Borger Daily Herald (Borger, Tex.), Vol. 20, No. 53, Ed. 1 Friday, January 25, 1946 Page: 2 of 8
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THh BORGER DAILY HERALD
rtiblist d at i5 North Main Street,
except Satui . and on Sunday
J. C. Phillips
Month t5 wi.,
Texas every evening
Editor Uiid Manager
: - ,20
Entered as second-class matter November 23, 1926, at the Post-
Office at Borger, Texas under the Act of March 8, 1897,
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use of republi-
cation of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise.
Friday. January 25. 1041
Some interesting observations came out of a conference
between General McNarney and a delegation of enlisted men
which followed the "we want to go home" demonstrations in
One sergeant reported that replacements were stepping
off the gangplank at Le Havre and inquiring, "How soon can
we go home?"
Another sergeant said the men he represented knew that
we had made commitments abroad that had to be met, but
that they felt it was time somebody else took over. He also
expressed the opinion that an educational job was necessary
back home, and that Congress should put some pressure on
the local draft boards which aren't meeting their quotas.
General McNarney told the men that their families back
in the States were the ones to bear down on Congress and
the draft boards, and that if Congress got the impression that
what the people want is "to get the boys home and to hell
with foreign commitments," then Congress would oblige them
and the job in Europe would be left unfinished
It does not seem to us that the Army can hold itself en-
tirely blameless in this situation. If replacements are clam-
oring to go home as soon as they reach Europe, there is some-
thing badly wrong with the present Army indoctrination pro-
gram. And if the Army can't bear down on Congress, then
there has been a recent departure from old practices.
But it is certainly true that the public has the greatest in-
fluence with Congress. And it is becoming more and more
apparent that the public must accept a good share of the blame
for promoting and increasing the bad military morale and |
governmental embarrassment which these soldiers demunstra-;
tions have caused.
A large section of the public seems to be thinking along
these lines: "Sure, there ia a big job to do in Germany and
Japan, and it must be done—aa long as it doesn't interfere
with our Joe's coming back from overseas, or take our
young Johnny away from home."
Such thinking is natural, but it is neither realistic nor
safe. It is thinking that has a powerful influence on legisla-
tors who are more vote-conscious than statesmanlike in an
election year. It is thinking (hat influences local draft boards
whicii have fallen short of the national monthly quota of 50.-
000 inductions in steadily increasing numbers for the last four I
The draft act expires May 15. and Congress is almost cer-
tain not to renew it. The prospects of the Army's achieving!
its goal of 1,550,000 by July 1 are extremely dim. Universal j
military training, as presently conceived, would not help the
aftuattyn. There seems little to look forward to except a
drastically curtailed American role in policing the former en-
emy countries and providing for outpost defenses.
That, of course, is just what the extreme right and the
extreme left in this country want. That accounts for the
fact that, for once, they are on the same side, zealously sup-
porting the "bring the boys home" drive, The right wants
to see us walk out on our foreign commitments. The left
wants to see us leave the world wide open to Russia.
Meanwhile, we are looking increasingly weak to our ene-
mies and increasingly foolish, or worse, to our friends. The
least the public can do is encourage, rather than block, the
Army's efforts to secure replacements in order that we may
have a military force adequate to our defense and our destiny
in world affairs.
Bitnnio) Htpott o4 tt* Chiel of StoH of the U. S. Aimy 1943 to 1945, to the Secrttorf of Wot
rvUKM tor nba Unim. uk. i* 1m Um Ww dtsvlaml
This in the 34th o 4! in-
stallments o) material selected
from General Marshall's re-
port on the winning of World
LANDING OS Ll'ZON
THE Japanese took heavy troop
x lorses in these repeated sink-.
logs, but they had at the- same
time made some formidabla rein-
forcements. By the middle of No-
vember troops of the U. S. 24th
Division, reaching into the rem-
nants of the Japanese 10th Divi-
sion west of J arc, killed a mes-
senger and learned that the Japa-
nese 1st Division was now on the
island (Leytc). Yamashita was
therefore commanding his best
troops. The lit Division was one
sf Japan's finest from the Kwan-
When United States forces from
the south end across the Pacific
began to gather speed, the' 1st
Japanese Division had been
moved to China. After General
MncArthur's assault force had
JCen sighted, the 1st Division was
rushed from Shanghai to Manila
r.d then on to Leytc.
In the Ormoc valley the Japa-
nese 1st Division fought fiercely
and delayed but could not stop
Krueger's advance. By the end
of November American troops
were closing on Limon and on-
other column threatened Ormoc
from the south. Violent rain
storms and deep mud harassed
the supply lines. Forward units
were dependent on hand-carry.
Casualties were evacuated by
But by 1 December seven divl-
ona were well established
''ore- f>"* «irfi"'f's wn-f> in on-
•ration, and the waters of the
/isayas under lit m navai control.
The 77th Division landed south
of Ormoc on 7 December and
raptured the town four days later
along with great quantities of
snemy supplies. Toward the end
of December the 7th, 24th, 32d,
77th, and 96th Divisions, the 1st
Cavalry Division, and the 11th
Airborne Division closed out or-
ganized Japanese resistance on
Jap Soldier Writes of Defeat
It was at Kilometer 78 on the
Ormoc highway that the Japa-
ese 1st Division command post,
iefended by 500 exhausted, de-
bated soldiers made the last
tand. This little band, made up
f every clement General Kataoka
had been able to reassemble, quit
on the night of 21 December and
tj«"i south and west. Men of the
32-1 Division found this letter,
written by an unknown Japanese
—"©Idler: m •
- oth r
PHILIPPINE LIBERATION started with surprise landing on
Ixyte, followed by landings in Llnrayen Calf which alto caught
Japs napping. Though fighting desperately, enemy finally was
crushed between north and south pincers.
LESS BRASS IN THE VA
Gen. Omar Bradley, now Administrator of Veterans' Af-
fairs, is an old Army man, and a good one. He knows, as even
the proletarian-minded Russians discovered, that there is no
substitute for rank and discipline in a fighting army.
When victory or defeat, life or death, can depend on the
carrying out of orders, obedience must be prompt and un-
questioning. Superior rank must be respected Punish-
ment fur insubordination must be sharp.' It all adds up to a
most'Xindemocratic arrangement, but there seems to be no
other way of conducting a war successfully.
f Such an arrangement, however, has no place in a demo-
cratic country outside of military life, Yet the habits of com-
mand and obedience are not always easy to break. Some
officers come to feel that deference is due them as persons,
even after they return to civilian life. It becomes almost in-
stinctive to give orders, to make decisions for others, to ex-
pect that they will be accepted without argument, to be im-
patient of any contrary proposals.
General Bradley has undoubtedly seen a good bit of this
in his time. He has probably s<jen it particularly in his pres-
ent surroundings. Most likely he has heard the complaint of
many veterans that there is too much "brass" in the Veterans'
'rtMnAttan—particularly in Washington.
So the General has issued a simple but wise order.
From now on. employe* of the VA who formerly were of-
ficers will drop the military titles which they have clung
to even though they are no longer in the service, and are
dealing with essentially civilian problems through an es-
sentially civilian agency.
Colonel Jones henceforth is Mr. Jones. He is mister on
OUT OUR WAY
| THSftETS mo mystery
' TO WHUT KIMP
WO, "THE OMLY
WILL Be lELUWf
IF THEY I
, fT.IVTV ECt StX-
( inhabited THIS
P*$T, IS THERE?
SVW-7 wi ''
THE VIACHIWE AC-E
"I am exhausted. We hove no
rood. The nemy are now within
-iOO meters from us. Mother, my
dear wife and son, I am writing
his letter to you by dim candle
igfit. Our end is near. What will
the future of .Japan if this is-
and should fall into enemy
Hands? Our air force has not ar-
rived. General Yamashita has
not arrived.. Hundreds of pale
soldiers of Japan are awaiting our
glorious end ai d nothing else. This
is a repetition of what occurred
in the Solor.ions, New Georgia,
and other islands. How well are
the people of Japan prepared to
fight the decisive battle with the
will to win . , V
Marshal Terauchi, realizing that
the Philippines were slipping from
his grasp, fled with his headquar-
ters to Saigon, lndo-Cbina.
Command of the battle of Leytc
passed to Ekhclberger's Eighth
Army on 26 December. For
Krueger's Sixth Army there was
While mopping-up continued
on Leytc, General MacArthur had
sent a landing force of two regi-
ments into southern Mindoro,
Within 24 hours American planes
and PT boats were operating oil
the southern coast of Luzon.
In the first week of January a
new American assault force gath-
ered east of Leyte, slipped
through the Surlgao Strait over
the sunken wrecks of Japanese
warships that had gone down in
their attempt to turn aside the in-
vasion more than two months be-
fore, and passed into the Minda-
nao and Sulu Seas. This Ameri-
can force was treading its way
through the heart of the Philip-
pine Archipelago and through
waters where the Japanese Navy
acy, to invade Luzon by effect-
ing a landing in Lingeycn Gulf,
its classic point of greatest vul-
Take Luzon Beachhead
No opportunity was overlooked
to conceal this bold plan from
the Japanese. While the assault
force was proceeding up the west
coast of Luzon, Kenney's planes
and the guerrillas under MncAr-
thur's direction concentrated on
the destruction of roads, bridges,
and tunnels to prevent General
Yamashita from shifting forces to
meet the assault. The guerrilla*
in southern Luzon conducted
noigy demonstrations to divert
Japanese attention to the south.
Navy mine sweepers swept the
Ealayan, Batangas, and Tayabas
Bays on the south coast of Luzon.
Landing ships and merchantmen
approached the beaches until thev
drew fire, then slipped out under
cover of night. United States
transport planes flew over Batan-
gas and Tayabas and dropped
dummies to simulate an airborne
invasion. The Tokyo radio re-
ported that American troops were
trying to land on Luzon but had
been driven off. Japanese forces
on the island, harassed by guer-
rillas and by air, drove north,
south, east, and west in confusion,
became tangled in traffic jams on
the roads, and generally dissipat-
ed what chance they might have
had to repel the landing force. On
9 January the U. S. Sixth Army,
now composed of the I and XIV
Corps, hit the beaches in Lin-
gayen Gulf. By nightfall, 68,000
troops were ashore and in control
of a 15-mile beachhead, 6,000
The landing had caught every
major hostile combat unit in mo-
tion with the exception of the
central Luzon plain and its sup-
porting 58th independent mixed
brigade 25 miles to the north of
Lingnyen Gulf. Yamashita's in-
ability to cope with General Mac-
Arthur'* swift moves, his desirer
reaction to the deception meas-
ures, the guerrillas, and Genera
Kenney's aircraft combined
place the Japanese in an impos
sibie situation. The enemy wa
forced into a piecemeal commit
ment of his troops. The Japanes
10th and 105th Divisions in th
Manila area which were to se
cure Highway No. 5 on the east
ern edge of the central Luzon
plain had failed to arrive in time.
The brunt of defending this with-
drawal road to the north fell to
the 2d Japanese Armored Division
which seemingly should have
been defending the road to Claris
(NEXT: PliUiypine Conquest^
his name plate, on his office door, and on his letters. He is
mister to the former GIs with whom he deals. It is a small (
enough change, but it ought to make a considerable differ-
For the former officer, the plain title of mister is a re-
minder that the war is over. And for the former buck pri-
vate sitting across the desk from him, there is no longer the
barrier of a title to frighten him and freeze him and call to
mind a lot of old diffidrenees and dislikes. The former pri-
vate doesn't even need to know who his counselor is or what
he has been unless the VA official chooses to tell him.
This not only promises a long-needed improvement in
the conduct of the Veterans' Administration, but also gives
notice that the new administrator is a man who can operate
with the same quiet effectiveness in peace that he showed in
war. By a seemingly insignificant directive, he has found a
short cut to the solution of many veterans' problems.
Of course. General Bradley," being an active member of
the regular Army, will not become Mr. Bradley. But his con-
version to a civilian way of thinking seems complete.
The eagle is .said to fly fastest when going away from its
nest. A nice emblem for our money,
OUR BOARDING HOUSE with MAJOR HOOPLE
IN NEW YORK
Things You Knew All Along
• But which dopey me just found
President Truman is nof ill, but
*lie Army has completed plans
for u Presidential suite at Walter
Reed Hospital. FDR •!$< other
gov't officials Invariably used the
Naval Hospital at Bethesda, Md.
Since Mr. Truman served in the
Army 'in World War I>. the Army
has no intention of turning over
it prize alumnus to Naval medicos,
should he need a doctor. Mr. Tru-
man discovered that trying to be
a middle-of-the-roader means you
get slugged from both sides.)
"Whaddya thing of the UNO?"
"It's all right I guess. There's
just too many uf them dumb
torrtgners in it:"
M. Chevalier, now appearing at
a dump In Paris, has several oth-
er acts on the bill. He doesn't pay
them; they pay him!
Chevalier has decided not to
come here right away, as previ-
ously planned. He will make ap-
pearances in Sweden, Norway, etc.
'"To see how they accept me be-
fore I return to the U. S.")
Adele Astaire 'Lady Cavendish)
can cuss like a trooper. But she
never does before GIs. (Adele
saves her cussin' for royalty.*
In Berlin the Nazis 'civilians
too) gather in front of the U. S.
PXs and beg the Yanks "for chaw-
klott, choongurn'' and other good-
ies, even ciggies. The Americans
often share with them. When the
Nazis are a safe distance away
they make "cracks"', thumb to
nose . etc. Nurses back also report
the Nazis practically dare the
Yanks to hit tnem with their ve-
hicles or bikes as they cross
streets. But when they see the
Russians coming in ears they flee.
Because the Russkys run over
them! (They respect THEM!)
Inc.) is a service which disinfect! only foreign sovereign ever por-
vour phones twice weekly. A New trayed on a U. S. coin Her bust
Yorker borrowed the Idea irom once appeared on a dime. (Lana
London, which i* suppowd to be Turner would need a hali-doll^ )
decades behind New York. I ——— $f
—■ Experienced railroad men can
Denver has a law which pro- • fe|| i,y listening to the sound of
hibits anyone trom photographing ,, train rolling over the tracks
a woman in her bathing suit with-! whether It's a passenger or a#
out her consent. (How about with- freight train. 'Seaboard Airline,
out her bathing suit?) ! please note.)
It's against the law In England
to mart y vour mother-in-law. j
The howl of wolves at night
is really a love call.
A marine never wears pants or
curries a gun. Marines wear troup-
ers and they never call a rifle a
gun. (Such airs!)
Pawnshops use three brass balls
as a sign because they were part
of the coat of arms of the Medici
family, the first famous pawn-
brokers. (My hockshop told me.)
Your chances of being struck
by lightning are only one in 70,-
000. (That guy shouldn't work on
a paper that costs only 2c!)
The moon is gradually applying
brakes to the earth's spin. As a
result, the day is now lengthening
at the rate of one-thousandth of
a second a century. (Fevvensakes!;
How does your voice sound to
others? If you eup your ear* with
both hand-:, pressing the ears ijr>
wird Slightly, and speak, yowll
have a prettv good idea. (Y« , you,
The high court of appeals in
England has ruled that a cow Mas
the constitutional right to stand*
in the middle of the road ami#
chew her cud, if she wishes. The
court said that cows do not move
in straight lines and therefore
could not be made to keep out of
th road. (Just give me a lollipop
and call me a Quiz Kid.)
tax to pay for wars.
Foreign newsboy Linton Wells
reports that when traveling on
Russian railroads a woman may
find herself assigned on upper in
a two-berth compartment with a
man as roommate. You buy a tick-
et and take a chance.
There will be only two Friday,
the I3th.«. in 1916. One in Septem-
ber. One in December.
"Fala at Hyde Park" is the title
of an unusual short to be released
on FDR's birthday, Jan. 30th.
Nelson Rockefeller, who heads
the committee seeking your old
clothing (for displaced persons
abroad), hopes to get 100 million
i lbs. of it. For at least 25 million
Six thousand of the 82nd Air-
borne Division (who marched «P
| Fifth Ave. the other day) will re-
Budapest has a department store
which caters only to dwarfs. Its
salesmen and women are dwarfs,
counters and chairs are built to
scale, its interior resembles a
George Bernard Shaw is sup-
posed to have received immediate
notice when he began to write
because he slyly signed his articles
G B S—which also was the namw
of a nationally advertised pipe. 14
* That "Un-American" committee
says it will call Gerald L. K.
Smith to explain how he gets his
If that committee acts true to
form, it'll probly take up a col-
lection for him.
Herald Want Ads Get Results
Japs will go to any extreme to
avoid using the figure 4, which!
they consider unlucky. (By golly,,
the 4 in 48 stars was certainly un- j
lucky for them, ha, ha, ha'i
British railroads are planning
special compartments for those
who want complete silence while
traveling. (See you in London!)
Our funeral home is spaci-
ous. restfully decorated and
Queen Isabella of Spain was the
I During the war ammunition was
j manufactured in, the House of
i Lords, London.
and air forecs had for twp vgars -3d Infantry Division to the
maintained unchallenged eup rem- ; outhe'iftt P1* BrtiMihe&d in the
Walter Florell, the designer, is
the only gent we know who wears
a sable coat.
Believe it or not. but there is
even a lobby in Washington to j
prevent the gov't from establish-j
ing national cemeteries in each |
State. (Cemetery association* are
behind the lobby.)
Telephones Immaculate (The
Hygienic Phone Service of N. Y.,
I JUST RECEIVED!
Stainless Steel Silverware,
All Metal Cap Pistols
A Different Year . . .
A Different You . . .
Simplicity is the key to the New Year.
Our permanenls impart to your hair the
flattery of "Natural" waves. Make your
PERMANENTS S5.00 and up
Ruth's Beauty Shop
.«* « « " « ■
Leora Miller Florence Updike
212 N. Main Phono 435
Electric Bathroom Heaters
(Limited Supply cf These Items)
324 N. Main
• fcAY/i 1 Pee L-AS
LOOPY AS A ROLLERS.
AMI X T30 Ki<S vorm
BtfPfiCTtMfi* A NJ18.1T
DOK#T VOO REALtZe
>/PO \MERE: INJ A
AMD MISTOOK OS
FOR. THE 3AfA£S
YOUR 8*r<iK. ?-***-
EGAD.' DO X LOO>4.
X Glad HE
eaoME BCEC>aHiKlO> ~
tH « n«
By RICHARD CUSHING
(For Hal Boyle)
SHANGHAI, Jan. 25— (*P) — j
China*!! "Sampan Navy" in begin-
I ning to sprout "made irt the'
i U.S.A." liST's (landing ships,1
Up the China coast from Shang-
hai at Tsingtao, the United States
is running a naval training school
for the Chine.se.
The Chinese hope for the
emergence of a seagoing force
with power to control her coasts
There are only three LST's at
the Chinese naval training cen-
ter, which was opened Dec. 21.
But as fast as more Chinese are
trained, tiae U. S. Navy will turn
over more LST's.
The LST's are 327 feet long with
a laden weight of 4.0&0 tons and
are just the ticket for coast and
river patrol ,and general hauling.
Later, other U. S. amphibious
craft, such as LCI's (landing
crafty infantry* and LCS's (land-
ing craft, aupport) will be used in
the training program.
- Six days a weak. 3G Chinese of-
ficers and 200 men board the LST's
for instruction in navigation aftd
They see no confidential U. S.
navy equipment, nor do they get
instruction in such American tec-
niques as radar and gun control.
. An American officer is assign-
ed to each Chinese officer and an
enlisted man to each Chinese sail-
or. They stay together during all
cla.sses, while a dozen interpreters
surmount the language barrier.
After a couple of months of
training, the Chinese will be ready
to take the ships to'sea alone.
ChftTa rrever had a navjr to
amount tp much. Her few dozen
small warships were destroyed by
the Japanese at the start of the
war or were sunk by the Chinese
• PIN UP LAMPS
© BED LAMPS
Your Best Source
Phone 932 221 N. Main
MY BUSINESS IS
Loaning money to help you. Loans made on auto-
mobiles, trucks and household furniture
Personal loans to $50 on signature
H. M. Phillips
Your "Loan and Insurance Man"
COURTESY LOAN COMPANY
604-B N. Main Phone 459
In the Yangtze
Lung fishes live on the bottom
of swamps *rrl In time of drouth
burrow in the mud, plaster over
the opening and wait for the
Any engine wears eventually,
but our factory built "Power
Package" is really a new engine
—makes your '39. '39, '40. '41
or '42 Buick, Pontiac, Chevrolet.
Dodge or Plymouth hit the road
again like a new car.
Youll probably ue surprised
at the cost—it's much less than
you'd guess. Come in and let us
tell you about iL We can ar-
range easy payments to suit
And you'll find this engine
unii much more economical and
satisfactory in th* long run
than part-by-part replacement.
One operation, and you drive
out of our doors in your faith-
ful auiomobtle that will now
give new engine performance.
FINGER MOTOR CO.
US S. Mala
Brady and Bolin
We Specialize In
Body Work of All Types
212 South Main Phone 1020
Quick Service Post Office News Stand
Ben Weibel Doyle Williams
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Phillips, J. C. Borger Daily Herald (Borger, Tex.), Vol. 20, No. 53, Ed. 1 Friday, January 25, 1946, newspaper, January 25, 1946; Borger, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth293415/m1/2/?q=whit%20bryan%20borger: accessed March 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Hutchinson County Library, Borger Branch.