Sweetwater Reporter (Sweetwater, Tex.), Vol. 47, No. 207, Ed. 1 Sunday, September 10, 1944 Page: 1 of 16
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erattonN «gib|it Bulgaria have ctamd after a four-day war.
I'he announcement added that the United Htates, Britain and
Rutwla are working out armistice terms for Bulgaria.
RuMrfa't* cease-firing order came hard on the heels of the new
Bulgarian government's proclamation that the Balk:m nation
would continue to fight Germany on the side of the Allies.
BUY IT IN HWKETWATBR
'West Texas' Leading Newspaper'
y.MAHMN OX uaAV.nu:>ui
Sweetwater, Texas, Sunday, Sept. 10, 1944
PEARL HARBOR (UP) — Unele H.imV warsliJps on'
are thi ustiug their tremendous weight into attacks on J«
islands. , . ,
A Pearl Harbor announcement says cruisers and destroy!
shelled the I'alau Islands in the western ( itrolincs, supported |
carrier-based planes. The Palau group is witbiu «00 miles of t
I no damage l< American surface ships in the
'I*'"in the air war, Army heavy bomlicrs strucl. it airfields at Iv q
i See SHEIiLKI) Page 5
RED TROOPS RACE TOWARD TURKEY,
ALLIES HURL BACK DESPERATE TRAPPED
★ * * *
* * * *
Stevenson Qoes To Dallas In Effort To Harmonize Demos\
DALLAS (UP) — Gov. Coke
R. Stevenson was expected to
reach Dallas Sunday to take per-
sonal charge of efforts to har-
monize the fourth term and an-
ti-Roosevelt factions of Texas
Ear trouble that began on his
airplane trip back from . Wash-
ington after a conference with
President Roosevelt has delayed
his coming to Dallas.
eaders have begun to lose
i -ope of a pre-con vent ion settle-
ment. of their differences — so
governor is reported to he
ready to make a direct appeal to
the convention itself Tuesday.
State Democratic Chair-
man George Butler of Hous-
ton is due to arrive in Dallas
this afternoon. So far no par-
ty officials are willing to
make any forecasts of the
outcome of the convention.
ISveti the basis for computing
the strength of the various coun-
ties in the convention is unsettl-
ed—or "t leu::: unannounced
Considerable doubt has been
expressed among Democrats al-
ready in Dallas over legality of
the proposed plan of placing
names of both pro-Roosevelt and
anti-fourth term electors in the
Democratic column on the Nov.
7th ballot. Some of the Demo-
crats, on the other hand, doubt
the authority of the September
convention to recall the action
of the May 23rd convention
which certified 2.'i electors. Eight
of these electors say they will
vote for Roosevelt and 15 of
them say they will support some
other Democrat, probably Sena-
tor Harry Hird of Virginia.
Another subject is arous-
ing almost as much interest
as the party split. This is
State Chairman George But-
ler's proposed plan to incor-
porate the State Democratic
party with a constitution
and by-laws to be adopted
by the convention.
The plan calls for repeal of
all state election laws except
those to preserve purity of the
. ballot. The net result sought bv
' this plan is to avoid a U. S. Su-
preme Court ruling that negroes
must be allowed to vote in Dem-
ocratic primary elections.
A group of attorneys has had
the problem under studv at Hut-
1 ler's request. The details of the
plan are expected to be made
known in Butler's formal report
to the convention next Tuesday.
A new problem for the pre-
con vention credentials commit-
i tee has been posed bv filing of
proxies for eight Bell county
citizens as delegates from Milam
county. Heading the list of those
seeking to lie seated in this man-
ner is 1' rank Chudej, a former
| member of the state board of
Pending the arrival of Govern-
or Stevenson and consultation
with him no slate of temporary
officers for the convention has
^ been drafted.
Branded As Tripe
By Chairman Fly
* WASHINGTON, flip) _
Chairman Fly of the FCC has
branded as pure political tripe"
a suggestion by Rep. Miller of
Missouri that it might be neces-
sary for the special house com-
w mittee investigating the FCC to
propose impeachments against
Miller's charge came late yes-
terday during a hearing in which
committee Counsel John .1. Siri-
• ca sought to show that Fly was
in "conspiracy" with four other
persons, including George B.
Storcr. Detroit, to force Ralph
A. Horton to sell Morton's Radio
Station WFTL at Fort Lauder-
♦ dale, Fla., to Storer.
WANTED TO BUY — Model
"T" Ford. 211 Grape St. Dial
WASHINGTON (UP) — A 35-
year-okl Russian scientist has
been credited with restoring life
to 12 Russian soldiers who had
been certified as dead.
An article in the information
bulletin of the Soviet embassy
says Dr. Vladimir Negovsky of
Moscow, after eight years of re-
search which started with tests
on dogs and later included ex-
| periments with newborn in-
jfants who had died of asphyxia-
tion has been applying his meth-
jodr, at the Russian front.
It described one case thus:
"Red army man Valentin
Cherepanov died March 3rd,
i 10-1-1. There was no doubt that
life had ceased. The surgeon at
I the mobile field hospital who
I treated him for a serious hip
would certified the fact — death
| due to shock and loss of blood.
"Respiration had ceased,
the heart action had stop-
ped nT'l otJcr unmistakable
"Vet several months later
we was alive and recovering
from his wound.
"The basic principles of Dr.
Necovskv's method is a combi-
nation of artificial respiration
with blood transfusions and in-
struments a—bellows-like respi
rator and a simple apparatus for
setting in motion the blood-
The article points out that Dr.
Negovsky did not invent either
artificial respiration or blood
transfusion. His contribution
was employment of the two sim-
Working under shellfire at the
front lines. Dr. Negovsky simpli-
fied bis apparatus to a bellows
and air tube to blow air directly
into the patient's lungs and an
injector which feeds blood direct-
ly into an artery against the
bloodstream, rather than into a
vein as is ordinarily done.
Said the article:
"To thwart death, the inter
vention must take place within
five or six minutes, before the
disintegration of the brain 'ells
Local lumber dealers Satur-
day were cheered by news that
the War Production Board lift-
ed repair lumber footage allow-
ing yards to sell one-third of
their stock as of Sept. 1 for re-
airs or other purposes.
Clyde A. Boothe, regional
WPB representative, Dallas, an-
nounced the partial release of
lumber Saturday. This will allow
many needed repairs of homes,
'arm houses and business eon-
The release does not affect the
order placing a limit of $200
m any construction or repair,
including labor, and did not
release lumber for new residen-
tial building, only by govern-
Heretofore the C35 order per-
mitted only 8,000 feet sales a
i|uarter. The order will lift that
somewhat relieving the repair
To Demo Meeting
Sweetwater delegation to the
Texas democratic convention in
Dallas is headed by Clif Roswell,
county chairman, Harlcy Sadler,
state representative of the ll'Itli
district, A. CI. Lee, Will Scott,
Ross Covey and Mrs. .lolin .1.
Convention proper convenes
Tuesday at the Baker hotel. Pre-
liminary meeting will be held
AMKRICAN BOMBER DIKS IX COM RAT—Flames roaring from her fuselage.
Liberator bomber shown .inst before plunging to earth alter being bit i v < netn
ing a mission over Austria. This picture was
ma tie from another
I'AI'IV Ti;\'-Vi;,\i;-OI,D NAZI IX VltMV—Among the prisoners l.d.rn ;■
ten yeai old l>«>,\ posing with Ids major while hundreds "I prisoners mare'
Radiotelephoto from XE.A Telcpliotn.)
\iitwrep was this
past. (Signal Corps
LiST OF MADMAN'S
VICTIMS UP TO 25
MATTOON. 111. < !'t*) The
list of persons v. I.« have report ■
ed attacks by the "mad man of
Mattoon" rose to 25 this
ing with the addition of
Five ft onu n. a:t 11-ye.
girl and an ei.'i.1 year-old
told police the had
timized by the
er who spray:
attacks by the
hi. victims with
— one a grade
— reported for
tall, thin man
with the sweet-smelling gas.
One of them claimed she bad
been partially paralyzed when
the gas was released in her bed-
The mystery deepened with
the report of a -tate chemist,
who examined a damp cloth
which reputedly overcame one
victim. The chemist said he fail-
ed to find any trace of chemical
in the cloth.
XEWLV NAMED MINISTER
IN FRANCE MISSING
PARIS. (l'P) — A Paris news-
paper reports that the newly
appointed minister of agricul-
ture. Tanguv Prigent, is missing.
The paper believes Prigent
may have been seized by tlv
Gestapo. It was rumored that re-
treating Germans had shot two
members of his family,
F1FTKKNTH A A F IN ITALY
-Technical Sergeant Darwin L.
Brewster. .",2 year-old husband of
the foi mer Myrtle Bea Toier. of!
1107 T'ulberry Street, Sweetwa-
! ter. has completed 50 successful |
combat missions over enemy held
territory in the European The-1
aire of Operations.
Sgt. Brewster, serving as en-
gineer gunner on a B-21 Libera- j
tor. has participated on many!
missions ovi r some of the most j
heavily defended enemy held j
targets "When that flak is com-1
ing iiji all around you and you
feel and hear it hitting your ship
it really makes a fellow sweat,"
said Brewster after returning
from a mi o to bomb oil refin-
eries in Germany, "but just see-
; ing the damage our bombs do to
I their targets is well worth it."
He ha- seen action over Italy. J
France, Germany. Austria, llun-
jgarv, Rumania and Yugoslavia.
A graduate of Lockney High j
School he was later employed j
by the Miller Management Co., |
Nashville. Tenn He entered the;
service. July 13. 1 !> 12, and has I
been serving overseas as an aer-1
j ial gunner since February of
Brewster has been awarded
the Air Medal with 3 bronze Oak
Leaf Clusters for meritorious
Herbert Kennedy. T-5th grade achievement in aerial flight,"
has received the Bronze Star | the European Theatre of War
Increases: 41 New
Pupils At Newman
Enrollment in the Sweetwater
schools the close of the first
[ week's classes increased notably.
1 especially in high school where
i a total of 125 are in attendance
11 being new students.
Total enrollment in five of the
seven city schools reached 2.'',"I
by Friday. R. S. Covey, city
school superintendent said.
High school enrolled 154 sonli-
omores; 138 juniors, 132 senoirs.
Last year at the beginning of
j the term 393 students were tabu-
Cowen enrolled 201: Nolan
1311: Lewis 371 and Reagan 517.
Seventv-nine teachers, includ-
| ing Mr. Covev, guide the sys-
tem. Booker T. Washington and
Amelia Carranza schools will
I open later.
Lunchrooms operating in all
city schools have been overrun.
Mr Covey said. The program is
j carried on by government aid.
New equipment was installed in
several buildings to take care of
| tlie overflow.
CITKD FOR VALOR
and citation for meritorious aeji- ribbon, and th<
ievement He is son of Mr and Star for his participation
Mrs. .!. E Kennedy of Rot an and | Italian Campaign.
is driver with the medical corns 1 Brewster is the son of Mr. and
in the Pacific theater of opera- Mrs. Grandy H. Brewster of
tions. i Rural Route No. 3, Sweetwater.
MOSCOW (UP i — The Rus-
sians apparently are on the move
on a wide front.
Soviet troops in
The Red A rm.v
i driving a powerful new offen
Isive towards Krakow in South-
i ern Poland.
A blazing battle is underway
I northeast of Warsaw on the ap-.
proaches to East. Drussia.
The First Sovici patrols are
! said to have crossed the east
Prussian frontier and to have re-
turned with prisoners.
Moscow says Soviet columns i
; are rolling fast in Bulgaria after
! an unopposed push across the
: frontier. However, there is no
I sign that the Russians have
| crossed into Yugoslavia from!
In preparation, Yugoslav
patriots are said to have cap-
tured all main points along
the Nis-Belgrade railroad
and now are attacking B"l-
The Germans renort a new
| offensive in South Poland is un-
derway in the area of Przemysl,
j captured by the Russians this
summer, and Krosno, 4fi miles
I farther west.
Krakow—the goal of the drive
—is the last big defense strong-
point guarding the approaches
to German Silesia, less than 50
miles to the west.
The Nazis acknowledged the
Russians had won initial succes-
ses in a renewal of the South
Poland drive, which hogged
down early in August.
The Soviets also may have
scored an important success in
the batlte for Warsaw. Radio
See HOT BATTLE Page 8
Marine And Armv
Generals Clash In
PEARL HARBOR fUPi
There was a clash of personali-
ties as well as a clash of arms in
the Saipan campaign.
As a result, Major General
Ralph Smith of the United States
army was relieved of his com-
mand by Lt. Gen. Holland Smith
of the Marines.
The Marine general refused to
explain the move except to say-
that the circumstances surround-
ing it were what he called "un-
The Marine officer, who is
rumored to have clashed often
with the army general, referred
all queries on the move to the
The war department in
turn has referred the inquir-
ies to the Navy department
on the grounds that it was in
charge of that theatre.
Meanwhile, revised reports on
Friday's Super Fortress attack
on Anshan—in the heart of the
industrial area of Jap-held Man-
churia—-"have been announced.
The war department reveals that
one B-20 ir missing, and that
many hits were scored on the
Japanese industrial targets.
Completely preliminary re-
ports say our airmen destroyed
or damaged 28 enemy planes.
This is in contrast to the pre-
vious figure which showed that
2fi enemy aircraft were shot
down or damaged.
The Japanese radio reports
that American warships shelled
Yap Island in the western Car-
olines. Tokyo claims that the
Navy bombardment was a fol-
low-up to a series of raids car-
ried out by carrier-based planes
against that Japanese communi-
The enemy also says that 500-
carrier-based planes have struck
a new blow at the Palaus—some
500 miles east of the Philippines.
In addition, Tokyo has an-
nounced new raids against Dav-
ao in the Philippines, Halmahera
and the Celebes
Revise 0! Cotton
Price No Ceiling
Cn Raw Product
The Var Food Administration
and the Office of Price Admin-
istration have announced, joint-
ly, a revision of the cotton price
stabilization agreement, which
was announced on April 24,
Under the original agreement,
in lieu of a price ceiling on cot-
ton, the War Food Administra-
tion agreed to offer for sale
government-owned or controlled
cotton through the Commodity
Credit Corporation in the open
market when market prices
Under this revision, which is
effective until May 1, 1945. the
i Commodity Credit Corporation
i will offer for sale any of the
: cotton owned or controlled by
] it e'xeept at prices which will not,
; prevent cotton from averaging
' parity. For the present, this will
mean that no government owned
| or controlled cotton will be sold
in the open market except at 50
: points (1-2 cent a pound) abov;
| the parity price, this margin
j having been determined to be
| nee: ssary, in view of 'he fluctutv!
i yions oi tlie o:. u^
' parity average.
The margin of 50 poini- v. in
not be reduced prior to May 1,
I 1945, unless the price of cotton
| should average above parity in
j an amount and for a period
| time sufficient to raise a que.
I tion as to the adequacy of man
! ing pri
sSffcllPl | -J
* if1? - 8
nel roci -t
last try ■
lent to r
is of pari
In that eve
< <>tton of th'
y pri ei
prior is tu ! <•
roff< i! prior to
Jtrlow Hie prior
♦ Irr (fir form-
inonf, (ho <
i c tion
l!iij( iio ooiling*
| I;ic c*c1 on r;iu
>iay 1, 1?M5,
ii( which, un-
( roil if
OOJ1 ( !l
w iI• offer
ers ' of
?ntly enrjfted by
;i' flirects tlje pre
irough any depar
or officer of the e
take all lawful
e that, the farm p
•otton, and other
. receive parity
Arnold Says U. S.
Must Carry On
WASHINGTON < CP) Cer.
eral H. H. Arnold — chief of
the Army Air Forces * says
it is imperative that the United
States carry on with its aero-
nautical experimental program
after the war That will insur"
the continued superiority of
American design and pro.ij.tr-
tion in military airplanes an!
General Arnold suggest- thai
the government keep some
the best government-owned ait
craft plants, and also certain
standard equipment, so that, a
Arnold says, "the most advanc tl
types of aircraft are the ni<<
s] eedily available."
Home From War
Charles Wayne lino. ■
who sustained serious injure-.,
on .lune 10., while flying hi H i
over Hamburg, Germany and
who suffered the loss of a foot,
is back in the United States.
His step mother, Mrs. Ann
I Hodges, received a telegram S.n
tirday from Capt. Hodces slatitv:
. that he was at Mitchell Field. N.
1 V. and that be was fine.
He will be assigned probably
j to a general hospital for further
treatment. Since his injury he
I had been receiving" medical at-
tention in England.
have hurled |
thousands of |
>ng the chan-
•d into one
bi t ween Lilla
Jlient in Bel-
• d Tommies
ii1 battle, rag- |
f miles of the
o. The Allies
tan ers still Is
ut r'i'ogress of
iers of Hitler'.;
A Cnitcrl Pi ess itonf dis-
patcli from f.encral Patton's
Third Vtiii.i says (he battle
i f i!i" lie tlj.fi shouH
l.e settle#! j*vitbjrj tivo tiays.^ .
—•' r •> .i?
fending tl « hills h hiiul the
rix -r, ,|- the fight will settle
down la <> hum slnsgim;
Thr I' P i-ian with the
;' ir a - - R. ert Richards
-,:-i ■ it even now Patt.on
ves - forces in the
il'i-y f lunpe at the
U ia r!i! rencl'ct > in the
neii'hi -, :h>\ ■ aid t.iv Moselle. Al-
-. <: e A i I ricans have
ihri " - |> ,,j a-,]-.,-ad across
tin t'-ea > * ■ pring
■ i-i.l • : or assault,
"i. i im ; of mer lean
' tie way for
1 ■ . d iking a
-■a: hr b?«v.' . t K m west wall
a ' " Rh:ne and Ruhr
val'ev Ha aoe th'1 battle lines
hall <',3 many
■k r > uI and rail
Til reland cities
lies ;n-o report-
i?i(o (he Sieg-
♦■!' IK miles
gro;i( ;iii fleet.
an I four f'ijiht-
1 A roc n
0 r o ji c
i Hr f
IU • .• U
k 4 .
Maai investigations to he dls-
j fussed bj the body probably
j will be a murder charge filed in
I justice court recently in which
! a necress is under bond after
1 waiving examining trial, and a
series of hou-e burglaries.
Benton L Tytnpleton, Colora-
| do City, acting district, attorney.
J will be present for the opening
i session. A light trial docket is
ready for the term,
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Sweetwater Reporter (Sweetwater, Tex.), Vol. 47, No. 207, Ed. 1 Sunday, September 10, 1944, newspaper, September 10, 1944; Sweetwater, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth282964/m1/1/: accessed December 10, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Sweetwater/Nolan County City-County Library.