History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families Page: 104
HISTORY OP TEXAS.
instl'nments, the explorers located the 100th
meridian below the junction. In 1857 the
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who wished
to know the boundary between the Choctaw
and Chickasaw countries, caused an astronomical
survey to be made tor the purpose
of ascertaining the true meridian, which was
found to be eighty miles west of the junction
of the two forks, the surveyors designating
the south fork-"i Prairie Dog Fork"--as
the main branch.
"Texas at once questioned this designation,.
and Congress passed an act, approved
June 5, 1858, authorizing the president, in
conjunction with the State of Texas, to mark
out the boundary line. Commissioners on
both sides were appointed, who proceeded to
do their work in 1860. No agreement, however,
could be arrived at, and Texas, adopting
the report of her commissioner, established
the Territory in dispute-about 2,000
square miles in area-as a county under the
name of Greer. In an act of Congress of
February 24, 1879, to create the Northern
Judicial District of Texas, etc., Greer county
is included in the district.
"In 1882 a bill was before Congress seeking
to establish the north fork as the true
boundary, but hitherto no settlement of the
question has been attained. Meantime complications
have arisen, through persons claiming
to exercise rights on the disputed land
under the jurisdiction of Texas, conflicts
have taken place and blood has been shed,
owing to procrastination in the adjustment
of the disputed claim."--H. H. Bancroft,
History of the Pacific States.
In the language of Mr. H. H. Bacroft:
i" No State in the Union has passed trough
more political vicissitudes thao Texas. Dur
irig the present century her people have
fought and bled under no less than five different
national flags, representing as many
different governments. First we find her
with a sparse population, among which might
be found some few individuals of the AngloAmerican
race, under the royal standard of
Spain, ruled by monarchial laws; next, the
eagle of the Mexican republic dictates the
form of government and exasperates by oppression
the free-spirited settlers from the
United States; then follow revolt and a short
but sanguinary struggle for independence,
terminating in the establishment of the
Texan republic, with its emblematic lonestar
flag. After a brief existence, however,
as a sovereign nation, Texas was content to
repose beneath the standard of the stars and
stripes, which in turn she threw aside to
fight under the Confederate banner. The
land which was once the abode of savages
has been converted into a civilized country,
which will prove a center of human development.
" Short as has been her life, the commonwealth
of Texas has had a varied experience,
-first as the borderland of contending colonies,
then a lone republic, as a member of
the great federation, member of the Southern
Confederacye and finally reinstated as one of
the still unbroken Union. The annals of her
past career, as we have seen, are replete with
stories of romantic events, and persevering
struggles to shake off the leaden weight of
impeding influences and elevate herself to
the proud level of advancing civilization.
Her future is bright; she has entered the
broad highway of .universal progress, and
henceforth her march will be one of unprecedented
prosperity. A marvelous rapidity
has already marked her onward course to
wealth and happiuees. Probably there never
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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families, book, 1893; Chicago. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/m1/109/ocr/: accessed September 26, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .