Texas Almanac, 1992-1993 Page: 80
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80 TEXAS ALMANAC 1992-1993
Engineer campgrounds are available around Granger
Guadalupe Delta WMA (Calhoun County), consisting
of 4,669 acres of marsh 3.5 miles northeast of Tivoli is
managed primarily for waterfowl and migratory shore
birds, alligators and other wetland wildlife.
Hill Country Natural Area (Bandera and Medina
counties) is a 4,753-acre tract located southwest of
Bandera. Gently rolling to hilly terrain supports vegeta-
tion that is primarily live oak grassland. White-tailed
deer are numerous. Camping permitted only in desig-
nated primitive camping area; no groundfires are per-
mitted, but containerized fuel stoves can be used. All
water and other supplies must be brought in. Water in
area is unusable even after boiling and treatment.
Gene Howe WMA (Hemphill County) consists of 5,821
acres of rolling sandhills with large natural meadows
Hunting, Fishing Licenses
A hunting license is required of Texas residents and
nonresidents of Texas who hunt any bird or animal.
Hunting licenses and stamps are valid during the peri-
od September 1 through the following August 31 of each
year, except those issued for a specific number of days
and lifetime licenses. A hunting license (except the non-
resident special hunting license and non-resident 5-day
special hunting license) is valid for taking all legal spe-
cies of wildlife in Texas including deer, turkey, iave-
lina, antelope, aoudad sheep and all small game and
migratory game birds. Special licenses and tags are
required for taking alligators, and a trapper's license is
required to hunt fur-bearing animals.
All sport fishing licenses and stamps are valid only
during the period September 1 through August 31, ex-
cept those issued for a specific number of days and
In addition to sports hunting and fishing licenses,
hunting/fishing stamps are required for special hunt-
Detailed information concerning licenses, stamps,
seasons, regulations and related information can be ob-
tained from: Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, 4200
Smith School Road, Austin, Texas 78744 (1-800-792-1112).
The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department reported
revenue of $33.7 million from sales of all licenses during
fiscal 1990, a decrease of some S26,000 over fiscal 1988. In
excess of 3 million licenses were sold. Various types of
sports hunting and fishing licenses with fees and num-
ber sold during fiscal year 1990 are listed
Licenses Sold During FY 1990
Type of License
(FY 1990) Sold
Resident Hunting ............ $10.00 272,924
Special Resident Hunting
(Exempt) ................ 6.00 159,523
Resident Lifetime Hunting ..... 300.001 420
Resident Comb. Hunting &
Fishing ...................... 15.00 671,028
Resident Lifetime Comb.
Hunting & Fishing .......... 500.00 750
Resident Alligator Hunter's .... 35.00 908
Resident Trapper's .......... 10.75 14,134
Nonresident General Hunting... 200.00 14,704
Nonresident Special Hunting00 1,712
(Small Game) ...... 75.00 1,712
Non-resident 5-Day Special
Hunting (Small Game)...... $ 25.00 16,764
White-Winged Dove Stamp ..... 6.00 39,068
Archery Hunting Stamp ....... 6.001 80,495
Texas Waterfowl Stamp ....... 5.001 111,162
Resident Fishing ............ 8.00 1,047,997
Temporary Resident Fishing
(14-Day) ............... 5.00. 40,329
Special Resident Fishing ...... 1.50 5,925
Nonresident Fishing.......... . 15.00 48,202
Temporary Nonresident Fishing
(5-Day) .................. 8.00 62,536
Freshwater Trout Stamp ...... 5.00 33,088
Saltwater Sportfishing Stamp . . . 5.00; 580,388
There were 477,000 white-tailed deer killed in the
1989-90 hunting season, compared to 475,000 in the 1988-
89 season. Wild turkey killed in 1989-90 estimated at
87,403.There were 6,800 mule deer killed in 1989-90, com-
pared to 7,300 the previous season. The javelina harvest
was 18,500 in 1988-89 and 21,300 in 1989-90.
along the north bank of the Canadian River. Woody cov-
er is provided by sumac, plum and sagebrush; riparian
habitat along the river is primarily persimmon, cotton-
wood and buttonbush. There are well-established pop-
ulations of deer, turkey, quail and mourning dove. Open
fires are not permitted; hunters may use gas camp
stoves. Water is available. High-clearance or four-wheel
drive vehicles are recommended.
