History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families Page: 146

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BISTOYl' OP TEXAS.

a The under officers appointed by superintendent
of penitentiaries are: twenty-five
sergeants of outside forces, six assistant sergeants
of outside forces, two stewards of outside
forces.
The under officers appointed by assistant
superintendents are: two under keepers,
two night sergeants, two stewards, seven sergeants,
two assistant sergeants, eighty-five
guards, etc.
The under officers or guards appointed by
sergeants are: 300 guards.
The foremen and other citizen employes
employed by superintendents are: seven at
Huntsville penitentiary, eight at Rusk penitentiary.

The clerks employed by financial agents
are: seven at Itunltsville penitentiary, two
at Rusk penitentiary.
The outside physicians appointed by superintendents
are seven in number.
Total number paid monthly by the financial
agent- officers, guards, foremen, and
other employes-470.
The value of State property belonging to
the penitentiaries is fully set forth in the report
of the superintendent, up to November
1, 1890, as follows:
Huntsville penitentiary . ................ $769,096.72
Rusk penitentiary ..................... 720,245.62
State farm, Harlem ................... . 266,074.83
Rogers' share farm . .................... 21,062.48
Contract farms ......................... 9,702.32
Railroad trains ....... ................. 10,152.27
State penitentiaries, cash on hand, etc... 43,621.28
Total valuation of penitentiary property,
November 1, 1890..; ............. $1,840,955.52
Total valuation of penitentiary property,
May 16, 1883 ................... 931,149.32
RELIGIOUS.
As one might guess from the eaSy history
of Texas in a political point of view, the
Mexicans and pioneers of this region were

not demonstrative in their piety. Down to
the time of independence Catholic intolerance
prevailed, and the Cathlolics themselves,
in Spanish America, were not zealous in
secular education.
Prior to the era of independence about
the only efforts, of which we have record, to
establish Protestantism in Texas were those
of the Baptists, who failed to make their institutions
permanent. In 1837 a Baptist
church was organized at Washington, Z. N.
Morrell being chosen pastor, and money was
subscribed toabuild a house of worship. The
first Protestant Episcopal church was established
in 1838, at Matagorda, by Caleb S.
Ives, who collected a congregation, established
a school and built a church. During
the same year R. M. Chapman organized a
parish in Houston.
For the purpose of this volume, with reference
to church statistics, probably the only
feature that would be of general interest to
the general public will be the total membership;
for all other statistical matter in regard
to religious institutions is about in a certain
proportion to this. The following table,
therefore, gives only the total membership:

DENOMINATION.

MEMBERSHIP.

Methodist Episcopal, South ........ 151,533
Baptist ..... ........... 127,377
Episcopal.............. ........ 9,982
Methodist Episcopal (North) ...... 25,739
German Lutheran (1877)..'...... . 2,270
Presbyterian.................... 2,414
Southern Presbyterian (1877)...... 13,555
Cumberland Presbyterian........ 24,257
Christian ....................... 55,000
Primitive Baptist................ 1,000
Seventh-Day Adventists.......... 300
Universalists .................... 95
Brethren (Dunkards)............. 125

a

146

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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families, book, 1893; Chicago. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/m1/151/ocr/: accessed September 29, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .