Texas Almanac, 1992-1993 Page: 81
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area, but facilities are available 13 miles away at Com- miles west of Sabine Pass. Its marsh estuarine system is
fort. an important nursery ground for marine life and is part
Pat Mayse WMA (Lamar County), located 12 miles of the most important waterfowl wintering area in the
northwest of Paris, consists of 8,925 acres of land and wa- Central Flyway. No camping is permitted; food and
ter adjacent to and including part of Pat Mayse Reser- other supplies must be brought in. Commercial facilities
voir. The terrain is primarily upland oak woodlands with are available nearby.
some bottomland hardwood habitat vegetated primarily Sierra Diablo WMA (Hudspeth and Culberson
by post and blackjack oak, pecan, hackberry, cotton- counties), located in the mountain range of same name,
wood and Osage orange, with open savannahs con- consists of 10,991 acres approximately 32 miles north-
taining many tall grasses. Camping is allowed in northwest of Van Horn. Rough, rugged hills and steep
designated areas. canyons make up most of the area, with an average
J.D. Murphree WMA (Jefferson County) is approxi- elevation of 6,200 feet, breaking sharply to desert floor to
mately 13,250 acres of water marsh along the upper east. There is a well-established desert mule deer pop-
Texas coast, divided into three units. It is managed pri- ulation. The WMA is used for bighorn sheep broodstock
marily for preservation and enhancement of the marsh production and there are free-ranging bighorns on the
complex for wintering and resident waterfowl and asso- area. Only primitive camping is allowed on area; all wa-
ciated wildlife. Airboats are restricted to certain areas. ter and other supplies must be brought in. The nearest
All supplies must be brought in; commercial facilities commercial facilites are one-and-one-half hours away.
are available nearby. Somerville State Recreation Area (Burleson and Lee
Peach Point WMA (Brazoria County) is located five counties) contains approximately 5,000 acres of post oak,
miles west of Freeport, containing 10,312 acres of upland hickory, blackjack oak and water oak with dense stands
hardwood, upland prairie, fresh and saltwater marshes. of yaupon. The terrain is flat to gently rolling. White-
Vegetation is dominated by live oak, elm and pecan; also tailed deer are numerous. Camping is permitted on
Chinese tallow, baccharis and elm, sea ox-eye and short- area.
grass. Peach Point is home to waterfowl, rails, galli- Somerville WMA (Burleson and Lee counties), lo-
nules, mourning doves, quail, squirrel and white-tailed cated 12 miles west southwest of Somerville, comprises
deer, cottontail rabbits, armadillo, feral hogs, alligators 3,180 acres of Post Oak Savannah habitat with post, wa-
and various shore birds. No camping or open fires are
ter and blackjack oak and hickory, along with yaupon,
allowed. Commercial facilities are available nearby. coralberry, American beautyberry, greenbrier and
Pedernales Falls State Park (Blanco County) con- grape. The terrain is flat to gently rolling and wildlife on
tains 4,860 acres approximately nine miles east of the area includes white-tailed deer, squirrel, rabbit and
Johnson City. The terrain is flat to rolling, vegetated migrant waterfowl. Camping is permitted on the area.
with live oak and ashe juniper. White-tailed and exotic Welder Flats Coastal Preserve (Calhoun County) con-
deer are common. Camping facilities are available. Welder Flats Coastal Preserve (Calhoun County) con-
deer are common. Camping facilitiesare available sists of 1,480 acres of submerged coastal wetlands man-
Playa Lakes WMA (Moore, Castro and Hartley coun- aged to perpetuate and enhance the natural resources
ties) consists of three tracts in the Panhandle totalling 2,- thereon and to provide recreational opportunities that
240 acres, managed for waterfowl and other wildlife are compatible with these purposes. Numerous species
species associated with playa lakes. At present no of wading and shore birds use the preserve, with the
hunting is permitted on these areas. most distinctive being the whooping crane. Hunting and
Sea Rim State Park (Jefferson County) consists of fishing are permitted in conformance with general regu-
15,109 acres of Gulf coast beach and marshland about 10 lations for Calhoun County.
Texas Endangered and Threatened Species
The following species of Texas flora and fauna are Grasses and Grass-like Plants: Wild-rice, Texas.
either endangered or threatened as of June 1, 1991, Orchids: Navasota ladies'-tresses.
according to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Trees, Shrubs and Sub-Shrubs: Frankenia,
Strict laws protect species identified as endangered or Johnston's; Snowbells, Texas.
threatened, and it is generally unlawful to take, possess, Wildflowers: Bladderpod, white; Dogweed, ashy;
transport, export, process, sell or offer for sale, or ship Poppy-mallow, Texas; Prairie dawn; Rush-pea, slender;
any species of fish or wildlife within the state or sell or Verbena, large-fruited sand.
offer for sale any goods made from the fish and wildlife
in this list not born or raised in captivity. Any questions Threatened Species
about the wildlife and plants in the following lists and the Animals
laws covering them should be directed to the Endan- Mammals: Bat - Rafinesque's big-eared, Southern
gered Resources Branch, Texas Department of Parks and yellow, Spotted; Dolphin - Atlantic spotted, Rough-
Wildlife, 4200 Smith School Road, Austin 78744, or call 1-800- toothed; Mouse, Palo Duro; Rat - Coues' rice, Texas
792-1112. kangaroo; Whale - Dwarf sperm, False killer, Gervais'
Endangered Species beaked, Goose-beaked, Killer, Pygmy killer, Pygmy
Animals sperm, Short-finned pilot.
Mammals: Bat, Mexican long-nosed; Bear, black; Birds: Becard, rose-throated; Egret, reddish; Falcon,
Coati; Ferret, black-footed; Jaguar; Jaguarundi; Ma- Arctic peregrine; Hawk - Common black, Gray, White-
natee; Margay; Ocelot; Whale - black right, blue, fin, tailed, Zone-tailed; Ibis, white-faced; Kite, American
sperm; Wolf - gray, red. swallow-tailed; Owl, ferruginous pygmy; Parula, tropi-
Birds: Crane, whooping; Curlew, Eskimo; Eagle, cal; Plover, piping; Sparrow - Bachman's, Botteri's;
bald; Falcon - American peregrine, Aplomado; Pelican, Stork, wood; Tern, sooty; Tyrannulet, northern beard-
brown; Prairie-chicken, Attwater's greater; Tern, interi- less; Warbler, golden- cheeked.
or least; Vireo, black-capped; Woodpecker - Ivory- Reptiles: Turtles: Tortoise, Texas; Turtle - Alligator
billed, Red-cockaded. snapping, Atlantic green. Lizards: Gecko, reticulated;
Reptiles: Snakes: Racer, speckled; Snake - Concho Lizard - Mountain short-horned, Reticulate collared,
water, Louisiana pine, Northern cat-eyed, Western Texas horned. Snakes: Rattlesnake, timber; Snake - Big
smooth green. Turtles: Big Bend mud; Hawksbill, Atlan- Bend blackhead, Black-striped, Brazos water, Northern
tic; Leatherback; Loggerhead; Ridley, Atlantic. scarlet, Texas indigo, Texas lyre, Texas scarlet.
Amphibians: Frog, white-lipped; Newt, black- Amphibians: Frog, sheep; Salamander - Cascade
spotted; Salamander - Blanco blind, Texas blind; Siren, Caverns, Comal blind, San Marcos; Toad, Mexican bur-
Rio Grande lesser; Toad, Houston. rowing; Treefrog, Mexican.
Fishes: Darter, fountain; Gambusia - Big Bend, Fishes: Blindcat - Toothless, Widemouth; Chub, Rio
blotched, Clear Creek, Pecos, San Marcos; Goby, black- Grande; Chubsucker, creek; Darter - Blackside, Rio
fin; Paddlefish; Pupfish - Comanche Springs, Leon Grande; Goby, river; Minnow, Devils River; Pipefish,
Springs; Shiner - bluntnose, phantom; Sturgeon, shovel- opossum; Pupfish - Conchos, Pecos; Shiner-
Invertebrates: Ground beetle, Tooth Cave; Harvest- Bluehead, Chihuahua, Proserpine; Stoneroller, Mexican;
man, Bee Creek Cave; Mold beetle, Kretschmar Cave; Sucker, blue.
Pseudoscorpion, Tooth Cave; Spider, Tooth Cave. Plants
Plants Cacti: Bunched cory, Chisos hedgehog, Lloyd's marl-
Cacti: Cactus - black lace, Lloyd's hedgehog, Nellie posa.
cory, Sneed pincushion, Tobusch fishhook; Pitaya, Trees: Oak, Hinckley's.
Davis' green. Wildflowers: Pennyroyal, McK ittrick.
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Kingston, Mike. Texas Almanac, 1992-1993, book, 1991; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth279642/m1/85/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.