Keechi Creek WMA (Leon County), a waterfowl
management area, consists of 1,500 acres approximately
10 miles south of Oakwood. The terrain is principally bot-
tomland intersected with creek drainages containing nu-
merous standing-water sloughs; vegetation includes
willow, water and overcup oaks, elm and sweetgum.
Principal wildlife species are eastern turkey, deer,
squirrels, feral hogs and woodland waterfowl. Camping
is not allowed on the area; commercial facilities are
available nearby. Waterproof footwear, preferably
knee-length, is recommended.
Kerr WMA (Kerr County), 6,493 acres located on the
headwaters of the North Fork of the Guadalupe River 12
miles west of Hunt, is typical of the Edwards Plateau,
with rolling hills, fresh water springs, dense cedar
brakes and live oak-shin oak thickets. Wildlife includes
Rio Grande turkey, mourning dove, quail, javelina,
armadillo, fox, gray squirrels, threatened black-capped
vireo and golden-cheeked warbler. No camping or fires
are allowed on the area. Camping is available at Ker-
rville-Schreiner State Park; commercial facilities can be
Kickapoo Cavern Park Site (Kinney and Edwards
counties) is located 22 miles north of Brackettville in the
southernmost extension of the Edwards Plateau. Vegeta-
tion consists of a mixture of live oak, ashe juniper,
mountain laurel, mesquite and pinyon pine. Good pop-
ulations of white-tailed deer and Rio Grande turkey, plus
white-winged doves, Meam's quail, black- capped vireos
and golden-cheeked warblers are found in the area. The
site is undeveloped; there are no facilities. Camping is
not permitted and no open fires are allowed. All water,
food and other supplies must be brought in. Commercial
facilities available close by.
Las Palomas WMA (Cameron, Hidalgo, Starr, Willa-
cy and Presidio counties) comprises 16 units, more than
3,900 acres in all, most covered by native brush vege-
tation, some open farmland, and some wetlands, which
is managed primarily as habitat for white-winged doves.
Other wildlife includes black-bellied tree ducks, chacha-
lacas, mourning doves, javelina, scaled quail, mule deer,
ocelot and jaguarundi. Camping is permitted on some
units, not on others. Check with Department of Parks
and Wildlife for details.
Lower Neches WMA (Orange County) consists of 5,-
591 acres of coastal marsh located near the upper end
of Sabine Lake. The area is managed primarily for
wintering waterfowl, migratory shore birds and alliga-
tors. Hunting is permitted on specified days during the
season. A boat launching ramp is available near the
south end of the area, but no other public facilities
have been developed.
Mad Island WMA (Matagorda County), located five
miles west of the town of Matagorda, consists of 5,700
acres of marsh, surrounded by extensive agricultural
and native pasture uplands. Water diversion and control
structures are being developed to reduce the amount of
saltwater intrusion into fresh-water marshlands caused
by the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway. Mad Island is the
winter home of a wide assortment of puddle and diver
ducks, sandhill cranes, snow, Canada and white-fronted
geese. There is a substantial alligator population, along
with mottled duck, raccoon, river otter, mink, armadillo,
white-tailed deer, bobcat, gray fox and cottontail, lack
and swamp rabbits.
Matagorda Island WMA (Calhoun County) contains
7,000 acres used as a conservation park unit and 36,900
acres comprising the WMA. The island, which is approxi-
mately 35 miles long, averaging two miles wide, is lo-
cated 5.5 miles off the mainland coast. Access is by boat
only; aircraft are not allowed to land on island. The ter-
rain is primarily sand dunes and barrier flats vegetated
by cordgrass, sunflowers, grass bur, vetch, daisy and
bermuda grass. Bayside marshes are habitat for endan-
gered whooping crane and many varieties of waterfowl.
Only primitive camping is allowed; all water and other
supplies must be brought in. No telephone, electricity or
other public utilities are available.
Old Tunnel WMA (Kendall County) consists of 10.5
acres of Hill Country habitat and includes an abandoned
railroad tunnel, which serves as a summer roost
site for bats. There are no public use facilities on the
TEXAS ALMANAC 1992-1993
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Kingston, Mike. Texas Almanac, 1992-1993, book, 1991; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth279642/m1/84/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.