The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 36, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 11, 1921 Page: 1 of 8
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J V GOOD will LISRBUB
DISTINCTIVE IN SERVICE
Founded by W. E. King.
VOL. XXXVIII NO. 3.
Declare That Evidence Pro-
duced in Peonage Cases Sup-
ports All Charges Made of
Lawlessness in State.
Atlanta. Oa.. Juno in Governor
Porscy's book "Tin- Negro In Georgia."
in which he seta forth 1 r eases of
alleged mistreatment of Negroes call-
ed to his attention during his ser-
vice as governor is supported by un-
impeachable evidence a. statement
JiiHt issued by mure than 50 Geor-
gians get forth.
The statement makes vigorous de-
nial of the charge that the commit-
tee on racial relations Is connected
with the National Association for Ad-
vancement of Colored l'cople. The
statement declares the committee op-
poses racial equality: opposes politici-
ans seeking office by fanning flames
of race prejudice and the spreading
of propaganda to inflame the minds
of whites and blacks.
Method of llcllcf.
Nine methods of relieving the sit-
uation were enumerated as follows:
Education of both races.
1'pholding and protecting the purity
of both races.
Enl orecmciit of contracts and the
immediate arrest of all persons!
chained with crime their protection
while being held a speedy nnd fair
trial and quick punishment for those
Separate but decent sanitary and
adequate accommodations for both
of causes of friction by
between representatives of
The gospel of justice mercy
mutual forbearance for all.
Toxl of Statement.
The statement follows:
"To the people of Georgia: The un-
dersigned citizens of Georgia were
railed together April 23. 1921 by
Governor Hugh M. Dorsey to con-
sider the 'Statement as to the Negro
in Georgia.' prepared by the gover-
nor. After careful consideration we
organized the committee on race re-
lations npproved and accepted full
responsibility for Governor 1 lorsey's
statement and sent copies of it to
the press of Georgia the Judges sher-
iffs and members of the General As-
sembly and to the clergy of the State
inviting suggestions from all. Hav-
ing met again at the call of our
chairman on May 26 to consider fur-
ther the matter or race relations In
the State we desire to set forth cer-
tain facts nnd principles which we
believe will meet with the: approval
of the majority of Gergians.
"Gorvernor Dorsey has placed be
fore us 135 cases of the alleged mis
treatment of Negroes called to his
ficlal attention in the last two years.
Only two of the cases have been se-
riously considered. The majority of
them are confirmed by letters from
uii.trirr.. RoMeilors ireneral of the
State and by letters from business
men ami citizens whose standing can
not lie (iiiestioned. The mistreatment
shown rnnges from burning to beat
tng and threats to kill.
"These 135 cases added to the
lynching oi Negroes which have
curred in Georgia in the past
veai'S. shock the conscience of
Georgia. They demand a remedy.
who would oppose
fort to correct such conditions snouiu
ho nnd will be. recognized either as
an enemy to the common good
man lost to reason.
' "A three-fold danger economic.
It nd moral threatens the State.
"In two counties of Georgia not one
Negro remains In others the Negro
has fled from farms not to escape
..arniLr nr n cruel cmnlover. but
cm use ruffians have threatened them
witii Henth if he stays and works
His employer has been willing to pro
tect him but at lost ine nigui-i iuuif
terror has driven him away.
Must Have Negro Labor.
"Our farms must have Negro labor
if agriculture is to continue the basis
of our wealth.
"Hut worse than the loss of the
Negro labor is the ultimate anarchy
that must result if lawless groups
in nny county are permitted to con-
tinue to drive people away at will.
"the spreail of lynching is seen by
all. We condemn with unutterable
loathing the unmentionable crime so
often given as an excuse to justify
lynching but we recognize that while
lynching has not stopped that occas-
ional crime the crime of lynching has
grown. A woman has been lynched
in Georgia for talking indiscreetly.
She protested against the murder of
her husband. Another within the last
90 days was drowned by a mob by
night. She was said to have helped
one of her race charged with crime
aaeim.. Men accused of ti'ivial of
fenses and whiles have been
and none knows how many
have been made.
"The most sacred rights of person
and property are put in Jeopardy for
all. when cowardly mobs cm deny tho
riehts of indictments and trial by
jury and lynch men and women at
W"Thc moral peril is greater. The
Negro does not and can not inreuicii
white supremacy. He neither desires
nor expects social equality. The Ne-
gro Is not so stupid. Ho asks only
for justice. And no civilization can re-
fuse to give him Justice and survive.
Wistoi-v shows that the stronger race
denying Justice to the weaker pc
(Contir.ued on page ;.)
(By A. N. P.l
Jackson 111 J. June IB. The total
population of the state. 1700.01s. com-
prises 8117.121 males and V.K1.I94 fe-
males. The corresponding figures for
I'llO were as follows: Total. 1.7!7.-
114; males lle'.TiiO; females 891354.
During the decode the total popula-
tion decreased by four-tenths of 1
per cent and the male population by
1 per cent. while the female popula-
tion increased two-t nlhs of 1 per
cent. The ratio of males to females
i'nl20 was 100.4 to 100 ns against
101.6 to 100 In 1910. The distribution
of tho population according to color
or race In 1920 was as follows: W hlte
vr39(i2; Negro 9:1.1.184:. Indian. 110ft;
i i Inese 864 ; Filipino 1: Hindu. 2
Tlii corresponding figures foi 1910
ar : White. 76.1 It; Negro l.- -9.487;
inoian 1253: Chinese. 257; Japanese
2- Vilipino 4. During the decade the
rate of increase in the white popula-
tion was 8.6 per cent as crm pared
w'th 22.6 per cent of the period 1900-
1310. The Negro population however.
Uh..w..d n decrease of 7.4 per cent be-
lyiu ana ah.o "
of 11.2 per cent aunng mo
preceding decade. The propoiiion m
Negroes in me imai i"'i'i""" " ; .
from S2.2 per cut In line
per cent in 1920..
IS BUILT ON FACTSISPEAK AT OPENING
WILL NOT BE A NEGRO.
runty mil De 10 roiiow lac-
tates of Those Who Protested
(By A. N. P.)
Washington. D. C. June IS. The
progress of the Harding Administra-
tion Is handicapped. as announced
sometime ago by The Associated Ne-
gro Press by the heritage of Demo-
crats from the Wilson regime. The
majority of these Democrats are of
southern origin who have brought to
Washington certain fixed notions
about "equal and exact justice" as it
refers to certain Americans.
Therefore discrimination and seg-
regation was a known fact ami it has
been the general impression t lint all
pit sons in tile new administration
would welcome information on con-
ditions In order that they might he
"Di'liartiiient of .IiinIIcc."
It Was thought that III... rhnrlti
which begins m home the best Dime
for Justice to begin is in the Depart-
ment of Justice tin April 11 1921.
The Associated Negro Press repre-
seiiative sent the following letter to
Attorney General H.-irrv At. Daughcrty
"It Is my faith in your high sense
of itistice as well as in the interest
of the racial group whom the Asso-
ciated Negro Press is seeking to serve
mat t would very respecfully bring
to jwui aiiriiiiim me two un-Ameri
can conditions alleged to exist in the
i e pa r i in en t or Justice over which
you so worthily preside and which
I believe you would not approve but
would immediately rectify if the same
wen- preperly brought to your notice.
(1). I pon Investigation I find
that there is even now In tno !
south-western corner of the Depart-
ment of Justice building (Vermont
Avenue anil K. . Street this city) two
water-closets one plainly marked1
"Full WHITE MEN"' and it can he
seen that the other was marked "FOR
COLORED MEN" although some of the
lettering on the- glass door containing
tlie last mentioned sign has been pur-
tlally washed off. I find that these
signs were put up before you took
charge of the Department of Justice
and furthermore that Attorney-General
Palmer also prescribed and or-
dered that onlv water-closets on cer-
tain specific) floors of said building
were to be used by Colored employes.
I cannot hut believe that the mere
calling of your attention to this man-
ifest racial discrimination will result
in its immediate abolishment by you.
"(-'). I further find upon investi-
gation that practically all of the
Colored clerks and other Colored em-
ployes (excepting laborers who neces-
sarily work all over the hjulding and
r.ieseengers stationed in the ball-ways)
Inve be .i gradually segregated and are
n.-w all employed (with the excep-
tion of one cutter and developer at
the Photostat Section) in the DIVIS-
ION UF MAIL AM) FLIES. I under-
stand that the chief sponsor of this
un-American policy of segregation (or
grouping clerks according to their
race or color) is C. E. Stewart who.
I am informed is a rank Democrat
Alabama and who for eight
past has been serving as Chief
in tiie department of Justice
want to he accurate and fair
of my statements issued through
Associated Negro Press (serving
Negro newspapers throughout the
country) and 1 fee' confident that
you will rightly interpret this frank
and respectful inquiry." j
April 23 twelve days later the. fol-
lowing letter was received from W. F. '
Cobbs who signed it as "Private Sec- .
tnry and Assistant to the Attorney!
"1 will bring to the attention of
the Attorney General your recent com
municatiou at the earliest
The Associated Negro Press repre-
sentative made the following reply
to Mr. Gibbs April 29-giving a reas-
onable length of time for a reply
from the Attorney General:
"I wish to acknowledge receipt of
vour kind letter of recent dat In
which you state that you will ' i-intf
to the attention of the Attorney Gen-
eral at the earliest possible moment
the contents of my communication
under date of April 11th. 1 appreciate
as you state that there is a great
rush of work in the Department and
yet the matters whb h I respectfully
mentioned in previous letter are ilkely
to become very embarrasing to the
present Administration if they indef-
initely continue uncorrected. It was
largely due to my faith in your high
sense of Justice which characterizes
both our President and Mr. Harry
M. Daupliterty. which caused me to
call attention to the unsatisfactory
conditions prevailing In the Depart-
ment oi Justice and I have every
lensnn lo believe Glut tile same will
he promptly remedied when called to
the Attorney-General's attention."
Mr. titbits Teletitione Conversation.
Not receiving a reply later. The As-
sociated Nen-ro Press representative.
called Mr. GMihs on the telephone to
iintuire aboin un answer. Mr. Gibbs
did not seem to remember anything
about the correspondence. "Will you
till me what it is about?" he asked.
He was told courteously. Mr. Gibbs
(Continued on pant' 8 )
MANY WILL VISIT LIBERIA
tBy A. N. P.)
rlilnlelr.lilt Tft .1 1 1 n O 111
in the cruise to Liberia which win
begin December 3. is becoming so
widespread that serious arrangements
are under way by the committee to
increase the number who may go from
three to four hundred. The cruise oi
which Dr. W. II. .lernngln of Washin-
ton is head and Major William H.
York 529 S. 19th Street Philadelphia
is manager is being arranged for by
the Anierl ;in Travel CI lb of Lalti-
more on organization that handles
world tours. This nnnuonccment Is
made because of the impression that
has entered some places that the tout-
is under tho direction of the Clarvuy
movement. On this Hiibject Dr. Jer-
nagin said: "The Gnrvey movement
has no official connection with the
cruise wi atevcr although there are
a numer who are interest- I in that
movement who will make the cruise
as a matter of interest."
There has never been a. tour or Col-
ored Americans planned on such a
gigantic scale and the great ocean
liner that will be the home of the
tourists during the trip lias already
he.-n chartered the luxuries and ap-
pointments of It being an inspiration.
The Republican Party Is
Tiii; dai.Tas kxi'kkss dai.i.as tkxas saiikday
supreme grand chancellor and
RESENTATIVES OF NEARLY 800 LODGES AND COURTS
iRE IN ATTENDANCE; BUSINESS MEN'S SYMPOSIUM FEA-
TURE OF TUESDAY'S SESSION. .
Denlson. Texas June 9. Mon-
day night at Hopewell l'.aptist church
the opening exercises of the thirty-
seventh grand session of the Knights
of Pythias were rendered before a
large and highly appreciative audi-
ence. Long before Mr. J. H. Kiddle master
of ceremonies announced the first
number the more than 500 delegates
representing nearly S00 local lodges
and courts hail been increased by citi-
zens and visitors to the extent that
standing room in that spacious church
building wus at a premium.
The following program was render-
Anthem Hopewell Choir
Invocation Rev. A. It. Griggs
Anthem Hopewell Choir
Welcome in Behalf of the City ...
Itev. Hul tstif flier
Response to Mayor
if. I.. It. Kinchioii. Eeltoti Texas
.Miss Ruby I aylor.
7. Weicme in Behalf of Local
Local Lodges and Courts
Mr. D. L. Adams
8. Response in belialf of G. L. & G.
C Mrs. V. A. Johnson Bonham
9. Male Quartette
Missis I!. Givelis. I.. Milliard
W. H. Wiins and W. E. Guinn.
Introduction ot Grand Chancellor
of Gavel to Grand
..Little Miss Octavla
12. Music Jubilee Hopewell Choir
13. Introduction of G. w. c. Mis. A.
Ii. Keys by G. C W. S. Willis
14. Introduction of Supreme Officers
and Visitors G. C. W. S. Willis
15. Announcements Adiournmetn
15. Announcements . . . .Adjournments
The officers of the Supreme Grand
Lodge w.-re introduced very fittingly
by Grand Chancellor Willis who spoke
at length of the pleasure which their
presence always gave him. Sir S. W.
Green S. C. was the first to be Intro-
duced. His remarks were brief due
to the fact that lie was scheduled to
address the Grand Lodge on Tuesday
morning. Next in order come the In-
troduction of Sir K. G. Tidrington and
Mrs. S. W. Greene S. W. C. and S.
V. C. Their remarks though brief
were entliusiastical ly received by the
audience. They praised the progress
of the order in Texas and discussed
the necessity for more co-operation
among Negroes themselves and with
those sincere members of the other
race who truly desired our improve-
ment. TI'ESUAY )IIIHM( feKSMlOX
Promptly at 9:00 a. m. Grand Chan-
cellor Willis called the Grand Lodge
to order and after the ritualistic open-
ing had been completed proceeded to
the appointment of the Credentials
Committee with J. E. Smith as Chair-
man the committee on Rules with
W. It. Roberts chairman and the com-
mittee on Condolence T. W. Patton.
DR. C. V. ROMAN DELIVERS
T.v Wm. ANTHONY AERY.
Hampton Va.. June IS. "A great
emergency exists. Races nations peo-
for a new classification. Are you
ready to meet the great opportunity
which is in front of you?" Dr. Char-
les Victor Roman of Nashville Tenn.
well known eye ear nose and throat
specialist in the Meharry Medical Col-
lege threw out this challenge in his
recent address on "Meeting Life's
Emergencies" delivered at the Hamp-
ton Institute commencement. Dr. Ro-
man emphasized the value of good
cheer adaptability modesty person-
ality and charade-
Virtues of Civilization.
"By this time." said Dr. Roman
"you have developed the four fun-
damental virtues of civilization to
behave yourselves to work to think
and to love God nnd your country.
If you have not learned these vir-
tues you have missed education. If
you a:e possessed of these virtues
then add alertness decision courage
steadfastness and '.lith. You myst
also have physical stamina. Whatever
you are going to do. you must do
before you leave this world lie heal
thy vigorous strong.
"There are four commandments
which sum up my philosophy of life
'Know thyself;' 'Control thyseli;'
Deny thyself;' and Respect thyself.'
Adaptability an Asset.
'The chief advantaire of r.n edu-
cation Is the opportunity which it af-
fords one lo profit by the experience
of others. Tlie mechanical contri-
vances r the automobile and the fly-
ing me -liine represent the accumulated
traveling esperience of the ag . The
great'-st trageuy of civilization is tlie
inability of one group or age to pro-
I fit by the mental and moral expori-
I enee "of other groups and other ages.
1 "To call this an age of speclaliza-
i tioh is u misnomer. Jt is an age of
I change. The historian Wells truly de-
crlbes our condition and offers a
proper rcmed. Wells says: 'The
trailed man. the specialized man. Is
the most unfortunate of men. The
world has passed hi in lnhlnd and he
I has lost bis power of overtaking it.
Vei-smilitv. i Lit adaptability these
'are our greatest needs. We must adupt
I ourselves to a changing age and not
let such changes come upon us un
I ii wares. . .
Hampton Teiicnes incn-.iiinaeiines.
Principal .lames K. Gregg in award-
ing tin- scholarship prize given by tlie
St Philip's (P. L.) Sunday School of
New York to Marie I.. Smith of
llrookfield Center Conn. ranking stu-
dent aim valedictorian of tlie class
of 1921. said: "Sometimes I funcy
there are those who think that Hamp-
ton Institute in its zeul to make
strong character loses sight of the
importance of scholarship. We often
quote General Armstrong's saying of
the early days: 'We are seei ng not
so much to make sdiolurs as to muke
men und women.' Vet General Arm-
strong wouii have been one of the
tuickest t.i r fute any suggestion that
Hampton Instlutie was not trying to
make sclioUrs. We seek about all to
make men and women but good
.Idea run he !U1(I St'-- good. Strong.
1 sound men and women."
' Dr (ir-'KK presented diplor: as to
81 member of tlie senior class. "You
The Ship All Else Is The Sea." Fred Douglas.
SESSION OF DENISON MEETING. REP
The appointment of committees com-
pleted Supreme Grand Chancellor
S. W. Greene was introduced and wel-
comed. The Supreme Chancellor's speech
was highly enjoyed. He spoke
at length of the progress of the Tex-
as Jurisdiction under the direction of
Grand Chancellor Willis declaring
that Texas how was financially and
numerically ahead of all other Juris-
dictions of this section. He declared
Its progress wonderful and urged the
continued support and spread of the
order in Texas.
He was loudly cheered when be de-
clared Grand Chancellor Willis an
astute business man and the Texas
Lodges ns the most progressive in
At the conclusion of his address the
report of t he credentials committee
making permanent the temporary roll
was received and adopted. The Rules
Commit tee's report declaring the
Grand Lodge hours from 9 till 12 a.
in. and from 2:311 till adjournment at
will was received and adopted.
After announcements were made the
session was adjourned.
Promptly at 2:30 the Grand Chan-
cellor called the' house which was
tilled to capacity with representatives
of local lodges and Courts of Calan-
the to order for the memorial service.
In his remarks he made mention
of the tact thut the hour of holding
this service had been changed for the
convenience of those delegates who
might live at a distance and find
difficulty in attending evening ser-
vices and declared that of the whole
grand lodge no session equalled in
importance that one which had to do
with preserving and keeping alive the
' ci.ie-. i-io ilrZ
share for the eolmildimr of the order
and humanity weie called from their
l.'rbors to rjn r.-J. - i.
After a hymn by the choir prayer
was offered by Rev. J. C. Smith.
The resolutions of the committee I
on Condolence of the Knights was I
presented by T. W. Patton. chairman'
and J. W". Scott secretary following!
another selection by the choir. The
resolution s-t forth the fact thut du-.
ring the year 167 Knights had pass-1
The resolution of the Grand Court
were then read. This resolution fine-:
ly worded and touehingly read told i
of the deaths of 105 members of Ca-i
lanthiun Courts. After the reading of.
this resolution the uudience led by
tin: coiniiiillee sang one verse of I
Asleep in jcsus. :peeiai uonuoience
to tlie Grand Court was then read on
the death of Prof. A. E. Mc-Millan.
for many yi-ars a member of that
Hoard of Directors. This was fol-
lowed by a verse of "Shall we Meet
Beyond the River'' led by the com-
mittee und heartily Joined in by tlie
' Tlie last resolution presented by the
committee was one on the death of
Prof. M. M. Rodger. Seldom ever has
an audience listened to a choicer e-
DAMAGES ARE AWARDED
IN CHICAGO RIOT CASE.
(By A. N. P.)
Chicago 111. June 16. A verdict
awirding A'la Duzier 3515 Federal
pti'-'-t a Culured woman damages of
$2300 against the city of Chicago
was returned hv n 4nw rtf
In Superior Court before Judge Stoug
ham. last Friday. This was the first
of thirty-eight damage cases against
the --ity originating in the race riots
of July 1919. to be tried. Of the ven-
iremen selected all were white ex-
cept Kills Thompson of 6220 s. Mor-
gan street who was rejected by as-
sistant state's attorney representing.
It was brought out at the trial that
during the rioting a committee had
waited on Mayor Thompson and been
assured of onn :-i police protection.
The following da' thousands of hand-
bills were circu lured on tho south
side hy Aid. R. it. Jackson of the
second ward. They told the Colored
neonle who tiftri hnun slnvinir In ftielr
homes fearing to go to work that I
the Mayor guarantee ample police!
William Henry Dozier. husband of
Mrs. Ada Dozier was killed by a mob
at the entrance to the stockyards the
following day. Attorney A. L. Wil-
liams r i-resenting Mrs. Dozier read
the band' ills into the record alleg
ing they hud been the indirect cause
of Dozier's death
One of them rend: "All stockyards
workers may return to their work
wit' out fenr of molestation or badly
haii.i. Mayor Thompson guarantees
that nil races will receive a square
deal. He tins made safe by ample
police protection. 35th and 47th streets
to llalsted s'reet and Halsted street
to the stockyards."
go out in " the world ns educated
men and women." he said. "Wheth-
er you wish it or not the woiid will
s.. 'ii.i-ii il vim. Yet. alonir wiih the
vcoi-IiI'm i-evi rence for edticat ifei. thello wink at tho law. It Is ll singular
world hns a urions jealousy of the i nnd very interesting f i t that the
educated limn and woman it rather ml' Chief Justice. White was unl-
enioys seeing them trip up. It rather i v sally admired by Colored Amerl-
er dclik'hts when flaws nnd gaps in!rnns. al'hoiigh appointed by Mr. Taft.
their I; now led ire are discovered. Keep
the attitude of the scholar. Show that
you are ready to learn from men ana
women and from ex '-Hence where-
over you go. Show Unit that Hamp-
ton Institute lias taught you if it
lias taught you n ihing else to be
open itiind.-d and to be able to dis-
cover for yourself new truth as you
All the girls (12 In number) and
5 boys in the Hampton graduating
class also received Virginia State
Teachers' Certif ieates. The commence-
ment program Included the following
numbers: I nvooution. Rev. J. W. Pat-t-rson
lliiniptom Va.; salutatory An-
drew T. 'ieirell Louisville Ki.j clar-
inet solo Frank P. Blackhoop a Si-
oux Indian from Cannon Pull N. IV;
valedictory. Mario L. Smith Brook-
field Center. Conn.; "Integer Vltae.
The Hampton class of 1916. presid-
ed over bv Lorenzo C. White of
Richmond Vs.; field agent of the Ne-
gro Organization Society of Virginia
held n reunion and voted to give a
Hampton scholarship in music to
"some student of ability and promise."
jink 11 iuai.
pression of respect to one deceased
than that one presented by that com-
mittee which after the reading took
Its seat while singing "There is Rest
For the Weary."
The choir then rendered an an-
them and Rev. R. S. Jenkins Grand
Prelate was presented. Dr. Jenkins
has never been heard In a more pleas-
ing sermon. He discussed "the Pow-
er of Prayer" In a human life. As he
spoke. Grand Chancellor and the au-
dience as well were lifted out of the
considerations at hand and before
many minutes had elapsed the while
church was ringing with hearty aniens
and Hallelujahs as the power of the
Living God was made plain. It was
a wonderful sermon and It was fol-
lowed by a no less wonderful pray-
er by Rev. A. R. Griggs.
Many of those present declared that
never In their Grand Lodge experience
had they attended a Memorial Service
which was as highly uplifting.
The Symposium was opened at the
close of tile Memorial service by Grand
His leinarks though brief were
pointed and well taken. He said thut
there hud never been a time in the
history of the Negro race in America
when co-operation was as badly need
ed as now. He laid: "We need to
know each other; we need each . to
understand what the other is doing
and why. our success depends upon
our geiung closer together support
ing our own enterprises helping to
build others and preparing in a fi
nancial way for our children who are
to follow us. For that reason I have
! invited these gentlemen here to speak
to you; to tell you what they are
trying to do tor our upbuilding. I
Prof. C. H. Waller head of the
Extension ork of Texas among Ne
groes was Introduced Ilrst.
His practical and witty remarks
were enthusiastically applaunded from
time to time. He told of his work in
general stating that the United States
Government had more Negro workers
in the field in Texas than In any
other Southern State and that this
work had as its object the teaching
of rural workers bow to make a pro-
fit on their labor and how to be-
ne as satisfied as tlie city work.
He said in part: "Many of you do
not know that this work in which I
am engaged has put the Negro farmer
riin-ctlv in touch with the Federal
Farm Loan Punk. Only a few days
ago we received a report from one of
our agents In tlie district around
Jacksonville slating that through his
services Negroes had been able to
finance themselves to the extent of
$120.0110" He discussed the club work
among bovs nnd declared that "Wil-
liam McDonald of Fort Worth is the
first Negro man in Texas to realize
that farm boys need encouragement as
well us city bovs and to give a prize
scholarship of $200 to Prairie View
for their use." He spoke in conclu-
(Continued on pase 8.)
EX-PRESIDENT TAFT MAY
BECOME CHIEF JUSTICE.
(By A. N. P.)
Washington D. C June 16. Form-
er President William Howard Taft
may be named the next Chief Justice
of the I'nited States. Intimations that
the President may name the former
' n i'i ltd nnn imp rejimin kivkii
ail v decision is the desire of the
President to eliminate as much con-
tention for the high office as pos-
sible. In a -state of affairs where he
is exceeding y busy.
The suggestion tnat Mr. Taft may
be appointed Chief J istlce has hit the
Colored people of the country with a
thud and it may be safely said that
the matter will not pass without a
v..rv tivelv nrotest based on what the
neonle regard as just grounds. One
lender said: "As Chief Justice. Mr.
Taft l- impossible. He Is a man who
Is generously willing to substitute
personal impression policy for the let
ter and spirit ot the law.
The r.nnosltton to Mr. Taft dates
from th "Brownsville Affair'' goes
Ion down through his administration
ias President when he rpenlj- catered
I to the "Lily White" element of the
South changed the policy or an pre-
ceding Republican presidents In re-
gard to appointing Colored citizens
and f nt least one Democratic Presi-
dent. Grover Cleveland. nother prom-
inent man remarked: Taft set our
people back fifty years In political
progress." The latest criticism against
him is the article last winter In a
syndicate of dallies in which he p o-
coedod to suggest tl ! Policy of Color
ed ii I'l'uoi io loco s iiiiui inu
...i...ilt.il. Me 't'ltft Heelnred that I
everybody knows that the fourteenth
and fifteenth amendenicnts are "win-
ked at" and yet is wouldn't be good
policy to stir up trouble by etiforcin.;
them' nor. in l is ooinion. should there
be appointments made that would ir-
ritate the South.
It Is maintained that a Chief Jus-
tice should not be so constituted as
wns n southerner ex-confederate sol
riic r. and a Democrat. The opinions
Chief Justice Willie ar.ays lollowou
the lett'-r and spirit of the law re-
gardless of all other considerations.
President Harding may ultimately
appoint former President Taft but he
will do . with the full Information
of how tlie majority of Colored Amer-
icans feel on the subject. President
Taft has taken an active Interest in
education among Negroes particularly
industrial and especially In Hampton
and Tuskcgee Institute.
it in : it
tliM iios ;ivi:x MKE
Covington On.. June 16. Clyde
Mannti g the Colored bos on the
John S. Willl-in.s plantation in Ja
per cc untv. was found to be guilt.
of murder bv a jury list Monday In
connection with the death of Lindsay
Peterson one of the eleven Negroes
alleged to have been held in peon-
nee and then billed on n farm n few
months ago rnc jury wns oin umo
five minutes. Manning was
to life imprisonment.
first federal board conference
IS HELD AT HAMPTON INSTITUTE.
HENRY LINCOLN JOHNSON
SPEAKS IN PITTSBURGH.
Large Audience is Held Spell
bound by Georgia National
Committeeman as he Discus-
es the Negro's Political Fu-
ture. Pittsburgh Pa. June 9. Declaring
that if the new Republican Adminis-
tration would offer the passage and
enforcement of an anti-lynching law
an amendment to the peonage statue
and the abolishment of disfranchls-
ment that he would accept the later
offer saying. "Just give us those laws
and we will trust to Providence for
the rest.' Hon. Henry Lincoln John
son. Republican National Committee-
man inspired the capacity audience
nt Hie Pershing Thentre Monday night
with a masterful address.
Col. Johnson expressed his apprecia-
tion of the fact that the Mayor of this
city came out to meet him in person
and not by proxy.
Some of the high spots in Mr. John-
son's wonderful speech were as fol-
lows: "Tlie reason we are here is because
we are the under-dog In the American
life; we have had trials and tribula-
tions; we have had sorrows and suf-
ferines and we are tired of them nnd
have resolved not to stand for them
"I woul not mention the fact that
I wa3 on tlie Republican Committee
if it were not for the reason that I
cannot say too much In appreciation
of the men who helped me to get that
position: who wrent down in their
pockets to spend S100 to $300 of their
own individual money to help me win
that place. "Bob" Vann was one of
It is pleasing to come from Georgia
and be the recipient of so many kind
words. There has been so many Un-
kind words in the Southern papers
near my home. Some of us were bran-
ded liars when the truth was told In
Chicago but they arc not branding
us liars today. After the Convention
the Governor of Georgia sent a let-
ter saying that 1 exaggerated con-
ditions in Georgia but now he has
issued a pamphlet practically confirm-
ing my accusations and showing that
there has been 135 cases of lynching
We have had eight years of Dem
ocratic administration; for eight long
years there has been no justice for
our people. For eight years the Con
gressional Record that Is printed by
your own money has borne degrada
tions to our people. Peel a little
vengeful about it? Yes. I do. I can-
not forget that when Hindenburg was
marching on Paris and it was thought
that he would take tho city and when
the question of woman suffrage was
before the American Senate and force
was employed to try to put woman
suffrage across the main argument
being the great part the woman was
playing in the war Senator John
Sharpo Williams said 'If in order to
keep Hindenburg from going-
Paris it Is necessary to give
black women the ballot let Hinden
burg go into Parrs.
"After the convention we went to
Harding nnd the chief functionaries
with the purpose in view of getting
a foothold with tlie party leaders that
would control the destines of the Re-
publican party for that party is go-
ing to control the destinies of 'this
country for the next twenty-five years
and we hud to get some men who
were willing to make a big sacrifice.
We called for men and told them that
they would nut get any money but
would have to spend some and one
of the first ones to say 'Here I am'
was Bob Vann. He didn't get a dime
but he had to give a few of them. We
demanded in the platform your troubles
before the subject of lynching A man
mav live me but It he hates my child
I hold that against him. Love me and
love my countryment. If any whir
man is lnimica1 toward the Colored
race he is inimical toward me."
"For the first time that an Ameri-
can President eer addressed the Am-
ericin Senate and ellvercd a lick
right from the shoulder concrete
words touching our group were said
by Warren G. Harding. Harding -aid
It is up to you men of Congreui to
make a law to break up lynching In
this country.' That is all Harding can
do; he can't vote in Congress and it
is tin to us to keep after our Con
gressmen until they do it. Create sen
timent In favor of It for. after
sentiment rules the world."
Mr. Johnson vividly described the
peonage conditions in the South and
bow. bv virt ie of the fact that the
Southern white farmers woul give the
V.urn a amfl consideration OS a UC
nosit for his services the Negro could
leave nwliiff the farmer anything.
being furnished food and clothes but
Pi actically no money. He Impressively
pictured the struggles of the wile c.
such a laborer who was held in bon-
dage striving to get enough to enable
h. r children to get a decent education.
"I am proud of the fact when down
in Georgia the first time t had some
white farriers convicted arid punished
for peonage! There are one miUion
four hundred thousand Negroes in
Georgia and cases are existing there
"It is grand a"d glorious to feel
that you have an opportunity to
fight 'or such a cause .as the cause
of the Negro In this country today.
(Continued on pace 8 )
RALPH TYLER DIES IN CO-
(By A. N. P.)
lumhus Ohio June 16. Ralph
r one of the noted Colored Jour-
it's of the country died here Wed
nesday night of last week after a
short illness. Mr. Tyler vas one of
the best known men of ti.u race and
bad nn interesting and notable career.
He was a conspicuous figure In the
politics In this state and enjoyed the
distinction of knowing many of the
prominent Ohio m n of public af-
fairs. President Harding ielng among
the number. He we 1-mirth Auditor
in tlie Department of the Navy dur-
ing the Taft administration and la-
ter was a war correspondent during
the late world conflict serving In
thut opacity on the European battlefields.
A CHAMPION OF JUSTICE
A MESSENGER OF HOPE
PER ANNUM 98.00.
PRICE TEN CENTS.
Purpose of Vocational Home
Economics is Outlined; Color
ed Teacher Training Staff
Closes Successful Program.
Hampton. Va.. June 16. "The large
purpose of home-economics Instruction
In vocational schools and classes is
self-improvement together with home
economlcsJlN'82 9 A3 39A ?
and community betterment" declared
Adelolde S. Baylor Washington D. C
federal agent f r home economics
Federal Board for .Vocational Educa-
tion nt the close of the first five-
day conference for the Colored teacher-training
staff of the Southern re-
gion which was recently held at
Miss Itaylor. who was in charge of
the conference said:
"Nine of the thirteen States with
Institution approved by the Federal
Board for training Colored teachers
of home economics -had a represen-
tative present at Hampton. Tho fol-
lowing: States were represented' Vir-
ginia. North Carolina. Florida Ala-
bama Texas. Arkansas Tennessee.
Kentucky and Louisiana. The miss-
ing States were: South Carolina. Geor
gia. Mississippi and West Virginia.
live State sunervisors of hiu
economics assisted with the confer-
ence at Hampton Guvton Ten true
Mississippi; Martha Thomas Tennes-
see: Fdith Thomas. North Carolina-
Ivol Spafford Alabama; and Ora Hart
"Hampton Institute made available
all Its facilities for making the con-
ference a success. Carrie A. Lvford
who is the director of the Hampton
Institute School of Home Economics
gave her entire . time for five days
to assisting with the conference pro-
gram which Included (1) a field trip
for community study: (2) a visit to
and study of the Hampton Institute
dormitories: (3) a half dav spent in
the Whlttier School which to used
as a center for observation and prac-
tice teaching: by Hampton students;
.(4) a visit to a typical local rural.
Colored school: and (5) an inspection
of the Industrial exhibit of the Color-
ed schools of Elizabeth City County
which was displayed at the county
Progrnm llaaed on Needs.
Miss Baylor also stated that in or-
der to rarry out Mie vital purpose of
vocational home-economics thore must
be developed a program which Is bas-
ed on actual individual home and
community needs. The field trip for
example showed the teacher-trainers
In home economics that since house-
wives are caring for poultry cows
and. gardens instruction must be given
in the common activities of the home
both within and without with a view-
to i increasing the amount of produc-
tive work and thereby enlarging; the
"While the teacher'" said Miss Bay-
lor "is tho the chief factor in train-
ing for home-making her valuable
time and energy must be conserved
and her Instruction must be made
more efficient by the use of suitable
plant and equipment. Including charts
posters exhibits illustrative mater-
ials bulletins text-books reference
works typewritten and mimeograph-
"If the community Is known by a
skillful teacher there will be avail-
able people who can contribute from
their experience and furnish valuable
materials for the teachinir of home
i economics. Souch people will Include
for example merchants manuractur-
dealers In special wares garden-
puultry raisers and small farm
While the conference was held un-
der the direction of Anna E. Richard-
(Continued on pase 8 )
NEGRO BATTALION WILL
NOT BECOME PART OF ANY
(By A. N. P.)
Boston Mass. June 15. Demand up-
on the Adjutant General of Massachu-
setts to know whether the "Second
Separate Battalion of Infantry" of
Massachusetts had been Included In a
regiment as had been reported after
a favorable forecast issued by The
Associated Negro Press revealed that
the same Natloi.al Guard Segrega-
tion initiated by the Wilson Adminis-
tration was being continued under the
Harding administration wth sole
sole difference of a change of desig-
nation from "Pioneer Infantry" to
The first reply read:
State House May 24 19?l
Commonwealth of Mass. Adj.
Gen'l Office Mr. W. . M. TroUer
National Equal Rights League
34 Coriihill Boston.
Dear Sir Replying to yours of
the 20th Inst you are informed
that tho Second Separate Battuiion
of Infantry is not o be incorpor-
ated into or included in any Mass
regiment of the National Guard.
t'nder a ruling of the War De-
ment it will be a separate bat1-
talion but a part of the Mass.
Very trulv yours
JESSE F. STEVENS.
Brig. Gen. Adjt Gen.
More important still was the follow-
ing letter constitituting the "ruling
of the War Department" mentioned
above from Secretary of War Week
to the Gov"rnor of Massachusetts.
1. Killing II y Krerrtnry of War Week
"War-Dept. Washington. (Copy)
May 10 1921.
"Hon. Channlng Cox Governor
of Mass. Boston Mass.
My dear Gov. Cox:
Mr. W. A. Matthews Colored law-
yer of Boston has Interviewed mo
on the subject of the recognition
of n company of Colored men in
the Mass. National Guard.
I find on investigation that the
Bureau of Milltiary Affairs ha
offered the recognition of this
unit as Auxiliary Engineers and
the National Gi;crd officers who
nro on duty in tho War Depart-
ment have determined for Natlo.nl
Guard that it would be inadvis-
able to have mixed unita some
white an some Colored and that
is the reason why the organiza-
tion cannot be recognized as in-
fantry. The recognition of this unit as
Auxiliary Engineers. however
however puts them in a class
which is considered in the Wur
liepurtrnent ns vi ry high grades
the Engineer butig specially se-
JOHN V.'. WEEKS. Sec. of AVar.''
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The Dallas Express (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 36, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 11, 1921, newspaper, June 11, 1921; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth278357/m1/1/: accessed June 7, 2023), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .