Texas Almanac, 1992-1993 Page: 25
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TEXAS DINOSAURS 25
Alamosaurus (70 feet long)
Iguanodon (30 feet long, 15 feet tall)
its body on powerful hind legs, sometimes sinking down
on all fours. The Texas material is fragmentary; good
skeletons are known from New Jersey, New Mexico and
Ornithomimus was one of the ostrich dinosaurs, a
family of predaceous lizard-hips, resembling tall flight-
less birds. Moving on long legs and counterbalanced by
its long tail, toothless Ornithomimus preyed on small
reptiles and insects and also dug up eggs. It is known
from western North America and from Tibet. Texas
has some of this dinosaur's hand and foot bones.
Stegoceras, a small member of the bone-headed di-
nosaur family of plant-eating bird-hips, was character-
ized by thick-domed skulls. This dinosaur, weighing up
to 120 pounds and measuring six-and-a-half feet in
length, also had a frill of bony bumps around the back of
its head. Its unusually sharp teeth may indicate insect-
eating habits in addition to a plant diet. Stegoceras re-
mains are known from several western states and
northwest China. The Texas fossils are fragmentary.
Panoplosaurus was one of the last of the armored di-
nosaurs, a family of plant-eating bird-hips characterized
by bony armor plating on the back and skull. This 23-
foot-long, four-ton dinosaur also had long spines along
its flanks. Its fossils are found throughout western North
America. Texas has some distinctive bony fragments.
Contemporaries of the Big Bend dinosaurs included
a giant flying reptile with a 40-foot wingspread and a gi-
gantic crocodile with a six-foot-long skull. The environ-
ment, however, would appear quite modern to a time
traveler. Flowering plants had replaced the ancient con-
ifers, cycads and ferns of previous ages, and the dino-
saurs roamed forests of oak, fig and elm trees.
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Kingston, Mike. Texas Almanac, 1992-1993, book, 1991; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth279642/m1/29/: accessed April 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.