The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 46, Ed. 1 Saturday, August 30, 1919 Page: 1 of 12
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Founded by W. E. King.
"VOL. 2C 0. 40.
APPOINTS TRIBUNAL TO GET
FACTS ANO POINT OUT
WAY FOR SOLUTION ' .
Chicago 111. August. Declaring he
had "used the utmost care in appoint-
ing the committee. to undertake this
.great work." Governor Lowden yes-
terday thru Dr. Francis W. Shepard-
son director of the Illinois depart-
ment of registration and education an-
nounced the membership of his com-
mission for the investigation of re-
lationship between white and Negroes
in Chicago. Attorney Edgar A. Ban-
croft heads the commission which in-
cludes members of both races. Its per-
sonnel is as follows: Julius Rosen-
wald president of Sears-Roebuck &
Co. Victor F. Lawson publisher of the
Chicago paily News Edward Osgood
Brown attorney and president of the
Chicago branch of the National Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Color-
ed People Harry Eugene Kelly at-
torney Wml Scott Bon real estate
dealer Dr. Cleveland Hall- an official
of the Urban league Edward H. Mor-
ris attorney Robert S. Abbott editor
of the Chicago Defender Adelbert H.
Roberts sponger in the fifty-first gen-
ral assembly of a bill advocating the
appointment of an intcr-social com-
mission George H.- Jackson business
man Dr. L. K. Williams pastor of
Olivet Baptist Church.
Commenting ' on the appointments
the governor's statement continued:
4I have sought only the most represen-
tative men of both races. I have not
even asked them whetbor they have
.views as to how the condition may
"This is a tribunal constituted to
get the fats and interpret them and
find the way out.
"These riots were the work of the
worst elements of both races and did
not represent a majority of either.
"The two races are here and will re
main here. The great majority of each
realizes the necessity for living on
terms of cord al good will and respect.
That condition must be brought about.
To say it cannot is to confess the fail-
ure of self-government.
"I offer no solution of the problem.
I do know it cannot be solved by mob
violence." . . . .
The committee probably will meet
in the next ten days.
Pittsburgs Pa. Aug. Among the
best working members of the diitrict
organize lion of the United Mine Work-
ers are those of the Negro race. Of
these more than 8000 carry union
cards and are considered true and un-
tiring workers for the cause. One of
the most prominent of the race h
Samuel L. ppngburn who is kept
busy as a district organizer. He is
by reiuson of his experience and en-
vironments well fitted for the work.
He is a Pittsburgher and is ell ac-
quainted "in 'the mining fields of West-
Samuel L. Pagburn was born In
Jefferson township. Allegheny County
August 15 1872. At the age of 2 his
parents -moved to Elizabeth where he
attended the common schools and grad-
uated therefrom. He than took a
course in shorthand and commercial
study at the Duquesne Business Col-
lege from which he was graduated in
1892. When he reached his majority
. he took an active part in politics and
in January 1895 received an appoint-
ment in the Sheriff's office of Alle-
gheny County as official stenograph-
er. He held this position until Jan-
uary 1904 when' he lost his position
by reason of a change of power of
Sums Up Ne-
Chicago III. August. A prominent
white citizen writing the Chicago
Daily News made the following re-
markable statement regarding "race
D. Davidson's argument on the
Negro problem is dlffeent from others
only in that it is a more clearly de-
fined summary of the average white
man's attitude toward the Negro.
None of the 'three eolations" submit-
ted by him will sciv; the problem.
GATE 111 CAP-
SOUTHERNER OFFERS BILL
TO LIMIT SECTION OF
CITY TO NEGROES -
Washington. D. C Aug. 2?. A bill
limiting certain sections of the city to
Negroes and prohibiting them from
living In other districts is now pend-
ing in the house.
Jt was introduced by Thaddeus -H;
Caraway representative from Arkan-
This is the fourth bill framed by
Caraway to effect a complete segre-
gation of the Negro and white races.
One bill would prohibit the inter-
marriage of the races in the district
and another would prohibit enlistment
of any Negro In military or naval ser-
vice. This latter bill also would
cause every Negro now in the service
to be discharged. '
Another bill by Caraway would com-
pel Negroes either to ride on different
cars from whites or have reserved
There is only one solution. Give the
Negro the unreserved rights of an
American citizen as guaranteed under
the constitution of the United States.
Grant him the privilege of making
himself fit. Stop trying to make a
place for him. Let him find his own
individual place and he will neither
crowd antagonize nor humiliate
It would be- little short of calamity
to legalize any form of injustice
againBt the Negro. America has en-
emies within and without and is in
no position to make an enemy of the
The wise words of. Ex-President
Taft 'are as apples of gold." Yet it is
not possible to stop the cries of an
oppressed people. The Negro's paper
and magazines are his only means of
There are white men and women in
Chicago possessed rf such integrity
such fineness and goodness of heart
that they champion the Negro's cause
from a keen sense of justice and
honor. To such men and women the
Negro people owe and acknowledge a
great debt .
And His Record
Haverhill Mass. Aug. Colonel
William Hayward who recently mar
ried Mrs. Morton P. Plant of the nott d
New York family of that name won
fame as the organizer of the fifteenth
Regiment New York Infantry Negro
troops which saw continuous service
with the French amy and had its
colors decorated with the Croix de
Guerre. Col. .Hayward received the
Croix de Guerre from Marshall Petain
and the Distinguished Service Medal
of the United States for "personal
bravery in action and military leader
ship of the highest order." The presi-
dent of France likewise conferred on
him the Legion of Honor. He is the
son of Senator Mcnroe Leland Hay
ward and Is forty-two years old.
To Boost R. R.
Chicago 111. August Railroad
Men's International Benevolent Indus-
trial Association:- In accordance with
the plans of this organization for a
boosting membership campaign Presi-
dent K. L. Mays is about to leave for
New Orleans and Birmingham where
he will deliver a Labor Day address
before the Colored railroad men on
September 1st at Nashville. The inter-
national secretary Dr. M. O. Bous-
field is also leaving for the East and
will visit Locals at Washington Phil-
adelphia Jersey City New York and
Boston. Under the auspices of Presi-
dent C. G. Bernard of Local No. 56
at Boston he will deliver an address on
August 29th on the recent Race
troubles in Chicago and the progress
of this Association which now has 95
locals and a membership of 7000.
27ie Republican Parly Is
THE MOVEMENT IS NATIONWIDE
Plan to Have New State Governed Upon a Modified
Territorial Principal. Laws to
groes but Subject to Veto by
St. Louis Mo. Aug. aS.-'Plans for
the colonization of American negroes
In a new free state fo be set up on
the Mexican border said to have the
support of the 200000 members of the
race who comprise the Free Will M.
E. Church was set in motion at the
annual convention and conference of
the church held In St Louis August
22. The adoption of the colonization
program according .to the statement
made yesterday by Dr. M. M. Madden
of Oklahoma City a delegate to the
convention will eliminate entirely the
race question from the list of prob-
lems facing the United States.
"You cannot mix oil and water nor
an Inferior race with a superior Dr.
TO PUNISH JIM
III THE ARMY
Albany Ala. Aug. The persons
resonsible for placing Negro and white
troops in the same units abroad will
be called to account by the war de-
partment and the Color line will be
drawn in all cases in the army ac-
cording to information furnished Sen-
ator Bankhead by Peter Harris Ad-
The announcement followed a peti
tion - circulated . here on - July Fourth
and signed by several thousand Mor-
gan county citizens requesting that
the races be segregated in the ser-
vice. HEW YORK EVADES -LABOR
New York N. Y. Aug. New York
discriminates against Negro workers
say authorities endeavoring to place
those who are out of employment.
Although the American Federation of
Labor has withdrawn opposition to
their becoming members of labor or-
ganizations it is difficult to find
positiora for them.
Prince L. Edwoods superintendent
of the local bureau of employment of
the New York Department of Labor
cals attention to a situation which he
says is causing hardship to man de-
serving Hegro men and women who
are in need of work. He cites - in-
stances of four skilled workmen paint-
ers whom he supplied to a Christian
institution recently but who on arriv-
ing at 4he job were not permitted to
go to work.
PE5RY BUYS HISTORIC SITE
Atlanta Ga. Aug. The old Calico
House at Auburn Avenue and Court-
land St and occupied at present by
the Wesley Memorial Hospital has
been sold to H. E. Perry Colored
president of the Standard Life Insur-
ance 'ComparTy and also president of
the Service Company of Atlanta.
It is the purpose of the new owner
to convert the property into an office
building for the accommodation of
Negro tenants lawyers physicians
fraternal associations insurance com
panies and commercial agencies.
In addition to the Calico House pro-
perty Perry has purchased also the
Auburn avenue property immediately
adjoining the hospital numbering 115
and 119 making dimensions of the en-
tire site 290 by 150 feet.
England Avoids Race- Question
London Aug. In the House of Com-
mons today Walter E Guinness
Unionist -member for Suffolk asked
Andrew Bonar Law the Government
leader to-give the day's discussion
over to the present position of the
black races but his request was re-
fused. Guinness then asked whether
it would not be a graceful act of re-
ciprocity to place at the disposal of
the United States the benefit of
British experience in governing Ne-
groes in return for the dcussion of
Irish affairs in the United States.
Capt. Williams Wedgewood Liberal
asked Mr. Bonar Law to do his 'best
to prevent efforts to sow dissention
between America and Great Britain
by alleged humourous questions.
Mr. Hanar Law said tne uovern-
ment recognized that the future peace
of the world depends upon the good
relations betweea the two countries.
The Ship All Else Is The
THE DALLAS EXPBESS DALLAS 8 VTUBDAT AUGUST 80 1910.
Madden said. Our movement Is nation-wide
and' has the support not
only of the 200000 members of our
congregation but also of hundreds of
thousands of Independent members of
both races throughout the country.
Elimination of race trouble would not
bQ the only advantage of the plan.
Our state would act as & buffer be-
tween the United States and Mexico.
Our people would be given rights
guaranteed but not fulfilled by the
thirteenth fourteenth and fifteenth
amendment to the Constitution of the
Dr. Madden's plan Is that the new
state be governed upon a modified
territorial principle. Laws shall be
N. CAROLINA REPUBLICANS
TOTRlf FOR VACANCY
. Charlotte N C Aug. It is prob
able that the' Unifcn republican party
will nut a Negro candidate in the
general election for Congress to sue
ceed A.. F. Lever who has. resigned
to accept a position on the federal land
loan board according to L. A. Haw-
kins a Negro of Columbia district
chairman of the party. A meeting of
county executive committeemen of the
seventh congressional district was held
at Hawkins office here today when
the matter was discussed.
Hawkin i stated that while nothing
definite had been done it was almost
certain that at a subsequent meeting
in the near future a candidate fill be
named. In the meantime Hawkins
said he would communicate with the
White Republicans and other white
friends in this district and ask them
NECHO KINS ESSAY CONTEST
Atlanta Ga. August. I ouis -J.
Harper a young Atla-nti Negro hf
just been announced as the winner of
third prize in a nation-wide essay
contest on the subject: "Why we
should have an American Language 1"
The contest was conducted by the
State Library of Ohio and was open
to all accredited students of all uni-
versities colleges and high schools
throughout the country.
Young Harper who is jug; 20 years
of age was a member of the Students
Avo y Training Corps of Atlanta uni
versity and computed his sophoirore
year in 1919 with honors.
In writing of Harpefs success 3
H. Newton state librarian of Ohio
said: 'This young man has pret
promise for his race. Nothing can
possibly contribute more to the up-
lift of the African than the educa-
tion and careful training of such men
as young Harper.
"He is entitled to all the credit he
receives for the reason that no Judge
k.iew anything about the name of the
individual writer untu after the de
cision Thereiore tne elimination or
all prejudice or partiality from the
So widespread was the interest in
this contest that Mr. Newman has de
cided to launch another contest along
these lines some time during the com
ing fall after all the schools are or
ganized for their new year's work.
Chattanooga Tenn. Aug. 25. An In
junction was ordered Thursday by
Chancellor Garvin restraining Frank
Jackson colored from acting or as
suming to act as grand master of the
Freed and Accepted Ancient York Ma-
song of the .State of Tennessee. The
tftyle of the bill under which the In
junction was issued if the ' Grand
Lodge of the Free and Aceptod An
cient York Masons vs. r. A. Jackson
J. M. Arnold et al.. and the moat
worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge
of the Free Accepted Ancient York
Masons. . -. lm Jll
IIEGRO 10 II FOR
Sea." Fred Douglas.
be Made by Ne
made by the negro citizens of the
state- but shall be subject to 'veto
by the United States government. Ex-
cept for this veto however the col-
ony shall bo entirely self-governing
and relations with the United States
shall be by treaty. The state shall
consist of 100 square miles of territory.
500 on the Amreican side of the Rio
Grande and 600 on the Mexican side.
The United States shal lbuy the Amer
ican territory from the individual cit
izens and the Mexican territory from
the Mexican government. Negro
property in the United States shall be
appraised and bought utuby the gov
ernment but emigration shall not be
TO CAPITALIZE COAL
COMPANY H TENNESSEE
Chattanooga Tenn. Aug. Articles
of incorporation were filed yesterday
in the office of the circuit court clerk
by the Chattanooga Coal and Man
ufacturing Company with a capital
stock of 15000. The incorporators are
all well-known Colored men and are
as follows: J. D. Fazald' E. P. Jones
Daniel R. Brown Manson Flowers and
S. A. Wheeler. It is stated in the ap-
plication that the purpose of the new
company is to mine coal and other
minerals in Hamilton county and to
manufacture coke and its by-products
Lewiston Mo. Aug. Through the
efficient system which is a part of
the modern Chamber of Commerce'of
the cities no solicitor gets far on the
local Held before there is some under
standing as to the purpose of his or
her work and his equipment with the
proper credentials for conducting such
work. Two Colored women were
among the In test to be stopped by this
The women were soliciting funds for
a -home for Colored orphans to be
locatrd at Koxbury Mass. in Lewis-
ton Tuesday when they were brought
to a halt when some of the members
of the Chamber of Commerce began
to call for credentials
They were escorted to the office of
Chief Field where they explained their
mission which appeared perfectly all
right but they lacked the written
license required by law.
The women explained thai they had
done this work for the past 15 years
and had never had any trouble be-
fora. Arrest Alleged
Baltimore Md. Aug. Alleged to
have been enei-.eed in the practice of
medicine in the city and counties in
violation of the Sate law. Geortre W.
Johnson Colored 60 years old pro-
prietor of the G. W. Johnson vegetable
Compound Company was arrested at
his home 2206 Druid Hill Ave. yes-
terday by Headquarters Detectives
R. E. Freeman and H. H. Hammersia
and after a hearing at the Northwest-
ern Police Station was held in bail for
the action of the grand jury.
According to the detectives John-
son has conducted a widespread busi-
ness in this State having made period-
ical visits in his automobile to many
towns where he visited "patients"
and prescribed his remedies for treat-
ment of diseases including rheuma-
tism asthma bronchitis and other ail-
ments. Although he was known to
his "patients" as "Doctor" Johnson he
did not have the prefix printed on his
advertising literature. -
.'Spokane Wi : .i. August The State
Federation of flored Women's Or
ganizations Vir ; -fifnston and Jurisdic
tion held its .' "! Annual Meeting
here and re- ' fed Mm. John E
Mapps presiden fn the next two
years. This rt-uv..-ition has p en
rollment -xt 26 club1.- and a member
ship oi over 20 10 woi-'pn from Wash-
ington llonta- or Maho
III) HE ISSUE
III IS CITY
HAPPENS TO BE IN UNITED
STATES TOO AN EXCEPTION
TO THE RULE
(Lowell Mass Aug. 25. Lowell's
colored population fortunately has
long been amiable and well disposed
thanks in part to a tradition of racial
amity that dates to pre-revolutlonary
days. The history of this neighbor
hood is full of stories and anecdotes of
respected and useful black folk:
"Caesar" the humorous and resource-
ful attendant upon the Rev. R. V.
Thomas Parker after whom Caesar's
spring. In Pawtucketville was named;
Silas Royal the famed factotum of
General Joneph "Bradley Varnum; Bar-
zillai Lew the colored flfer at Bunker
Hill battle and the progeny of music-
al Lews that has come from him right
down to our own time and several
others'. So far as this community is
concerned it is as if the white vs. col-
ored issue has never been drawn and
looks never likely to be drawn.
RACE NEWS OF '
Albany Ga. Aug. The Georgia
Normal and Agricultural College the
Negro normal school here will re-
ceive $20000 from the state during
the years 1920 and 1921.
Iowa City la. Aug. The Delta Sig-
m&JTheta. a unique sorority organlze-
tion of Colored Girls at the University
of Iowa will enter their beautiful sor-
rity house when school opens in Sep
tember. This organization represents
Iowa's young womanhood at its best
in refinement and culture. Miss Mamie
Diggs is president of the Sorority.
. Louisville Ky. August. Articles
of incorporation were tiled yesterday
by the General Assembly of the
Church of the Living God the pillar
of Ground and Truth. The society is
composed of Negroes and is to pro
mote religion charity and education.
It has no capital stock and is auth-
orized to incur liabilities not to ex-
ceed $100000. The promoters are J.
A. Edmonsch L. G. Snell James
Pendleton C. W. Bolden J. A. Smith
and G. C. Henderson.
Chattanooga Tenn. Aug. Colored
veterans of the world war are becom
ing anxious about a local post of the
Veteran's Legion. They are very
anxious to become affiliated with the
national and state organizations and
have made inquiries as to plans made
for taking them in.
norneu w. y. Aug. J. Holme a
Colored man of this city has broueht
an action for $5000 damages against
&. v. wood proprietor of Midwav
tourt nere cna-ginr? that he suffered
humiliation as the result of having
been ejected from the skating rink
The plaint:"" alleges he was ejected
on account of his color and for no
other reason. The defense maintain
that he was ejected for another reason.
Noi-folk Va. Aug. Rev. R. H.
Bowling pastor of the Bank street
Colored Baptist church preached a
tin-ely sermon on racial relationship in
Norfolk his subject being "Light from
the Bible on How to Build a City."
RESOLUTIONS FOR OUR LATE
MR. W. E. KING
fiESonmoys from abiff lodge
AO. 61 F. & A. JL FOR THE
LATE TV. E. XLW.
Amidst the oak in the forest there
stood ono in the hey dey of its
foliage where . creatures gathered
lolage where creatures gathered
under its branches to revive their
weary spirits. Sometimes from the
heat - of protection to be shielded
from its rays; sometime from the
storm of adversity to be sheltered
from its dangers.
Alas it has fallen sudden this
virile oak turnleth substance clasps
snaaow u withereth it dies; rapid
transition it seems to us but the
inevitable of life is counched in even-
tualities whose destiny is death and
each itenerant shall to . that depot
arrive some time somehow some-
where. In the passing of Bro. W. R King
it but tells us of the insatiableness
of the sea and the elements and forces
unseen like a mighty caravan con-
Unuoth to grasp for us.
Be it unto him in hia all wise
providenco set our metes and
established our bounds rinto Him we
bow for he doeth for go -"i. As mortals
wa mourn the loss of cno. bo useful
$1X0 Per Annum
THICK FITE CE3TS.
REGAIN LIFE AS BRICKLAYER
DIES AN INSURANCE V
Durham N. C Aug. John Mer-
rick one of the best known Negroes
In this section of the United States
died here. The death was not unex-
pected as he had been ill for several
months past. :
-The deceased was born in Clinton
f . i f. l 1 . .urn
About forty years ago he came to this
a Merrick was a self-made man whose
life was a gojd example to the mem-
bers of his race. When he first came
to this city he was a bricklayer.
Being economical he saved much of
the money he made and in a few
years he opened up a barber shop
and for many years his place of busi-
ness was the favorite place of its kind
in the city. After many years of this
work he founded the North Carolina
Mutual and Provident Association
the largest organization of its kind in
the world. Since 1899 the year of ita
establishment this organization haa
steadily grown. -
In 1884 together with other Col-
ored people he founded the Lincoln
Hospital. All of his life ho ave large
donatlona tto the hospital on which he
served as president of the board of
trustees for more than 20 years.
About the same time the hospital
was founded Merrick together with
Prof. W. G. Pearson founded the
order of the Royal Order of King
David. This lodge like all his or-
ganizations soon became one of the
largest in the world. Other institu-
tions established by the deceased are
the Colored library and the Mechanica
and Farmers Bank the latter being
established in 1908. The library has
been one of the greatest helps to the
Colored people of this city. All hia
life Merrick continued to give large
donations to the Library.
The deceased is survived by a wid-
ow and five children. One daughter
d i twif u of Dr- peter Williams of
voiciKh; anomer tne wife of Dr. B.
xsruce of Winbton-Salem. Hia
eldest son John Jr. lives in Detroit.
Ihe other son Ed. is assistant secretary-
0f the North Carolina Mutau't
and Provident Association. His
youngest child is Martha Merrick.
He said that if. wa a.v
MB illUVU UiO VUi
ored Man's duty to help boost the city
?h.1i'Wa" he Yhlte n'8 nd that
the taw and order must at all times
S ?vei and Preserved. He point-
wh a C0Urts were maintained
ances tdnn mlghfc be had fo
He urpvd Hiof .km-
be mvited to the city that the sys-
ZL 1 ciy aiding followed should
embrace thrift reliability and honesty.
wern V."""V . W tnat aspect
other m Norfolk than in. any
oitv "Jffl "the southland that the
teL; utTlUea had evidenced a de-
llSin t0 protect the
au citizens and prevent mob violas.
Kin? Wil n man
Mason who remembered that n
won had a clahu upon him as well
m did the household of the righteous
of such tenets
e magnified the order. ITU
yas King. He waa king not in the
L&& ltin force
On -m J . '
nV u --leB lo. say that it can be.
5 of Can! fr he had toa
tat Jr' ed talented
Dhllnonnlt.T ' "ueiKeuo ana
puiiOBopnical exDonent ti r.
nou." rrvUU ""Wtto d sTrea-
SSteenr?11' The order lost
4 v-iLT' u"iuu 18 nmca
called Wm ;.."- 1" .lue supreme
to take from P1? ?
nraw es..i.-.-"Vu uromer. we
We' .T''Y r Kingdom Come.
"O BClCnOW eriira 1 . "Z
thou hast done
- .. a- W.WV1T J-flV V I
wi?h vlaU?sind we ahare
commit ih J . . oraeaI and 63 wo
coffimwiw remains to the dust and
commend Ws tpir;t to God that
FY ewte wmend you too.
cannot but comfort those who trust
the press and family W SSj
'(Con'inu! on $as 2.V .
p&ti v.. ";
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The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 46, Ed. 1 Saturday, August 30, 1919, newspaper, August 30, 1919; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth278275/m1/1/: accessed June 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .