. Jackson R. M. Caver J. V. Mc-
Cray v. B. Brownlee p. W. Sande-
fur T P. 1 Ullard. Wm. O. Davis H.
D. Proud R. N. Holt C. L. Fisher
W. D. Norman. G. W. Willis A. Wil-
banka - Tylor J. B. Green
O. P. McKinney E. Mooro J. T.
Brown H. K. Hill C. Browsr W. D.
Vann C. T. Walker P. Jai tes Bry-
ant A. D. Williams S. S. Broadnax
T. I Bal'ou T. J. Goodall J M. Nes
bitt E. i. Johnson. M. W. Reddick
D. W. Cannon J. B. Miller W. R.
Forbes L. K. Williams I. A. Thomas
D. H. Harris. Wm. Nix B. J. F. West-
brooks G. Wm. Ward J. I Mason
Wm. Mosley M. M. Porr N. E.
Joseph O. W. Robinson. O. F. Feri
red B. P. Abner W A. Bowren
George McNeal J. T. Elias C. Teal
N. J. Stokes Wm. H. Steward C. H.
Parrlsh U A. Offutt J. Francis Wil-
son G. W. Ward W. M. Taylor J.
E. Evans Jackson Acox W. P. Pur-
vis W. P. Darrington J. Coins J.
T. Caston & A. Mosley Geo. E.
Stevens W. H. Young A. M. John-
son J. B. Bollng Z.E.-McGee E.
B. Topp A. U Perkins J. H. C. Hen-
ry Wm. Gibbons R. T. Sims A. Na-
bors N. S. Lee A. A. Cosey W. F.
Bott W. H Wilkinson. R. C. Jud-
klns C. T. .Vilcher a S. Crockett
C O. Flahba.: J. Franklin Walker.
J. Francis Robinson H. C. Reed S.
A. Whitaker T. T. Love J. A. Ander-
son. J. F. Kersh N. A. Roblnicn J.
H. Abemathy W. E. Stewart J. B.
Pits E. W. Johnvn W. IL Moses
J. C. Jscksovi T. R. Bennett Chrles
Blackwell. V. P. Graham A. R. Roh-
i?xa. Win. Howard H. C. Anderson
J. K. KirfciAiid D. F. Thonias W W.
Wilson A. Barbour E. M. Griggs W.
n. xYiuB 1 u. jagnts A L. Boon B.
J. Brown A. T. Stewart. B. Tyrell
Thos. H. White S. A. Moses John
Mitchell Jr. N. C. Nix J. K. Parker
A. Clayton Powell Junius (fray.
A most vigorous campaign is to
be waged for truth and righteousness
and the chairman shall expect to hear
from- each member of the Campaign
Committee at least once each month
as to the progress being made in
Very truly yours .
E. C. MORRIS.
We respectfully submit the above
to whosoever cares to read it
Speaking for myself (Mr. W. E.
King) I was appointed to this work
my knowledge or consent. The first
lnitation I had that I was to be one
of the men to renew and continue
this agitaUon was while in Ten-
nessee a fortnight ago when a Bap-
tist brother showed me the National
Baptist Voice. I thought that when
Dr. Morris and the men who advised
him took the matter between them
and ur. Boyd into the courts of
the country that they made a decla
ration that they would abide the
decision of the courts. The fact that
the case is still pending in the courts
is good and sufficient reason why
the men who placed it there should
not interfere nor seek to remove it
from that tribunal while the tribu
nal Is in the act -of reaching a
decision. Again the men who went
to court have given away their right
to organize a propaganda for or
against the matters in litigation be
cause the propaganda will have the
effect of prejudicing the decision.
These are the main reasons as to
why agitation at this time would be
unwise and unjust As for my part
leaving all of the ' reasons above
stated out of the consideration I
decline to engage in the enterprise
as outlined by the National Baptist
Voice and likewise decline to serve
on the commission bearing the sig-
nature of so illustrious a Baptist
as the Rev. Dr. Morris. I believe
that the brethren of the Morris fac-
tion did the correct thing in taking
the question at. issue into the courts
of the coutry. I believe the only
thing to do now is to possess their
souls that decision. And by the way
I want it distinctly understood that
I am a Baptist in good and regular
standing; and above all a Christian
baptized in running water one who
never compromises the faith: but I
refuse to use my tongue or pen to
settle a matter which every sane
man knows cannot be settled except
in a court or law. There is no ques-
tion of polity or doctrine In dis-
pute between the two contending
Baptist factions. When the doctrines
are envolved I will be found among
the bunch who believes in "One
Lord One Faith One Baptism." As
long as property rights constitute the
bone of contention I shall stand for
conference and arbitration In the
ranks this failing I am among
those who would place our race be-
fore the courts of the country. Nuf
The City Election.
The city people are marching Into
hostile camps according to their cus
tom before a municipal' election. The
contest Is over the mayor and com-
missioners. All the candidates are
white. All of the men therefore.
who are elected will be white. The
politicians however are of all sorts.
There are approximately 1200 quali
fied Colored voters out of a popula
tion of some 27000 Colored people.
Thus far the Good Government Lea
gue has established a Jim-crow de
partment with Lawyer Ammon S
Wells in charge. I hope that In the
elections to come the Colored peo
ple will qualify so that they can
snow tneir run strengtn
Say what you will the Colored
man will be a helpless man as long
as he is a voteless man. -
Whenever the day comes In . the
which the Colored voter will quali
fy and accept leadership that day
has also come when he will cease
be the football - f the politician and
the Joke of the balance of the com
munity1 in which ho lives.
Service Flair on Kitchen Door For
Colored Soldier Torn Down.
There Is pi. wished somewhere In
this countiy a paper know as "THE
ASSOCIATION MEN." In its January
919 Issue it contained the following
story which will ;;-rove of Interest to
who ever ;reads It. It says:
"No Place for rvlce Flag.'
What is going to occur when the
soldiers come back home eveyone
Is asklug now. What did happen in
one case is told by a prominent
South Carolina white woman.
My son enlhtsd early in the war.
When he left home we equipped him
with all of the comforts and sent
him away ar cheerfully as possible
By and by under the selective ser
vice acr the orphan Colored boy
who had grown up In our house
hold was ca led to service. When
it came to tl. point of making out
his prpers vwidtng for his. in
surance and for the funds that he
would send back he. tie there was
no n-nr relatives to whom the papers
could be made. I consented to do
this and to keep all carefully for
him until he should re.urn.
We also -equipped him with com-
fort kits and sent him away In a
manner equal to that of our boys.
Just before leaving this Colored boy
turned to roe ana said "Miss Mary
thank you for all these things you
have done I am glad you are going
to take care of my money and my
insurance and I hopo to come back
home aiter the war is over. You
hf.ve a service flajr up lor Marse
Frank. I was wandering who would
hang up a service flag for me."
"I'll hang up a service flag for
you" and when he went away I put
a service flag on the kitchen door.
By and by my son came back
on a furlough and Just before ho
had to return we were walking to-
gether out through the garden when
h saw the fag hs stild "Mother
who is that fu-r? "Thnt is the Col-
ored boys service flag."
My son looked at the flag and
looked st me. Without a remark he
turned took the flag firm the kitch
en door walked to tb; front of thft
house.- pl.iced the Ca? by his own
nd comlniT back stUd. "Mother a
service flaj for tha United Stated
roldiers Is not to be hung in the
kitchen door." . ' '
I'm convinced that after the war
the white ' soldiers and the black
soldiers will have a program of set-
tling the question that is not now
possible for us to understand.
Many persons who read this will
see in It the undoing ef the preju-
dices which today . constitute the
greatest issue before the American
people. But if they should go to
South Carolina or any where else in
the Old South they would find that
999 white men out of every 1000
would do the same thing this white
woman did and about one white
soldier in a thousand would do the
same thing this white soldier did.
He will find In addition that more
energy is being wasted today in the
United States to institute and main
tain scnemes or racial separation
than ever before in . the history of
the country. There . are separate
cars sparate streets cars spearate
drinking stations separate urinals.
separate cnurcnes separate schools.
separate seats in courthouses separ
ate goods in stores governmental
separation and in fact separtlon and
racial Jim-crow have come to be the
order of the day with the result that
more hell rankles in the breasts of
white men against blackmen black-
men against white men than was
ever seen before in America Pa-
cifists and trimmers and hypocrites
and apologists and diplomats and de-
ceivers by the use of pretty phrases
and soft words; say otherwise but
he who doubts my words can try
and find out if they be true. There
is a remedy but it is not to be
found among white men.
I ran across W. Rozer a German
who Is very friendly in his dispo-
sition. I asked him if he attended
church Sunday to which question he
replied "No Ise niver goes. Ise
gooud man an' no need to go. Church
ez fur de bad." I told him to stick
to that foolish idea and that he was
Just as good for hell as a martin is
for his gourd.
No Anarchist No InfldeL
' Well up till now with all the
failures of the race before me I
must congratulate the American
Colony of the African race. It has
not yet produced a man brazen
enough to be an anarchist nor fool
enough to be an infidel. There is
still hope for us.
I see most of the churches have
a plethora of young folk organiza-
tions. They are organized ostensibly
to. develop those who take member
ship and incidentally to help the
church. We hope that the ostensi-
bllity proportion . will not be over
come by the incldentality portion
While the church needs the assis-
tance of the young to exist the youth
needs the church that they may ex
ist ta purpose worth while.
"Physician Heal Thyself."
About a year ago when German
aggression had its hand at the
throat of American Independence and
the allied world. The New York
World said: "If there are
any who believe themselves better
than the American Negro tho place
to show It is on the battle field."
Although the war is over the truth
of this declaration is still with us
ana rearranged it might be rendered:
"If there are any who think they
are better than the American Negro
the way to show it is in their lives
and conduct and not In their months."
Today wherever the Colored Am
erican goes in this country he find
the white man trying to show him-
self better by big bluff silly talk
and bad legislation. Almost every
section of the country is disgraced
by race and color prejudice and la
beled with Jim-crow signs. Even in
Washington City the capital of the
Nation the very White House not
excepted this color scheme of damna-
tion with brazen effrontery stalks
about in broad day light and there
is no; one white man In a million
with backbone enough to declare
that character and not color marks
and makes the man.'
Only the other -day at Texrrkana
or a few miles out on a train operat
ed by the federal government a sol
dier was returning from the Western
Front where he had been almost
mortally wounded fighting the battles
of his country. His home was Ty
ler Texas. He -was a chocolate
brown. A white lleuterant was his
caretaker. He had ridden under rrmy
Instruction in a sleeper. When the
train reached Imperial Texas object-
Ion was made by some white people
to his further Journey in the a. lep-
er. This wounded hero who had
poured out his life blood to protect
America was not welcome to rido
in comfort to Tyler his final resting
place. And when it seemed that he
was to be removed by force if neces
sary the white lieutenant found h'i
manhool and with the bearing and
daring htch always characterize the
patriotic soldier; told the objections
that his suffering charge should not
be removed except over his (the lieu-
tenant) dead body. This had its
effect and the upholsters of "white
supremacy" etood aside. Te wound
ed hero and his galant protector
The enemies of America do not
all live in Germany. They did not
all plot the treason whlh would
placj men spurrei and bayonetted
lu the armies of the im ader. Who-
ever sullies the honor of the flag
and defies its protection whether at
horse or elsewhere is an enemy to
this government and should be so
regarded. Today Mr. Wilson Is in
Europe teaching the 11 itions of the
world the glory and goodness of a
Democracy of which man has dream
ed in all the centuries and It Is a
bleeding pity to aay that in his own
country he does not practice the
doctrine of which he Is such a won-
derful preacher.. "Physician heal
Entitled to Cross de Guerre.
The man brave enough to do his
Women game enough to marry a
The gent who works overtime with
out extra pay.
The chivalrous fellow whe for
twenty years has given his scat to
a womrn. .
The appreciative woman who has
said. "I thank you."
uiris bravo enough not to rouge
The husbatid who washes the dish-
es. : .
A film producer says that' girls
should tot bank upon their beauty
for success. No hut many do bean-
Dallas Teste In Class A 1.
(Continued' from page 1).
race problem in masses or by the
individual? Shall we live all the
days in one or live one day at a
fline? Mrs. Lula Mason is a gradu-
ate of the Cortland schools N. Y.
Mrs. F. Chester Rutherford has
been a quiet unassuming teacher
handling- the primary grades with
method and fore thought in the prep-
aration of her work. She too hails
rrom Georgia coming to our city
special forte as we recall is thut
she knows how to reach the child
to have it employ both hand and
mind deftly in the work that it has
to do. We have seen work done In
a.vM wm uau vaun iaiu.u vtvui aivt
her classes with ralla strings and
needles that none except an adapt
could arrange. Her whole soul seems
wrapped up In her classes which are
kept busy all the time working with
a purpose in view. Mrs. Rutherford
takes a special course in the Uni-
versity of Chicago fitting herself for
the work of her grades which adds
to her efficiency along the lines of
Mrs. M. E. Hallum is a teacher
who working at the very beginning
of child life in the schools has ac-
complished work that speaks for it
self among the pupils which she
taught We have visited her room
when we were inspector ' and felt
well paid for our visit and left
much encouraged to work harder in
our line of work. What constitutes
a teacher is it the quiet person
who get results in the methods of
teaching or is it the fussy and loud
teacher clamoring for order and there
Is no order? What is teaching any
way? Is a teacher an artist or
scientist? Sunt. Kimball answers the
querry on this wise: "Owing to the
ability of the person doing the teach
ing whether he is or she is an artist
or a scientist" Mrs. Hallum is a
graduate of the city schools of De-
troit Michigan. She also took a
summer course under Col. Parker in
the celebrated Parker school Chicago.
She like Mrs. Rutherford is descend
ed from a great family tree of pro-
nounced distinction. The work of the
five teachers here mentioned can
never perish nor be forgotten for it
is written in the minds of the living.
Shall we erect a monument to the
black woman the uncrowned prin
cess of America? If not In bronze
brass and granite then In what? But
we should erect a monument to her
the one woman or all women who
deserves this monument for it was
she who has made it possible for
the black to survive being surround
ed with a civilization that brooks no
competition no rival and yet in
this particular situation our mothers
the guarding angels of our destiny
have said trust in God and do the
right- and in "the language of the
Immortal Lincoln "In some way In
which we can not see God will
make an opening." All honor to the
American uncrowned Princess the
mother the one American whose ser-
vice and whose devotion will grow
brighter as the ages come and go.
Yes we shall crown her we shall
erect a monument to her not in
bronze not in brass not In granite
but what then? But in an emblem
of a hallowed wreath encircled with
a hallow of glory made respendent
with her achievements and with her
Negro Shipbuilders Prove Black
Man's Worth in Industry.
(Continued from page 1).
ton was told by many that it would
would be impossible to build ships
with Negro labor. The ships that
we are building are equal to those
built anywhere in the world.
Some of the Colored men who are
working in the Newport News ship-
yard have been with the company
twenty-five years or more. Eight
or ten are' on tho retired list and
are receiving from one-third to one-
fourth of their - regular pay.
The successful Colored shipyard
workers have built their own homes
have supported their churches and
have helped to . develop one of the
best Colored sections in the South.
T. JT. C A. Investment.
A new Y. M. C. A. building has
been built at a cost of $20000 to care
for Colored shipyard workers. For
six years the Y. M. C A. was main
tained for the shipyard boys and
was a pronounced fucceffi.
It was perhaps ae of the best
Investments ever made by the com
pany. Through the Y. M. C. A. the
boys and men learned better habits
of Industry and learned a good deal
about thrift. Industries must make
better workers. ' The man who works
and does not get ahead simply wactes
nis time successful people are
those who work at things a long time
unola Jack" who has been long
engaged In the coke-bin work was
t'nwilling at seventy t- retire. He
wanted to work on tinul tho Ger
mans had been whipped. This man
has tbn respeot of his own people
ana tne whites. .
Colored people' have the gift of
good n Mure good nature which is
practic Jly unfailing. Good nature 1s
always ai ' asset It will get men
farther th in almost any other quali-
A man Is not made by the things
which he does with his hands but
by what he thinks. The Colored men
In the shipyard who work skillfully
witn their bands are as self-respecting
as any other group of people.
We must make class depend on de-
cency rather than upon the kind of
work a man or woman does.
The Colored people have a glorious
future before them. They will learn
as others have done that thrift and
hard work will bring them out all
right The must become a property
owning voting people.
Colored people Just naturally like
to get hold of a little property. Only
death and disaster will seperate them
from their property. All clear-thinking
right-minded white people are
the friends of Colored people A boy
or a girl a man or a woman who
sticks to his or her Job wiU win.
ty with success upon some fellow's
There's a horse in Gibson City.
111. that chews tobacco says a news
item. That's a horse on us.
When some meri can't do anything
they do somcbodv.
K. E. W.
THE RELATION OF THE NEGRO TO
THE SELECTIVE CRAFT
(tontlnued from page 1).
peculiarly fitted to render necessary
advice to the War Department with
respeot to the Colored people of tho
various states to look after matters
affecUng' the interest of the Negro
selectives and enlisted men and to
Inquire into the treatment accorded
yjem Dy (bo various officials connect-
ed with the War Department In
the position' occupied by him tho
Special Assistant to the Secretary
of War was thus enabled to obtain
a proper perspecdve both of the at-
titude of selective service officials
to the .Negro and of the Negro to
the war and especially to the. draft
As the representative of his race
his expressions therefore have great
weight In a memorandum address-
to this oflice on the Bubject of the
relation of the Negro to the war and
especially the draft on Deo. 12 1918
Mr. Scott wrote:
Eager to Accept Terms
"The attitude of the Negro to the
war and especially to the draft was
one of complete acceptance of the
draft in fact of an eagerness to ac-
cept its terms. There .was a deep re-
sentment in many quarters that he
was not permitted to volunteer aa
white men by the thousands were
permitted to do in connection with
National Guard units and other
branches of military service which
were closed to Colored men. One of
the brightest chapters in the whole
history of the war is the Negro's
eager acceptance - of the draft and
his splendid willingness to . fight
His only resentment was due to the
limited extent to which he was al-
lowed to Join and participate in com-
batant or "fighting" units. The num-
ber of Colored draftees accepted
for military duty and the compar-
ltlvely small number of them claim-
ing exemption as compared with
the trtal number of white and Col-
ored men called and drafted pre-
sents an Interesting study and re-
flects much credit upon this racial
"Many influences were brought to
bear upon the Negro to evade his
duty to the Government. Some effort
In certain sections of the country was-
made to induce them not to register.
That the attempt to spread German
propaganda was a miserable failure
may be seen from the statement of
the Chief of the Bureau of Investiga-
tion of the Department of Justice to
the United States Senate committee:
The Negroes didn't take to these
stories however as they were too-
loyal. Money spent in the SouU
for propaganda was thrown away.
' now morale was Promoted
"Then too these evil influences-
were more than offset by the various-
publicity and "promotion of morale"
measures carried on through the
office of the Special Aslstant to the
Secretary of War and his assistants.
Correspondence was kept up with
influential Negroes all over the coun
try. Letters circulars and newa
itemi for the purpose of affecting
and encouraging the continued loyal
ty of the Negro citizens were regular
ly issued to the various papers com
prising both the white and Negro
A special committee of 100 Col
ored speakers was appointed to de
liver public patriotic addresses all
over the country under the auspl-
cles of the Committee on Public In-
formation stating the war aims of
the Government and seeking to keep
unbroken the spirit of. loyalty of Col-
ored American citizens.
"A special conference of Negro
editors was called to meet in Wash-
ington in June 1818 under the aus-
picles of the Committee on Public
Information in order to gather and
disseminate the thought and public
opinion of the various leaders of the
Nogro race. Such has been only a
part of the work of the department
of the Special Assistant to the Sec-
retary of War in the record of the
marshaling of the man power of the
"The appreciation of this repre-
sentative of the Colored race for the
cooperation shown by the Selective
Service administration especially as
It affected members of - the Colored
race in reference to occasional com-
plain ia received will appear from the
following extract from a memoran-
dum written to this office on Septem-
ber 12th by the Special Assistant to
the Secretary of War.
Mr. Soott tells of Draft Falrr -sr.
"Throughout my tenure there I have
keenly appreciated the prompt and
cordial cooperaUou of U.e ProvoBt
Marshall General's Office with that
yaruvujur Btxjiiuu 01 tuo OJuce tne
Secretary of War especially referred
to herein. The Provost Marshall
Genenv"s Office has carefully lnvesd-
gatea ana has furnished full and com-
plete reports in each and every com-
plaint or cose referred to it for at-
tention involving discrimination race
prejudice erroneous classification of
draftees' etc. and has rectified these
complaints whenever it was found.
uyuu luvoiigaiufu uim mure was just
ground for the same. Especially in
the matter of applying and carrying
out the Selectl1: e Service Regulations
Jio Provosi Marshal General's office
has kept a watchful eye upon certain 1
ljcal exemption boards which seemed
lilslncllned to treat Negro drawees on
the same basis as other Americans
subject to the draft law. It is an
actual fact that in a number of In-
stances where flagrant violation
have occurred in the application of
the draft law to Negro men in certain
sections of the country local exempt-
ion hoards have been removed bodily
and new boards bo appointed have
have been ordered by the Provost
Marshal General to reclassify Colored
men who had been unlawfully con-
scripted into the Army or who had
been wrongfully classified; as a re-
sult of this action hundreds of Col-
ored men have had their complaints
remedied and have been properly re-
classified. "It is also valuable to note the
opinion of this representative of the
-ixr.vs.tru law u IU rCSUllS Ol tfiO
Negroe's participation in. the war:
"Tfl a vim A T k.tl - . . ...
i ueueve mat tne Ne
groe's eagerness to serve and his
great courage and demonstrated valor
across the seas have given hlin a new
Idea of Americanism aid likewise
havo given to the white people of our
country a new idea of his citizenship
his resl character and capabilities.
i'or cent Americanism.
Incidentally the Negro hasbeen help-
ed in many ways physically and
mentally and has been made into an
even more satisfactory asset to the
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The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 22, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 15, 1919, newspaper, March 15, 1919; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth278252/m1/4/?rotate=90: accessed May 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .