Stirpes, Volume 30, Number 4, December 1990 Page: 151
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Colonel Edward Thomas Broughton
By Mary Lee Barnes
EDWARD THOMAS (4) BROUGHTON, JR. [Edward Thomas (1),
Nathaniel (2), Edward (1)] was born in Monroe County, Alabama,
in April of 1834, the son of Edward Thomas Broughton, Senior,
and Rachel Winborne Walker Broughton (1). He left Alabama in
1842 with his family and resided in Ouachita County, Arkansas
about five years. The family then removed to Jasper County,
Texas in 1847. By 1850 they had moved again and were in
Cherokee County near old Larissa. E. T. is listed as being 16
years old on the 1850 census (2). About 1852 they were in
Smith County, Texas near Old Omen.
It is stated in an article written in The Encyclopedia of
the New West in 1881 that he was educated in the common
schools of country, but not being satisfied with these "meager
attainments," he began to study law and classical literature
and taught school (3). One family legend says that at age 18
he went back to Jasper to teach and, apparently, to continue
his study of the law. In 1858 he was admitted to law practice
and he immediately went into partnership with T. B. Greenwood
of Athens, in Henderson County, Texas. His brother, D. W.,
had already joined the firm (4).
In the summer of 1856 he had married MARY ELIZABETH
DOUGLAS, daughter of the Reverend Alexander Douglas, a charter
member of Marvin Methodist Church in Tyler, Texas, as well as
one of its first ministers (5).
Tom's .law practice in Athens grew, and in 1859 he and his
brother went to Kaufman, Texas to practice law as partners
.with R. H. English. Just before the Civil War he became a
candidate for District Attorney, carrying five of the seven
counties in the district (6).
In July 1861 he enlisted in the Texas Wide Awakes,
organized in Kaufman, and was on the muster roll of Captain
Jack Wharton's company. He became Captain of the Color
Company of the 7th Texas Infantry commanded by Colonel John
Gray. The company mustered in Marshall and moved immediately
to Hopkinsville, Kentucky in October. Afterwards, the
regiment was sent to Fort Donaldson, Tennessee, and Captain
Broughton was in the four days' fight that ended in the
surrender of that fort and a large part of the Confederate
Army to General Grant.
As a prisoner of war, he was first sent to Camp Douglas,
near Chicago, thence to Camp Chase near Columbus, Ohio, and
finally to Johnson's Island, near Sandusky, Ohio. He was
taken to Vicksburg and exchanged September 26, 1862.
Following that, he came home briefly on recruiting service and
rejoined his command at Port Hudson, Louisiana in December of
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Texas State Genealogical Society. Stirpes, Volume 30, Number 4, December 1990, periodical, December 1990; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29492/m1/8/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Genealogical Society.