Almonte's Texas: Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report & Role in the 1836 Campaign Page: 377
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The Texas Campaign
a lesser extent, with those of Susanna. They were the first eyewitnesses to ar-
rive, and their testimony was given in anything but calm circumstances. Con-
cerning Susanna, Almonte's role in saving her is documented more clearly and
in Susanna's own words. Almonte, of course, was too modest to record such
conduct in his journal; it was simply the sort of thing that gentlemen and men
of honor did. Rarely did he include personal remarks at all, such as the one
about being "robbed by our soldiers"-which Editor Bennett probably itali-
cized so his readers would know how treacherous Mexicans were, even to one
of their own kind. If they would victimize a superior officer in the heat of bat-
tle (or even rob his quarters while he was absent on the field), what indignities
might not they be capable of inflicting on a defenseless foe or helpless female?
Interestingly, while the white Texans rallied support by raising the specter of
their chaste wives and daughters being ravished by Santa Anna's "half-breed"
and "mongrel" soldiers, there is not one scrap of evidence that this sort of
thing occurred on the campaign. Men were dealt with ruthlessly, but women
were spared the molestations often suffered by their gender-though most
fled toward the Sabine rather than leave it to chance.70
In terms of official correspondence, only Santa Anna's battle report of
March 6 to Secretary of War Tornel mentions the names of Travis, Bowie, and
Crockett as among the notables defending the fort.7 It is a little odd that Al-
monte, in his journal entry of that day, did not name any of the slain rebel
leaders, and especially not David Crockett. He assuredly knew who Crockett
was, for he labeled him a political lunatic two years earlier when he translated
a newspaper article about the trouble Crockett could cause unless Mexico sold
Texas to the North Americans. This article Almonte had considered significant
enough to attach to his Secret Report. Once Crockett's body was identified
among the fallen defenders, it is strange that Almonte would not comment on
his fate-particularly so because of the Mexican position that foreign inter-
lopers from the United States just such as ex-Congressman Crockett were fo-
menting the rebellion in Texas. To strengthen this position in world opinion,
and in the minds of doubting Mexicans, Santa Anna made sure that the flag of
the New Orleans Volunteers accompanied his battle report as added proof of
70 Long, Duel of Eagles, 151-152; Roberts and Olson, Line in the Sand, 144.
71 The San Luis Battalion account (20) names them, and, of course Pefia, With Santa Anna,
50, 53, mentions Crockett and Travis (but not Bowie); see also SAnchez, La Guerra, 84, for Travis
and Bowie's deaths (the former heroic, the latter cowardly), along with "old man Cocran," a ref-
erence that some have assumed was to Crockett. The other unofficial accounts are highly ques-
tionable, and forgery charges (thus far unsubstantiated) have been made against several of those
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Jackson, Jack, 1941-2006 & Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno, 1803-1869. Almonte's Texas: Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report & Role in the 1836 Campaign, book, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth296837/m1/389/?q=new%20orleans%20volunteers%20flag: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.