Almonte's Texas: Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report & Role in the 1836 Campaign Page: 366
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ALMONTE'S JOURNAL CONTINUED
[Feb.] 18th-To La Leona, 8 leagues; to No-lo-Digas, 4 leagues; no water.
[Feb.] 19th-At the Rio Frio, 5 leagues; found there in the morning the divi-
sion of S[efno]r Ramirez [y Sesma]; little pasture; made a new bridge; the divi-
sion crossed in the afternoon.3'
[Feb. 1 20th-Started for Arroyo Seco, 4 leagues; to TahuacAn, 2 leagues; to Rio
Hondo, 2 leagues; making 8 leagues. The night was clear and pleasant, morn-
ing cloudy, 72 degrees of Fahrenheit; day cloudy, misty, no rain.
Sunday, [Feb.] 21st-At 7:30 A.M. left Arroyo [Rio] Hondo; weather cloudy;
slight showers; not cold, wind southeast. To Francisco Perez, 4 leagues (a stream
of water very distant, but not on the road). To Arroyo del Chac6n, good water,
3 leagues. To the river Medina, 2 leagues; all good road, but broken by large
hills. At a quarter before 2 o'clock the President arrived. The day completely
overcast; the whole division [arrived] at 5 o'clock, when it commenced raining
heavily-all wet but baggage dry; at 12 o'clock at night it cleared some.32
Monday, [Feb.] 22nd-Commenced cloudy, but cleared at 10 o'clock. The
troops cleaned their arms and dried their clothes; no desertions whatever or
sickness. We passed the day at Medina to rest the troops. Two men from the
Ranchos near B&xar arrived, one Menchaca33 and another; killed a beef; vari-
ous other persons came in; reviewed the troops. Sr. Ramirez y Sesma marched
to cut off the retreat of the enemy [from Bexar] with dragoons. It was be-
lieved the enemy discovered our movements.34
Tuesday, [Feb.] 23rd-At 7:30 A.M. the army was put in march. To the Potran-
ca, 1-% leagues; to the Arroyo de Le6n or Del Medio, 3-2 leagues; to Bxar, 3
leagues; in all 8 leagues. At half a league from Bexar the division halted on the
31 Borroel, Itineraries, 17, notes the president's arrival. He and Almonte traveled on together
with the San Luis Battalion from this point.
32 On this day Sanchez and Gen. Martin Perfecto de Cos arrived at Guerrero and did not leave
until the 26th. Sanchez, La Guerra, 81.
33 Santos (ed.), Santa Anna's Campaign, 81, n l, suggests this was Lt. Manuel Menchaca of the
Btxar Presidio troop, but the Menchaca family-like most others in town-was divided in its loy-
alties. Santa Anna's visitor could have been an older, more conservative member of the clan. It
had several branches, for which see Frederick C. Chabot, With the Makers of San Antonio (San An-
tonio: Artes Graficas, 1932), 103-107.
;' The ending statement was probably added the next day, according to Sesma's mistaken in-
formation. Santa Anna's 1837 Manifiesto (translated in Castafeda led.], Mexican Side, 13),
blamed him for not taking the city as ordered. The San Luis Battalion's itinerary (18) says Sesma
had one hundred cavalrymen on this aborted operation, but the number was probably higher.
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Jackson, Jack, 1941-2006 & Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno, 1803-1869. Almonte's Texas: Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report & Role in the 1836 Campaign, book, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth296837/m1/378/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.