The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 6, Ed. 1 Saturday, November 13, 1920 Page: 4 of 8
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THE DALLAS EXPRESS DALLAS TKXAS SATURDAY NOVEMBER 13 1020.
THE DALLAS EXPUtiSS.
NATIONAL NEGRO PRESS
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THE DALLAS EXTRES9
has never hoisted the white
feather neither has It been
disgraced by the yellow
etreak. It Is not afflicted
with the flannel mouth. It
is a plain every day sen-
sible conservative newspa-
per which trims no sail
to catch the passing breeze;
flies no doubtful flag: It
proteoses a patriotism as
' broad as our country. Its
love of even handed Justice
'covers all the territory oc-
cupied by the human race.
This Is pretty high ground
but. we live on It and are
prospering. Boys of the
press come up and stand
with us. This ground .Is
W.' E. KINO.
SATIKDAY NOV. 13 1020.
opportunity Knocks at every
man s floor sooner or later it wakes
no sleeperB and forces no entrance
It only presents itself and If not
embraced leaves to return no more
in exactly the same form.
. Locally' ' we overlook opportuni-
ty too often. We embrace it too sel-
dom. We sleep on our rights too
often and 'when we find ourselves
lacking are prone to blame every
'circumstance and fall to consider
our own slothfulness.
Learning ' Is essential to success.
It is a great asset In even the
most ordinary life and Its value is
inestimable. We all need it. Too
few' of us have it.
It can be had only as we avail
ourselves of the opportunities for
There are now mre opportuni-
ties tor the gaining of an education
. thart there are those who seem to
desire to avail themselves of them.
Such a condition Is deplorable. It
should not continue to be so.
Tbe public school system offers
a free night school course in liter-
ary branches for all classes of stu-
' dents. They are hardly well enough
attended to warrant their contin-
The Knights of Columbus offer
free night school courses in auto
mechanics bookkeeping and liter-
ary branches. When the number of
service men now in our town is
compared with the number actually
attending the lack of Interest is
' There are too many ignorant and
untutored ones among us. It would
seem that an Interest in their own
advancement would cause them to
sacrifice at least a few hours a
week to their own improvement.
There is no excuse now for the
crass Ignorance found among our
young men and women. It is not
necessary that they be so. Oppor
tunity for changing their untutored
condition is everywhere open to
They should be urged in every
way to improve themselves know
ledge is never wasted. It should
be . the duty of every considerate
person to urge them to embrace
some of these schools. They will
prove highly beneficial.
LET US BLEND OUR EFFORTS TOWARD A LAW AGAINST
The campaign is over and a Republican administration
out is assured. The victory was the greatest since the Civil War
and well might it be so for America is sadly in need of construc-
tive direction. We believe that it will be furnished by a Republi-
The campaign methods used by the Democratic machine
while rendered ridiculous by their signal failure to influence the
great mass of voters more than at any other time have shown
the utter lack of conscience and value of ethical niceties which
a campaign for the highest office in the nation ought to bring
to the surface. Their methods were highly worthy of the repudi-
ation which they received-
We as a group should be interested in observing those meth-
ods used in the Democratic campaign which strove to use racial
hatred as a means of influencing voters and the way in which
they were received by the voters as a class. ' .
The utter repudiation of the "Social Equality" and "Negro
Domination" theories By the majority of voters many of them
Southern by birth gives a reasonable amount of proof that as a
class they are realizing that there may be other considerations
more potent than the fear of Negro influence to be taken in con
sideration in their choice of chief executives. Or it may be that
they are realizing that for many years they have been the dupes
of conscienceless demagogues who bent them to their selfish wills
by playing to a passion unworthy of them as true citizens ofa
democracy. Whatever the reason responsible for this utter dis-
regard for the appeals to racial hatred of campaign leaders the
fact that this disregard has been so efficiently expressed should
be highly gratifying to us . ;
We have suffered much from the appeals to racial hatred
made from time to time. Since almost immemorial they have been
used with telling effect upon the SOLID SOUTH. But in this in-
stance they failed miserably despite the fact that they were more
vitriolic than ever. Never before in recent years has any cam-
paign witnessed such scurrilous personalities as the one just
closed in which even the presidential candidate was accused of
having Negro blood in his veins and the "Social Equality" theory
worn threadbare. I
We glory in the defeat of such propaganda and look forward
more confidently to a day when America shall be truly American
throughout. We do not consider it more than reasonable to ex
pect a change in the thinking quality of the national public mind
to such a degree that all citizens of America shall be freed from
the restraint imposed upon them by a prejudice unworthy of en-
' Eventually such a condition will maintain. It will be gradual
in its coming but it is sure. Its speed will be limited only by the
soul quality of the leaders produced and the growth of the read-
iness with which the individuals who go to make up the public
mma give to an circumstances and conditions the proper valua-
We as a group more than ever must realize that our effect-
iveness as a factor politically and economically must be increased
by an increase of cooperative ability and a determination to make
While it probably does not yet appear so the nomination of
Negroes for public offices will in time to come have a decided
tendency to give "us a solidarity never before realized.
j We can gain recognition only in proportion as our ability to
do makes us valuable in the scheme of things. Kindliness consid-
eration and the spirit of humanity do not wholly govern this con-
dition. We tend to become able to do in proportion as we con-
centrate our forces and combine our efforts becoming a unit.
In this campaign we were valuable: we were a great Repub-
Our crying need now is a national law against lynching. We
need anti-lynch laws even more than some other legislation. It is
a national need. The fact that we do not have such a law is al-
most directly responsible that for the fact that our lives are in
jeopardy and our possessions never safe. It is our due in the in-
terest of a safer democracy. .
It is a thing well wbrth bending our efforts toward and if
we are to judge of public opinion as expressed at the polls its
passage may be accomplished.
.We know that the problems which face the new administra-
tion are many and complex. We feel that thev will demand and
make necessary the absolute co-oneration of all Americans if the
reconstruction and adjustment of national affairs is to be satis
factorily done. But we must realize first of all that such co
operation cannot be effectively secured if any class of the citi
zenry is not nrotected in the civine- of its efforts
We do not feel that the spirit of the incoming administra-
tion will be found to be as hostile to efforts made at he .lessen-
ing of our oppressions as the Wilson regime has been. In ob-
servinp; trie utterances of the candidates we have been impressed
with their sincerity of purpose and determination to serve all
Particularly do we remember the speech of Senator Hardin tr.
made in Cleveland in which he declared :
Now the world in ansruish calls to America for a new con
tribution. It calls for that understanding among peoples and na-
tions which shall draw all together into harmonv and unity;
which shall allay contentions and conflicts which shall remove ig-
uuimice ana prejudice.
1 want my chance to lead in makinur America a land where
men and women place the welfare of America above their own
selfish interests; where no class contentions can arise because
men's minds understand other men's hearts and aspirations;
where the strong serve all of us to the end that all of us may
serve the weak. I want in years to come to dedicate myself to
bringing all American men and women into a hrntWVinnrl f un
derstanding so that we may act together free from destroying
contentions; so that we may be a great fabric in which each in-
dividual is a vital thread. I want to bring about the greatest
service that America can give to the world the service of an ex-
ample of a great representative democracy undivided. I want to
preserve and foster our united America.
that IS my ambition. That is mv nnnnrrnnirv fnr
to America as I conceive it. It is my faith that America reaching
for new understanding and new strength and new unity of pur-
pose and of aspiration of all her people shall not fail."
We hope that such a condition may eventually maintain. A
law against lynching will help to bring it to pass.
iit us au Dena our energies toward the passacre of such a
law. It is a racial and national necessity. :
THE MIRROR OF
Will soon be looking back to the
rood old days of high wages and
wfsnirig that we had spent less and
saved more. .
f ' - ' ' ' ' -
Many life long Democrats voted
the Republican ticket last week. Be-
lieve me time brings changes.
Men who succeed are too busy
working to lament their lack of
Home owning increase self res-
ppect. Lot's encourage it.
by far more costly
it doesn't pay to be
LESSONS FROM TEXAS' ELECTION RETURNS.
The Solid South has been broken but not bv Texas. Tt is still
Democratic and by such majority as to render untenable any sup-
pvaiMim nini ii may soon go Kepuwican.
It is true however that a DTPfltflr TtctnnhKnan irnfzk woo
in this election than ever before. This is due in our opinion to
mi 'oi:es more tnan any others.
...j. 0 uiai many democrats iouna mat tney could no
longer identify themselves with that party with justice to their
wuvu.uui.aw me proper course necessary to the success of the
country. Many of them donhtlpcs Vi
ashamed of the partialities lack of fore sight and carelessness of
we .cdu8 jl Lneir party in wis year found the courage neces-
sary to break away and follow their better judgment.
The second is th At. tVi( NooTn vnico :i
themselves to the attitude of the Texas Republican Council form-
muepenaeni party no less. Republican and voted for an in-
dependent state ticket with gratifying results when the actual
number of Negro voters in former years' is taken jn considera-
tion. f .... ......
While it is not presumable that the Republican voting results
m lexas will prove worthy of special consideration to National
campaigners as it now shows itself it should be observed care-
fully by local leaders to the end that from it thev may gain a
knowledge of the actual possibilities of Texas and the need of a
in Texas n of the mas3 of Negroes of voting age
: Those leaders who might have imagined that of the great
mass of possible Negro voters in Texas at least 15.000 would be-
come qualified and vote the Black and Tan ticket are possibly
dusarmomted. If they are thev should not be.
When Texas election conditions as they have maintained are
considered and the fact that heretofore there has been no incen-l
THE JiKGRO AS I) THE KF.SU1T.
(By The Associated Negro Press.)
The results of the campaign just closed has come to us through a vale
of tears. Much of the old-time enthusiasm of the Negro for Republican
cause was shrouded in a mist of inexplainable uneasiness. There was no
lack of loyalty for the ticket and the large Negro vote cast in all the sec-
tions of the country wherever allowed showed small disposition to turn a
deaf ear to the call to rally around the Republican flag. But there
was a lack of hearty spirit in the response a sort of a pathetic interest in
the outcome of the election which presents aspects of discontent that fore
bode a future break from the traditional political moorings of the Negro.
' How far this break will go or how soon tt will happen 1b not for dis
cussion at this time. The instances of Negro standing for the United
States Senate in Maryland and in Virginia might with slight variation be
cited as the beginnings of the break. But they caused so slight a ripple
in the current of election events that not much importance can be ' attach
ed to the part they have played in shaping the future political course of
It is true that relics of the "old guard' were in very active evidence
around the general headquarters in New York and in Chicago. Yet this
in no wise gives substantial inkling of the ferment of discontent that has
been rankling In the breasts of the rank and file since the passing of the
momentous June Convention. The Frank O. Ixwden shadow awoke grave
fears In the minds of many; the strength of ''lily white' 'sentiment which
nominate Senator Harding was unquestionably contributory to the feeling
of uneasiness that has since grown to the dimensions of out-spoken dis-
content. Narrowed however to a close consideration of tbe questions at issue
in this convention there lies a situation so small in compass that it al-
most defies detection among- the moBt expensive objects at hand. A short
stocky brown-skin man sat at a small desk in the publicity department of
the National headquarters in the Auditorium Hotel in the city of Chicago
and dispensed favprs with the bated breath of a man who places' a thous-
and dollar value on a one dollar ring. But he was all powerful and a
wheel In the machinery of an organization that was bent in minimizing
the presence of the Negro in the councils of the Republican Party. He
played in the part of his master's well. At least this is the claim of Negro
men and women who are reputed to be personages of high standing as
This man is accused of divers things which if true must of necessity
place him in the unenviable position of one who has lent himself to the
carrying out of a deliberated plan to reduce the Colored vote to a con-
dition of poliUcal serfdom. Ordinarily this would be beyond the ability
of a man holding down an insignificant clerkship in the publicity depart-
ment of a national committee. But the situation of a subordinate place
for the "Colored-man-and brother" in the councils of the Republican Party.
The charge may be or it may not be true- yet there is enough of out-
spoken disapproval rampant all about the country to give it the temper
of at least reasonable probability.
It would be unfair however at this point not to say a word concern-
ing the very creditable part that was played by a considerable number of
men and women in the conduct campaign work done among the Negro
voters. Henry Lincoln Johnson Robert R. Church Charles A. Cottrell
Perry W. Hqward Mrs. Lethia C. Fleming and Mrs. Victoria Clay Haley
In charge of the Chicago headquarters. In the East William H. Lewis
Andrew Stevens Robert Nelson Isaac Mitten William Matthews George
Harris Fred Moore and Mrs. Mary Church-Terrell carried on an intel
ligent campaign from New York headquarters.
"But' what of the" future?" ia the question on the lips of many people
black and white who feel the need for the Negro becoming keenly alive
to the duty which has come to him in the present social crisis of alarming
unrest sweeping disquietude throughout the length nda breadth of our
beloved country. The stupidity of the Democratic Party coupled with the
insistence of its southern element to keep alive the "color problem" will
make It extremely difficult for the Negro to pull away from his Republi
can traditions. "And yet he is confronted with the stern necessity of ac
quainting a "lily white" element in the Republican Party that he is de-
termined at all hazards and risk of immediate less of social and economic
profit to do the thing which he feels will make him finally a worth-
while American Cittizens''.' declared a Negro of prominence in a certain
northern state. 1
"Questions of rights and problems of duties now confront the Negro with
Increased importance. He must give jealous care to the maintenance of
his rights he must put serious thinking into the performance of his rights.
Leadership will play a small and unimportant role in the operation of (any
schedule of schemes unless it springs literally out of the soul of the
Race's aspiration to take and hold to a high place among the American
Citizenry" asserts another member of the Race who is rated among the
thoughtful thinkers of our group.
The'Negro did an honest share of the work which resulted in the vic-
tory of Senator Harding. HiB labors however are not ended they have
Just begun. A survey of the situations facing the Negro and the country
alike betray the necessity for exercising the highest expression of pa-
triotism at this time to the end that no backward steps will be taken in
the conduct of public matters and no hindrance placed in the way of
the common people.
Inviting one is a question which only the thoughtless will BW"
right and positively. That the Democratic party is in need of the stimulus
it would get from having to fight to retain Its aceendance is not to be ques
tioned and it follows that the public service would be bettered
sequence. But if this consideration urges one to contemplate the P"P
with satisfaction one must te restrained on reflecting what ; may be tne
consequence of putting the politicians under the need of bidding for the
Negro vote.. The solidity of the South is not the result of uolitlcal preju-
dice and bigotry to anything like the degree imagined in the Northern
States. It is due to rational considerations whether they be sound ones or
not anil those considerations will continue for a long time to operate power-
fully against the efforts of the Republicans to establish their party m
power in the South. -Morning (Dallas)News.
SOLID SOUTH BROKEN FORETER.
The Solid South has been "broken' though not by Oklahoma which
of course was not in reality a part of it but by Tennessee. Tennessee
has not only elected a Republican to be its Governor but has given its
electoral vote to Mr. Harding by a majority which will probably exceed
10000. Thus an end which the Republicans have sought more or less
persistently for half a century has at least been attained. It is not easy
to made out the exact significance of it for it is evident that the Republican
victory in Tenn. is due very largely to peculiar circumstances circumstances
oC a kind which are apt to repeat themselves. The Harding candidacy was
probably carried over the goal by the candidacy of Mr. "Alt" Taylor whose
personal popularity far exceeds that of any other Republican in Tenn. and
perhaps that of any Democrat and who owes no little of his popularity to the
affectionate memory the people of Tennessee have of his dead brother the
lamented and inimitable "Bob."' One is pretty safe in saying that no other
Republican could have been elected Governor of Tennessee and is saying
aslo with even more confidence that no other Republican could have led Ten
A GREAT RKIU'KK.
At this writing it appears certain that Harding is elected and it ap-
pears no less certain that he Is elected by an overwhelming majority we
say this with the fact in mind that Hughes seemed to be surely elected at
this time in 1916. But the conditions are not the same in.e
at no time the sentiment for Cox that there was for Wilson in that year
and the returns from no state showed such extraordinary unanimity or
dplnlcn as Is revealed in the present reports. With a tremendous Harding
majority In New York and with majorities but little less Impressive rolling
up in Ohio It is difficult to see any possibility of the election of Cox. It.
has been conceded all along that Cox would carry one of these states to
win and with both of those gone against him and with all the other states
more strongly Republican than ever the case seems utterly hopeless for
the Democratic party.
But upon the basis of the returns now in there is plainly to be seen
strong and unmistakable evidences of that revulsion of feeling which has
been felt by all whose business it is to keep the fingers on the public pulse.
It Is safe to say we think that the result of the voting yesterday was in
but small part thc development of the campaign. It is safe to say that
the people speaking collectively had virtually decided this elecUon long
ago even before the conventions were held and the nominations made.
Tho trend of public feeling has been sensed more than a year ago and it
was against Wilson and toward the Republican party. The campaign but
served to strengthen that trend. The men chosen by the national conven-
tions were but little known nationally at the time of their nomination. Both
were in a way a disappointment to their people. But Harding had to be-
gin with the qualities that inspire confidence and he has grown contin-
uously in the public estimation since the day Of his nomination. Thire
was nothing spectacular nothing showy about him but it was seen that
there was substance and dignity and even in the vagueness of his utter-
ance on the treaty that there was sincerity. On the other hand the Na-
tional Democratic Convention abandoned Wilson in ail but perfunctory
words and set up a candidate as free as possible from any association with
the Wilson administration and unfortunately for the party as free alfo from
these qualities of mind and heart that made Wilson great. Although Wil-
son and the Wilson administration had been condemned before tho conven-
tion was held there was much in that administration that might have b?en
well defended hut Cox made little of the capital he had in the record of
real achievement by Wilson preferring rather to attempt to divert attention
from that record by preferring charges of many kinds against the Repub-
lican organization. He gave little attention to the great economic problems
that weighed upon the country filling his speeches with works of personal
abuse that turned dissatisfaction with Wilson into resentment against Cox
while his opponent disdaining to reply calmly gave his attention to ..he
questions of the hour. Governor Cox could not have turned the tide of
public opinion in his direction but he could we believe have averted the
avalanche that seems to have fallen upon him by a more gracious and a
more rtatc3man-like course. The people of America like a fighter but they
want him to fight fair. Cox was a fighter but nearly all of his blows
were below the belt. That sort of fighting is as unpopular in politics as
in the ring and the great majorities piled up yesterday against Cox are in
part due to the strong resentment against his tactlce. Gbole Democrat
ti W. HARLLKE'S TWO-MJNXTE
TALK FOIl BOYS AND GIItLS.
THE THREE LITTLE CABLES
WORDS THOUGHTS ACTIONS.
Form The Triple Links In The Got.
u'n thain of Character.
By N. W. Harllee.
Come boys and girls listen to
me for two minutes while I talk
to you about little things that do
big things. It seems that the big
round world is made uy oi little
things the mighty sea the great
centuries the mighty nations the
continents and the universe itself.
"Well" you say "what little things
do you mean to talk about there
which the court calls our actions In-
Formation Of Character.
All habits whether in words
thoughts and actions are but ele-
ments in the formation of character.
This Is the highest point in the life
of the boy or girl. All training
seeks this one object. Words fitly
spoken thoughts rightly directed
conversation wisely engaged hon-
esty of purpose all of these are
the true gateway to the real for-
mation of character the individual.
The formation of little things into
one great unit like the small wires
In the Ocean cable or the tiny
wires xnreaaiiKo twisted into &
bundle that suspend the bridge over
n liitln ihlnnn nil
:iZ Tn'd .h u l """l ami " the base of the Rock
glad that you ask such a question.
for when boys and girls ask ques-
tions they are becoming interested
There are three of these little
things of which I wish to speak.
The first is. little words; the sec-
ond is little thoughts; the third
is little actions. These three lit-
tle things little though they be
form the world's strongest chain of
three links or its three weakest
links. Let us little folks first talk
of the little words and see If we
can find something new about them
for we use them every day. Words
are little things easily said.
The Import of Word.
Words are used to express our
thoughts. Words are the parents of
our. actions. We are measured by the
words we use. If we use evil words
think with words that effect cer
tain emotions in us we are affected
by them Just as we are affected by
madder or as hogs are affected by
madder which turns their bones red.
So words tincture our habits.
Bad words bring forth bad thoughts.
A bad word will occupy as much
room In our minds as a good word.
A vulgar word is a dangerouB word
for it broods evil passion ior u is
le the tiny weed leans against
the mountain for support thus all
all efforts lean toward one object.
FIYE NEGROES Itl'RXEI) TO
DEATH ONE HAM.KO IS FIGHT
OVER ELECTION. . f
Two White Mfn Killed and Several
Wounded in Florida Riot.
(By a. N. P.)
Orlando Fla. Nov. 11. Fve Ne-
groes have been burned to death
and another hanged to a tree as a
result or a fight which started at
the polls at Ocoee near here after
election officials had refused to per-
mit a Negro to vote on the grounds
that he had failed to pay his poll
Two white men were shot and
klled and several others including
a former police chief were wounded
in the fight which proceeded the
Armed whites were patrolling the
region and closing in on Negroes
who fled to the woods the pursuit
in the very nature of tne wora to nring.
do this one thing. Vulgar words are More than twenty buildings In the
to De snunnea. au wumo me i :tgro settlement were burned. Re
- " - k . - -j r' ........ i. nii; UUIUtU. U-
into supporting .Mr. Harding's candidacy. The dispatches in explain- chaste and they are to be i measured ports from Ocee said that explosion
j..jaAm1i4I y- na a a thrill ch vrtll i l i i .
and used at all times as though you
were in the presence of the most
The Import of Thought.
Words stand for ideas in the for
mation of our thoughts. uur
thoughts are out-growth of the
words we use and if we use cer.
tain words with evil import our
thoughts are affected in the same
degree while on the other hand if
we use words with high ideals our
thoughts are affected in the same
like manner. Evil words oeget evil
ing the results. Bay that the Negro and particularly the Negro women voted
in surprisingly large numbers and intimate that the white women made but
little use of the ballot which if true is another exceptional circumstance
in that the results of their recreance is likely in the next election to over
come the reluctance of the white women of that State to discharge the duty
of citizenship which he ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment put upon
However In saying this there Is no intention to disparage the achieve-
ment of the Republicans in Tennessee nor to imply that it is without
signifiance as a portent. Even if Tennessee had not gone Republican one
must see in the gains that party made in several If not most of the South
ern States an evidence that the South has become a political fighting ground thou(fnts vulgar words give rise
and an indication that its solidity has probably been destroyed forever. The to vulgar thoughts. As Our
action of Tennessee will of itself strengthen the temptation which several thoughts so are we. Tell me what
of the Southern. States have long been under to break away from the Dera- J 0UJueNf.A'rpl
oeratic party. ' Whether the prospect of party competition m the Southern mm tne cean c"haste conversation
States and particularly in the Southeastrn States is to be viewed as an wntCn you uBe free from vulgarity
' : aB to your habits your practices
TTV . Ivour inclinations ahd even your
tive for the Negroe s bestirring himself in a political way the ttgPirations. when a boy I once
vote of the Black and Tan is far from disappointing. said that if I died in .the community
It should serve however to indicate to local political leaders which I then lived that i did
the amount of education in civic responsibility which must be ot l fl" rai.' on ac-
given our general voting public if results potent in any degree are count 0l njB uge 0f vulgarity. Many
to be obtained. There are enough possible Negro voters in Texas 0f early habits become a part of
to have surpassed even the grand total of Democratic votes as it' us and never leave us through life
now stands. But these voters will not register or begin to gee Nothing is more'mPrtan hT"
the need of becoming qualified unless special effort is expended in I Kdg0?gnh
their direction. ' . n chant- conversations.
The Import of Actions.
Our actions ar set in motion
The national campaign is over but local campaigns are
staged each year
Tt nmuU .m... . kit f wi .' through our thoughts Just as
" """'v.wv ' V 'al icmicio vi "ui)word8- glve rise to our thoughts so
group m their vanous cities should begin even now to educate ! wur . thoughts give rise to our act-
their small groups as to the necessity of qualifying and voting j ions. Relate to me your thoughts of
It is possible that they may wield great influence in their lo-j today and I can determine your
cal campaigns and participation in these campaigns will render "0T1" for tomorrow Actions have
!Smr e-siy weded int0 a powerful factor in state and 'TXTtoiTlSZ hH
tional campaigns. starting point of our Motive by
of considerable amounts of amiini.
tlon occurred as the flames swept
(he buildings and that numerous
fire-arms were found in the ruins
later. One Negro woman was among
the five reported burned it was said
but no children.
The battle was precipitated by the
attempt of July Perry a Negro to
vote after he had been refused the
privilego by election Judges on the
ground that he had not paid his poll
tax. He returned later armed with
a shotgun but it was taken from
him and he was driven away.
After dark according to reports
from the scene Perry again approached-the
polsl. accompanied by a num-
ber of other Negroes. The white
citizens at once Tormcd n posse ana
dispersed the Negroes who fled to
the Negro settlement The posse
followed and witnesses said the Ne-
groes opened filre from the buildings
A member of the posse was wounded'
but reinforcement arrived and it
proceeded when the firing became
The attackers centered on Perry's
house Intent on his arrest. Two or
the whites Leo Borgard and Elmer
McDaniels both former soldiers
were killed in the back yard of the
TL- bdieS benK found hurH
later. A Negro woman said seven o"
eight armed Necroes were in Perrv'
house whichuitimately was set on
fire to dislodge th4. the flames
spreading to other buildings
later taken by a moh and lynched
t was stated tonight he was taken
being carried to the fail aftr hrv""!
tiern treated nt a homii t...
of hl capture were lackin'r
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The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 6, Ed. 1 Saturday, November 13, 1920, newspaper, November 13, 1920; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth278327/m1/4/: accessed September 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .