History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families Page: 205
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_H O O 5
the amount of unsold public school land ill
the county July 4, 1888.
Four leagues of school land have been set
apart for each county in the State, to be used
for educational purposes. Said lands are in
the control of the commissioners' courts of
the several counties, to whom purchasers
should apply. Many counties have already
leased or sold their lands.
Any person desiring to purchase or lease
pul)lic lands can procure blank applications
suitable for each class of land for sale or
lease by applying to the commissioner of the
general land office at Austin.
Divisions of land in this State are made
according to Spanish land measurement, by
varas, labors and leagues, and distances are
given in linear varas.
1 vara ............. 3, inches.
1 acre...... 5,646 square varas-4,840 sq. y'ds.
1 labor ............1,000,000 square varas-177 acres.
. league .......... 8,333,33 square varas-1,476 acres.
1 league .........25,000,000 sq. varas-4,428 acres.
1 league and labor.26,000,000 sq. varas-4,605 acres.
NUMBER OF FARMS IN THE STATE.
In procuring information on this subject
much depends upon the standpoint from
which inquiry is directed. One farm may
cover half of a county, and yet be tenanted
by hundreds of people, each having to himself
a separate, distinct area of cultivation.
A farm may also be a body of land enclosed
and separated from other land. Therefore,
there may be many farms owned by the same
person and each adjoining the other. Another
difficulty in ascertaining the number of
farms in the State is in determining how
small a tract of land may constitute a farm.
In the census of 1880 all bodies of four acres
and over were regarded as farms, which is
misleading, for on this basis half the market
gardens would be called farins. What are
generally known in a community as I" farms"
are reported under that head in this office.
There are 142,437 farms in the State.
In 1889 the number of tenant farmers in
the State was 87,991; in 1890 the number
was decreased 512 in one year. This decrease
indicates the rapidity with which the State is
being settled by farmers from other States,
as most immigrants rent land the first year
of their residence in the State.
In 1889 the number of farm laborers was
58,918, and in 1890 57,321. By farm
laborers is meant those who worked for wages
on the farm. The average wages per month
paid each laborer was $13.38.
HIST1OR Y PTXS
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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families, book, 1893; Chicago. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/m1/210/?rotate=270: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .